## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1.

 Board CBSE Textbook NCERT Class Class 10 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 12 Chapter Name Areas Related to Circles Exercise Ex 12.1 Number of Questions Solved 5 Category NCERT Solutions

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1

Ex 12.1 Class 10 Question 1.
The radii of two circles are 19 cm and 9 cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle which has circumference equal to the sum of the circumferences of the two circles.
Solution:
Given: radius of 1st circle (R1) = 19 cm
∴ Circumference of 1st circle = 2πR1 = 2π(19) cm
Radius of 2nd circle (R2) = 9 cm
∴ Circumference of 2nd circle = 2πR2 = 2π(9) cm
Let radius of 3rd circle be R3
Circumference of 3rd circle = 2πR3
According to question,
2πR1 + 2πR2 = 2πR3
⇒ 2π(R1 + R2) = 2πR3
⇒ R1 + R2 = R3
⇒ 19 + 9 = R3
⇒ R3 = 28 cm

Class 10 Maths Chapter 12.1 Question 2.
The radii of two circles are 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the radius of the circle having area equal to the sum of the areas of the two circles.
Solution:
Given: radius of 1st circle (R1) = 8 cm
Area of 1st circle = πR12 = π(8)2cm2
Radius of 2nd circle (R2) = 6 cm
Area of 2nd circle = πR22 = π(6)2 cm2
Let radius of 3rd circle be R3
Area of 3rd circle = πR32
According to question,
πR,2 + πR22 – πR32
⇒ R12 + R22 = R32  ⇒ (8)2 + i6)2 – R32
⇒ 64 + 36 = R32 ⇒ R3=  $$\sqrt{100}$$ = 10 cm

Areas Related To Circles Exercise 12.1 Question 3.
The figure depicts an archery target marked with its five scoring regions from the centre outwards as Gold, Red, Blue,
Black and White. The diameter of the region representing Gold score is 21 cm and each of the other bands is 10.5 cm wide. Find the area of each of the five scoring regions.

Solution:
Diameter of the region representing gold score is 21 cm
⇒ Radius of the region representing gold region = $$\frac { 21 }{ 2 }$$ cm

Exercise 12.1 Class 10 Question 4.
The wheels of a car are of diameter 80 cm each. How many complete revolutions does each wheel make in 10 minutes when the car is travelling at a speed of 66 km per hour?
Solution:
Given: diameter of the wheels of the car = 80 cm
⇒ Radius of the wheel of the car = $$\frac { 80 }{ 2 }$$ = 40 cm
Circumference of the wheel = 2πr = 2 x $$\frac { 22 }{ 2 }$$ x 40 cm
Speed of the car = 66 km/h
Distance covered in 10 minutes =$$\frac { 66 x 10 }{ 60 }$$ = 11 km
= 11 x 1000 x 100 cm = 11,00,000 cm

Ex 12.1 Class 10 Maths Solution Question 5.
Tick the correct answer in the following and justify your choice: If the perimeter and the area of a circle are numerically equal, then the radius of the circle is
(a) 2 units
(b) n units
(c) 4 units
(d) 7 units
Solution:
Let radius of the circle = r units
Perimeter of the circle = 2πr
Area of the circle = πr2
According to question,
Perimeter of the circle = Area of the circle
⇒ 2πr = πr2
⇒ r = 2 units
Hence, option (a) is correct.

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1 help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 12 Areas Related to Circles Ex 12.1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1.

 Board CBSE Textbook NCERT Class Class 10 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 1 Chapter Name Real Numbers Exercise Ex 1.1 Number of Questions Solved 5 Category NCERT Solutions

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1

Ex 1.1 Class 10 Question 1.
Use Euclid’s division algorithm to find the HCF of:
(i) 135 and 225
(ii) 196 and 38220
(iii) 867 and 255.
Solutions:
(i) Given numbers are 135 and 225.
On applying Euclid’s division algorithm, we have
225 = 135 x 1 + 90
Since the remainder 90 ≠ 0, so again we apply Euclid’s division algorithm to 135 and 90, to get
135 = 90 x 1 + 45
Since the remainder 45 ≠ 0, so again we apply Euclid’s division algorithm to 90 and 45, to get
90 = 45 x 2 + 0
The remainder has now become zero, so we stop.
∵ At the last stage, the divisor is 45
∴ The HCF of 135 and 225 is 45.

(ii) Given numbers are 196 and 38220
On applying Euclid’s division algorithm, we have
38220 = 196 x 195 + 0
Since we get the remainder zero in the first step, so we stop.
∵ At the above stage, the divisor is 196
∴ The HCF of 196 and 38220 is 196.

(iii) Given numbers are 867 and 255
On applying Euclid’s division algorithm, we have
867 = 255 x 3 + 102
Since the remainder 102 ≠ 0, so again we apply Euclid’s division algorithm to 255 and 102. to get
255 = 102 x 2 + 51
Since the remainder 51 ≠ 0, so again we apply Euclid’s division algorithm to 102 and 51, to get
102 = 51 x 2 + 0
We find the remainder is 0 and the divisor is 51
∴ The HCF of 867 and 255 is 51.

Exercise 1.1 Class 10 Maths NCERT Solutions Question 2.
Show that any positive odd integer is of the form 6q + 1, or 6q + 3, or 6q + 5, where q is some integer.
Solutions:
Let ‘a’ be any positive integer and b = 6.
∴ By Euclid’s division algorithm, we have
a = bq + r, 0 ≤ r ≤ b
a = 6q + r, 0 ≤ r ≤ b [ ∵ b = 6] where q ≥ 0 and r = 0,1, 2, 3, 4,5
Now, ‘a’ may be of the form of 6q, 6q + 1, 6q + 2, 6q + 3, 6q + 4, 6q + 5
If ‘a’ is of the form 6q, 6q + 2, 6q + 4 then ‘a’ is an even.

In above we can see clearly that the numbers of the form 6q, 6q + 2, 6q + 4 are having the factor 2.
∴ The numbers of the form 6q, 6q + 2, 6q + 4 are even.
If ‘a’ is of the form 6q +1,6q +3, 6q + 5 then ‘a’ is an odd.
As if

∵ We know that the number of the form 2k + 1 is odd.
∴ The numbers of the form 6q + 1, 6q + 3, 6q + 5 are odd.

Class 10 Maths Chapter 1 Question 3.
An army contingent of 616 members is to march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade. The two groups are to march in the same number of columns. What is the maximum number of columns in which they can march?
Solutions:
Maximum number of columns = HCF of (616, 32)
For finding the HCF we should apply Euclid’s division algorithm
Given numbers are 616 and 32
On applying Euclid’s division algorithm, we have
616 = 32 x 19 + 8
Since the remainder 8 ≠ 0, so again we apply Euclid’s division algorithm to 32 and 8, to get
32 = 8 x 4 + 0

The remainder has now become zero, so we stop,
∵ At the last stage, the divisor is 8
∴ The HCF of 616 and 32 is 8.
Therefore, the maximum number of columns in which an army contingent of 616 members can march behind an army band of 32 members in a parade is 8.

Class 10 Maths Ex 1.1 Question 4.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1 for some integer m.
Solutions:
Let ‘a’ be any positive integer and b = 3.
∴ By Euclid’s division algorithm, we have a = 3q + r, 0 ≤ r < b
a = 3q + r, 0 ≤ r < 3 [ ∵ b = 3] where q ≥ 0 and r = 0,1, 2
∴ a = 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2
Now

Thus, the square of any positive integer is either of the form 3m or 3m + 1.

Maths 1.1 Class 10 Question 5.
Use Euclid’s division lemma to show that the cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 8.
Solutions:
Let ‘a’ be any positive integer and b = 3.
∴ By Euclid’s division algorithm, we have a = bq + r,0 ≤ r ≤ b
a = 3q + r,0 ≤ r < 3 [ ∵ b = 3] where q ≥ 0 and r = 0. 1, 2
∴ a = 3q or 3q + 1 or 3q + 2
Now

Thus, the cube of any positive integer is of the form 9m, 9m + 1 or 9m + 8.

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1 help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 1 Real Numbers Ex 1.1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1 are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1.

 Board CBSE Textbook NCERT Class Class 10 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 4 Chapter Name Quadratic Equations Exercise Ex 4.1 Number of Questions Solved 2 Category NCERT Solutions

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1

NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Question 1.
Check whether the following are quadratic equations:
(i) (x+ 1)2=2(x-3)
(ii) x – 2x = (- 2) (3-x)
(iii) (x – 2) (x + 1) = (x – 1) (x + 3)
(iv) (x – 3) (2x + 1) = x (x + 5)
(v) (2x – 1) (x – 3) = (x + 5) (x – 1)
(vi) x2 + 3x + 1 = (x – 2)2
(vii) (x + 2)3 = 2x(x2 – 1)
(viii) x3 -4x2 -x + 1 = (x-2)3
Solution:
(i) (x+ 1)2=2(x-3)
⇒ x2 + 2x +1 = 2x – 6
⇒ x2 + 2x – 2x+1 + 6 = 0
⇒ x2 + 7 = 0
⇒ x2 + 0x + 1 = 0
Which is of the form
ax2 + bx + c = 0
Hence, the given equation is a quadratic equation.

(ii) x2 – 2x = (- 2) (3 -x)
⇒ x2 -2x = -6 + 2x
⇒ x2 -4x + 6 = 0
Which is of the form
ax2 + bx + c = 0
Hence, the given equation is a quadratic equation.

(iii) (x – 2) (x + 1) = (x – 1) (x + 3)
⇒ x2 + x-2x-2 = x2 + 3x-x -3
⇒ x2 + x – 2x – 2 = x2 – 3x + x + 3 = 0
⇒ – 3x + 1 = 0 ⇒ 3x – 1 = 0
Since degree of equation is 1, hence, given equation is not a quadratic equation.

(iv) (x-3) (2x+ 1) = x (x + 5)
⇒ 2x2 + x – 6x – 3 = x2 + 5x
2x2 + x – 6x – 3-x2 – 5x = 0
⇒ x2 – 10x -3 = 0
Which is of the form
ax2 + bx + c 0
Hence, the given equation is a quadratic equation.

(v) (2x-1)(x-3) = (x + 5)(x-1)
⇒ 2x2 – 6x-x + 3 = x2 -x + 5x – 5
2x2 – 6x-x + 3 = x2 + x – 5x + 5 = 0
⇒ x2 – 11x + 8 = 0
Which is of the form
ax2 + bx + c = 0
Hence, the given equation is a quadratic equation.

(vi) x2 + 3x + 1 = (x-2)2
⇒ x2 + 3x + 1 = x2 + 4 – 4x
⇒ x2 + 3x + 1 = x2– 4 + 4c = 0
⇒ 7x – 3 = 0
Since degree of equation is 1, hence, the given equation is not a quadratic equation,

(vii) (x + 2)3 = 2x (x2 – 1)
⇒ x3 + 8 + 3.x.2 (x + 2) = 2x3 – 2x
⇒ x3 + 8 + 6x2 + 12x = 2x3 – 2x
⇒ x3 – 6x2 – 14x – 8 = 0
Which is not of the form
ax2 + bx + c = 0
Hence, the given equation is not a quadratic equation.

(viii) x3 – 4x2 – x+1 = (x-2)3
⇒ x3 – 4x2 – x + 1 = x3-8 + 3x(-2)(x – 2)
⇒ x3 – 4x2 -x + 1 = x3 – 6x2 + 12x – 8
⇒ 2x2 – 13x + 9 = 0
Which is of the form
ax2 + bx + c = 0
Hence, the given equation is a quadratic equation.

Exercise 4.1 Maths Class 10 Solutions Question 2.
Represent the following situations in the form of quadratic equations:
(i) The area of a rectangular plot is 528 m2. The length of the plot (in metres) is one more than twice its breadth. We need to find the length and breadth of the plot.
(ii) The product of two consecutive positive integers is 306. We need to find the integers.
(iii) Rohan’s mother is 26 years older than him. The product of their ages (in years) 3 years from now will be 360. We would like to find Rohan’s present age.
(iv) A train travels a distance of 480 km at a uniform speed. If the speed had been 8 km/h less, then it would have taken 3 hours more to cover the same distance. We need to find the speed of the train.
Solution:
(i) Let breadth of the rectangular plot = x m
Then, length of the plot = (2x + 1)m
Area of a rectangular plot = l x b ,
⇒ 528 (2x + 1)x
⇒ 528 = 2x2 +x
⇒ 2x2 + x – 528 = 0
Which is the required quadratic equation.

(ii) Let the two consecutive integers be x and x + 1
Then, x(x+l) = 306
⇒ x2 +x-306 = 0
Which is the required quadratic equation.

(iii) Let the present age of Rohan = x years
Rohan’s mother’s present age = (x + 26) years
After 3 years, Rohan’s age = (x + 3) years
After 3 years, Rohan’s mother’s age = (x + 26 + 3) years
According to question,
(x + 3) (x + 29) = 360
⇒ x2 + 29x + 3x + 87 – 360 = 0
⇒ x2 + 32x – 273 = 0
Which is the required quadratic equation.

(iv)
Let speed of the train = x km/h

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1 help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 4 Quadratic Equations Ex 4.1, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Hindi B Sample Paper Set Paper 3 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 9 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B is given below with free PDF download solutions.

समय : 3 घंटे
पूर्णांक : 80

निर्देश

1. इस प्रश्न-पत्र के चार खंड हैं-क, ख, ग और घ।
2. चारों खंडों के प्रश्नों के उत्तर देना अनिवार्य है।
3. यथासंभव प्रत्येक खंड के उत्तर क्रमशः दीजिए।

खंड {क} अपठित बोध [15 अंक]

प्रश्न 1:
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़कर दिए गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (9)
परिवर्तन प्रकृति का नियम है और परिवर्तन ही अटल सत्य है। अत: पर्यावरण में भी परिवर्तन हो रहा है, लेकिन वर्तमान समय में चिंता की बात यह है कि जो पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन पहले एक शताब्दी में दिखते थे, अब उतने परिवर्तन एक दशक में ही दिखने लगे हैं। पर्यावरण संबंधी परिवर्तन की इस तेज़ी का कारण है – विस्फोटक ढंग से बढ़ती आबादी, वैज्ञानिक एवं तकनीकी उन्नति का अधिकाधिक प्रयोग तथा सभ्यता का विकास। पर्यावरण संबंधी समस्या के अंतर्गत सबसे महत्त्वपूर्ण समस्या है – ओज़ोन परत में छिद्र होना और धरती के तापमान में वृद्धि। ये दोनों क्रियाएँ परस्पर संबंधित हैं।

उन्नीसवीं शताब्दी के अंतिम दशकों में सुपरसोनिक वायुयाने आए और वे ऊपरी आकाश में उड़ाए जाने लगे। उन वायुयानों के द्वारा निष्कासित पदार्थों में उपस्थित नाइट्रिक ऑक्साइड के द्वारा ओज़ोन परत का क्षय महसूस किया गया। यह ओज़ोन परत वायुमंडल के समतापमंडल या बाहरी घेरे में होती है। आगे शोध द्वारा यह भी पता चला कि वायुमंडल की ओज़ोन परत पर क्लोरो-फ्लोरो कार्बन, प्रशीतक रासायनिक पदार्थ, नाभिकीय विस्फोटकों इत्यादि का भी दुष्प्रभाव पड़ता है। ओज़ोन परत जीवमंडल के लिए रक्षा कवच है। यह सूर्य की पराबैंगनी किरणों के विकिरण को रोकती है, जो जीवमंडल के लिए घातक है। ओज़ोन परत के क्षरण के लिए क्लोरो-फ्लोरो कार्बन (सी एफ सी) एवं हाइड्रो क्लोरो-फ्लोरो कार्बन (एच सी एफ सी) जैसे रासायनिक पदार्थ सर्वाधिक ज़िम्मेदार हैं। इन सब रासायनिक तत्त्वों में अत्यधिक वृद्धि औद्योगीकरण के बाद हुई है। इसलिए यह आवश्यक है कि विकास को पर्यावरण के साथ जोड़कर अपनाया जाए तथा पर्यावरण एवं ओज़ोन परत के संरक्षण के लिए नवीन प्रौद्योगिकियों का आविष्कार किया जाए।

(क) वर्तमान समय में होने वाले पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन में सर्वाधिक चिंता की बात कौन-सी है? (2)
(ख) पर्यावरण संबंधी सबसे महत्त्वपूर्ण समस्या कौन-सी है? इसके क्या कारण हैं?  (2)
(ग) ओज़ोन परत को जीवमंडल का रक्षा कवच क्यों कहा जाता है? (2)
(घ) प्रस्तुत गद्यांश का उचित शीर्षक तर्क सहित लिखिए।  (2)
(ङ) ‘उन्नति’ शब्द का विलोम शब्द लिखिए।  (1)

प्रश्न 2:
निम्नलिखित काव्यांश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़कर पूछे गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए

छोड़ो मत अपनी आन, सीस कट जाए,
मत झुको अनय पर, भले व्योम फट जाए।
दो बार नहीं यमराज कंठ धरता है,
मरता है जो, एक बार ही मरता है।
तुम स्वयं मरण के मुख पर चरण धरो रे।
जीना हो तो मरने से नहीं डरो रे।
स्वातंत्र्य जाति की लगन, व्यक्ति की धुन है,
बाहरी वस्तु यह नहीं, भीतरी गुण है।
नत हुए बिना जो अशनि-घात सहती है।
स्वाधीन जगत में वही जाति रहती है।
वीरत्व छोड़, मेत पर का चरण गहो रे।
जो पड़े आन, खुद ही सब आने सहो रे।
दासत्व जहाँ है, वहीं स्तब्ध जीवन है,
स्वातंत्र्य निरंतर समर, सनातन रण है।
स्वातंत्र्य समस्या नहीं आज या कल की,
जागृति तीव्र यह घड़ी-घड़ी पल-पल की।
पहरे पर चारों ओर सतर्क लगो रे।।
घर धनुष-बाण उद्यत दिन-रात जगो रे।

(क) देश की स्वतंत्रता को बनाए रखने के लिए क्या किया जाना चाहिए? (2)
(ख) जीवन कहाँ पर ठहर जाता है और क्यों? (2)
(ग) निम्नलिखित शब्दों का सन्धि-विच्छेद कीजिए (2)
(i) निरंतर (ii) स्वाधीन

खंड {ख} व्याकरण [15 अंक]

प्रश्न 3:
निम्नलिखित शब्दों का वर्ण-विच्छेद कीजिए। (2)
(i) शत्रुता
(ii) क्षत्री।

प्रश्न 4:
(क) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में उपयुक्त स्थान पर लगे अनुनासिक वाले शब्द छाँटिए (1)
ऊँचाई, काव्याँश, मॅडित, पूँजी
(ख) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में उचित स्थान पर लगे अनुस्वार वाले शब्द छाँटिए (1)
संभावना, सुगंधित, असभंव, सयोंग
(ग) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में उचित स्थानों पर नुक्ते का प्रयोग (1)
करके उन्हें पुनः लिखिए
(i) तरफ
(ii) जहर

प्रश्न 5:
(क) ‘निस्संकोच’ शब्द में से उपसर्ग व मूल शब्द को अलग-अलग करके लिखिए। (1)
(ख) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में से मूल शब्द व प्रयुक्त प्रत्यय को अलग-अलग करके लिखिए। (2)
(i) दुकानदार
(ii) भारतीय ।

प्रश्न 6:
निम्नलिखित शब्दों का संधि-विच्छेद कीजिए (4)
(i) बहिष्कार
(ii) दिग्गज
(iii) वाण्यूर्मि
(iv) नवोढ़ा

प्रश्न 7:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर दीजिए (3)
(क) ‘बाहर कौन है?’ में कौन-सा चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है?
(ख) कृ.पृ.उ.’ में कौन-सा चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है?
(ग) “गांधीजी, जवाहरलाल नेहरू और सरदार पटेल स्वतंत्रता सेनानी थे।” वाक्य के अंतर्गत कौन-सा विराम चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है?

खंड {ग} पाठ्यपुस्तक व पूरक पुस्तक [25 अंक]

प्रश्न 8:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (5)
(क) अंगदोरजी दिन में ही पर्वत शिखर पर जाकर वापस क्यों लौटना चाहता था? ‘एवरेस्ट : मेरी शिखर यात्रा’ पाठ के आधार पर बताइए। (2)
(ख) “धर्म की आड़’ पाठ के आधार पर बताइए कि पाश्चात्य देशों में आर्थिक विषमता का स्वरूप कैसा है? (2)
(ग) लेखक अतिथि को कैसे और क्या अहसास दिलाना चाहता है? (1)

प्रश्न 9:
महादेव जी के किन गुणों ने उन्हें सबका लाडली बना दिया था? ‘शुक्रतारे के समान’ पाठ के आधार पर लगभग 100 शब्दों में लिखिए। (5)
अथवा
‘कीचड़ का काव्य पाठ के आधार पर स्पष्ट कीजिए कि सर्वत्र सनातन कीचड़ कहाँ-कहाँ दिखाई देता है। तथा उसकी विशेषताएँ क्या हैं? उत्तर लगभग 100 शब्दों में लिखिए।

प्रश्न 10:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (5)
(क) “अब कैसे छूटै राम नाम रट लागी” पंक्ति में रैदास ने क्या भाव उत्पन्न किया है? (2)
(ख) जेल से छूटने के बाद सुखिया के पिता ने अपनी बच्ची को किस रूप में पाया? ‘एक फूल की चाह’ कविता के आधार पर बताइए। (2)
(ग) “पगड़ी भी आदमी की उतारे है आदमी” पंक्ति के माध्यम से कवि ने क्या कहने का प्रयास किया है? (1)

प्रश्न 11:
कवि अग्नि पथ पर चलते हुए छाँह माँगने के लिए मनुष्य को मना करता है। क्यों? ‘अग्नि पथ’ कविता के आधार पर लगभग 100 शब्दों में लिखिए। (5)
अथवा
‘खुशबू रचते हैं हाथ’ कविता में कवि ने किस सच को प्रकट किया है तथा कैसे? स्पष्ट कीजिए। उत्तर लगभग100 शब्दों में लिखिए।

प्रश्न 12:
मनुष्य का अनुमान और भावी योजनाएँ कभी-कभी कितनी मिथ्या और विपरीत निकलती हैं? लेखक ने ऐसा क्यों कहा पाठ ‘स्मृति के आधार पर लगभग 150 शब्दों में उत्तर लिखिए। (5)
अथवा
‘दीये जल उठे’ पाठ के आधार पर बताइए कि गांधीजी व सत्याग्रहियों ने महिसागर नदी को किस प्रकार पार किया? उत्तर लगभग 150 शब्दों में लिखिए।

खंड {घ} लेखन [25 अंक]

प्रश्न 13:
निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर दिए गए संकेत बिंदुओं के आधार पर 80 से 100 शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए (5)

1. पुस्तक मेला
संकेत बिंदु

• प्रमुख आकर्षण
• लाभ
•  मेरी प्रिय पुस्तकें

2. मातृभाषा
संकेत बिंदु

• मातृभाषा से अभिप्राय
• मातृभाषा की आवश्यकता
• एकता का मूल प्रेरक

3. राष्ट्रप्रेम
संकेत बिंदु

• राष्ट्रप्रेम का अर्थ
• राष्ट्रप्रेम का उद्देश्य
• एकता का प्रेरक तत्त्व

प्रश्न 14:
अपने छोटे भाई को लगभग 100 शब्दों में पत्र लिखकर उसे अत्यधिक टेलीविज़न देखने से मना करते हुए अपनी पढ़ाई पर ध्यान केंद्रित करने के लिए कहिए।
अथवा
आप अपने मित्र की बहन के विवाह में सम्मिलित न हो सके। अतः लगभग 100 शब्दों में पत्र लिखकर कारण सहित पूर्ण विवरण देकर मित्र से क्षमा याचना कीजिए।

प्रश्न 15:
दिए गए चित्र को ध्यान से देखकर 20 से 30 शब्दों में चित्र का वर्णन अपनी भाषा में प्रस्तुत कीजिए।

अथवा

प्रश्न 16:
एक प्रतियोगिता के लिए जाते हुए दो प्रतिभागियों का संवाद लगभग 50 शब्दों में लिखिए।
अथवा
एक अच्छे अध्यापक के बारे में दो विद्यार्थियों के मध्य होने वाले संवाद को लगभग 50 शब्दों में लिखिए।

प्रश्न 17:
सर्दियों के कपड़ों की सेल के लिए एक विज्ञापन 25-50 शब्दों में तैयार कीजिए।
अथवा
आप अपना पुराना कंप्यूटर बेचना चाहते हैं इससे संबंधित विज्ञापन लगभग 25-50 शब्दों में तैयार कीजिए।

जवाब

उत्तर 1:
(क) वर्तमान समय में होने वाले पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन में सर्वाधिक चिंता की बात यह है कि अब कम समय में अधिक परिवर्तन दिखाई देने लगे हैं। अतः पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन में तीव्र गति से विकास हो रहा है। यह तीव्रता मानव जाति के लिए सकारात्मक नहीं हैं।

(ख) प्रस्तुत गद्यांश में कहा गया है कि पर्यावरण संबंधी समस्या के अंतर्गत सबसे महत्त्वपूर्ण समस्या ओज़ोन परत में छिद्र तथा धरती के तापमान में वृद्धि से संबंधित है। जिसका कारण विस्फोटक ढंग से बढ़ती जनसंख्या, वैज्ञानिक एवं तकनीकी उन्नति का अधिकाधिक प्रयोग तथा सभ्यता का तेजी से विकास इत्यादि हैं।

(ग) ओज़ोन परत को जीवमंडल का रक्षा कवच इसलिए कहा जाता है, क्योंकि यह सूर्य की पराबैंगनी किरणों का अवशोषण करती है। प्राणियों की त्वचा के लिए पराबैंगनी किरणे अत्यंत घातक होती हैं।
ओज़ोन परत के क्षरण की स्थिति में पृथ्वी पर सूर्य की पराबैंगनी किरणों की मात्रा अत्यधिक बढ़ने से पृथ्वी के तापमान में भी अत्यधिक वृद्धि होगी एवं पेड़-पौधों का विकास भी बाधित होगा।

(घ) प्रस्तुत गद्यांश के केंद्र में पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन को रखा गया है। गद्यांश में तेज़ी से होने वाले पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन के कारण ओज़ोन परत के ह्रास, उसके कारण व उसके दुष्प्रभावों से मानव-जीवन को होने वाली क्षति पर प्रकाश डाला गया है। अतः इसका उचित शीर्षक ‘पर्यावरणीय परिवर्तन’ हो सकता है।

(ङ) “उन्नति’ शब्द का विलोम शब्द ‘अवनति’ है।

उत्तर 2:
(क) कवि कहता है कि देश की स्वतंत्रता को बनाए रखने के लिए देशवासियों को निरंतर संघर्ष करते हुए सजग एवं सावधान रहना होगा, क्योंकि कोई भी जाति तभी स्वतंत्र रहती है जब वह दुनिया के सामने दृढ़ रहे और आवश्यकता पड़ने पर अपना बलिदान देने के लिए सदैव तैयार रहे।
(ख) प्रस्तुत काव्यांश के अनुसार, मनुष्य का जीवन वहाँ पर ठहर जाता है, जहाँ दासता होती है, क्योंकि दास बने मनुष्य का जीवन जड़ हो जाता है, उसमें गतिशीलता नहीं होती। अतः ऐसा जीवन
मृत्यु के समान है।
(ग) (i) निरंतर – निर + अंतर
(ii) स्वाधीन – स्व + अधीन

उत्तर 3:
(i) श् + अ + त् + र् + उ + त् + आ
(ii) क् + ष् + अ + त् + र् + ई

उत्तर 4:
(क) ऊँचाई, पूँजी
(ख) संभावना, सुगंधित
(ग) (i) तरफ़ (ii) ज़हर

उत्तर 5:
(क) (i) उपसर्ग निस् मूल शब्द संकोच
(ख) (i) मूल शब्द दुकान प्रत्यय दार
(ii) मूल शब्द भारत प्रत्यय ईय |

उत्तर 6:
(i) बहिः + कार
(ii) दिक् + गज
(iii) वाणी + ऊर्मि
(iv) नव + ऊढ़ा

उत्तर 7:
(क) ‘बाहर कौन है?’ वाक्य में प्रश्न किया जा रहा है, अतः यहाँ प्रश्नवाचक चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है।
(ख) ‘कृ.पृ.उ.’ में लाघव चिह्न का प्रयोग हुआ है। इसका पूर्ण रूप ‘कृपया पृष्ठ उल्टे’ होगा। अतः यहाँ शब्द को छोटा दिखाने के लिए उसके प्रथम अक्षर के आगे शून्य (०) का प्रयोग किया गया है।
(ग) ‘गांधीजी, जवाहरलाल नेहरू और सरदार पटेल स्वतंत्रता सेनानी थे।’ वाक्य में अल्पविराम (,) चिह्न का प्रयोग थोड़ा-सा रुकने के संदर्भ में हुआ है।

उत्तर 8:
(क) अंगदोरजी ऑक्सीजन नहीं लगाता था, इसलिए उसके पैर ठंडे पड़ जाते थे। इससे बचने के लिए वह अधिक देर तक खुली बर्फ में नहीं रहना चाहता था और न ही रात का समय बर्फ में व्यतीत करना चाहता था। यही कारण था कि वह दिन में ही पर्वत शिखर पर जाकर वापस लौट आना चाहता था।

(ख) ‘धर्म की आड़’ पाठ के अनुसार, पाश्चात्य देशों में आर्थिक विषमता का स्वरूप कुछ ऐसा प्रतीत होता है; जैसे

• वहाँ धनी लोगों की ऊँची-ऊँची इमारतें (अट्टालिकाएँ) गरीबों का उपहास करती हैं।
• गरीबों का शोषण करके ही साधन संपन्न लोग धनी हुए
• धनी लोग गरीबों को प्रलोभन देते हैं और गरीब लोग लालच में फंसकर जीवनभर शोषित किए जाते हैं।

(ग) लेखक कैलेंडर शब्द द्वारा अतिथि को यह अहसास दिलाना चाहता है कि मेहमाननवाज़ी कराते हुए अधिक दिन हो गए हैं, अतः अब उसे चले जाना चाहिए।

उत्तर 9:
महादेव जी जो भी लिखते थे, वह बड़ा सुंदर व सटीक होता था। वह चाहे साधारण लेख हो या विरोधी समाचार-पत्रों की प्रतिक्रियाओं का उत्तर, सभी में उनकी शिष्टाचार भरी शैली निहित होती थी। उनके कॉलम सीधी-सादी भाषा में सुस्पष्ट व उच्च भावों से भरे होते थे। महादेव जी देश-विदेश के उन समाचार-पत्रों पर आलोचक की दृष्टि रखते थे, जो गांधीजी की प्रतिदिन की गतिविधियों पर नजर रखते थे और उन पर निरंतर टीका-टिप्पणी करते थे। गांधीजी को आड़े हाथ लेने वाले लेखों पर भी वे समय-समय पर लिखते थे। वे विरोधियों की बातों का उत्तर उदार हृदय से देते थे।

अपने बेजोड़ कॉलम, सतर्क दृष्टि तथा बड़े-बड़े समाचार-पत्रों के आदर्शों का अनुकरण करने के साथ ही अपने विरोधियों के प्रति भी पूरी निष्ठा के साथ विनय विवेक युक्त विवाद करने की चेतना ने ही उन्हें पूरी दुनिया में एवं एंग्लो-इंडियन समाचार-पत्रों के बीच सबका लाडला बना दिया था।

अथवा

‘कीचड़ का काव्य’ पाठ के आधार पर स्पष्ट होता है कि सर्वत्र । सनातन गहरा कीचड़ गंगा के किनारे या सिंधु के किनारे या फिर खंभात में महानदी के मुख से आगे देखने को मिलता है। यहाँ कीचड़ बहुत विशाल क्षेत्र में व्यापक स्तर पर दिखाई पड़ता है। सर्वत्र सनातन कीचड़ की विशेषता यह होती है कि इसकी गहराई इतनी अधिक होती है कि इसमें हाथी ही नहीं, बल्कि पूरा पहाड़ भी इसके अंदर समा सकता है। लेखक का मानना है कि इस सर्वत्र सनातन गहरे कीचड़ में पहाड़ के पहाड़ भी लुप्त हो सकते हैं। कहने का आशय यह है कि यहाँ कीचड़ अत्यधिक व्यापक स्तर पर विस्तृत क्षेत्र में काफ़ी गहराई तक फैला हुआ है। इसलिए लेखक इसे सर्वत्र सनातन कीचड़ कहकर संबोधित करता है।

उत्तर 10:
(क) रैदास के मन में प्रभु के नाम को बार-बार कहने व रटने से संबंधित भाव उत्पन्न हो रहे हैं। वे कहते हैं, हे ईश्वर! मुझे आपके नाम की ऐसी लगन लग गई है, जो छूट नहीं सकती। मैं आपका अनन्य भक्त बन गया हूँ। मैं धन्य हैं प्रभु! जो मुझे ऐसा रोग लगा है।
(ख) जेल से छूटने के बाद सुखिया के पिता ने अपनी बच्ची को राख की ढेरी के रूप में पाया, क्योंकि उसकी फूल-सी कोमल बच्ची सुखिया मर चुकी थी और उसके परिचितों ने उसका दाह संस्कार कर दिया था। सुखिया की बुझी चिता को देखकर उसके पिता का हृदय शोक से व्याकुल हो उठा।।
(ग) प्रस्तुत पंक्ति के माध्यम से कवि ने यह कहने का प्रयास किया है कि समाज में दूसरे आदमी को अपमानित करने वाला भी आदमी है, जो पगड़ी उतारकर उसे अपमानित करता है।

उत्तर 11:
कवि अग्नि पथ पर चलते हुए मनुष्य को छाँह माँगने के लिएb मना करता है, क्योंकि वह चाहता है कि संघर्षशील मनुष्य अपने मन के संकल्प को कमज़ोर न होने दे। वह सुख-सुविधा के मोह में न पड़े। इससे मनुष्य को सुविधा भोगने की आदत लग जाती है। इस कारण वह संघर्ष की कठिनाइयों से बचने की कोशिश करने लगता है। कवि मनुष्य को सुविधाभोगी बनने से रोकना चाहता है, क्योंकि सुविधाभोगी व्यक्ति के अंदर का तेज कम हो जाता है, वह सुविधापरस्त हो जाता है, जीवन में संघर्ष करने की इच्छा एवं क्षमता दोनों कम होने लगती हैं। कवि को अच्छी तरह ज्ञात है कि जीवन में संघर्ष करके ही आगे बढ़ा जा सकता है। छाँह मनुष्य को अकर्मण्य बना देती है, जिससे मनुष्य की विकास प्रक्रिया बाधित होती है।

अथवा

‘खुशबू रचते हैं हाथ’ कविता में कवि ने खुशबू का नहीं, बल्कि खुशबू के पीछे छिपे दुर्गंधपूर्ण सत्य को प्रकट किया है। खुशबू रचने वाले हाथ नाक फटने वाली दुर्गंध भरे इलाके में रहते हैं। दुर्गंध केवल वातावरण में ही नहीं है, यह लोगों के जीवन में भी प्रवेश कर गई है। चारों ओर गंदगी का वातावरण है, वे उस अहसास से दूर केवल अगरबत्तियाँ बनाने में लगे रहते हैं। यह कितनी त्रासद अवस्था है कि खुशबू का व्यापार करने वाले हाथ सुख सुविधा संपन्न हैं, साफ़-सुथरे स्वस्थ वातावरण में रहते हैं, सब सुविधाएँ–खुशियाँ उनके पास उपलब्ध हैं। इसके विपरीत, खुशबू रचने वाले हाथ उपरोक्त सभी सुख-सुविधाओं से वंचित हैं।
उन्हें तो इस विषय में सोचने का भी शायद समय नहीं मिलता होगा। इसलिए हाथों के कटे-फटे, नसों के उभरे होने तथा कोमल-कठोर होने पर भी खुशबू रचने का कार्य नहीं रुकता। वातावरण और आपसी संबंधों में उठती भयंकर दुर्गंध के बाद भी खुशबूदार वस्तु की खुशबू में कोई कमी नहीं होती। इसी खुशबू का दुर्गंधपूर्ण सत्य कवि ने बड़ी सूक्ष्मता से अभिव्यक्त किया है।

उत्तर 12:
मनुष्य की कल्पना और वास्तविकता में बड़ा अंतर होता है। सब सुविचारित योजनाएँ प्रत्येक बार सफल नहीं हो पातीं। लेखक सोच रहा था कि वह कुएँ में घुसकर साँप को मार देगा। वह पहले भी अनेक साँपों को मार चुका था। इसलिए उसे यह कार्य सरल प्रतीत हुआ, किंतु जब वह कुएँ में घुसा तो साँप की आक्रामक स्थिति देखकर उसकी बुद्धि चकरा गई। वहाँ इतना भी स्थान नहीं था कि वह डंडा चला सके। उसे अनुभव हुआ कि साँप को मारने का प्रयत्न करने का अर्थ है-अपनी मृत्यु को बुलावा देना। कुएँ के धरातल पर उतरकर उसे साँप को मारकर चिट्ठियाँ उठाना बहुत ही दुष्कर कार्य लगा। अतः उसने साँप को मारने का विचार त्याग दिया। इसलिए लेखक ने कहा है कि हम कभी-कभी भविष्य का अनुमान लगाकर योजनाएँ बना लेते हैं, परंतु जब वास्तविकता से सामना होता है, तब वे मिथ्या और विपरीत निकलती हैं।

अथवा

सत्याग्रह के समय नियम के अनुसार उस दिन की यात्रा कनकापुरा में गांधीजी के भाषण के बाद समाप्त हो जानी थी, लेकिन उसमें कुछ परिवर्तन किए गए, क्योंकि नदी को आधी रात के समय समुद्र का पानी चढ़ने पर पार किए जाने से उसमें कीचड़ व दलदल कम मिलती, जिसमें चलना सरल हो जाता। अब गांधीजी आधी रात को नदी पार करने वाले थे। चारों ओर घनघोर अँधेरा था। गांधीजी को महिसागर नदी पार कराने की ज़िम्मेदारी रघुनाथ काका को दी गई। रघुनाथ काका ने बड़े उत्साहपूर्वक नई नाव खरीदी तथा गांधीजी को नदी पार कराने की योजना बनाई। स्वतंत्रता आंदोलन के उत्साही लोगों ने उन्हें ‘निषादराज’ की संज्ञा दी। उनके अनुसार, रघुनाथ काका गांधी रूपी राम को पार कराने वाले केवट के समान थे। महिसागर के पास घनघोर अँधेरे को मिटाने के लिए हज़ारों की संख्या में लोगों ने हाथ में दीये लेकर रोशनी की, ताकि गांधीजी तथा अन्य सत्याग्रही सरलता से महिसागर नदी पार कर सकें। जब रात 12 बजे महिसागर का पानी नदी के किनारे चढ़ आया, तो गांधीजी घुटनों पानी में से होते हुए नाव पर बैठ गए। हजारों की भीड़ के बीच जयकारों की ध्वनि सुनाई पड़ रही थी। इस प्रकार गांधीजी व सत्याग्रहियों ने महिसागर नदी को पार किया।

उत्तर 13.1:
पुस्तकों को जन-जन तक पहुँचाने में पुस्तक मेलों का बहुत बड़ा योगदान है। पुस्तक मेले का प्रमुख आकर्षण यह होता है। कि वहाँ पाठकों को सभी महत्त्वपूर्ण विषयों तथा भाषाओं की अच्छी पुस्तकें सरलता से उपलब्ध हो जाती हैं। पुस्तक मेले में देश-विदेश के प्रसिद्ध लेखकों, साहित्यकारों, कलाकारों तथा प्रकाशकों को आमंत्रित किया जाता है। पुस्तक मेलों के महत्त्व को ध्यान में रखते हुए हमारे देश में प्रतिवर्ष अनेक पुस्तक मेलों; जैसे दिल्ली पुस्तक मेला, नई दिल्ली विश्व पुस्तक मेला, हैदराबाद पुस्तक मेला, पुणे पुस्तक मेला आदि का आयोजन किया जाता है। पुस्तकें मनुष्य की ज्ञान वृद्धि हेतु सहायक होती हैं। सभी विषयों की पुस्तकों को एक स्थान पर प्राप्त करना सरल नहीं होता।

सर्वश्रेष्ठ पुस्तकों को ढूंढने के लिए अधिक धन, परिश्रम, समय खर्च करना पड़ता है, तब भी उसे मनपसंद पुस्तके नहीं मिल पातीं। ऐसे में पुस्तक मेले का विशेष लाभ होता है। इसमें अनेक प्रसिद्ध लेखक भी उपस्थित रहते हैं, जो विभिन्न विषयों पर अपनी सलाह देते हैं। यहाँ देश की किसी-न-किसी ज्वलंत समस्या पर सेमिनार आयोजित किया जाता है। पुस्तक मेले का लाभ समाज के सभी वर्गों में पढ़ने की आदत का विकास करना भी है। मेरी प्रिय पुस्तकें, जिनमें प्रेमचंद का कहानी-संग्रह, आचार्य रामचंद्र शुक्ल का हिंदी का इतिहास आदि प्रमुख हैं, जिन्हें मैंने पुस्तक मेले से ही प्राप्त किया। इस प्रकार, पुस्तक मेले का हमारे जीवन में विशेष महत्त्व है।

उत्तर 13.2:
मातृभूमि की चेतना या संस्कार से प्राप्त होने वाली भाषा, मातृभाषा कहलाती है। मातृभाषा किसी भी व्यक्ति की सामाजिक एवं भाषायी पहचान होती है। मातृभाषा के महत्त्व वे उसकी आवश्यकता को प्रतिपादित करते हुए भारतेंदु हरिश्चंद्र ने लिखा है।
“निज भाषा उन्नति अहै, सब उन्नति को मूल
बिनु निज भाषा ज्ञान कै, मिटत न हिय को शूल।।”

मातृभाषा देश के विकास और राष्ट्रीय चरित्र की सुरक्षा के लिए। अत्यंत आवश्यक है। यही कारण है कि भारतीय या पाश्चात्य सभी विचारकों ने मातृभाषा के गुण बताए हैं। व्यक्ति एवं राष्ट्र के मौलिक और सम्यक् विकास के लिए मातृभाषा का योगदान अनिवार्य है। किसी भी देश की मातृभाषा वहाँ की राष्ट्रीय एकता को बनाए रखने का महत्त्वपूर्ण साधन होती है, जिसके उदाहरणस्वरूप भारतीय स्वाधीनता आंदोलन को लिया जा सकता है। जब हिंदी भाषा ने सभी वर्गों, जातियों आदि के आपसी मतभेदों को दूर करके उन्हें एकता के सूत्र में पिरोकर देश को स्वतंत्रता दिलाई। मातृभाषा ही विभिन्न सांस्कृतिक पहचानों को एकसूत्र में पिरोने का कार्य करती है और देश की एकता की प्रेरक बनती है।

उत्तर 13.3:
स्वदेश के प्रति प्रेम ही राष्ट्रप्रेम है। राष्ट्रप्रेम का अर्थ है-राष्ट्र की प्रकृति से प्रेम, अतीत से प्रेम, वर्तमान के प्रति निष्ठा और भविष्य के प्रति उत्साह। इसके अंतर्गत राष्ट्र के प्रति अपनापन, निष्ठा, कर्तव्य और रक्षा की भावना अहम है। वास्तव में, एक नागरिक के जीवन की सार्थकता स्वदेश के प्रति समर्पण और निष्ठा में ही निहित है। राष्ट्र की एकता, अखंडता, उसका उज्ज्वल भविष्य व शत्रुओं से उसकी रक्षा करना ही राष्ट्रप्रेम का उद्देश्य है। आचार्य चाणक्य, छत्रपति शिवाजी, सुभाषचंद्र बोस, महात्मा गांधी, लक्ष्मीबाई जैसे अनेक देशभक्त महापुरुषों और स्वामी दयानंद एवं विवेकानंद जैसे विचारक, संतों ने अपने जीवन को राष्ट्रीय चेतना का पर्याय बना दिया। राष्ट्रहित ही उनका एकमात्र ध्येय था। राष्ट्रप्रेम राष्ट्रीय एकता का मूल है। भाषा, बोली, धर्म, संप्रदाय, वर्ण, संस्कृति, सभ्यता आदि के स्तर पर व्याप्त विविधता को राष्ट्रप्रेम ही एकताबद्ध करता है। राष्ट्रप्रेम एक अटूट बंधन है।

उत्तर 14:
परीक्षा भवन,
नई दिल्ली।
दिनांक 11 मार्च, 20XX
प्रिय रवि,
सदा खुश रहो।
आज ही तुम्हारे अध्यापक का पत्र प्राप्त हुआ। मुझे यह जानकर बहुत दुःख हुआ कि तुम अपना समय पढ़ाई-लिखाई में न लगाकर टेलीविज़न देखने में व्यर्थ कर रहे हो। यह अच्छी बात नहीं है। इस शौक में लाभ के स्थान पर हानियाँ ही होती हैं। तुम अभी विद्यार्थी हो, यदि तुम अपना अधिकतर समय टेलीविज़न देखने में लगाओगे, तो तुम्हारी पढ़ाई पर विपरीत प्रभाव पड़ेगा और समय की भी हानि होगी।
टेलीविज़न देखने से उसका तुम पर नकारात्मक प्रभाव पड़ेगा। इसलिए यदि तुम्हें परीक्षा में अच्छे अंकों से सफल होना है, तो इस आदत को अवश्य परिवर्तित करना होगा। आशा है कि तुम अपने बड़े भाई की बातों को व्यर्थ न समझते हुए इस विषय पर अपना ध्यान केंद्रित करोगे और अपना मन पढ़ाई में लगाओगे। माताजी और पिताजी की ओर से तुम्हें आशीर्वाद।
तुम्हारा भाई।
क, ख, ग.

अथवा

ब-110, सोनिया विहार,
दिल्ली।
दिनांक 12 जून, 20XX
प्रिय मित्र मोहन,
प्यार भरी नमस्कार
मुझे तुम्हारा निमंत्रण पत्र प्राप्त हुआ था, जिसे पढ़कर अत्यंत खुशी हुई कि तुम्हारी बड़ी बहन का विवाह 10.06.20XX को होना निश्चित हुआ। मैं इस विवाह में सम्मिलित होने के लिए बहुत उत्सुक था, परंतु भाग्य में शायद यह नहीं लिखा था। मैं समझ सकता हूँ कि तुम बहुत नाराज़ होगे, परंतु परिस्थितियाँ ही इतनी प्रतिकूल हो गई थीं कि मैं चाहकर भी विवाह में सम्मिलित होने के लिए न आ सका।
मैं 09-06-20XX को विवाह में सम्मिलित होने की तैयारी कर रहा था। तभी अचानक सूचना मिली की मेरी नानीजी की तबीयत अत्यंत खराब हो गई है। अत: मुझे माताजी को लेकर उनके पास जाना पड़ा। वहाँ पहुँचकर भी 10-06-20XX को वापस आने की कोशिश की, परंतु नानीजी की स्थिति अत्यंत गंभीर थी। अतः मैं न आ सका। मुझे आशा है कि तुम पूरे घटनाक्रम को समझोगे और मेरी मज़बूरी को समझकर मुझे क्षमा कर दोगे। मेरी अनुपस्थिति अक्षम्य है, परंतु फिर भी मैं क्षमा की अपेक्षा रखता हूँ और आशा करता हूँ कि बहन के आगामी दौरे में, मैं स्वयं उनको लेने जाऊँगा, ताकि भाई होने का कुछ कर्तव्य निभा सकें।
सभी बड़ों को प्रणाम व छोटों को प्यार।
तुम्हारा मित्र
निकुंज ।

उत्तर 15:

1.  प्रस्तुत चित्र में जल की समस्या को प्रदर्शित किया गया है।
2. कुछ महिलाएँ अपने विभिन्न पात्रों में जल भर रही हैं।
3.  प्रत्येक महिला लगभग दो-तीन पात्रों को भरने का प्रयास कर रही है, जो जल के संकट को दर्शाता है।
4. अंतिम छोर पर खड़ी कुछ महिलाएँ अपनी बारी की प्रतीक्षा कर रहे हैं।
5. कुछ महिलाएँ अत्यंत व्याकुल प्रतीत हो रही हैं।

अथवा

1. प्रस्तुत चित्र में दस से बारह वर्ष की आयु का बालक दिखाई दे रहा है।
2. उस बालक के सामने एक स्टोव जल रहा है।
3. प्रस्तुत चित्र में बालक चाय छानता हुआ नजर आ रहा है।
4. जिस आयु में बच्चे शिक्षा प्राप्त करते हैं, उस आयु में यह बालक परिस्थितिवश चाय बना रहा है।
5. इस प्रकार यह चित्र बाल मजदूरी की समस्या पर प्रकाश डाल रहा है।

उत्तर 16:
पहला प्रतिभागी   आप कहाँ से आए हैं?
दूसरा प्रतिभागी   जी, मैं हरियाणा से आया हूँ और आप?
पहला प्रतिभागी   मैं बैंगलौर (बंगलुरु) से आया हूँ।
दूसरा प्रतिभागी   आपने इससे पहले कितने टूर्नामेंट जीते हैं?
पहला प्रतिभागी   चार, और आपने?
दूसरा प्रतिभागी   मैंने भी अभी तक चार टूर्नामेंट जीते हैं। देखते हैं इस प्रतियोगिता में क्या होता है?
पहला प्रतिभागी   क्या तुमने इससे पहले राज्य स्तर पर कोई टूर्नामेंट खेला है?
दूसरा प्रतिभागी   नहीं! अभी तक मैंने ज़िला स्तर पर ही टूर्नामेंट खेले हैं। यह पहली बार है जब मैं राज्य स्तर पर खेलूंगा।
पहला प्रतिभागी   मेरी शुभकामनाएँ तुम्हारे साथ हैं।
दूसरा प्रतिभागी   मेरी भी शुभकामनाएँ तुम्हारे साथ हैं।

अथवा

पहला विद्यार्थी   (दूसरे विद्यार्थी से) तुम्हें हमारे सभी अध्यापकों में से सबसे अच्छे अध्यापक कौन लगते हैं?
दूसरा विद्यार्थी   मुझे तो गणित के अध्यापक सबसे अच्छे लगते हैं और तुम्हें?
पहला विद्यार्थी   अरे वाह! मुझे भी गणित के अध्यापक ही अच्छे लगते हैं, क्योंकि वे बहुत अच्छा पढ़ाते हैं।
दूसरा विद्यार्थी   हाँ! तुमने बिलकुल सही कहा। उनके पढ़ाने का तरीका मुझे बहुत पसंद है। वे गणित जैसे कठिन लगने वाले विषय को इतने सरल ढंग से समझाते हैं कि यह विषय अब कठिन नहीं लगता।
पहला विद्यार्थी   सही कह रहे हो। वे सभी विद्यार्थियों को एकसमान समझते हैं तथा कमजोर विद्यार्थियों को अतिरिक्त समय देकर उन्हें समझाते हैं और उनकी समस्याओं का समाधान करते हैं।
दूसरा विद्यार्थी   हाँ! उसके अतिरिक्त सभी विद्यार्थियों के प्रति उनका व्यवहार भी अत्यंत नम्र है तथा वे क्रोध तो बिलकुल नहीं करते।
पहला विद्यार्थी   उनके इसी व्यवहार से तो मैं बहुत प्रसन्न हूँ। उनका यह नम्र व्यवहार उन्हें सभी अध्यापकों से श्रेष्ठ बनाता है।
दूसरा विद्यार्थी   यदि हमारे सभी अध्यापक उनकी भाँति पढ़ाएँ तो कितना अच्छा होगा।
पहला विद्यार्थी   हाँ! अगर सभी अध्यापक ऐसे पढ़ाएँ तो विद्यार्थियों को कोई भी विषय कठिन नहीं लगेगा।

उत्तर 17:

अथवा

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 3, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 7 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 7 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:
In which book was the idea of one person one vote mentioned?

Question 2:

Question 3:
Which are the two houses of the parliament?

Question 4:
Name the island countries which are our southern neighbors.

Question 5:
Define asset of a country.

Question 6:
What are fair price shops?

Question 7:
Define poverty line.

Question 8:
How was France emerged as republic under Jacobins?

Question 9:
Write a note on Stalin’s collectivization programme.

Question 10:
What are the disadvantages of an electoral competition?

Question 11:
Why do we say that the role of Prime Minister in a coalition government has many constraints?

Question 12:
Name the fundamental rights provided by the Indian Constitution to its citizens?

Question 13:
How was the northern plains of India formed?

Question 14:
Write a note on the peninsular rivers.

Question 15:
How are disguised and seasonal unemployment different?

Question 16:
Explain the term social exclusion.

Question 17:
Mention any three factors of production.

Question 18:
What are the advantages of the Green revolution?

Question 19:
Discuss the consequences of Nazism in Germany.

Question 20:
What is shifting cultivation? Why were the European foresters unwilling to follow it?
OR
Why did the Massai community lost their land?
OR
Indian farmers were reluctant to grow opium. Explain.

Question 21:
How are democratic and non- democratic form of government different?

Question 22:
“There is need for constitution in every country”. Comment.

Question 23:
Write a note on the tropical deciduous forests.

Question 24:
Explain the occupational structure of India.

Question 25:
Write any five differences between traditional and modem farming methods.

Question 26:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of world:
(a) One of the central powers of the First World War.
(b) One of the axis powers of the Second World War.

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India. Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) Western most point of India.
(b) Dachigam wildlife sanctuary.
(c) Wettest place in India.

Rousseau mentioned the idea of one person one vote in the book named “The social contract”.

They were the Muslim reformers in the Russian empire.

The houses of the parliament are the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives islands are island countries and our southern neighbours.

Asset of a country means the working population of a country.

These are the ration shops opened by the government of India to provide food grains to the poor people at subsidized rate.

It is an imaginary line based on income and consumption to know that who are poor in the society.

They were the most radical groups formed in the wake of the French revolution. They were unhappy and angered by the shortage of food grains supply and high prices. As a rgsult they stormed the palace of Tuileries. They killed the king guard’s and made the king hostage for hours. This incident caused election and all the people of 21 years and above got the voting rights. Finally the new convention was formed and France was declared a republic.

Stalin’s collectivization programme was a step to solve the problem of food shortage. This policy eliminated Kulaks and established state owned farms. The peasants were forced to work in the Kolkhoj. According to this programme policy of deportation and severe punishment was followed.

The three demerits of the electoral competition are:

1. The different parties and candidates use dirty tricks to win the elections.
2. These political parties and leaders put allegations on each other.
3. Electoral competition causes disunity.

Yes, it is true to say that the role of Prime Minister in a coalition government has many constraints.

1. The Prime Minister cannot take sole decision.
2. He has to accommodate different social groups and coalition partners in his party.
3. He has to listen the views of all the partners.

The following are the various fundamental rights provided by the Indian Constitution to its citizens:

1. Right to equality
2. Right to freedom
3. Right against exploitation
4. Right to freedom of religion
5. Cultural and educational Rights
6. Right to constitutional remedies

When the Indo-Australian plate collided with the Eurasian plate a large depression was formed in between. Gradually this was filled with the sediments deposited by the rivers from the north and south. This resulted in the formation of an extensive flat land called the northern plains of India.

Three features of the peninsular rivers are:

1. The Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna, the Kaveri, the Narmada and the Tapi are the important rivers of the peninsular plateau. These rivers originate from the peninsular India.
2. These rivers are seasonal in nature.
3. These rivers drain into the Bay of Bengal except the Narmada and the Tapi which drain into the Arabian Sea.

Disguised unemployment: When more than required people are working then the extra people engaged, these are called disguised unemployed. This type of unemployment is found in the agricultural fields. They don’t have job opportunities elsewhere so they are sharing the labour effort with their family members.
Seasonal hunger: It is related to the cycles of food growing and harvesting. People face seasonal hunger in the rural areas because of seasonal nature of agricultural activities.

The term social exclusion is used to describe those who are excluded from the society on the basis of caste, religion and economic backwardness. They live in the fringes. They don’t enjoy the benefits of the society’ which the upper caste people or rich people enjoy. They are not allowed to come in contact with the upper caste people.

Basically there are four factors of production- land, labour, physical capital and human capital.

1. Land: It is the basic requirement for any kind of production either agricultural or industrial.
2. Labour: For production we need cheap and skilled labour. So that cost of production will be low.
3. Physical capital: It is of two types- fixed capital and working capital. Fixed capital includes tools and machines whereas working capital includes raw materials and money in hand.

Green revolution benefitted the Indian agriculture in different ways:

1. Green revolution helped in modernizing agriculture.
2. It helped in bringing newer ways of production like tools and machines.
3. It helped in bringing food security in the country.

The consequences of Nazism in Germany were as follows:

1. Democracy was destroyed and Germany became dictatorial state.
2. Economic recovery was given the priority with the aim at full production and full employment.
3. Germany left the League of Nations in 1933.
4. To control and order the society in their own way special surveillance and security forces were formed.
5. An exclusive racial community of pure Aryans was established because they believed in the concept of survival of the fittest.

Shifting cultivation is a type of cultivation in which the farmers degrade the forest and bum it there only to clear and make a fresh patch of land to be used for cultivation. Seeds are sown with the onset of monsoon and is harvested in the month of October-November. These plots were used for cultivation for few years and then kept fallow for many years for the forest to grow.
In Europe farmers did not want to follow this type of agriculture because they felt that if they will practice this type of cultivation then the land will not be able to produce the type of timber which was needed for railways. The second reason to not practice this type of cultivation was fear of forest fire. They thought that while burning the forest, the flames may spread to other parts of the forests.

OR

The Massai community lost their land due to the following reasons:

1. Territorial possessions by the European powers was the basic reason behind losing their grazing land.
2. In 1885, Massailand was divided between British Kenya and German Tanganyika.
3. The productive grazing lands were allotted for white settlement and the Massai were forced to shift to the arid land.
4. The pasturelands were converted into the cultivated lands due to agricultural expansion.
5. Large areas of the grazing lands were declared reserved and the Massai people were not allowed to enter there for any business.

OR

Indian farmers were reluctant to grow opium due to the following reasons:

1. They had to use their best fertile land to grow opium.
2. They were using their fertile land for the crop cultivation.
3. It was difficult and time consuming to grow opium.
4. They had to pay high rent for the land.
5. The opium cultivation was not profitable for them as they were paid low for opium.

Democratic and non- democratic form of government can be differentiated on the following grounds:

1. In the democratic government the elected people rule the country whereas in the non- democratic government people cannot choose their rulers.
2. In the democratic government citizens enjoy various freedoms whereas in the non- demociratic government freedom depends on the rulers.
3. In the democratic government representatives come in power after free and fair election whereas in the non-democratic government there is no such way to choose their representatives.
4. In the democratic government there is political equality whereas in the non-democratic government there is no political equality.
5. The democratic government functions according to the constitutional laws whereas the non-democratic government functions according to their will.

The constitution is needed in a country due to the following reasons:

1. To build trust and coordination among the people to live with peace and harmony.
2. To specify the formation and the powers of the government.
3. To define the duties and responsibilities of different organs of the government.
4. To know the rights and duties of the people.
5. To protect the minorities and the weaker sections of the society.

The following are the characteristics of the tropical deciduous forests:

1. The tropical deciduous forests are the most widespread in India.
2. They also called the monsoon forests.
3. They are found in the areas receiving rainfall between 200 cm and 70 cm.
4. Trees of the tropical deciduous forests shed their leaves in the dry summer for 6 to 8 weeks.
5. Lion, tiger, pig, deer and elephants are the common animals of these forests.

The occupational structure of India:

1. It is the distribution of population according to different types of occupation.
2. The different occupations can be grouped into three different categories – primary, secondary and tertiary.
3. Primary activities includes agriculture related activities, secondary activities includes manufacturing related activities and tertiary activities includes service related activities.
4. In India 64% people are engaged in the primary, 13% in the secondary and 20% in the tertiary activities.
5. There is a shift taking place from primary to secondary and tertiary.

The following are the differences between the modem farming and the traditional farming:

1. In modem farming latest tools and machines are used whereas in the traditional farming primitive tools are used for farming.
2. In modem farming HYV seeds are used whereas in traditional farming simple seeds are used.
3. In modem farming chemical fertilisers and pesticides are used whereas in traditional farming natural manures are used.
4. Modem farming gives more yield than the traditional farming.
5. The land is used more intensively in the modem farming than the traditional farming.

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 7, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 6 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:
What was the reason for increasing the taxes by the French government?

Question 2:
What do you mean by the term proportional representation?

Question 3:
Define referendum.

Question 4:
Name the types of states in India during British Time.

Question 5:
Name the different factors of production.

Question 6:
What are the investments done in humans to make them a resource?

Question 7:
Define seasonal hunger.

Question 8:
What were the causes of subsistence crisis in France during the old regime?

Question 9:
Write a note on the division of workers in social groups in Russia.

Question 10:
How can democracy be criticized?

Question 11:

Question 12:
How can you say that the Election Commission in India is independent and powerful?

Question 13:
Write a note on the river called Dakshin Ganga.

Question 14:
Which factors decides the climate of any place?

Question 15:
Mention any three non-farm activities in the village Palampur.

Question 16:
How are the market activities different from the non- market activities?

Question 17:
What are the causes of poverty in India.

Question 18:
Explain the dimensions of food security.

Question 19:
Discuss the steps taken against the Jews between 1933-1939.

Question 20:
What were the causes that led to the decline of forest area in the Indian sub-continent between 1880 and 1920?
OR
Write a note on the movement of pastorals in the mountains.
OR
What were the effects of open field system in England?

Question 21:
How are the political executives different from the permanent executives?

Question 22:
“International covenant has contributed to the expansion of rights”. Justify.

Question 23:
How are the Western Ghats different from the Eastern Ghats?

Question 24:
Population is a dynamic phenomenon. Justify.

Question 25:
What do you mean by the term food security? Discuss the role of green revolution in food security in India.

Question 26:
Identify these places and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of France:
(a) Marseiles
(b) Bordeaux

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) Rajaji wildlife sanctuary
(b) The Chhotanagpur plateau
(c) State having lowest density of population.

The French Government increased the taxes to meet the regular expenses of maintaining army, the court, the government offices and the universities.

Proportional representation is an electoral system in which political groups get the number of seats in the legislature in proportion to the number of votes

It is a system of direct voting in which the people are asked to accept or reject a proposal entirely.

The two types of states in India before 1947 were – the princely states and the provincial.

Land, labour, physical capital and human capital are together called factors of production.

The two investments done in humans to make them a resource are- education and skill formation.

Seasonal hunger is related to the cycles of food growing and harvesting. People face seasonal hunger in the rural areas because of seasonal nature of agricultural activities.

The causes of subsistence crisis in France during old regime were:

1. There was increasing demand for the food grains due to the increase in the population.
2. The price of bread increased because the production of food grains was not increasing.
3. As the prices were rising but the wages were not.

The following is the explanation of the division of workers in the social groups in Russia:

1. Some of them were closely associated with the villages while others settled in cities.
2. Metal workers in Russia were more skilled than other workers.
3. Females were also working in the factories along with the males but they were paid low.

Democracy can be criticized on the following basis:

1. There is high political competition therefore there is no morality.
2. There is a situation of instability in case the leaders keep changing.
3. Decision making in democracy is a big problem as so many people have to be consulted.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was bom in Bihar. He was elected as the President of the constituent assembly. He played an important role in the Champaran Satyagraha in Bihar. He was the first President of independent India.

Yes, it is true to say that the Election Commission in India is independent and powerful. It is due to the following reasons:

1. The election commission can express his disapproval to the government.
2. The election commission can order for a repoll in case of unfair polling at a particular booth or the entire constituency.
3. All the government officers have to work under the control of the election commission when they are on election duty.

The three characteristics of the river called Dakshin Ganga are:

1. The Godavari River is called the Dakshin Ganga, which is having the largest river basin in the peninsular.
2. The Godavari rises in the Nasik district of Maharashtra and drains into the Bay of Bengal.
3. The Puma, the Wardha, the Pranhita, the Manjara are the main tributaries of the river Godavari.

There are various factors affecting the climate of any place. The most important are as follows:

1. Latitude: If a place is near to the equator then it will have high temperature and humidity. As we move towards the pole temperature decreases.
2. Relief: The high altitude areas will have cold climate and the low altitude areas will have comparatively hot climate.
3. Distance from the sea: Places located near to the sea will have the moderating influence of the sea whereas places away from the oceans will have extreme climate.

The following is the explanation for the non-farm activities in the village Palampur:

1. Dairy farming: Some people in the village Palampur do dairy farming. They rear cattle and feed them on grass, jowar and bajra. They have collection cum chilling centres in the nearby cities.
2. Small-scale manufacturing: It is done with simple production methods carried out at homes with the help of family members.
3. Transport: There are different means of transport in Palampur used to ferry people.

The following are the three differences between market and non-market activities:

1. Market activities includes the activities related to the production and consumption whereas the non-market activities includes non-economic activities.
2. Market activities are performed to earn some money whereas non-market activities are performed for self-consumption.
3. A doctor in a hospital is performing market activity whereas a farmer producing crops for self-consumption is a non-market activity?

The causes for poverty in India are:

1. Low level of economic growth in the pre independence time.
2. High growth rate of population.
3. Unequal distribution of land and other resources among the people.

The three different dimensions of poverty are:

1. Availability: It means the food grains are available in the country through production or import or the previous year stock.
2. Accessibility: It means food grains are within reach of all the people of the country.
3. Affordability: It means all the people of the country are able to afford i.e., can buy the nutritious food grains.

The steps taken against the Jews between 1933-1939 were:

1. Only the Germans will be enjoying the protection of the state.
2. The Jews were not allowed to marry with the Germans.
3. Extra marital relations between the Jews and the Germans were declared crime.
4. Jews were discarded from the government services.
5. Jews were not allowed to fly flags.

The different causes that led to the decline of forest area in the Indian sub-continent between 1880 and 1920 were:

1. Wood was needed for the development of railways. It was needed to run locomotives, to lay the railway lines and sleepers.
2. The demand for wood increased in England for shipbuilding as they were facing shortage of timber for the royal navy.
3. The forest areas were degraded for raising commercial crops like cotton, jute, wheat etc.
4. The British government thought that the forest areas are unproductive and should be converted into agricultural lands so that they can get surplus food grains and expected revenues also.
5. Even the Adivasi’s and the peasants were also totally dependent on the forest for their livelihood. So they also contributed in the depletion of the forest areas.

OR

There are so many pastoralists in the mountainous parts of India.
The Gujjars and Bakarwals of Jammu and Kashmir were the herders of sheep and goats. They moved in a group called Kafila. During the summer they move to the upper heights of the mountains and during the winter they were back to the valleys.
The Gaddi shepherds of the Himachal Pradesh moved to the low hills of the shivaliks during winter and to Lahul and Spiti in summer.
The Bhotiyas, Sherpas, Kinnauris and other pastoral communities practiced the same cyclic movement between the summer and the winter pastures.

OR

The open field system affected the women in England in various ways. Now they had to pasture their cows and graze their sheeps, collected fuelwood for fire and fruits for food and fished in the rivers and ponds. Now these peasant women were in a better position than before. With this system of open field these women were able to supplement their family income. This system was also helpful for them in their bad times when the crops failed.

The political executives can be differentiated from the permanent executives on the following grounds:

1. The political executives are elected by the people of the country whereas the permanent executives are the civil servants.
2. The political executives consists of the Prime Minister and the council of ministers whereas the permanent executives incudes IAS, IFS, IPS etc.
3. The political executives are elected for a fixed tenure whereas the permanent executives are appointed for a long period.
4. The political executives are responsive whereas the permanent executives are not responsive.
5. The political executives are more powerful than the permanent executives.

It is true to say that International covenant has contributed to the expansion of rights. It helped and binds its signatory countries in providing some socio-economic and cultural rights. These are:

1. Right to work which gives says that people are free to work and earn their livelihood.
2. Right to safe and healthy working conditions.
3. Right to adequate standard of living.
4. Right to social security.
5. Right to education.

The Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats can be differentiated on the following basis:

1. The Western Ghats are the western margins of the Deccan plateau whereas the Eastern Ghats are the eastern margins of the Deccan plateau.
2. The Western Ghats are discontinuous whereas the Eastern Ghats are irregular and dissected.
3. The Western Ghats causes orographic rainfall whereas the Eastern Ghats causes cyclonic rainfall.
4. The Western Ghats have higher elevation than the Eastern Ghats.
5. The important rivers draining the Western Ghats are the Narmada and the Tapi whereas the Eastern Ghats are drained by the major rivers like the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri.

The various factors responsible for the population change are birth rate, death rate and migration.

1. Birth rate: Birth rate can be defined as the number of live births per thousand in a particular year. If the birth rate of a country is high then it will cause a high growth rate if it is assisted by the low death rate. If the birth rate is low then there will be low change in the population.
2. Death rate: Death rate can be defined as the number of deaths per thousand live birth in a particular year. If the death rate of a country is high then it will cause a low population growth rate and if it is low then the population growth will be high.
3. Migration: It is defined as the movement of people from one place to another due to the push factors like unemployment, lack of health and education etc., and the pull factors of a place like better health and educational facilities, job opportunities etc. both the factors will bring a change in the population.

Food security can be defined as the availability, accessibility and the affordability of food to all people at all times. The condition of agriculture in India before independence was not good and so was the total production. So that time people were facing the problem of food insecurity. The major step taken by the government after independence to improve the condition of agriculture was the introduction of green revolution in 1960s.
With the introduction of green revolution Indian farmers started using the HYV seeds, chemical fertilizers, modem tools and machines in agriculture which helped in increasing the crop production to a new heights. Then after the government of India started the buffer stock and the rationing system to provide food grains to all the people which helped in maintaining food security in India.

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 6, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 5 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:
Define the term old regime.

Question 2:
What is a genocidal war?

Question 3:
Write the full form of RTI.

Question 4:
How is the Suez Canal important for India?

Question 5:
What do you mean by the term yield?

Question 6:
Define market activities.

Question 7:
Write the full form of PMRY.

Question 8:
Write about the reasons for the turmoil in France.

Question 9:
Write the view points of the radicals.

Question 10:
Why is the democracy called the best form of government?

Question 11:
“There is a need for the constitution in every country”. Explain.

Question 12:
What choices are given to the voters during election?

Question 13:
Write about the bhabar belt of the northern plain.

Question 14:
Explain any three factors affecting the climate of any place.

Question 15:
How did the spread of electricity help the farmers of Palampur?

Question 16:
National Population Policy in India plays an important role. Discuss.

Question 17:
How is the poverty line in India estimated?

Question 18:
Explain the two dimensions of hunger.

Question 19:
Write a note on the foreign policy of Hitler.

Question 20:
Comment on the colonial management of forests in Bastar and in Java.
OR
OR
The situation of England was critical after the end of the Napoleonic wars. Explain.

Question 21:
How is the Lok sabha different from the Rajya sabha?

Question 22:
Elaborate the statement “The scope of rights has expanded in recent times”.

Question 23:
Discuss the formation of the Himalayas.

Question 24:
Why is the population considered as a pivotal element in social studies?

Question 25:
Explain the rationing system in India.

Question 26:
Identify these places and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of France:
(a) Paris
(b) Nantes

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) State having highest sex ratio in India.
(b) Coromandal coast
(c) Mahendragiri

Before 1789, the term ‘old regime’ was used to describe the society and the institutions.

Killing on large scale which eliminated the large section of people are termed as genocidal war.

RTI stands for right to information. According to this right we can seek information from the government department related to public work.

It was opened in 1869 which reduced the distance between India and Europe by 7000kms.

It is the total production in a cropping season.

Activities for which people get remuneration or get paid are called market activities.

It stands for Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana.

The reasons for the turmoil in France were:

1. There was bad harvest due to the severe winter which resulted in the rising prices of bread. The bakers and the hoarded suppliers taken the benefit of this shortage. The women had to stand in long queue for long hours. So they stormed into the shops.
2.  There was a rumour that army would be ordered to open fire upon the citizens. This caused agitation among the people and they decided to form a militia.
3. In search of the arms agitated people broke into number of government buildings and destroyed the prison of Bastille on 14th july 1789.

The radicals were of the following viewpoints:

1. They wanted a government formed and chosen by the majority of the population.
2. They were in support of women suffragette movements.
3. They were not in favour of concentration of wealth in few hands.

Due to the following reasons democracy is considered the best form of government:

1. In democratic form of government, the government is responsive to the needs of the people.
2. Democratic government respect peoples wishes, gives an environment to live together with peace and harmony.
3. Democratic government allows ways of correcting its mistakes.

Need of the constitution can be supported by the following reasons:

1. A constitution generates a degree of trust and give space to people to live together with peace and harmony.
2. It defines and builts relationship between the different organs of the government.
3. It protects the interest of minorities in the country.

Some of the choices given to the voters during elections are:

1. Voters’can chose their representatives who can make laws for them.
2. Voters can chose their representatives who can form the government and take the major decisions.
3. Voters can chose the party whose policies are strong and for the welfare of the society.

(a) It is one of the four divisions of the northern plains.
(b) It is to the south of the shivaliks in a width of 8 -16 kms.
(c) Rivers deposit pebbles in this region and rivers disappear in this bhabar belt.

There are various factors affecting the climate of any place. The most important are as follows:

1. Latitude: If a place is near to the equator then it will have high temperature and humidity. As we move towards the pole temperature decreases.
2. Relief: The high altitude areas will have cold climate and the low altitude areas will have comparatively hot climate.
3. Distance from the sea: Places located near to the sea will have the moderating influence of the sea whereas places away from the oceans will have extreme climate.

This is true to say that the spread of electricity helped the farmers of Palampyr because then after the farmers changed the system of irrigation from Persian wheels to electric run tube wells. This change also helped in increasing their total agricultural production from 1300 to 3200 kg per hectare. Now they don’t have to be dependent on the monsoon. They can irrigate the field much faster than earlier.

(a) According to NPP 2000 there is free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(b) It aims at bringing down the infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
(c) It aims to achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.

It is an imaginary line to demarcate poor and rich on different basis such as income, consumption etc. In India poverty line is estimated after every five years by conducting surveys by the National Sample Survey Organization.
On the basis of calorie intake per person per day calorie intake is 2400 in the rural areas and it is 2100 in the urban areas. It is set high for the rural areas because they are more engaged in physical work.
On the basis of income poverty line is fixed ₹816 per person per month for the rural areas whereas it is bit high for the urban areas i.e., ₹1000. It is so because the prices of the essential products in the urban areas are higher.

The two different dimensions of hunger are:
(a) Seasonal hunger:

• It is related to the cycles of food growing and harvesting.
• People face seasonal hunger in the rural areas because of seasonal nature of agricultural activities.

(b) Chronic hunger:

• It is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate in terms of quality or quantity.
• In the urban areas it occurs because of casual labour, very low income and inability to buy food.

Hitler brought a major change in the foreign policy of Germany just after coming to power. The changes are as follows:

1. In 1933, Germany moved out of the League of Nations.
2. Again in 1936 he reoccupied Rhineland.
3. In 1938, he captured Austria.
4. Gradually he captured the erst while country of Czechoslovakia.
5. He followed the policy of war and annexation to come out of the economic crisis that the country was facing.

The colonial management of forests in Bastar and Java had the following similarities:
In Bastar the colonial government reserved 2/3 rd of the forests, put a ban on shifting cultivation, hunting and collection of forest produce. Almost the same forest management policy was there in Java. Here the villagers were not allowed for grazing cattle, transporting goods without the permit or travelling on forest roads.
In Bastar the villagers were not allowed to stay in the reserved forests and had to work free for the forest department and help them in cutting and transporting the trees. In Java also, the villagers had to pay rent on the land being cultivated initially. But later on some villages were exempted from paying rent if they provide free labour and helping the government in cutting and transporting timber.

OR

Pastoral nomads were the people who moved from one place to another with their livestock for their livelihood. They were not settled at one place. The features of the pastoral nomads are as follows:

1. They had to adjust with the seasonal changes. When the pasturelands get exhausted they moved to another place.
2. They moved to the coastal areas in dry season and came back to the plateau areas.
3. They had relationship with the farmers so that their herds could graze in the harvested fields.
4. They did different occupations like cultivation, trade and herding etc.

OR

It is true to say that the situation of England was critical after the end of the Napoleonic wars. It was due to the following reasons:

1. After the Napoleonic wars the soldiers were returning to their homes and wanted some alternate job to survive.
2. They were facing the problem of agricultural depression as the grains were exported from Europe resulted in the falling prices.
3. Landowners in Europe were reducing the land area under cultivation. As a result they reduced the wages and also the labourers were retrenched.
4. Due to war and downfall in agriculture there was large scale unemployment in the country.
5. In the rural areas of England riot was spread by captain swing.

The following are the difference points for the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha:

1. Generally the ordinary bill needs to be passed in both the houses but if there is any difference then the final decision will be taken in a joint session. As there are more members in the Lok Sabha than the Rajya Sabha, so the views of Lok Sabha will prevail.
2. In case of money bills Lok Sabha is more powerful than that of Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot reject the money related bills if the Lok Sabha has already passed it. Within 14 days Rajya Sabha has to reply on that with or without any suggestion. Even after it is in the hand of Lok Sabha to do the changes or not.
3. Lok Sabha having the power of using “no confidence” which Rajya Sabha does not have.

Due to the following changes at national and international level it is true to say that the scope of rights has expanded in recent times:

1. Right to freedom of press, right to information, right to education are the rights derived from the fundamental rights.
2. The Government of India has introduced free and compulsory education to all the children up to the age of 14 years.
3. Right to property, right to vote are also enriched by the government.
4. Human rights, international movements and covenants has also contributed to the expansion of rights.
5. Some newer rights has been given to the people like- right to privacy, right to environment, right to food, water, health care and housing.

Millions of years ago all the land parts of the earth were together called Pangea. The northern landmass was called Angaraland and the southern landmass was called Gondwanaland. There was a Tethys sea in between these two land parts in which the rivers from the north and the rivers from the south were depositing sediments. Later, the peninsular plateau got separated from the gondwanaland due to the convectional currents and moved towards the north. Now the Indo- Australian plate was moving towards the much bigger Eurasian plate. This collision resulted in the rise of the sediments which were deposited in the Tethys Sea. Thus this whole process resulted in the formation of the Himalayas.

Yes, it is true that population is a pivotal element in social studies.

1. It is the people who make and use the resources and are themselves as a resource.
2. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and derive their significance.
3. To understand and appreciate all aspects of the environment, the number, distribution, growth and qualities are very important.
4. It is the people who develop the society and the economy.
5. Human beings are the producers and the consumers of the earth’s resource. Hence, it is important to know their number, distribution and characteristics.

The food security system of India is carefully designed to ensure the availability of food to all the people at all the times. The food security system is composed of the following two components:

• Buffer stock: It is the stock of food grains like rice and wheat procured by the government through the food corporation of India (FCI). The FCI purchases rice and wheat from the areas of surplus food production at a pre- announced price called minimum support price (MSP).
• Public distribution system: This is a system of distribution of food grains among the poorer sections of the society basically those who are below poverty line. This is done through the ration shops which are also called fair price shops.

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 1

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 1 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi B Paper 1.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi A Paper 1

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Hindi B Sample Paper Set Paper 1 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 9 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Hindi A is given below with free PDF download solutions.

समय :3 घंटे
पूर्णांक : 80

निर्देश

1. इस प्रश्न-पत्र के चार खंड हैं-क, ख, ग और घ।
2. चारों खंडों के प्रश्नों के उत्तर देना अनिवार्य है।
3. यथासंभव प्रत्येक खंड के उत्तर क्रमशः दीजिए।

खंड {क} अपठित बोध [15 अंक]

प्रश्न 1:
निम्नलिखित गद्यांश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़कर दिए गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (9)

शिक्षा, शिक्षक और छात्र, तीनों का परस्पर संबंध एक-दूसरे के अस्तित्व के लिए उतना ही जरूरी है, जितना शरीर में विभिन्न अंगों का। किसी भी एक अंग में विकृति आने से संपूर्ण शैक्षणिक व्यवस्था संकटग्रस्त हो जाती है। प्राय: कई कारणों से वर्तमान शिक्षा व्यवस्था पर विद्वानों द्वारा प्रश्न उठाए जाते रहे हैं। पूर्व में भारत विद्या और शिक्षा का महत्त्वपूर्ण केंद्र था, जोकि गुरुकुल पद्धति पर आधारित था और जहाँ गुरु और शिष्य परंपरा स्वार्थ और लालच से ऊपर थी।
वर्तमान में देखें तो शिक्षा और गुरु का संबंध ग्राहक और विक्रेता की तरह बन गया है। इसका परिणाम यह हो रहा है कि शिक्षा का मौद्रीकरण होना शुरू हुआ है और अंतत: इसका दुष्परिणाम शिक्षा की गुणवत्ता के दूषित होने के रूप में दिखा है। जहाँ एक तरफ़ शैक्षणिक केंद्रों में मोल-भाव होता है और डिग्री बाँटने वाली दुकानें हर गली-मोहल्ले में खुल गई हैं, वहीं दूसरी तरफ़ परीक्षा में सफल कराने के वादों के साथ नित नए-नए कोचिंग सेंटर भी इस खेल में अपनी दुकान लगातार बढ़ा रहे हैं।
इनका परिणाम न केवल शिक्षा के स्तर को बिगाड़ने के रूप में दिख रहा है, बल्कि ये शिक्षक और छात्र के संबंधों को भी दूषित कर रहे हैं। एक शिक्षा केंद्र में पहली जरूरत शिक्षक की योग्यता होती है, जबकि वर्तमान के शिक्षा बाज़ार में यह मुद्दा भी हाशिए पर है। वैश्विक स्तर पर शिक्षा का महत्त्व प्राचीन समय से विद्यमान है। और इसके वाहक गुरु होते थे, जिनका सम्मान और आदर आमजन से लेकर राजे-महाराजे तक करते थे। ऐसा इसलिए था, क्योंकि ये शिक्षक या गुरु योग्य होते थे।

(क) शिक्षा, शिक्षक और छात्र की तुलना किससे की गई है और क्यों? (2)
(ख) “शिक्षा का मौद्रीकरण होना शुरू हुआ है”-इस पंक्ति का क्या अभिप्राय है? (2)
(ग) शिक्षा का स्तर बिगाड़ने के लिए कौन जिम्मेदार हैं? (2)
(घ) प्रस्तुत गद्यांश का उचित शीर्षक बताते हुए उसकी तार्किक व्याख्या कीजिए। (2)
(ङ) ‘विकृति’ शब्द में से उपसर्ग व मूल शब्द अलग-अलग कीजिए।(1)

प्रश्न 2:
निम्नलिखित काव्यांश को ध्यानपूर्वक पढ़कर दिए गए प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (6)

(क) प्रस्तुत काव्यांश में किसकी बहादुरी का वर्णन किया गया है? उसकी किसी एक विशेषता पर प्रकाश डालिए।
(ख) राणा प्रताप के घोड़े चेतक को कोड़ा क्यों नहीं मारना पड़ता था?
(ग) निम्नलिखित शब्दों के समानार्थक शब्द लिखिए
(i) अरि , (ii) घोड़ा

खंड {ख} व्याकरण [15 अंक]

प्रश्न 3:
निम्नलिखित शब्दों का वर्ण-विच्छेद कीजिए   (2)
(i) संहार
(ii) दृग

प्रश्न 4:
(क) अनुनासिक संबंधी अशुद्धियों को दूर करके शब्दों को पुनः लिखिए (3)
(i) आंख
(ii) कांटा

(ख) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में उचित स्थान पर लगे अनुस्वार वाले शब्द छाँटिए
सयंम, मंदाकिनी, संगति, हँसना

(ग) निम्नलिखित शब्दों में उचित स्थानों पर नुक्ते का प्रयोग करके उन्हें पुनः लिखिए
(i) जालिम
(ii) फैसला

प्रश्न 5:
(क) निर्विघ्न’ शब्द में से मूल शब्द व प्रयुक्त उपसर्ग को अलग-अलग करके लिखिए।  (3)
(ख) ‘लिखाई’ शब्द में से मूल शब्द व प्रयुक्त प्रत्यय को अलग-अलग करके लिखिए।
(ग) ‘पर’ उपसर्ग का प्रयोग करके नया शब्द बनाइए।

प्रश्न 6:
(क) निम्नलिखित शब्दों की संधि कीजिए (2)
(i) निः + यात
(ii) देवी + अर्पण

(ख) निम्नलिखित शब्दों का संधि-विच्छेद कीजिए
(i) स्वागतम्
(ii) सज्जन

प्रश्न 7:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर लिखिए (3)
(क) विस्मयादिबोधक चिह्न का प्रयोग कहाँ किया जाता है?
(ख) हिंदू-मुसलमान’ में कौन-सा विराम चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है?
(ग) “डॉ.’ शब्द में कौन-सा चिह्न प्रयुक्त हुआ है?

खंड {ग} पाठ्यपुस्तक व पूरक पुस्तक [25 अंक]

प्रश्न 8:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (5)
(क) ‘दुःख का अधिकार’ पाठ के आधार पर बताइए कि भगवाना की मृत्यु कैसे हुई? (2)
(ख) लेखक ने महादेव जी की सज्जनता व सहृदयता की तुलना किससे वे क्यों की है? ‘शुक्रतारे के समान’ पाठ के आधार पर बताइए। (2)
(ग) कीचड़ का काव्य पाठ के आधार पर स्पष्ट कीजिए कि कीचड़ जैसा रंग कैसे लोग पसंद करते हैं? (1)

प्रश्न 9:
लेखिका के तंबू पर बर्फ गिरने का वर्णन कीजिए। ‘एवरेस्टः मेरी शिखर यात्रा’ कहानी के आधार पर लगभग 100 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए। (5)
अथवा
“तुम कब जाओगे, अतिथि’ पाठ का सारांश 100 शब्दों में लिखिए।

प्रश्न 10:
निम्नलिखित प्रश्नों के उत्तर 20-30 शब्दों में लिखिए (5)
(क) कवि रैदास ने स्वयं को किसका अंश माना है तथा उससे अपनी एकात्मकता किस रूप में व्यक्त की है? (2)
(ख) ‘मोती, मानुष, चून’ के संदर्भ में पानी के महत्त्व को ‘रहीम के दोहे के आधार पर बताइए। (2)
(ग) ‘नए इलाके में कविता में समय की कमी की ओर इशारा क्यों किया गया है? (1)

प्रश्न 11:
‘आदमीनामा’ कविता के आधार पर आदमी की प्रवृत्तियों का उल्लेख लगभग 100 शब्दों में कीजिए। (5)
अथवा
सुखिया के पिता किससे आहत हुए तथा उन्होंने क्या सोचा? ‘एक फूल की चाह’ कविता के आधार पर 100 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए।

प्रश्न 12:
महिसागर नदी के दोनों किनारों पर कैसा दृश्य था? इससे लोगों की किन भावनाओं की झलक मिलती है? ‘दीये जल उठे’ पाठ के आधार पर 150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए। (5)
अथवा
पाकिस्तान में हिंदू-मुसलमानों के मध्य संबंधों में क्या अंतर था? आपके अनुसार क्या यह उचित था? ‘हामिद खाँ’ कहानी के आधार पर 150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए।

खंड {घ} लेखन [25 अंक]

प्रश्न 13:
निम्नलिखित में से किसी एक विषय पर दिए गए संकेत बिंदुओं के आधार पर 80 से 100 शब्दों में अनुच्छेद लिखिए (5)

1. राष्ट्रीय एकता
संकेत बिंदु

•  राष्ट्रीय एकता का अर्थ
• राष्ट्रीय एकता का व्यापक महत्त्व
• राष्ट्रीय एकता की आवश्यकता

2. मेरे प्रिय कवि
संकेत बिंदु

• प्रिय कवि का व्यक्तित्व
• उनके प्रिय होने का कारण
• उनकी विशेषता

3. खेल का महत्त्व
संकेत बिंदु

• खेल संबंधी सामान्य धारणा
• जीवन में उसका महत्त्व
• व्यक्तित्व पर प्रभाव

प्रश्न 14:
अपने मित्र को लगभग 100 शब्दों में पत्र लिखिए, जिसमें उससे ‘स्वच्छ भारत अभियान से जुड़ने का आग्रह किया गया हो। (5)
अथवा
आपके एक मित्र ने एक पुस्तक मात्र 15 दिन तक पढ़ने के लिए आपसे ली थी। एक माह से अधिक समय बीत गया। बार-बार माँगने पर भी उसने पुस्तक आज तक नहीं लौटाई। नाराज़गी प्रकट करते हुए अपने मित्र को लगभग 100 शब्दों में एक पत्र लिखकर तुरंत पुस्तक लौटाने का आग्रह कीजिए।

प्रश्न 15:
दिए गए चित्र को ध्यान से देखकर 20 से 30 शब्दों में चित्र का वर्णन अपनी भाषा में प्रस्तुत कीजिए। (5)

अथवा

प्रश्न 16:
दो मित्रों के बीच अपने करियर से संबंधित होने वाले संवाद को लगभग 50 शब्दों में लिखिए।  (5)
अथवा
‘रक्तदान के विषय में दो युवाओं के मध्य होने वाले संवाद को लगभग 50 शब्दों में लिखिए।

प्रश्न 17:
किसी मोबाइल फ़ोन से संबंधित विज्ञापन 25-50 शब्दों में तैयार कीजिए।  (5)
अथवा
संगीत एवं नृत्य संस्थान की ओर से लगभग 25-50 शब्दों में विज्ञापन तैयार कीजिए।

जवाब

उत्तर 1:
(क) गद्यांश में शिक्षा, शिक्षक और छात्र की तुलना शरीर के विभिन्न अंगों से की गई है। जिस प्रकार शरीर के किसी एक अंग में विकृति आ जाने से पूरे शरीर को कष्ट होता है, उसी प्रकार शिक्षा, शिक्षक और छात्र में से किसी एक में भी विकृति आ जाने से पूरी शैक्षणिक व्यवस्था ही संकट से घिर जाती है। अतः इन तीनों का परस्पर संबंध एक-दूसरे के अस्तित्व के लिए बहुत आवश्यक है।
(ख) “शिक्षा का मौद्रीकरण होना शुरू हुआ है” – इस पंक्ति का अभिप्राय यह है कि वर्तमान युग में शिक्षा को धन से तौलकर देखा जा रहा है अर्थात् शिक्षा को व्यवसाय का माध्यम बनाकर उससे केवल धनार्जन करने का प्रयास किया जा रहा है।

(ग) शिक्षा का स्तर बिगाड़ने के लिए वे लोग जिम्मेदार हैं, जो मोल-भाव करके डिग्री बाँटने वाले दुकानदार बनकर बैठे हुए हैं और परीक्षा में सफल कराने का आश्वासन देकर धन कमाने का कार्य करते हैं। उनका एकमात्र उद्देश्य केवल धन कमाना है, शिक्षा देना नहीं।

(घ) प्रस्तुत गद्यांश का उचित शीर्षक ‘शिक्षा का व्यवसायीकरण’ हो सकता है, क्योंकि संपूर्ण गद्यांश में शिक्षा के व्यावसायिक होने के कारण शिक्षक – छात्र संबंध और शिक्षा पद्धति में आए परिवर्तनों पर चर्चा की गई है।

(ङ) शब्द                 उपसर्ग             मूल शब्द
विकृति                    वि                   कृति

उत्तर 2:
(क) प्रस्तुत काव्यांश में महाराणा प्रताप के घोड़े चेतक की बहादुरी का वर्णन किया गया है। उसकी विशेषता यह है कि वह हवा से भी अधिक तीव्र गति से दौड़ता है।
(ख) राणा प्रताप के घोड़े चेतक को कोड़ा इसलिए नहीं मारना पड़ता था, क्योंकि वह अपने कार्य में कुशल था अर्थात् कोड़ा मारने से पहले ही वह तीव्र गति से दौड़ने लगता था।
(ग) शब्द                                 समानार्थक शब्द
(i) अरि                     –         शत्रु, दुश्मन, बैरी, रिपु
(ii) घोड़ा                   –        अश्व, तुरंग, घोटके, रविसुत

उत्तर 3:
(i) स् + अं + ह् + आ + र् + अ
(ii) दृ + ऋ + ग् + अ

उत्तर 4:
(क) (i) आँख             (ii) काँटा.
(ख) (i) मंदाकिनी       (ii) संगति
(ग) (i) ज़ालिम           (ii) फैसला

उत्तर 5:
(क) उपसर्ग       निर्र्             मूल शब्द             विघ्न
(ख) मूल शब्द    लिख             प्रत्यय                आई।
(ग) परोपकारे

उत्तर 6:
(क) (i) निर्यात (ii) देव्यर्पण
(ख) (i) सु + आगतम् (ii) सत् + जने

उत्तर 7:
(क) दुःख, आश्चर्य, हर्ष, घृणा आदि मनोभावों को प्रकट करने के लिए विस्मयादिबोधक चिह्न का प्रयोग किया जाता है।
(ख) ‘हिंदू-मुसलमान’ में योजक चिह्न (-) का प्रयोग हुआ है। योजक चिह्न का प्रयोग समस्त पद के खंडों को जोड़ने के लिए उनके मध्य में किया जाता है; जैसे-हिंदू-मुसलमान आदि।
(ग) किसी बड़े शब्द को छोटा लिखने के लिए उसके प्रथम अक्षर को लिखकर उसके आगे (०) शून्य लगा दिया जाता है, वहाँ लाघव चिह्न होता है; जैसे- ‘डॉ.’ शब्द में लाघव चिह्न है, इसका पूर्ण रूप डॉक्टर है।

उत्तर 8:
(क) भगवाना तेईस वर्ष का जवान युवक था। वह प्रतिदिन खरबूजों की डलिया बाज़ार में पहुँचाता था। एक दिन वह प्रातःकाल खेत से पके हुए खरबूजे तलाश कर रहा था। वह बेल में लगे खरबूजे चुनने के बाद कुछ देर विश्राम करने के लिए गीली मेड़ के पास पहुँचा, तो उसका पैर एक साँप पर पड़ गया और साँप ने उसे डस लिया, जिससे उसकी मृत्यु हो गई।
(ख) लेखक ने महादेव जी की सज्जनता व सहृदयता की तुलना | बिहार और उत्तर प्रदेश के हज़ारों मील लंबे समतल मैदानों से की है, क्योंकि वहाँ न तो खुरदरी मिट्टी है और न ही कंकरी।
(ग) कलाभिज्ञ लोग अर्थात् कलाकार, चित्रकार, मूर्तिकार, छायाकार (फोटोग्राफर) आदि कीचड़ जैसा रंग पसंद करते हैं।’

उत्तर 9:
रात में लगभग साढ़े बारह बजे थे तथा लेखिका गहरी नींद में थी। अचानक लेखिका के सिर के पीछे कोई भारी व कठोर वस्तु टकराई और ज़ोर से आवाज़ हुई।

लेखिका नींद से जाग गई, उसे साँस लेने में परेशानी होने लगी। उसने देखा कि एक विशाल बर्फ का हिमखंड टूटकर उसके तंबू पर गिर गया है। वह लंबा बर्फ़ का पिंड लेखिका के कैंप के ठीक ऊपर ल्होत्से ग्लेशियर से टूटकर नीचे गिरा था। उस विशाल बर्फ पुंज ने एक्सप्रेस रेलगाड़ी की गति से आते हुए तथा भीषण गर्जना करते हुए सारे कैंप को तहस-नहस कर दिया था। लगभग प्रत्येक व्यक्ति को चोट लगी थी और लेखिका हो। बर्फ में दब ही गई थी, परंतु अच्छी बात यह थी कि किसी की मृत्यु नहीं हुई थी।

अथवा

‘तुम कब जाओगे, अतिथि’ पाठ में लेखक और उसकी पत्नी भारतीय परंपरा के अनुसार, अतिथि का बढ़-चढ़कर स्वागत-सत्कार करते हैं। उन्हें लगता है कि अतिथि सम्मान-सत्कार की स्मृतियाँ लेकर अगले दिन लौट जाएगा, लेकिन अतिथि तो जाने के लिए तैयार ही नहीं था। आज की महँगाई के समय में सीमित आय वाले लोग अधिक दिनों तक अतिथि का स्वागत-सत्कार नहीं कर सकते। लेखक ने अनेक प्रकार के उदाहरणों, कार्यों द्वारा अतिथि को चले जाने का संकेत दिया था, फिर भी अतिथि पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं पड़ा। लेखक के घर उपवास रखने की स्थिति उत्पन्न होने लगी थी। प्रेम संबंधों में मतभेद उत्पन्न होने लगे थे। अतिथि लेखक को मानव नहीं, राक्षस का प्रतिरूप दिखने लगा था। अब केवल एक ही उपाय बचा था कि लेखक भी सभ्यता का आवरण उतारकर अतिथि को सीधे जाने के लिए कह दे।।

उत्तर 10:
(क) कवि ने ईश्वर को सर्वगुण संपन्न बताते हुए स्वयं को ईश्वर का अंश माना है। ईश्वर के साथ अपनी एकात्मकता को अनेक रूपों में व्यक्त करते हुए रैदास कहते हैं कि प्रभु चंदन हैं, तो वह पानी, प्रभु बादल हैं, तो वह मोर, प्रभु दीपक हैं, तो वह । बाती, प्रभु मोती हैं, तो वह धागा, प्रभु चाँद हैं, तो वह चकोर। इस प्रकार दोनों का मिलन सोने एवं सुहागे के मिलन जैसा पवित्र एवं महत्त्वपूर्ण है। वास्तव में, दोनों में अभिन्न संबंध है।

(ख) ‘मोती’ के संदर्भ में ‘पानी’ का अर्थ है-चमक रहीम का कहना है कि चमक के बिना मोती का कोई मूल्य नहीं होता है।
‘मानुष’ के संदर्भ में ‘पानी’ का अर्थ है-आत्म-सम्मान। रहीम का कथन है कि आत्म-सम्मान के बिना मनुष्य का कोई मूल्य नहीं होता है।
‘चुन’ के संदर्भ में पानी का महत्त्व सर्वोपरि है। बिना पानी के आटे की रोटी नहीं बनाई जा सकती। इसलिए वहाँ पानी का । होना अनिवार्य है।

(ग) कविता में समय की कमी की ओर इशारा इसलिए किया गया है, क्योंकि लोगों की स्वयं में अत्यधिक व्यस्तता ने एक दूसरे के प्रति उनके भीतर की आत्मीयता को समाप्त कर दिया है।

उत्तर 11:
‘आदमीनामा’ कविता के रचयिता कवि नज़ीर अकबराबादी अपनी कविता के माध्यम से कहना चाहते हैं कि आदमी की प्रवृत्तियाँ भिन्न-भिन्न हैं। वह धन-संपदा का स्वामी बनना चाहता है। धनवान, भोगी एवं राजा बनना चाहता है। वह सद्गुरु बनकर लोगों को उपदेश देना चाहता है। वह दुनिया में अत्यधिक सम्मान प्राप्त करना चाहता है। वह करुणामय भी है तथा दूसरों की सहायता के लिए अपने प्राणों की बाज़ी भी लगा देता है।
वह दीन-दुःखियों की सहायता करना चाहता है। वह धार्मिक भी है और मानवता की सेवा करना चाहता है, लेकिन इन सबके साथ-साथ वह स्वार्थी भी होता है। वह अपने स्वार्थ के कारण दूसरों को कष्ट भी पहुँचाता है। वह चोरी भी करता है और हिंसा में भी लिप्त रहता है। अपने लाभ के लिए वह दूसरों की जान तक ले लेता है। वह दूसरों को अपमानित भी करता है। और उनसे लड़ता-झगड़ता भी है। इस प्रकार आदमी के अंदर दोनों प्रकार की विपरीत प्रवृत्तियाँ देखने को मिलती हैं।

अथवा
भक्तों के व्यवहार से आहत होकर सुखिया के पिता ने उन्हें दुष्ट कहकर संबोधित किया। सुखिया का पिता अपनी पुत्री की अंतिम इच्छानुसार देवी के मंदिर से पूजा का फूल लेने आया था। मंदिर में भक्तों द्वारा उसे पहचान लिया जाता है कि वह अछूत है। सभी ने मिलकर उसे बुरी तरह पीटा जिस पर वह कहता है कि मेरे मंदिर में प्रवेश करने से तुम्हारी देवी की । महानता कैसे कम हो गई? क्या मेरी कलुषता उनके गौरव की अपेक्षा अधिक है? दुष्ट भक्तों! तुम ऐसा तुच्छ विचार करके भी स्वयं को माँ का भक्त कहते हो। देवी माँ किसी को छूत-अछूत नहीं मानती। उनकी दृष्टि में सभी समान हैं।
अतः कहा जा सकता है कि समाज में व्याप्त सामाजिक अस्पृश्यता ने समाज में मानवीय संवेदनाओं को नष्ट कर दिया। है। इसी कुरीति के कारण पिता अपनी पुत्री सुखिया को खो बैठता है।

उत्तर 12:
महिसागर नदी के दोनों किनारों पर उत्साहपूर्ण वातावरण था। हज़ारों लोग सत्याग्रहियों के स्वागत में खड़े थे। उन लोगों के हाथों में जलते दीये जागृति के स्वतः प्रमाण थे। ऐसा लग रहा। था जैसे सभी गांधी और पटेल के नेतृत्व में देश के सपनों को पूरा करने के लिए पूर्णतः तत्पर हैं। नदी के दोनों तटों पर लोगों द्वारा लगाए जाने वाले ‘महात्मा गांधी की जय’, ‘सरदार पटेल की जय’ और ‘जवाहरलाल नेहरू की जय’ के नारे गूंज रहे थे। लोग स्वराज प्राप्ति के लिए सजग, उत्साहित और कटिबद्ध थे। महिसागर नदी के दोनों किनारों पर लगी लोगों की भारी भीड़ स्पष्ट रूप से यह दर्शा रही थी कि लोग पूर्ण समर्पण एवं निःस्वार्थ भावना से अपने देश को प्रेम करते हैं तथा उसके लिए कुछ भी करने को तैयार हैं। लोगों ने वहाँ व्याप्त अँधेरे को भेदने के लिए अपने हज़ारों हाथों में हज़ारों दीये जलाए, ताकि दोनों ओर के लोग नदी पार कर सकें।।
उन्होंने प्रत्येक कदम पर गांधीजी एवं उनके सत्याग्रही साथियों की सहायता करने का प्रयास किया। राष्ट्र एवं राष्ट्र के सेवकों के प्रति उनके निःस्वार्थ समर्पण की भावना उनकी प्रत्येक गतिविधि से झलक रही थी।

अथवा
हामिद खाँ के अनुसार, पाकिस्तान में हिंदू-मुसलमानों के मध्य अच्छे संबंध नहीं थे। वहाँ दोनों संप्रदायों के बीच धार्मिक विषमता बहुत अधिक थी। हिंदुओं द्वारा मुसलमानों को अत्याचार करने वालों की संतान समझा जाता था। पाकिस्तान में हिंदू-मुस्लिम एक-दूसरे के त्योहारों में सम्मिलित नहीं होते। वहाँ न कोई हिंदू, मुस्लिम होटल में खाना खाता है और न ही कोई मुस्लिम, हिंदू दुकान पर जाता है। इस दुनिया में उन्हें शैतानों की भाँति छुप-छुप कर चलना पड़ता था। अतः हामिद खाँ के अनुसार दोनों समुदायों में यह अंतर बहुत अधिक था। किसी भी जाति, धर्म, समुदाय या नस्ल के मनुष्यों के बीच भेदभाव करना, असमानता स्थापित करना  ईश्वरीय इच्छा के विपरीत है।
ईश्वर ने सभी मनुष्यों को एक समान बनाया है. हमने उनमें विभाजन उत्पन्न किया है। सभी मनुष्य एक ही ईश्वर की संतान हैं। अतः उनके बीच किसी भी प्रकार का भेदभाव किया जाना, किसी भी प्रकार से उचित नहीं हो सकता है।

उत्तर 13.1:
देश के नागरिकों को बिना किसी जातीय, सांप्रदायिक वनस्लीय भेदभाव के एक साथ रहना ही राष्ट्रीय एकता है। यह किसी भी राष्ट्र की एक प्रबल शक्ति होती है। यह वीरता और बलिदान संबंधी कार्यों को भी प्रेरित करती है। यह जनता में आत्मविश्वास की भावना उत्पन्न करती है, जिससे देशवासी उन्नति के पथ पर आगे बढ़ते हैं।
विश्व स्तर पर देखें, तो स्पष्ट हो जाएगा कि राष्ट्रीय एकता के बिना किसी राष्ट्र का विकास के पथ पर अग्रसर होना अत्यंत चुनौतीपूर्ण हो जाता है। राष्ट्रीय एकता में ही राष्ट्र की सारी शक्तियाँ केंद्रित होती हैं और एक शक्ति-स्रोत का जन्म होता है।
वर्तमान समय में अनेक नकारात्मक और उन्मादी सोच वाले व्यक्ति या समूह भारतवर्ष की एकता खंडित करने के लिए प्रयासरत हैं। आज आवश्यकता इस बात की है कि निजी हित और अलगाववादी तत्त्वों को पूरी दृढ़ता से नकार कर हम राष्ट्र को एकता की मज़बूती से बाँधकर रखें, क्योंकि राष्ट्रीय एकता पर ही राष्ट्र की अखंडता निर्भर करती है।

उत्तर 13.2:
मेरे प्रिय कवि हिंदी के भक्तिकालीन संत कवि कबीर हैं। कबीर का संतुलित एवं विशिष्ट व्यक्तित्व तथा उनके विचारों ने मुझे सदैव प्रभावित किया है। वे ईश्वर के सजग भक्त थे। गुरु, ज्ञान, कर्म, धर्म और अध्यात्म की उन्होंने सच्ची विवेचना की है। वे जो स्वयं करते थे, वही अपने अनुयायियों से भी अपेक्षा रखते थे। उनके व्यक्तित्व में मन, वचन और कर्म की एकता परिलक्षित होती है। कबीर के दोहे या पद स्वयं में सामाजिक परिवर्तन के सकारात्मक उद्देश्यों को समेटे हुए हैं। उन्होंने समाज में फैली कुरीतियों; जैसे-जात-पाँत, छुआछूत, ऊँच-नीच आदि पर तीक्ष्ण प्रहार किया है। कबीरदास पुस्तकीय ज्ञान को महत्त्व न देकर अनुभव आधारित ज्ञान को महत्त्व देते थे। उन्होंने सदा सत्य का साथ दिया है, इसलिए वह सभी के लिए लोकप्रिय कवि बन गए हैं। उनकी विशेषता यह है कि वे संत होकर भी क्रांतिदर्शी थे। उनकी भक्ति अंधभक्ति या पाखंडपूर्ण नहीं थी। कबीर के पदों में सामान्य बोलचाल की भाषा का प्रयोग देखने को मिलता है, जो जनमानस को सीधे इनसे जोड़ता है। वास्तव में, कबीर एक प्रकाश पुंज थे, जिन्होंने एक विशाल समाज का पथ आलोकित किया।

उत्तर 13.3:
स्वस्थ शरीर में ही स्वस्थ मस्तिष्क निवास करता है। खेल, शरीर को स्वस्थ रखने के लिए अत्यंत आवश्यक है। यद्यपि खेल के प्रति लोगों की प्राचीन धारणा यह थी कि इससे समय और धन की बर्बादी होती है, परंतु वर्तमान समय में खेल के माध्यम से सफलता के शिखर पर पहुँचने वालों ने इस मिथक को ध्वस्त कर दिया है। खेल व्यक्ति को शारीरिक और मानसिक दोनों स्तर पर स्वस्थ रखने का उत्तम साधन है, इसलिए खेल का जीवन में अत्यंत महत्त्वपूर्ण स्थान है। यही कारण है कि विद्यालयों में खेल को एक विषय के रूप में स्थान दिया गया है। खेलने वाला व्यक्ति जीवन में विभिन्न स्पर्धाओं का सामना करने में अत्यंत सक्षम होता है। वह हारकर भी जीतने का साहस रखता है, साथ ही प्रतिद्वंद्वी की सफलता की सराहना भी करता है। खेल हमारे व्यक्तित्व को निखारता है। आज यह आर्थिक, सामाजिक, स्वास्थ्य, राष्ट्रीय आदि अनेक पक्षों से संबद्ध होकर अपनी सार्थक महत्ता सिद्ध कर रहा है।

उत्तर 14:
परीक्षा भवन,
दिल्ली।
दिनांक 09 अगस्त, 20XX
प्रिय मित्र अंकिता,
आशा है कि तुम्हारी पढ़ाई ठीक प्रकार से चल रही होगी और तुम मन लगाकर परीक्षा की तैयारी में लगी होगी। तुम्हें यह जानकर खुशी होगी कि हमारे विद्यालय ने प्रधानमंत्री द्वारा चलाए गए ‘स्वच्छ भारत अभियान’ से जुड़ने का निश्चय किया है। विद्यालय के सभी छात्र-छात्राएँ अपने-अपने क्षेत्रों में स्वच्छता अभियान से जुड़ेंगे। वे प्रत्येक रविवार को विभिन्न स्थानों पर अपने अध्यापकों के मार्गदर्शन में समूह बनाकर स्वच्छता का कार्य करेंगे। मैं चाहती हूँ कि तुम भी अपने विद्यालय के सहपाठियों तथा अध्यापकों से इस संबंध में बातचीत करो और अपने अन्य मित्रों को भी इस कार्य में सहयोगी बनने के लिए प्रेरित करो। तुम जानती ही हो कि स्वच्छता के विषय में हमारा देश बहुत पीछे है, यदि हम अपने आस-पास के वातावरण को गंदगी से मुक्त रखेंगे तथा स्वच्छ बनाएँगे, तो यह बहुत महत्त्वपूर्ण कदम होगा।

मुझे पूरी आशा है कि तुम स्वच्छ भारत अभियान से जुड़कर भारत को स्वच्छ बनाने में अपना पूरा सहयोग दोगी।
अंकल-आंटी को मेरा नमस्कार कहना।
तुम्हारी अभिन्न मित्र
क. ख, ग,

अथवा

बी-ब्लॉक, उत्तम नगर,
दिल्ली।
दिनांक 09.04.20XX
प्रिय मित्र राज,
मैं यहाँ सपरिवार कुशलपूर्वक हूँ तथा कामना करता हूँ कि तुम भी सकुशल होंगे। शायद तुम्हें स्मरण होगा कि दो माह पूर्व तुमने मुझसे हिंदी की ‘गुनाहों का देवता’ नामक पुस्तक ली थी और 15 दिनों में पढ़कर लौटाने का वादा किया था, परंतु आज दो माह बाद भी, अनेक बार आग्रह करने के पश्चात् भी तुमने यह पुस्तक मुझे नहीं लौटाई है।
मित्र, इस प्रकार की बहानेबाज़ी सदैव नहीं चल सकती। अब मुझे शंका होने लगी है कि कहीं लापरवाही के कारण तुमने यह पुस्तक गुम तो नहीं कर दी है? इस प्रकार की लापरवाही व चुप्पी हमारी मित्रता में दरार का कारण भी बन सकती है। मेरा पुनः एवं अंतिम अनुरोध है कि तुम यह पुस्तक यथाशीघ्र मुझे वापस कर दो। मुझे आशा है कि तुम मुझे निराश नहीं करोगे। तुम्हारा मित्र राजन

उत्तर 15:
(i) दिए गए चित्र में एक उद्यान दिखाया गया है, जिसमें एक तालाब है और उसमें बत्तखें तैर रही हैं।
(ii) चित्र में एक महिला व दो बच्चे दिखाई दे रहे हैं।
(iii) बच्चे तालाब में कागज़ की नावे चला रहे हैं।
(iv) आकाश में बादल छाए हुए हैं और वर्षा हो रही है।
(v) वर्षा से बचने के लिए महिला छतरी लेकर खड़ी है।

अथवा

(i) प्रस्तुत चित्र में एक सपेरा, साँप का खेल दिखा रहा है।
(ii) वह बीन बजाकर साँप को नचा रहा है। उसके पास एक पोटली रखी हुई है।
(iii) जमीन पर दो साँप रेंग रहे हैं तथा एक साँप टोकरे में अपना फन उठाकर बैठा हुआ है।
(iv) पीछे की ओर कुछ झोंपड़ियाँ तथा पेड़ दिखाई दे रहे हैं।
(v) यह चित्र किसी ग्रामीण क्षेत्र का लग रहा है।

उत्तर 16:

उत्तर 17:

अथवा

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## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 4 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:

Question 2:
What do you mean by Holocaust?

Question 3:
Define code of conduct.

Question 4:
Define the convergent plate boundaries.

Question 5:
What do you mean by the term multiple cropping?

Question 6:
Define Human capital formation.

Question 7:
What is Buffer stock?

Question 8:
Explain the division of the French society before the French Revolution.

Question 9:
Write about the desirables and undesirables communities by the Nazis.

Question 10:
Mention any three examples of the non-democratic countries.

Question 11:
Write a note on the basic philosophy of the Indian Constitution.

Question 12:
Write the disadvantages of an electoral competition.

Question 13:
Lakes are of great economic value. Comment.

Question 14:
Explain the weather conditions and the characteristics of the cold weather season.

Question 15:
How is modem farming different from traditional farming?

Question 16:
Write a note on the dimensions of poverty.

Question 17:
“Co-operatives play an important role in food security”. Justify.

Question 18:
What are the three dimensions of food security?

Question 19:
The radicals and the liberals found the solutions to the problem of the industrial society. Elucidate.

Question 20:
What was the view of Europeans regarding the shifting cultivation?
OR
The pastoralist had to cope up with the changes in new times. Comment.
OR
Compare and contrast the enclosure movement in England.

Question 21:
What are the powers of the President of India.

Question 22:
Why do we say that the Mandal commission was a debatable issue in India?

Question 23:
How are the tropical evergreen forest different from the tropical deciduous forest?

Question 24:
Define migration. What are its causes and effects?

Question 25:
Write a note on the food security system in India.

Question 26:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of world:
(a) One of the central powers of the First World War.
(b) One of the allied powers of the Second World War.

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) The Western Ghats
(b) The largest state according to area
(c) Dachigam wildlife sanctuary

Kulaks were rich peasants who were supposed to be holding stocks in the hope of higher prices.

The killing operations of Nazi’s termed as Holocaust.

During election time some norms and guidelines are issued which the political parties and candidates have to follow are called code of conduct.

When two plates are moving towards each other and collide form convergent plate boundaries.

When more than one crop is grown on a single piece of land in a year is termed as multiple cropping.

When the existing human resource is further developed by adding more education and skill it is called Human capital formation.

Buffer stock is the stock of food grains procured by the government through FCI to bring food security.

The French society was divided into three different estates before the French Revolution as follows:

1. The first estate: It consists of the church and the clergy. They had certain privileges by birth such as exemption from paying tax.
2. The second estate: It comprised the nobles and the rich people. They also had the
privilege of exemption from paying tax along with privilege of collection of feudal dues by the peasants.
3. The third estate: It comprised rich businessmen, merchants, court officials, peasants etc. In this state some were rich and others were poor. They were paying all the direct taxes and had no benefits.

(a) The German society was divided into two groups called Desirables and Undesirables.
(b) Blond, blue-eyed and Nordic German Aryans were the desirables who wanted a society of pure and healthy Nordic Aryans.
(c) Gypsies, blacks and the Jews were the undesirables who suffered the most.

The three examples of the non-democratic countries are:

1. Myanmar: The army rulers are not the people’s representatives and also the people can’t influence the government decisions.
2. Chile: Dictators like Pinochet ruled.
3. Nepal: The king ruled the country who were bom in a royal family.

The basic philosophy of the Indian constitution are:

1. The preamble is the soul of the constitution which examine and evaluate any law.
2. The preamble tells us about the different sources of the constitution.
3. The preamble states that India is a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic country.

The three demerits of the electoral competition are:

1. The different parties and candidates use dirty tricks to win the elections.
2. These political parties and leaders put allegations on each other.
3. Electoral competition causes disunity.

The lakes are having the following benefits:

1. Lakes are helpful in regulating the flow of water.
2. Some large lakes are helpful in generating hydroelectricity.
3. They help in moderating the climate of the surrounding areas.

The weather conditions and the characteristics of the Cold weather season are as follows:

1. During this period there is clear sky, low humidity and temperature, and feeble arid variable winds.
2. During this period frost is common in the north and snowfall in the higher slopes of the Himalayas.
3. This period is marked with low temperature in the north whereas high to moderate temperature in the southern part of India.

The following are the differences between the modem farming and the traditional farming:

1. In modem farming latest tools and machines are used whereas in the traditional farming primitive tools are used for farming.
2. In modem farming HYV seeds are used whereas in traditional farming simple seeds are used.
3. In modem farming chemical fertilisers and pesticides are used whereas in traditional farming natural manures are used.

The different dimensions of poverty are as follows:

1. It means lack of food and shelter.
2. It is a situation in which parents are not able to send their children to school.
3. It is a situation when sick people are not able to get proper treatment.

There are different cooperatives functioning in different parts of the country to bring food security in the country. These cooperatives sell the products to the consumers at controlled rates. Such as Mother Dairy in Delhi provides milk and vegetables to the consumers at controlled prices. Amul in Gujarat provides milk and milk products. Academy of development science in Maharashtra helps in setting up grain banks.

The three different dimensions of food security are:

1. Availability: It means the food grains are available in the country through production or import or the previous year stock.
2. Accessibility: It means food grains are within reach of all the people of the country.
3. Affordability: It means all the people of the country are able to afford i.e., can buy the nutritious food grains.

The radicals and the liberals found the following solutions to the problem of the industrial society:

1. They suggested to make the workforce healthy and educated.
2. They opposed the privileges enjoyed by the old aristocracy.
3. They asked the people to develop the value of individual effort, labour and enterprise.
4. They favoured the freedom of the individuals for the development of the society.
5. They said that the people should revolt to remove the existing aristocratic government.

Shifting cultivation is a type of cultivation in which the farmers degrade the forest and bum it there only to clear and make a fresh patch of land to be used for cultivation. Seeds are sown with the onset of monsoon and is harvested in the month of October-November. These plots were used for cultivation for few years and then kept fallow for many years for the forest to grow.
In Europe farmers did not want to follow this type of agriculture because they felt that if they will practice this type of cultivation then the land will not be able to produce the type of timber which was needed for railways. The second reason not to practice this type of cultivation was fear of forest fire. They thought that while burning the forest, the flames may spread to other parts of the forests.

OR

The pastoralists cope with the changes in the following ways:

1. As there was no enough grazing grounds, so they decided to reduce the number of cattle they had.
2. When they were not allowed to some pasturelands they changed the direction of their movement and also started some other trade along with the pastoral activity.
3. These pastoralists demanded their right in the management of the forests and put political pressure on the government for some support and relief.
4. Some rich pastoralists left their nomadic habits. They purchased land and started a settled life.
5. Some of these pastoralists started doing agriculture and some of them became dependent on the moneylenders for their survival.

OR

1. This movement made England self-sufficient in terms of food grains. This movement helped in rising the food grain production as quickly as the population.
2. The landlords made long term investments on land and planned crop rotation to increase the fertility of the soil.
3. This allowed the landlords to expand the land under their control and produce more for the market which made the landlords rich.

1. The landlords were benefitted whereas the poor were hit hard and were left helpless and miserable as they were not allowed to collect firewood from the forest or graze their cattle on the commons. Also they were not allowed to gather fruits or hunt animals.
2. The poor were displaced from their land, deprived of their customary rights and could not find secured jobs anywhere.

The President of India is the head of the state and exercises the following powers:

1. All the activities of the government takes place in his name only.
2. All the major decisions related to the policy or laws are taken in his name.
3. He appoints the Chief Justice of India, the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts in the states, the governors of the states etc.
4. All the international treaties and the agreements are signed in his name.
5. The President of India is the supreme commander of the defence forces of India.

It is very true that Mandal commission was a debatable issue in India. This was due to the following reasons:

1. A number of cases were filed in the courts against this order.
2. Different sources of media raised different views and opinions.
3. It was protested and counter-protested violently.
4. As the other backward castes were given reservation in this so, people raised the issue that this will bring inequality in the society with those necessitated reservations.
5. Some were in the view that this will be an obstacle in the national development

The tropical evergreen forests and the tropical deciduous forests are the two different types of vegetation found in India. The major differences between these two are as follows:

1. The tropical evergreen forests are found in the areas of heavy rainfall of more than 200 cm whereas the tropical deciduous forests are found in the areas of rainfall between 70 cm and 200 cm.
2. The trppical evergreen forests has luxuriant vegetation of all kinds in which the height of the trees are up to 60m whereas the tropical deciduous forests are the most widespread forests in India with two sub-types i.e., tropical moist forests and tropical deciduous forests.
3. In the tropical evergreen forests trees having no definite time to shed their leaves therefore they appear green all through the year whereas in the tropical deciduous forests trees shed their leaves in dry summer for about 6 to 8 weeks.
4. The tropical evergreen forests are found in the areas of Western Ghats, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar islands whereas the tropical deciduous forests are found in the areas of Jharkhand, Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
5. The tropical evergreen forests having the important trees like ebony, mahogany, rosewood, cinchona etc, whereas the tropical deciduous forests having the important trees like teak, peepal, neem sal etc

Migration can be defined as the movement of people from one place to another. Migration is controlled by number of push factors and the pull factors.

• Push factors: The different causes which pushes people to move out of a place are termed as the push factors. These are basically the disadvantages of a place or unfavourable conditions of a place such as – unemployment, illiteracy, lack of basic services like health and education etc.
• Pull factors: The different causes which pulls people to come to a particular place are termed as pull factors. These are basically the advantages of a place or the favourable conditions of a place such as – job opportunities, better health and education facilities etc.

These push factors and the pull factors lead to the following different types of migration:

1. Rural to rural migration
2. Rural to urban migration
3. Urban to urban migration
4. Urban to rural migration.

Out of these different routes of migration the most common route of migration in India is from rural to urban areas.
Migration can also be of the following two types – internal and international. Internal migration means movement of people within the country and the international migration means movement of people outside the country.
In case of internal migration the total population remain same but the change can be seen at state or local level in terms of total population, sex ratio, literacy rate, rural urban population etc.

The food security system of India is carefully designed to ensure the availability of food to all the people at all the times. The food security system is composed of the following two components:

1. Buffer stock: It is the stock of food grains like rice and wheat procured by the government through the food corporation of India (FCI). The FCI purchases rice and wheat from the areas of surplus food production at a pre- announced price called minimum support price (MSP).
2. Public distribution system: This is a system of distribution of food grains among the poorer sections of the society basically those who are below poverty line. This is done through the ration shops which are also called fair price shops.

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 4, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 3

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 3 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 3.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 3

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 3 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme, as prescribed by the CBSE, is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:
What do you mean by Tithe?

Question 2:
Name the world’s biggest stock exchange.

Question 3:
What constitutes the parliament.

Question 4:
Which group of islands lie the Arabian sea?

Question 5:
Why are labourers in Palampur willing to work at lower wages?

Question 6:
What do you mean by the term disguised unemployment?

Question 7:
Name the two dimensions of food security.

Question 8:
The peasants protested against the feudal lords of France. Explain.

Question 9:
Write the basic principle of the Marxist theory.

Question 10:
Mention the three essential features of democracy.

Question 11:
Discuss any three major ideals enshrined in the preamble to the Indian constitution.

Question 12:
Explain the term Public Interest Litigation.

Question 13:
Which rivers form the largest delta in India? Mention its two important features.

Question 14:
Write the characteristics of the south-west monsoon in India.

Question 15:
How do the medium and large farmers obtain capital for farming? How is it different from the small farmers?

Question 16:
Discuss the employment scenario in the three different sectors of the Indian economy.

Question 17:
What do you mean by the term poverty line? Explain how is it estimated.

Question 18:
Discuss the role of cooperatives in food security.

Question 19:
Industrialization affected the Russian society. Explain.

Question 20:
What do you understand by the scientific forestry? What were the reforms introduced by the first inspector general of forest in India?
OR
Write a note on the pastoral nomads.
OR
The Chinese became addicted to opium. Explain.

Question 21:
What are the powers vested with the President of India?

Question 22:
Discuss any five fundamental rights given to the citizens of India.

Question 23:
Writea note on the mangrove forests in India.

Question 24:
How is the population distributed in India?

Question 25:
Write about the national food for work programme.

Question 26:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of world:
(a) One of the central powers of the First World War.
(b) One of the allied powers of the Second World War.

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India, locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) State having the highest sex ratio
(b) State having the maximum density of population
(c) Least populous state in India.

It was a type of tax levied by the church which comprised 1/10th of the total agricultural produce.

The Wall Street exchange is the world’s biggest stock exchange, located in USA.

The President and the two houses i.e., Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha constitute the parliament.

The Lakhadweep Islands lie in the Arabian sea.

The labourers are willing to work at lower wages in the village Palampur due to the heavy competition for work.

When more than the required people are working at a place, then the extra people are termed as disguised unemployed.

The different dimensions of food security are – availability, accessibility and affordability.

(a) It was the rumour in the countryside that the lords of the manor had hired hands of brigands who were on the way to destroy crops. Due to this fear peasants in many districts seized hoes and pitchforks and attacked chateaux.
(b) The peasants looted the hoarded and also burnt down the records of manorial dues.
(c) As a result of this protest many nobles fled from their homes and many of them migrated to the neighbouring countries.

According to the Marxist theory the conditions of the workers cannot improve as long as the private capitalists had profit motive. To solve this problem workers had to overthrow the capitalists and rule over the private property. They wanted the property to be controlled socially.

The three essential features of democracy are:

1. The people who are the elected representative can have the final decision making power.
2. Democracy is based on free and fair election where there is a fair chance of losing.
3. Each adult has been given one vote one value.

The three major ideals enshrined in the preamble to the Indian constitution are:

1. Sovereign: It means that the government cannot be dictated by any external powers. It is the people of the country having the supreme power to decide the internal and the external matters.
2. Secular: It means that there is no state religion in India. All the religions are given equal status and the citizens of India are free to practice and profess any religion.
3. Democratic: It means that the people of the country will choose their representatives to form the government. And the government will function according to some basic rules for the well-being of the people.

According to this PIL any citizen or group of people can approach the High Court or the Supreme Court for the protection of public interest. It is the use of legal action to advance the cause of minority or under privileged. It is one of the most effective tools for social change.

The Ganga and the Brahmaputra forms the largest delta in India. The two important features of this delta are:

1. It is the largest and the fastest growing delta in the world.
2. This delta is called Sunderban delta and is named after the Sundari trees there.

(a) In most part of India the monsoon rainfall is experienced between June to September.
(b) It is unevenly distributed over the country.
(c) It is pulsating in nature, sometimes it is early and sometimes its late or on time.

Medium and large farmers having large tracts of land therefore they produce surplus which they sell in the market to obtain capital for farming for the next cropping season. On the other hand the small farmers having less piece of land from which they are able to produce just for their self-consumption. As they do not produce surplus so they are bound to take loan from the moneylenders at high rate of interest.

The three sectors of the Indian economy are – primary sector, secondary sector and the tertiary sector. There is a wide variation in the employment generated by these sectors. Since from the beginning agriculture is the most labour absorbing sector but it shows a declining trend now. It provides employment to around 60% people of our country but many of them are disguised unemployed as they don’t have job opportunities elsewhere. Now the people are moving from primary to secondary and the tertiary sectors. Small scale manufacturing is the most labour absorbing sector in the secondary sector. In the recent years tertiary sector has become the most important sector with the introduction of new services like information technology, bio¬technology and so on.

It is an imaginary line to demarcate poor and rich on different basis such as income, consumption etc. In India poverty line is estimated after every five years by conducting surveys by the national sample survey organization.
On the basis of calorie intake per person per day calorie intake is 2400 in the rural areas and it is 2100 in the urban areas. It is set high for the rural areas because they are more engaged in physical work.
On the basis of income poverty line is fixed ₹ 816 per person per month for the rural areas whereas it is bit high for the urban areas i.e., ₹ 1000. It is so because the prices of the essential products in the urban areas are higher.

There are different cooperatives functioning in different parts of the country to bring food security in the country. These cooperatives sell the products to the consumers at controlled rates. Such as mother dairy in Delhi provides milk and vegetables to the consumers at controlled prices. AMUL in Gujarat provides milk and milk products. Academy of development science in Maharashtra helps in setting up grain banks.

(a) Industrialization brought a massive change in the Russian society. New cities came up, new industrial regions were developed and the railways expanded.
(b) It opened job opportunities for the men, women and the children to the industries.
(c) But the working hours were long and the workers were getting very low wages.
(d) Unemployment was common when the demand was low in the market.
(e) Industrialization caused the rapid growth of the towns which led to the problems like housing and sanitation.

Depleting the forest areas and in place growing one type of tree in straight rows are termed as scientific forestry.

1. The first inspector general of forest in India was Dietrich Brandis, German expert. The main reforms introduced by him to save the forests were:
2. He set up the Indian forest service (IFS) in 1864 and helped to make the Indian forest act in 1865.
3. He advocated for the scientific forestry. According to the forest act of 1878 the forest areas were categorized as – reserved, protected and village forests.
4. The forest officials surveyed and planned that every year how much of the plantation will be cut and replanted.
5. The imperial forest research institute was set up in Dehradun in 1906.

OR

Pastoral nomads were the people who moved from one place to another with their livestock for their livelihood. They were not settled at one place. The features of the pastoral nomads are as follows:

1. They had to adjust with the seasonal changes. When the pasturelands get exhausted they moved to another place.
2. They moved to the coastal areas in dry season and came back to the plateau areas.
3. They had relationship with the farmers so that their herds could graze in the harvested fields.
4. They did different occupations- like cultivation, trade and herding etc.

OR

In the early 16th century Portuguese introduced opium in China. Opium was known for medical properties and used for making some medicines. The emperor banned the production and sale of opium because they were aware of its dangers. But in the mid of the 18th century the British began an illegal trade of opium and were able to sell it in China with the help of the local agents. And thus making the people of China addicted to opium.

The President of India is the head of the state and exercises the following powers:

1. All the activities of the government takes place in his name only.
2. All the major decisions related to the policy or laws are taken in his name.
3. He appoints the Chief Justice of India, the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts in the states, the governors of the states etc.
4. All the international treaties and the agreements are signed in his name.
5. The President if India is the Supreme Commander of the defence forces of India.

The Indian constitution has guaranteed the following six fundamental rights to its citizens: right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights and right to constitutional remedies.

1. Right to equality: This states that there is equality before law. There will be no discrimination on the basis of caste, creed or religion. Every citizen can have the access to the public places etc.
2. Right to freedom: According to this all the citizens having the freedom of speech and expression, freedom to move freely throughout the country, freedom to practice any profession, freedom to reside anywhere in the country, freedom to form associations and freedom to assemble in a peaceful manner.
3. Right against exploitation: It bans human trafficking, child labour, bonded labour and beggar.
4. Right to freedom of religion: It says that there will be no tax for any religion, government institutions will not impart any religious instruction and there is no official religion in the country.
5. Cultural and educational rights: This states that all the people having the right to conserve their culture or language. Educational institutions run or aided by the government cannot deny anyone for taking admission on the basis of religion or language.

(a) These forests are found in the coastal areas affected by tides.
(b) The roots of the trees are submerged under water.
(c) The Sundari trees are found in the Ganga Brahmaputra delta region provides durable and hard timber.
(d) It is the home of the famous royal Bengal tiger.
(e) The important trees found in these forests are palm, coconut, keora and agar.

(a) The total population of India is about 1.2 billion which is unevenly distributed over the total area of 3.28 million sq. km.
(b) On the basis of the distribution of population the country can be divided into three major regions- densely populated regions, moderate and thinly populated regions.

• Densely populated regions: Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh are the densely populated states in India. The reasons for high population in these areas are- fertile and level land, good for agriculture, industries, moderate climatic conditions etc.
• Moderately populated areas: Assam and the peninsular states are moderately populated areas. It is due to the hilly and rocky terrain and moist climate.
• Thinly populated regions: States like Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh are thinly populated due to high relief, harsh climate and lack of economic activities.

The main five characteristics of national food for work programme are:

1. It was launched on 14th November with the aim of covering 150 most backward districts of the country.
2. Its aim is to generate supplementary wage employment to all the rural poor who are in need of work and desired to do manual labour.
3. It was a 100% centrally sponsored scheme by the central government. It also aimed at providing food security.
4. This was started to provide additional resources apart from the available resources.

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## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2.

## CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 2

 Board CBSE Class IX Subject Social Science Sample Paper Set Paper 2 Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.

Questions

Question 1:
What changes took place during industrialization?

Question 2:
Who founded of the communist party of Germany?

Question 3:
Define an executive.

Question 4:
Name any two parallel ranges of the Himalayas?

Question 5:
What do you mean by the term people as resource.

Question 6:
Define poverty.

Question 7:
Name the different dimensions of hunger.

Question 8:
Explain the Incident of Bloody Sunday.

Question 9:
Comment on the economic crisis of 1923 and its effect on Germany.

Question 10:
Write about the drafting committee of the Indian constitution.

Question 11:
Is it true to say that electoral competition is helpful to the political parties and the leaders to
win the elections? Explain.

Question 12:
Is the Lok Sabha more powerful than the Rajya Sabha? Given reasons.

Question 13:
Why is the difference between the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari but
not so in Kashmir?

Question 14:
How is bhabar different from the terai?

Question 15:
Green revolution has some demerits. Comment

Question 16:
Write a note on National Population Policy (NPP) 2000.

Question 17:
What are the three dimensions of food security?

Question 18:
Who are more prone to food insecurity?

Question 19:
The First World War had a great impact on German and the European society. Comment.

Question 20:
What were the causes of revolt of Bastar?
OR
The pastoralist had to cope up with the changes in new times. Explain.
OR
Critically analyse the mechanical harvesting machines in USA.

Question 21:
What do you mean by the term “right”? Discuss how is the right to equality exercised?

Question 22:
How can you justify that the judiciary in India is the most powerful?

Question 23:
What is an ecosystem? What measures are taken by the government of India to protect the flora and fauna?

Question 24:
“Population is a pivotal element in social studies”. Justify.

Question 25:
Comment on Sarva Siksha Abhiyan.

Question 26:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of world:
(a) One of the central powers of the First World War.
(b) One of the territories under German expansion.

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India. Locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) The satpura range
(c) The Sariska wildlife sanctuaries

The major change that took place during industrialization was that men, women and children were brought to the factories.

The communist party of Germany was founded by the Spartacists.

Executives are all those functionaries in the government who take day – to- day decisions but do not exercise supreme powers.

There are three parallel ranges of the Himalayas- the Himadri, the Himachal and the Shivaliks.

It is a way of referring country’s working population.

It is a condition in which a person is not able to arrange the minimum basic needs.

There are two different dimensions of hunger- seasonal hunger and chronic hunger.

An industrial action by the workers took place after the dismissal of the four members of the assembly of Russian workers. In 1905, in St. Petersburg, 110,000 workers went on strike. They demanded for the reduction in the working hours to eight hours, increase in wages and improvement in the working conditions. When they reached to the winter palace under the leadership of Father Gapon, they were attacked by the police and the Cossacks in which hundreds of the workers were killed and many hundreds were wounded. And finally this incident was named as bloody Sunday, as it took place on Sunday.

(a) During this time Germany was fighting wars on loans which was to be repaid in golds which depleted the gold reserves in Germany and finally in 1923 Germany refused to pay the loan in gold.
(b) This incident caused French retaliation and occupying the Ruhr, to claim coal.
(c) As a result Germany started protesting and and printed the paper currency with too much circulation, due to which the value of the mark declined and the prices of the goods started rising, causing hyperinflation.

(a) It was the committee formed for the discussion to draft the constitution of India.
(b) It was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
(c) A comprehensive discussion took place clause by clause over three years to finalise the constitution of India.

It is true to say that electoral competition is helpful to the political parties and the leaders to win the elections. It gives them incentives. It gives them chance to become popular by raising the questions which the people want to raise but if they fail in doing so then they will lose their chance of winning in the next election.

(a) Generally the ordinary bill needs to be passed in both the houses but if there is any difference then the final decision will be taken in a joint session. As there are more members in the Lok Sabha than the Rajya Sabha so the views of Lok Sabha will prevail.
(b) In case of money bills Lok Sabha is more powerful than that of rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot reject the money related bills if the Lok Sabha has already passed it. Within 14 days Rajya Sabha has to reply on that with or without any suggestion. Even after it is in the hand of Lok Sabha to do the changes or not.
(c) Lok Sabha having the power of using “no confidence” which Rajya Sabha does not have.

Kanyakumari is the southernmost point of Indian mainland near to the equator whereas Kashmir is in the north at a difference of almost 30° from Kanyakumari. The duration of day and night varies as one moves towards north of equator. So the duration of day and night hardly felt at Kanyakumari that is of 45 min whereas the duration of day and night in Kashmir is around 5 hrs.

Bhabar: It is a narrow belt of 8-16 km wide to the south of Shivaliks where rivers deposit their pebbles after descending from the mountains. The streams disappear in the bhabar belt.
Terai: Below the bhabar belt lies the Terai where the rivers re-emerge. This is the belt rich in alluvial deposits. Therefore this belt is suitable for cultivation.

Green revolution introduced in India for increasing the crop production but having some negative impacts also.

1. High doses of the chemical fertilizers led to the decline in the soil fertility.
2. Chemical fertilizers and the pesticides get mixed with water and drained away polluting the other sources of water and the aquatic life too.
3. It also caused the depletion of water table as there is more use of water and is extracted with the help of tube wells.

(a) According to NPP 2000 there is free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(b) It aims at bringing down the infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
(c) It aims to achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.

The three different dimensions of food security are:

1. Availability: It means the food grains are available in the country through production or import or the previous year stock.
2. Accessibility: It means food grains are within reach of all the people of the country.
3. Affordability: It means all the people of the country are able to afford i.e., can buy the nutritious food grains.

(a) Landless labourers, traditional artisans, petty self-employed workers, beggars etc. are the group of people more prone to food insecurity in the rural areas.
(b) Casual workers, low paid workers, seasonal workers are the group of people more prone to food insecurity in the urban areas.
(c) SCs, STs, OBCs, people living in the tribal or remote areas are also prone to food insecurity.

The German and the European societies were left with the following impacts due to the First World War:

1. Europe turned to debtor from creditor. Earlier Europe was known for crediting others but due to loss in the First World War they became financially weak.
2. Men were supposed to be aggressive, strong and masculine. During this time soldiers were given much value than the civilians.
3. They started with a new idea of democracy.
4. After the defeat in the war they faced guilt, national humiliation and became financially weak.
5. Media projected the soldiers living a miserable life.

Bastar is the district of the state Chhattisgarh located to the south of the state bordering Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Maharashtra. There are number of different tribal communities like Maria and Muria Gonds, Dhurwas, Bhatras, and Halbas live in Bastar. They were totally dependent on the forest for their livelihood and earnings. But during the colonial period due to the following reasons they started the revolt:

1. In 1905 the British government tried to ban the shifting cultivation, hunting, collection of forest produce by reserving 2/3 of the forests.
2. Only some villagers were allowed to stay in the forest only if they worked free for the forest department in cutting, transporting the trees and protecting the forest from the forest fires.
3. People of other villages were removed without any prior notice or compensation.
4. These tribal groups also suffered due to the increased rents and demand for free labour.
5. They also suffered due to the famines in 1899-1900 and again in 1907-1908.

OR

The pastoralists cope with the changes in the following ways:

1. As there was no enough grazing grounds, so they decided to reduce the number of cattle they had.
2. When they were not allowed to some pasturelands they changed the direction of their movement and also started some other trade along with the pastoral activity.
3. These pastoralists demanded their right in the management of the forests and put political pressure on the government for some support and relief.
4. Some rich pastoralists left their nomadic habits. They purchased land and started a settled life.
5. Some of these pastoralists started doing agriculture and some of them became dependent on the moneylenders for their survival.

OR

1. The first mechanical reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormic in the year 1831 which could work equivalent to five men with cradles and 16 men with sickles.
2.  Around 500 acres of wheat could be harvested in two weeks with the help of a combined harvesters.
3. With the use of a power driven machinery, only four men could plough, seed and harvest around 2000 to 4000 acres of wheat in a season.

1. To buy these machines the poor farmers borrowed money but were unable to repay and caught in debt. This resulted in deserting their farms and looked for jobs elsewhere.
2. Due to the introduction of these mechanical harvesting machines the production increased with huge surplus which resulted in falling prices and market leading to great agrarian depression of 1930s.

When the claims of persons recognized by the society and is sanctioned by the law it is termed as rights.
The following are the ways through which right to equality can be exercised:

1. By banning discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, gender etc.
2. When there is access of public places for all the people. ‘
3. By giving equality to all the citizens.
4. By giving reservation to SCs, STs, OBCs, women, handicapped etc.

Judiciary in India is the most powerful due to the following reasons:

1. Judiciary in India is not under the control of the legislature or the executive. Therefore it is said that judiciary in India is independent.
2. In India, it is only the Supreme Court and the High Courts having the power to interpret the constitution of the country.
3. They have another special power that is judicial review. They can determine the validity or declare any law and action invalid.
4. The basic principles of the constitution cannot be changed by the parliament.
5. They act as a guardian of the fundamental rights of the citizens of India. Any violation of these fundamental rights can be taken to the courts.

An ecosystem refers to the interdependency and interrelation of the plants, animals and the human beings with each other and with the physical environment in which they live.
The government of India has taken the following measures to protect the flora and fauna of the country:

1. Fourteen biosphere reserves have been set up.
2. Since 1992 financial and technical assistance is given to many botanical gardens.
3. Many eco development projects have been introduced such as project tiger, project rhino etc.
4. 89 national parks and 490 wildlife sanctuaries has been set up.

Yes, it is true that population is a pivotal element in social studies.

1. It is the people who make and use the resources and are themselves a resource.
2. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and derive their significance.
3. To understand and appreciate all aspects of the environment, the number, distribution, growth and qualities are very important.
4. It is the people who develop the society and the economy.
5. Human beings are the producers and the consumers of the earth’s resource. Hence, it is important to know their number, distribution and characteristics.