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Applications Of Biotechnology
Biotechnology is one of the most important applied interdisciplinary sciences of the 21st century. It is the trusted area that enables us to find the benefiial way of life.
Biotechnology has wide applications in various sectors like agriculture, medicine, environment and commercial industries.
This science has an invaluable outcome like transgenic varieties of plants e.g. transgenic cotton (Bt-cotton), rice, tomato, tobacco, cauliflwer, potato and banana.
The development of transgenics as pesticide resistant, stress resistant and disease resistant varieties of agricultural crops is the immense outcome of biotechnology.
The synthesis of human insulin and blood protein in E.coli and utilized for insulin defiiency disorder in human is a breakthrough in biotech industries in medicine.
The synthesis of vaccines, enzymes, antibiotics, dairy products and beverages are the products of biotech industries. Biochip based biological computer is one of the successes of biotechnology.
Genetic engineering involves genetic manipulation, tissue culture involves aseptic cultivation of totipotent plant cell into plant clones under controlled atmospheric conditions.
Single cell protein from Spirulina is utilized in food industries. Production of secondary metabolites, biofertilizers, biopesticides and enzymes. Biomass energy, biofuel, Bioremediation, phytoremediation for environmental biotechnology.