Here we are providing 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution: The Beginning of a New Era are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams.

One Mark Questions for History Class 12 Chapter 15 Framing the Constitution: The Beginning of a New Era

Question 1.
When was the Indian Constitution framed?
Between 9 Dec. 1946 and 26 Nov. 1949 A.D.

Question 2.
Who was the President of the Constituent assembly?
Dr. Rajendra Prasad.

Question 3.
Who was the Chairman of Drafting Committee?
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.

Question 4.
How many ttiembers of the Constituent Assembly were there?

Question 5.
How many members remained in the Constituent Assembly after the partition of India?

Question 6.
Who gave objective resolution of the Constituent Assembly?
Jawaharlal Nehru.

Question 7.
Under whose recommendation, the Constituent Assembly was formed?
Under the recommendation of the Cabinet Mission.

Question 8.
Who was the Constitutional Advisor of the Government of India?
B.N. Rau.

Question 9.
Who was the Chief Draughtsman of the Indian Constitution?
S.N. Mukherjee.

Question 10.
Name the official language of India.

Question 11.
When was the Indian Constitution framed ? When was it enforced ?
The Indian Constitution was framed from December, 1946 to November, 1949 and was enforced on 26 January 1950.

Question 12.
Discuss the significance of the Indian Constitution. Give any two points.
(i) It wanted to heal the wounds of the past.
(ii) It enabled people belonging to different classes, castes and communities to share a new political experience by coming together to each other.
(iii) It strengthened democratic institutions in the country.

Question 13.
What were the demands of low-caste people and linguistic minorities at the time of making the Indian Constitution ?
(i) The low-caste people demanded an end to ill-treatment by the upper-caste people.
(ii) They also demanded reservation of separate seats, on the basis of their population, in legislatures, government departments and local bodies.
(iii) The linguistic minorities demanded freedom of speech in their respective mother-tongue. They also demanded redistribution of provinces on linguistic basis.

Question 14.
Name any six leaders who played an important role in the Constituent Assembly.
(i) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
(ii) Sardar Patel
(iii) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(iv) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(v) K.M. Munshi
(vi) Alladi Krishnaswami Aiyar

Question 15.
Who was the President of the Constituent Assembly ? Who was the Chairman of its Drafting Committee ?
(i) Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly.
(ii) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.

Question 16.
In the 19th century, what efforts were made by the social reformers for social justice and what efforts were made by communists and socialists for economic justice ? Give one point each.
(i) The social reformers opposed child- marriage and supported widow-remarriage.
(ii) The communists and the socialists brought all labourers and peasants together. In other words, they organised them.

Question 17.
What provisions were made in the Constitution to make the Centre more strong ? Give any three arguments.
(i) More subjects were included in the union list.
(ii) The Union Government has control over many minerals and important industries.
(iii) Article 356 empowers the centre to take over the state administration on the recommendation of the Governor.

Question 18.
What argument was given against Hindi being made a national language ?
The people in South India were strongly opposed to Hindi. They viewed every propaganda for Hindi as cutting the very root of the provincial languages.

Question 19.
Which two features of the Indian Constitution had substantial agreement ?
(i) Granting the right to vote to every adult citizen of India. It was called the Universal Adult Franchise.
(ii) Emphasis on secularism. It is the soul of the Indian Constitution.

Question 20.
In what way was the right of vote to every adult Indian a unique provision ?
The right of vote to every adult citizen of India is a unique feature of the Indian Constitution. The people in the United States and the United Kingdom got this right after a long struggle. But the Indians got it during the framing of the Constitution.

Question 21.
What Fundamental Rights enshrined in the Indian Constitution ensure religious freedom ?
They are as follows :
(i) Right to Equality
(ii) Right to Freedom of Religion
(iii) Cultural and Educational Rights.

Question 22.
Mention any two arguments given by Balakrishna Sharma for greater power to the Centre. (C.B.S.E. 2013 (O.D.))
Bal Krishna Sharma stated that only a strong centre can make plans for the interest of the country, can provide requisite resources, can establish proper order and can save the country from foreign invasion.

Question 23.
Why is ‘Objectives Resolution5 of Nehru considered a momentous resolution ? Give any two reasons. (C.B.S.E. 2013 (D.))
(i) It proclaimed India as an ‘Independent, Sovereign Republic’.
(ii) It guaranteed its citizens justice, equality and freedom.

Question 24.
How were the discussions in the Constituent Assembly influenced by the opinions expressed by the public ? State any two examples. (C.B.S.E. 2013 (O.D.))
(i) Calcutta based All India Varnashrama Swarajya Sangh suggested that our Constitution should enshrine principles as given in ancient Hindu books.
(ii) Some people proposed the abattoirs should be closed and slaughter should be prohibited.

Question 25.
Mention how the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935 were incorporated in the Indian Constitution by the Assembly members.
(C.B.S.E. 2013 (O.D.))
Government of India Act, 1935 had a provision of strong and united centre. This provision was incorporated in the Indian Constitution by the Assembly members and they gave a very strong centre to the country.