Check the below Online Education NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers Power Sharing Pdf free download. https://ncertmcq.com/extra-questions-for-class-10-social-science/
Online Education for Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions Civics Chapter 1
Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions Pdf Download Question 1.
Why did the Dutch-speaking people resent in Belgium?
Because the minority French-speaking community of is Belgium was relatively rich and powerful.
Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 2.
Why was the conflict more acute in Brussels?
The conflict between the two communities was more acute in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital.
Power Sharing Class 10 Extra Questions Question 3.
Who are the majority and minority social groups of Sri Lanka?
Sinhla speaking people 74% Tamils 18% er ar Christians – 7%.
Power Sharing Extra Questions Question 4.
A belief that the majority community should be able to rule a country in whichever way it wants, by disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority.
Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Extra Questions And Answers Question 5.
When was the demand for independent Tamil state raised?
By 1980s several political organizations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam in north-eastern Sri Lanka.
Extra Questions For Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Question 6.
Why was Belgium Constitution amended four times?
Between 1970 -1993, the constitution of Belgium was amended four times so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country.
Extra Questions Of Power Sharing Question 7.
What do you mean by “Community government”?
- The “Community government” in Belgium is elected by people belonging to one language community Dutch, French and German-speaking no matter where they live.
- This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.
Civics Class 10 Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 8.
What is civil war?
A violent conflict between opposing groups within a country that becomes so intense that it appears like a war.
Power Sharing Extra Question Answer Question 9.
What is the main difference between prudential reasons and moral reasons?
While prudential reasons stress its beneficial consequences, moral reasons emphasise the intrinsic worth of power-sharing.
Power Sharing Class 10 1 Mark Questions Question 10.
Which government can be called legitimate?
A legitimate government is one where groups through participation, acquire a stake in the system.
Class 10 Power Sharing Extra Questions Question 11.
What do you mean by prudential?
Prudential means based on prudence or on careful calculation contrasted with those decisions based purely on moral considerations.
Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions And Answers Question 12.
Define ‘horizontal distribution of power’.
When power is shared among different organs of government, such as legislature, executive and judiciary, this is called horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers.
Power Sharing Class 10 Important Questions Question 13.
What do you understand by federal government?
When power is shared among governments at different levels, for example, a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial, sub-national or regional level. Such a general government for the whole country is called federal government.
Class 10 Civics Ch 1 Extra Questions Question 14.
Describe ‘federal division of power’.
In those countries where there are different levels of governments, the constitution clearly lays down the powers of different levels of governments. This is called federal division of power.
Extra Question Answer Of Power Sharing Class 10 Question 15.
Explain ‘Vertical division of power’.
The federal division of power can be extended to levels of government lower than he state government such as the municipality and panchayat. All such divisions involving higher and lower levels of government are called “vertical division of power”.
Ncert Class 10 Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 16.
Why the provision of “reserved constituencies” have been made in our country?
Arrangements such as provision of reserved constituencies in and the parliament of our country is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups who otherwise feel alienated from the government.
Power Sharing Class 10 Question Answers Pdf Question 17.
Describe the ethnic composition of Belgium.
The ethnic composition of Belgium, a small country in Europe is very complex. Of the country’s total population, 59 per cent live in the Flemish region and speak Dutch language.
Another 40 per cent live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Remaining I per cent of the Belgians speak German. In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 percent are Dutch-speaking.
Civics Chapter 1 Class 10 Extra Questions Question 18.
What was the main reason of tension between the Dutch and the French-speaking people of Belgium?
- The minority French-speaking community of Belgium was relatively rich and powerful,
- This was resented by the Dutch-speaking community who got the benefit of economic development and education much later.
- This led to tensions between the Dutch and the rrench speaking communities during the 1950s and 1960s.
Class 10th Civics Chapter 1 Extra Questions Question 19.
How was the majoritarian dominance established in Sri Lanka?
- Sri Lanka got independence in 1948. The leaders of Sinhla community wished to secure dominance over government by virtue of their majority.
- The democratically elected government adopted a series of majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala supremacy in Sri Lanka.
- In 1956, an Act was passed to recognize Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil
- The Sinhala speaking people were given preference in university position and government jobs.
Extra Questions Of Civics Class 10 Chapter 1 Question 20.
Explain the outcomes of Belgian model of governance?
- The Belgian model is very complicated even for the Belgian people. But these arrangements have so far worked well, They helped avoid civic strife between the two major communities and a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
- When many countries of Europe came together to form the European Union, Brussels who chosen as its headquarters.
“Belgium and Sri Lanka both are democracies, yet they dealt with the question of power-sharing differently.” Justify.
- Belgium and Sri Lanka, both are democratic Yet they dealt with the question of power-sharing differently
- In Belgium, the leaders have realized that the unity of the country is possible only by respecting the feelings and interests of different communities and regions.
- Such a realization resulted in mutually acceptable arrangements for sharing power.
- Sri Lanka shows us a contrasting example. It shows us that if a majority community wants to force its dominance over others and refuses to share power, it can undermine the unity of the country.
Write a short note on checks and balances.
Power-sharing among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different power. Such a separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power.
Each organ checks the others. This results in balance of power among various institutions. For example, even though the ministers and government officials exercise power, they are responsible to the parliament or state legislatures. Similarly, although the judges are appointed by the executive, but they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by legislatures. This arrangement is also called a system of checks and balances.
What do you mean by Pressure groups or interest groups?
Pressure groups or interest groups are those organized groups which influence the government decisions. They demonstrate the demands of the industrialists, traders, farmers, working-class and other professional people.
They use various methods with a view to influencing public opinion.
They organize big demonstrations and rallies and get newspapers columns written by prominent people to arouse public opinion for or against a particular Bill or Law. Makenzie defined it as, “the organized groups possessing both formal structure and real common interests, in so far as they influence the decisions of public bodies.”
Analyse the results of majoritarian dominance in Sri Lanka.
- In 1956, the Government of Sri Lanka passed an Act to recognize Sinhla as official language. The state declared to protect and foster Buddhism. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhla applicants for university positions and government jobs. All these, government measures, coming after one another, gradually increased the feeling of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils.
- They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhalese were sensitive to their language and culture.
- They fell that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests,
- It resulted in strained relations between the Sinhalese and Tamil communities.
- The Sri Lankan Tamils launched parties and started struggling for the recognition of Tamil as an official language, for regional autonomy and equality of opportunity in securing education and jobs.
- Their demand for more autonomy to provinces with more Tamil populations was repeatedly denied. By 1980s, several political organizations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam in north-eastern Sri Lanka.
How did the Belgian leaders solve the problems of regional differences and cultural diversities?
- The Belgian leaders recognized the existence of regional differences and cultural diversities.
- They amended their constitution four times between 1970 to 1993, so as to work out an arrangement that would enable everyone to live together within the same country.
The arrangement is very innovative. Some important elements of the Belgian model is a follows:
(a) Constitution prescribes that the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal in the central government. Some special laws require the support of majority of members from each linguistic group. Thus, no single community can make decisions unilaterally.
(b) Many powers of the central government have been given to state governments for the two regions of the country. The state governments are not subordinate to the central goverment.
(c) Brussels has a separate government in which both the communities have equal representation. The French-speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the central government.
(d) Apart from the central and the state government there is a third kind of government. This ‘community government7 is elected by people belonging to one language community Dutch, French and German-speaking- no matter where they live. This government has the power regarding cultural, educational and language-related issues.
Why power sharing is desirable for democracy?
(a) Prudential Reasons: Two different sets of reasons can be given in favour of power-sharing. Firstly power-sharing is good because it helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability, power-sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order.
Imposing the will of majority community over others may look like an attractive option in the short run, but in the long run it undermines the unity of the nation. Tyranny of the majority is not just oppressive for the minority; it often brings rum to the majority as well.
(b) Moral Reasons: There is a second, deeper, reason why power sharing is good for democracies. Power-sharing is the very spirit of democracy, A democratic rule involves sharing power with those attected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effects.
People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed. A legitimate government is one where groups, through participation, acquire a stake in the system. While prudential reasons stress its beneficial consequences, moral reasons emphasise the intrinsic worth of power-sharing.
“The idea of power-sharing had emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided political power.” Justify.
- The idea of power-sharing has emerged in opposition to the notions of undivided, political power.
- For a long time it was believed that all power of a government must reside in one person or group of persons located one place.
- It was felt that if power to decide is dispersed, it would not be possible to take quick decisions and to enforce them.
- But these notions have changed with the emergence of democracy. One basic principle of democracy is that people are the source of all political power.
- In a democracy, people rule themselves through institutions of self-governance.
- In a good democratic government, due respect is given to diverse groups and views that exist in a society and everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies. Therefore it follows that in a democracy political power should be distributed among as many citizens as possible.
“Power can be shared among governments at different levels.” How?
- Power can be shared among governments at different levels: for example, a general government for the entire country and governments at the provincial, sub-national or regional level. Such a general government for the entire country is usually called federal government.
- In India, we refer to it as the Central government. The governments at the provincial or regional level are called by different names in different countries. In India, we call them State governments.
- This system is not followed in all the countries. There are many countries where there are no provincial or state governments.
- But in those countries, where there are different levels of governments, the constitution clearly lays down the powers of different levels of government. This is what they did in Belgium, but was refused in Sri Lanka. This is called federal division of power.
- The same principle can be extended to levels of government lower than the State government, such as the municipality and panchayat. All such divisions of power involving higher and lower levels of government are called vertical division of power.
How can we share power among different social groups?
Power can be shared among governments at different levels, such as the religious and groups. ‘Community government in Belgium is a good example of this arrangement. In some countries, there are constitutional and legal arrangements whereby socially weaker sections and women are represented in the legislatures and administration. There is a system of ‘reserved constituencies’ in assemblies and the parliament of our country.
This type of arrangements is meant to give space in the government and administration to diverse social groups who otherwise would feel alienated from the government. This method is used to give minority communities a fair share of power.
Objective Type Questions
Four Choices are given to the following questions.
Choose the correct option as your answer.
When the power is shared among different organs of government this is called:
(a) Vertical distribution of power
(b) Horizontal distribution of power
(c) Triangular distribution of power
(d) None of these.
(b) Horizontal distribution of power
Although the judges are appointed by the executive, but they can check the functioning executive laws made by the legislatures This arrangement is also called:
(a) A system checks
(b) A system of balances
(c) A system of checks and balances
(d) None of these.
(c) A system of checks and balances
What is the population of Belgium
(a) 35 lakh
(b) 58 lakh
(c) 80 lakh
(d) more than 1 crore
(d) more than 1 crore
How many people speak Dutch in Belgium:
What is the percentage of people living in Waillona region and speaking French?
Which community is relatively rich and powerful in Belgium?
Who constituted a majority in Belgium :
(a) The French
(b) The Dutch
(c) The Spanish
(c) The Spanish
What is the percentage of Sinhla speakers in Sri Lanka:
Tamil natives of Sri Lanka in:
(a) Indian Tamils
(b) Anglo Tamils
(c) Muslim Tamils
(d) Sri Lanka Tamils.
(d) Sri Lanka Tamils.
How many people in Sri Lanka speak Tamil:
What is the official language of Sri Lanka:
Which community in Sri Lanka is in majority:
In which year several political organization were formed demanding an independent Tamil:
How many times was the Belgian constitution ainended between 1970¬1991 :
(a) Three times
(b) Eight times
(c) Ten times
(d) four times
(d) four times
Both Belgium and Sri Lanka are
(d) None of these