CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5

Board CBSE
Class IX
Subject Social Science
Sample Paper Set Paper 5
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
(ii) Marks are indicated against each question.
(iii) Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
(iv) Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
(v) Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
(vi) Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.


Question 1:
Define the term old regime.

Question 2:
What is a genocidal war?

Question 3:
Write the full form of RTI.

Question 4:
How is the Suez Canal important for India?

Question 5:
What do you mean by the term yield?

Question 6:
Define market activities.

Question 7:
Write the full form of PMRY.

Question 8:
Write about the reasons for the turmoil in France.

Question 9:
Write the view points of the radicals.

Question 10:
Why is the democracy called the best form of government?

Question 11:
“There is a need for the constitution in every country”. Explain.

Question 12:
What choices are given to the voters during election?

Question 13:
Write about the bhabar belt of the northern plain.

Question 14:
Explain any three factors affecting the climate of any place.

Question 15:
How did the spread of electricity help the farmers of Palampur?

Question 16:
National Population Policy in India plays an important role. Discuss.

Question 17:
How is the poverty line in India estimated?

Question 18:
Explain the two dimensions of hunger.

Question 19:
Write a note on the foreign policy of Hitler.

Question 20:
Comment on the colonial management of forests in Bastar and in Java.
Write about the movements of the pastoral nomads on the plateaus.
The situation of England was critical after the end of the Napoleonic wars. Explain.

Question 21:
How is the Lok sabha different from the Rajya sabha?

Question 22:
Elaborate the statement “The scope of rights has expanded in recent times”.

Question 23:
Discuss the formation of the Himalayas.

Question 24:
Why is the population considered as a pivotal element in social studies?

Question 25:
Explain the rationing system in India.

Question 26:
Identify these places and write their correct names on the lines marked on the outline map of France:
(a) Paris
(b) Nantes

Question 27:
On the given political outline map of India locate and label the following features with appropriate symbols:
(a) State having highest sex ratio in India.
(b) Coromandal coast
(c) Mahendragiri


Answer 1:
Before 1789, the term ‘old regime’ was used to describe the society and the institutions.

Answer 2:
Killing on large scale which eliminated the large section of people are termed as genocidal war.

Answer 3:
RTI stands for right to information. According to this right we can seek information from the government department related to public work.

Answer 4:
It was opened in 1869 which reduced the distance between India and Europe by 7000kms.

Answer 5:
It is the total production in a cropping season.

Answer 6:
Activities for which people get remuneration or get paid are called market activities.

Answer 7:
It stands for Prime Minister Rozgar Yojana.

Answer 8:
The reasons for the turmoil in France were:

  1. There was bad harvest due to the severe winter which resulted in the rising prices of bread. The bakers and the hoarded suppliers taken the benefit of this shortage. The women had to stand in long queue for long hours. So they stormed into the shops.
  2.  There was a rumour that army would be ordered to open fire upon the citizens. This caused agitation among the people and they decided to form a militia.
  3. In search of the arms agitated people broke into number of government buildings and destroyed the prison of Bastille on 14th july 1789.

Answer 9:
The radicals were of the following viewpoints:

  1. They wanted a government formed and chosen by the majority of the population.
  2. They were in support of women suffragette movements.
  3. They were not in favour of concentration of wealth in few hands.

Answer 10:
Due to the following reasons democracy is considered the best form of government:

  1. In democratic form of government, the government is responsive to the needs of the people.
  2. Democratic government respect peoples wishes, gives an environment to live together with peace and harmony.
  3. Democratic government allows ways of correcting its mistakes.

Answer 11:
Need of the constitution can be supported by the following reasons:

  1. A constitution generates a degree of trust and give space to people to live together with peace and harmony.
  2. It defines and builts relationship between the different organs of the government.
  3. It protects the interest of minorities in the country.

Answer 12:
Some of the choices given to the voters during elections are:

  1. Voters’can chose their representatives who can make laws for them.
  2. Voters can chose their representatives who can form the government and take the major decisions.
  3. Voters can chose the party whose policies are strong and for the welfare of the society.

Answer 13:
(a) It is one of the four divisions of the northern plains.
(b) It is to the south of the shivaliks in a width of 8 -16 kms.
(c) Rivers deposit pebbles in this region and rivers disappear in this bhabar belt.

Answer 14:
There are various factors affecting the climate of any place. The most important are as follows:

  1. Latitude: If a place is near to the equator then it will have high temperature and humidity. As we move towards the pole temperature decreases.
  2. Relief: The high altitude areas will have cold climate and the low altitude areas will have comparatively hot climate.
  3. Distance from the sea: Places located near to the sea will have the moderating influence of the sea whereas places away from the oceans will have extreme climate.

Answer 15:
This is true to say that the spread of electricity helped the farmers of Palampyr because then after the farmers changed the system of irrigation from Persian wheels to electric run tube wells. This change also helped in increasing their total agricultural production from 1300 to 3200 kg per hectare. Now they don’t have to be dependent on the monsoon. They can irrigate the field much faster than earlier.

Answer 16:
(a) According to NPP 2000 there is free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(b) It aims at bringing down the infant mortality rate to below 30 per 1000 live births.
(c) It aims to achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.

Answer 17:
It is an imaginary line to demarcate poor and rich on different basis such as income, consumption etc. In India poverty line is estimated after every five years by conducting surveys by the National Sample Survey Organization.
On the basis of calorie intake per person per day calorie intake is 2400 in the rural areas and it is 2100 in the urban areas. It is set high for the rural areas because they are more engaged in physical work.
On the basis of income poverty line is fixed ₹816 per person per month for the rural areas whereas it is bit high for the urban areas i.e., ₹1000. It is so because the prices of the essential products in the urban areas are higher.

Answer 18:
The two different dimensions of hunger are:
(a) Seasonal hunger:

  • It is related to the cycles of food growing and harvesting.
  • People face seasonal hunger in the rural areas because of seasonal nature of agricultural activities.

(b) Chronic hunger:

  • It is a consequence of diets persistently inadequate in terms of quality or quantity.
  • In the urban areas it occurs because of casual labour, very low income and inability to buy food.

Answer 19:
Hitler brought a major change in the foreign policy of Germany just after coming to power. The changes are as follows:

  1. In 1933, Germany moved out of the League of Nations.
  2. Again in 1936 he reoccupied Rhineland.
  3. In 1938, he captured Austria.
  4. Gradually he captured the erst while country of Czechoslovakia.
  5. He followed the policy of war and annexation to come out of the economic crisis that the country was facing.

Answer 20:
The colonial management of forests in Bastar and Java had the following similarities:
In Bastar the colonial government reserved 2/3 rd of the forests, put a ban on shifting cultivation, hunting and collection of forest produce. Almost the same forest management policy was there in Java. Here the villagers were not allowed for grazing cattle, transporting goods without the permit or travelling on forest roads.
In Bastar the villagers were not allowed to stay in the reserved forests and had to work free for the forest department and help them in cutting and transporting the trees. In Java also, the villagers had to pay rent on the land being cultivated initially. But later on some villages were exempted from paying rent if they provide free labour and helping the government in cutting and transporting timber.


Pastoral nomads were the people who moved from one place to another with their livestock for their livelihood. They were not settled at one place. The features of the pastoral nomads are as follows:

  1. They had to adjust with the seasonal changes. When the pasturelands get exhausted they moved to another place.
  2. They moved to the coastal areas in dry season and came back to the plateau areas.
  3. They had relationship with the farmers so that their herds could graze in the harvested fields.
  4. They did different occupations like cultivation, trade and herding etc.


It is true to say that the situation of England was critical after the end of the Napoleonic wars. It was due to the following reasons:

  1. After the Napoleonic wars the soldiers were returning to their homes and wanted some alternate job to survive.
  2. They were facing the problem of agricultural depression as the grains were exported from Europe resulted in the falling prices.
  3. Landowners in Europe were reducing the land area under cultivation. As a result they reduced the wages and also the labourers were retrenched.
  4. Due to war and downfall in agriculture there was large scale unemployment in the country.
  5. In the rural areas of England riot was spread by captain swing.

Answer 21:
The following are the difference points for the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha:

  1. Generally the ordinary bill needs to be passed in both the houses but if there is any difference then the final decision will be taken in a joint session. As there are more members in the Lok Sabha than the Rajya Sabha, so the views of Lok Sabha will prevail.
  2. In case of money bills Lok Sabha is more powerful than that of Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot reject the money related bills if the Lok Sabha has already passed it. Within 14 days Rajya Sabha has to reply on that with or without any suggestion. Even after it is in the hand of Lok Sabha to do the changes or not.
  3. Lok Sabha having the power of using “no confidence” which Rajya Sabha does not have.

Answer 22:
Due to the following changes at national and international level it is true to say that the scope of rights has expanded in recent times:

  1. Right to freedom of press, right to information, right to education are the rights derived from the fundamental rights.
  2. The Government of India has introduced free and compulsory education to all the children up to the age of 14 years.
  3. Right to property, right to vote are also enriched by the government.
  4. Human rights, international movements and covenants has also contributed to the expansion of rights.
  5. Some newer rights has been given to the people like- right to privacy, right to environment, right to food, water, health care and housing.

Answer 23:
Millions of years ago all the land parts of the earth were together called Pangea. The northern landmass was called Angaraland and the southern landmass was called Gondwanaland. There was a Tethys sea in between these two land parts in which the rivers from the north and the rivers from the south were depositing sediments. Later, the peninsular plateau got separated from the gondwanaland due to the convectional currents and moved towards the north. Now the Indo- Australian plate was moving towards the much bigger Eurasian plate. This collision resulted in the rise of the sediments which were deposited in the Tethys Sea. Thus this whole process resulted in the formation of the Himalayas.

Answer 24:
Yes, it is true that population is a pivotal element in social studies.

  1. It is the people who make and use the resources and are themselves as a resource.
  2. It is the point of reference from which all other elements are observed and derive their significance.
  3. To understand and appreciate all aspects of the environment, the number, distribution, growth and qualities are very important.
  4. It is the people who develop the society and the economy.
  5. Human beings are the producers and the consumers of the earth’s resource. Hence, it is important to know their number, distribution and characteristics.

Answer 25:
The food security system of India is carefully designed to ensure the availability of food to all the people at all the times. The food security system is composed of the following two components:

  • Buffer stock: It is the stock of food grains like rice and wheat procured by the government through the food corporation of India (FCI). The FCI purchases rice and wheat from the areas of surplus food production at a pre- announced price called minimum support price (MSP).
  • Public distribution system: This is a system of distribution of food grains among the poorer sections of the society basically those who are below poverty line. This is done through the ration shops which are also called fair price shops.

Answer 26:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5 26

Answer 27:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 Social Science Paper 5 27

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