CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 3 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 3.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 3
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
- The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Marks are indicated against each question.
- Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
- Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book
What was ‘El Dorado’?
State the contribution of James Watt towards industrialisation.
Who wrote the novel ‘Debganer Martye Aagaman’ in Bengali?
What was the traditional book used by the Chinese from 594 AD?
“Coketown, a fictitious industrial town, was a grim place full of machinery, smoking chimneys, rivers polluted purple, and buildings that all looked the same”. Who described about Coketown, an industrial city in his novel? Name the novel.
What was religion according to Gandhi?
What are community resources? Give an example.
Which of the following neighbouring countries has better performance in terms of human
development than India?
What are ‘Terms of Credit’?
Under which economic sector does the production of a commodity through the natural processes
‘Satyagraha is not physical force. A satyagrahi does not inflict pain on the adversary; he does not
seek his destmction … In the use of satyagraha, there is no ill-will whatever. ‘Satyagraha is pure soul-force. Truth is the very substance of the soul. That is why this force is called satyagraha. The soul is informed with knowledge. In it bums the flame of love.Nonviolence is the supreme dharma…
Read the above passage and answer the following questions:
(1) Who spoke these words?
(2) Explain two differences between physical force and soul force, with examples.
Explain the three types of flows within the international economic exchanges during 1815-1914.
In Victorian Britain, the upper classes preferred things produced by hand. Why?
Name any two cities that first appeared along river valleys. State under what circumstances did these cities develop? Point out the main feature of these cities.
What are ‘residuary’ subjects? Give examples.
What are the origins of social difference?
Examine what is called‘a system of checks and balances’?
Explain three reasons to justify water scarcity in most cases.
What was the main focus of the First Five Year Plan? Explain any three institutional reforms
that were introduced after independence.
Describe any three public facilities needed for development.
Analyse the quick measure adopted by Central Government of India to provide employment
to the unemployed in the rural area.
“Consumers are exploited in the marketplace in various ways”. Discuss with example.
Describe how technology enabled globalisation? Explain with examples.
Who invented the printing press? How did he develop the printing technology?
Explain the main theme of Charles Dickens ‘Oliver Twist’.
‘Napoleon was a great administrator.’ Explain the statement in the light to the changes he
brought about in France.
Highlight the contribution of women in the anti-imperial struggle in Vietnam. Did they succeed?
“As Indian federation is ‘holding together’ federation, all States in the Indian Union do not
have identical powers”. Support your answer with two suitable examples.
What do you mean ‘Political Parties’? Explain the ideology of BJP.
“India is fortunate to have fairly rich and varied mineral resources. However, these are unevenly
distributed”. Explain the statement giving examples. Also state any two reasons for uneven distribution of minerals in India.
When and where was the first jute mill set up in India? Explain the reasons why most of the
jute mills concentrated in the Hugh river basin.
Which are the two groups of various sources of credit in India? Write any three features of
Two features A and B are marked on the given political outline map of India:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:
A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1927.
B. The place where Gandhiji led the indigo planter’s agitation in 1916.
Locate and label on the same map given:
(1) The place where peasants organized a Satyagraha in 1918
On the given same political outline map of India locate and label/identify the following with appropriate symbols:
(1) Identify the type of soil found in shaded area.
(2) Largest producer of Jute (Mark the state)
(3) Narora Atomic Power Station
El Dorado was a fabled city of gold.
James Watt improved the steam engine produced by Newcomen and patented the new engine in 1781. ‘
In 1880, Durgacharan Ray wrote a novel, Debganer Martye Aagaman (The Gods Visit Earth).
The traditional Chinese ‘accordion book’ was folded and stitched at the side. Superbly skilled craftsmen could duplicate, with remarkable accuracy, the beauty of calligraphy.
Charles Dickens in his novel Hard Times (1854).
Gandhiji used to say that religion can never be separated from politics. He meant religion was
not any particular religion like Hinduism or Islam but moral values that inform all religions. He believed that politics must be guided by ethics drawn from religion.
Resources which are accessible to all the members of the community. Examples: Village grazing grounds, burial grounds, public parks, picnic spots etc.
Interest rate, collateral and documentation requirement, and the mode of repayment together
comprise what is called the terms of credit.
(1) Mahatma Gandhi
(2) Physical force seeks vengeance and it is aggressive. The British worship the war-god and they carry arms.
(3) Soul Force: Satyagraha is soul force. Without seeking vengeance or being aggressive, a satyagrahi could win the battle through nonviolence. This could be done by appealing to the conscience of the oppressor. People – including the oppressors – had to be persuaded to see the truth, instead of being forced to accept truth through the use of violence. By this struggle, truth was bound to ultimately triumph.
(1) Economists identify three types of movement or flows’ within international economic exchanges. The first is the flow of trade which in the nineteenth century referred largely to trade in goods (e.g., cloth or wheat).
(2) The second is the flow of labour – the migration of people in search of employment.
(3) The third is the movement of capital for short-term or long-term investments over long distances.
(1) In Victorian Britain, the upper classes – the aristocrats and the bourgeoisie – preferred things produced by hand because handmade products came to symbolise refinement and class.
(2) They were better finished, individually produced, and carefully designed.
(3) Machine made goods were for export to the colonies.
(1) Towns and cities that first appeared along river valleys, such as Ur, Nippur and Mohenjodaro.
(2) Ancient cities could develop only when an increase in food supplies made it possible to support a wide range of non-food producers.
(3) Cites were often the centres of political power, administrative network, trade and industry, religious institutions, and intellectual activity, and supported various social groups such as artisans, merchants and priests.
(1) The subjects like computer software that came up after the constitution was made.
(2) According to our constitution, the Union Government has the power to legislate on these ‘residuary’ subjects.
(3) These subjects do not fall in any of the three subjects.
(1) The social differences are mostly based on accident of birth. Normally we don’t choose
to belong to our community. We belong to it simply because we were born into it.
(2) We all experience social differences based on accident of birth in our everyday lives. People around us are male or female, they are tall and short, have different kinds of complexions, or have different physical abilities or disabilities.
(3) But all kinds of social differences are not based on accident of birth. Some of the differences are based on our choices. For example, some people are atheists. They don’t believe in God or any religion. Some people choose to follow a religion other than the one in which they were born.
(1) Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive
and judiciary. This is called horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of government placed at the same level
(2) In a democracy, even though ministers and government officials exercise power, they are responsible to the Parliament or State Assemblies. Similarly, although judges are appointed by the executive, they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by the legislatures. This arrangement is also called a system of checks and balances.
(1) Over exploitation: The people who have access to water resources exploit water resources
more than those who do not have access to water resources. For example; industrial use.
(2) Excessive use: there are people who exploit water resources more than their requirement.
(3) Unequal access to water among different social groups: there is a tendency that in the society rich people have more access to water than that of poor people.
(1) Land reform
(2) Institutional reforms:
- Consolidation of land holdings
- Abolition of zamindari system
Public facilities refer to facilities, which a person cannot arrange at individual level, these are
provided by government. Following are the main public facilities: Pollution free environment
- Good infrastructure like transport.
- Collective security for the whole locality
- Opening schools, colleges and hospitals
- Taking preventive steps from infectious diseases
- Provision for safe drinking water, sanitation facilities etc.
- Provision for public distribution system.
(1) For the short-term, as a quick measure, the central government in India made a law implementing the Right to Work in 200 districts of India and then extended to an additional 130 districts.
(2) The remaining districts in rural areas were brought under the act with effect from 1 April, 2008. It is called National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 (NREGA 2005).
(3) Under NREGA 2005, all those who are able to, and are in need of, work are guaranteed 100 days of employment in a year by the government. If the government fails in its duty to provide employment, it will give unemployment allowances to the people.
(4) The types of work that would in future help to increase the production from land will be given preference under the Act.
Sometimes traders indulge in unfair trade practices such as when shopkeepers weigh less
than what they should or when traders add charges that were not mentioned before, or when adulterated/defective goods are sold.
Technology: Rapid improvement in technology has been one major factor that has stimulated
the globalisation process. For instance, the past fifty years have seen several improvements in transportation technology. This has made much faster delivery of goods across long distances possible at lower costs.
Example: Containers for transport of goods.
(1) Gutenberg was the son of a merchant and grew up on a large agricultural estate.
(2) From his childhood he had seen wine and olive presses. He learnt the art of polishing stones, became a master goldsmith, and also acquired the expertise to create lead moulds used for making trinkets. Drawing on this knowledge, Gutenberg adapted existing technology to design his innovation. The olive press provided the model for the printing press, and moulds were used for casting the metal types for the letters of the alphabet.
(3) By 1448, Gutenberg perfected the system. The first book he printed was the Bible. About 180 copies were printed and it took three years to produce them. By the standards of the time this was fast production.
Dickens focused on the terrible conditions of urban life under industrial capitalism. His Oliver Twist (1838) is the tale of a poor orphan who lived in a world of petty criminals and beggars. Brought up in a cruel workhouse. Oliver was finally adopted by a wealthy man and lived happily ever after.
(1) In the administrative field he had incorporated revolutionary principles in order to make the whole system more rational and efficient. The Civil Code of 1804 – usually known as the Napoleonic Code- did away with all privileges based on birth, established equality before the law and secured the right to property.
(2) This Code was exported to the regions under French control. In the Dutch Republic, in Switzerland, in Italy and Germany, Napoleon simplified administrative divisions, abolished the feudal system and freed peasants from serfdom and manorial dues. In the towns too, guild restrictions were removed.
(3) Transport and communication systems were improved.
(4) Peasants, artisans, workers and new businessmen enj oyed a new-found freedom. Businessmen and small-scale producers of goods, in particular, began to realise that uniform laws, standardised weights and measures, and a common national currency would facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another.
(1) Women in Vietnam traditionally enjoyed greater equality in comparison to that in China. They had only limited freedom to determine their future. They enjoyed no public life. But with the growth of nationalist movement the status of women improved. Writers and political thinkers began idealising women who rebelled against social norms.
(2) This rebellion against social conventions marked the arrival of the new woman in Vietnamese society. A play was written by the nationalist Pharr Boi Chau in 1913 on the lives of the Trung Sisters who had fought against Chinese domination in 39-43 CE. In this play he depicted these sisters as patriots fighting to save the Vietnamese nation from the Chinese.
(3) They were portrayed as young, brave and dedicated. Nguyen Thi Xuan was reputed to have shot down a jet with just twenty bullets.
(4) They helped in nursing the wounded, constructing underground rooms and tunnels and fighting the enemy. Between 1965 and 1975, of the 17,000 youth worked on the trail, 70 to 80 percent were women.
(1) Some States enjoy a special status. Jammu and Kashmir has its own Constitution. Many provisions of the Indian Constitution are not applicable to this State without the approval of the State Assembly. Indians who are not permanent residents of this State cannot buy land or house here. Similar special provisions exist for some other States of India as well.
(2) There are some units of the Indian Union which enjoy very little power. These are areas which are too small to become an independent State but which could not be merged with any of the existing States. These areas, like Chandigarh, or Lakshadweep or the capital city of Delhi, are called Union Territories. These territories do not have the powers of a State. The Central Government has special powers in running these areas.
A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power
in the government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good:
- Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.
- A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion.
- Cultural nationalism.
- Party Symbol-Lotus
(1) Peninsular rocks contain most of the reserves of coal, metallic minerals, mica and many other non-metallic minerals.
(2) Sedimentary rocks on the western and eastern flanks of the peninsula, in Gujarat and Assam have most of the petroleum deposits.
(3) Rajasthan with the rock systems of the peninsula, has reserves of many non-ferrous minerals.
(4) The vast alluvial plains of north India are almost devoid of economic minerals.
Reasons: Differences in the geological structure, processes and time involved in the formation of minerals.
(1) Rishra, Near Kolkata in 1859.
(2) Factors responsible for location in the Hugh river basin:
(a) Availability of raw material: The Hugh river basin is rich in extremely good quality alluvial soil. Hence, jute is grown abundantly in this region and raw material is available in this region.
(b) Abundant water: For jute industry huge amount of water is required. Abundant water is supplied from the Hugh river to the jute industries.
(c) Network of transport: Inexpensive water transport is provided by the Hugh river itself. Moreover, the region is rich in railways, roadways and water transport. This helped in the growth of jute industry in this region.
(1) Formal sector Loans:
- Formal credit sector is known as organised sector.
- This sector provides loan at low rate of interest.
- This sector is supervised and controlled by Reserve Bank of India. It mainly includes: Commercial Banks and Cooperative Society.
(2) Informal Sector Loans:
- Informal credit sectors in India include credit given by unorganised sectors.
- These sectors meet the credit needs of poor households.
- They charge high interest rate.
- There is no organisation which supervises and controls the lending activities of informal sector.
The main informal credit sources are: Local Money lenders, Traders, Employers, Relatives and Friends etc.
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