CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4

Board CBSE
Class X
Subject Social Science
Sample Paper Set Paper 4
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

  • The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
  • Marks are indicated against each question.
  • Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
  • Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
  • Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  • Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.


Question 1.
In which year did the European powers meet at Berlin to partition Africa among them?
Which of the following was a European managing agency?
Who showed crime was more profitable for a child than labouring in small underpaid factories?

Question 2.
Who wrote ‘Chhote Aur Bade Ka Sawal’?
Who wrote Jane Eyre?

Question 3.
How many seats are reserved for women in the Lok Sabha?

Question 4.
Name the hydraulic structure built by iltmus in delhi in the 14th century what was the purpose of this hydraulic structure?

Question 5.
What does Life expectancy at birth denote?

Question 6.
In which Sector are most of the people employed in India today?

Question 7.
Define IMR.

Question 8.
How did business classes relate to the Civil Disobedience Movement? Why were they no longer uniformly enthusiastic after the failure of Second Round Table Conference?

Question 9.
“Traders and travellers introduced new crops to the lands as well as ‘ready’ foodstuff in distant parts of the world they travelled and share common origins”. Support your answer with any three suitable examples.
Explain giving four reasons why did the industrialists of Europe preferred hand labour over machines during the 19th century
What do you understand from the writings of Charles Booth about the poor living condition of workers in 19th century London?

Question 10.
What led to the tension between the Dutch-speaking and the french-speaking communities of Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s?

Question 11.
What are the origins of social difference?

Question 12.
Explain three four functions of Political parties.

Question 13.
Explain the major problems caused due to indiscriminate use of resources by human beings.

Question 14.
When were the comprehensive land development programmes launched in India? Explain the provisions of this programme.

Question 15.
Study the data given below in the table and answer the questions that follow :

State Infant Mortality Rate per 1,000 live birth (2012) Literacy Rate % Net Attendance Ratio (per 100 persons) secondary stage (age 14 and IS years) 2009-10
Maharashtra 25 84 64
Kerala 12 92 78
Bihar 43 64 35
  1. Which state has the highest infant mortality rate?
  2. Why has this state the highest infant mortality rate? Give two reasons.

Question 16.
Distinguish between sectors in terms of ownership. Explain with examples.

Question 17.
Suggest the ways in which MNCs control production.

Question 18.
Explain double coincidence of wants with example.

Question 19.
Who brought printing to Europe? What was ‘vellum’? ‘The production of handwritten manuscripts could not satisfy the ever-increasing demand for books’. Why?
Name any two women novelists. ‘Women and world of novel’. Explain with examples.

Question 20.
Analyse the various events that led to the conclusion of Greece as an independent nation in 1832.
Explain four objectives of Vietnamese students who had gone to Japan for higher education during 1907-08.

Question 21.
Any four key features of federalism.

Question 22.
What is majoritarianism? How has it increased the feelings of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils? Explain with examples.

Question 23.
Explain how tourism plays a significant role in the growth of the economy of our country.

Question 24.
“The textile industry occupies unique position in the Indian economy.” Justify the statement giving examples.

Question 25.
Why is it that rules have been made so that the manufacturer displays this information? Explain with examples.

Question 26.
Two features A and B are marked on the given political outline map of India:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map :
A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in September 1920.
B. The place where Gandhiji started Civil Disobedience Movement.
Locate and label on the same map given :

  1. The place where peasants organized a Satyagraha in 1917
  2. Nagpur-INC Session December 1920.

Question 27.
On the given same political outline map of India locate and label/identify the type of soil the following with appropriate symbols:

  1. Identify the type of soil in the shaded area of the map.
  2. The Indian state which is largest producer of bajra
  3. Ankleshwar oil fields


Answer 1.
Andrew Yule
Andrew Meams

Answer 2.
Charlotte Bronte

Answer 3.
No seats.

Answer 4.
Tank in Hauz Khas
Supplying water to Siri Fort Area

Answer 5.
Life Expectancy at birth denotes average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.

Answer 6.
The primary sector.

Answer 7.
Infant Mortality Rate (or IMR) indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 100 live children bom in that particular year.

Answer 8.
(i) Business classes led by prominent industrialists like Purshottamdas Thakurdas and G.D. Birla, the industrialists attacked colonial control over the Indian economy and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement when it was first launched.

(ii) They gave financial assistance and refused to buy or sell imported goods. Most businessmen came to see swaraj as a time when colonial restrictions on business would no longer exist and trade and industry would flourish without constraints.

(iii) After the failure of the Round Table Conference, business groups were no longer uniformly enthusiastic. They were apprehensive of the spread of militant activities, and worried about prolonged disruption of business, as well as of the growing influence of socialism amongst the younger members of the Congress.

Answer 9.

  1. Take spaghetti and noodles. It is believed that noodles travelled west from China to become spaghetti.
  2. Perhaps Arab traders took pasta to fifth-century Sicily, now in Italy.
  3. Many of our common foods such as potatoes, soya, groundnuts, maize, tomatoes, chillies, sweet potatoes, and so on were not known to our ancestors until about five centuries ago.


  1. There was no shortage of labour at that period of time.
  2. Installation of machinery required large capital investment which the industrialists did not want to invest.
  3. In seasonal industries only seasonal labour was required
  4. Intricate designs and different samples required human skills only.
  5. In Victorian age – the aristocrats and other upper class people preferred articles made by hand.


  1. In 1887, Charles Booth, a Liverpool shipowner, conducted the first social survey of low skilled London workers in the East End of London.
  2. He found that as many as 1 million Londoners (about one-fifth of the population of London at the time) were very poor and were expected to live only up to an average age of 29 (compared to the average life expectancy of 55 among the gentry and the middle class). These people were more than likely to die in a ‘workhouse, hospital or lunatic asylum’.
  3. London, he concluded ‘needed the rebuilding of at least 400,000 rooms to house its poorest citizens’.

Answer 10.

  1. The minority French-speaking community was relatively rich and powerful. This was resented by the Dutch-speaking community who got the benefit of economic development and education much later.
  2. This led to tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities during the 1950s and 1960s.
  3. The tension between the two communities was more acute in Brussels. Brussels presented a special problem: the Dutch-speaking people constituted a majority in the country, but a minority in the capital.

Answer 11.

  1. The social differences are mostly based on accident of birth. Normally we don’t choose to belong to our community. We belong to it simply because we were bom into it.
  2. We all experience social differences based on accident of birth in our everyday lives. People around us are male or female, they are tall and short, have different kinds of complexions, or have different physical abilities or disabilities.
  3. But all kinds of social differences are not based on accident of birth. Some of the differences are based on our choices. For example, some people are atheists. They don’t believe in God or any religion. Some people choose to follow a religion other than the one in which they were bom.

Answer 12.

  1. Parties contest elections.
  2. Parties put forward different policies and programmes and the voters choose from them.
  3. Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.
  4. Parties form and run governments.

Answer 13.
Following problems are caused:

  1. Depletion of resources for satisfying the greed of few individuals.
  2. Accumulation of resources in few hands, which in turn, divided the society into two segments i.e. haves and have-nots or rich and poor.
  3. Indiscriminate exploitation of resources has led to global ecological crises such as, global warming, ozone layer depletion, environmental pollution and land degradation.

Answer 14.
1980s and 1990s.

  1. Bank facilities : Under this programme many Grameen Banks and cooperative societies were established. They provided loans at lower rates to the farmers.
  2. KCC : Government provided with Kisan Credit Card to the farmers. These cards helped farmers getting financial help from the banks.
  3. PAIS : Government also provided Personal Accident Insurance Schemes for benefiting the farmers. This enabled the farmer’s family to get money due to any accident.
  4. TV/Radio programmes : Government started special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on radio and television. These programmes enriched farmers regarding crops, bad weather and new developments in agriculture.
  5. MSP : the government announced minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops. This step helped check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen.

Answer 15.

  1. Bihar
  2. Bihar has a highest Infant Mortality Rate because it has no adequate provision for basic health and educational facilities.

Answer 16.
Economic activities into sectors could be on the basis of who owns assets and is responsible for the delivery of services.

In the public sector, the government owns most of the assets and provides all the services. The purpose of the public sector is not just to earn profits. Governments raise money through taxes and other ways to meet expenses on the serv ices rendered by it. (Welfare motive). E.g., Railways. In the private sector, ownership of assets and delivery of services is in the hands of private individuals or companies. Railways or post office is an example of the public sector whereas companies like Tata Steel or Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) are privately owned. Activities in the private sector are guided by the motive to earn profits.

Answer 17.
(i) MNCs set up production jointly with some of the local companies of these countries. The

benefits to the local company of such joint production are:

  • First, MNCs can provide money for additional investments, like buying new machines for faster production.
  • Second, MNCs might bring with them the latest technology for production.

(ii) Large MNCs in developed countries place orders for production with small producers. Examples: Garments, footwear, sports items etc., where production is carried out by a large number of small producers around the world.

(iii) The products are supplied to the MNCs, which then sell these under their own brand names to the customers. These large MNCs have tremendous power to determine price, quality, delivery, and labour conditions for these distant producers.

(iv) The most common route for MNC investment is to buy up local companies and then to expand production. MNCs with huge wealth can quite easily do so.

Answer 18.
What a person desires to sell is exactly what the other wishes to buy. In a barter system where goods are directly exchanged without the use of money, double coincidence of wants is an essential feature.

Example: Take the case of a shoe manufacturer. He wants to sell shoes in the market and buy wheat. Explain the example.

Answer 19.
(i) Marco Polo
(ii) Vellum – A parchment made from the skin of animals.

  • Copying was an expensive, laborious and time-consuming business.
  • Manuscripts were fragile, awkward to handle, and could not be carried around or read easily.
  • Their circulation therefore remained limited.

(i) Jane Austin, Charlotte Bronte or George Eliot

  • The most exciting element of the novel was the involvement of women. The eighteenth century saw the middle classes become more prosperous.
  • Women got more leisure to read as well as write novels. And novels began exploring the world of women – their emotions and identities, their experiences and problems.
  • Many novels were about domestic life. Examples: Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice
  • Charlotte Bronte’s Jane-Eyre—young Jane is shown as independent and assertive.

Answer 20.
(i) An event that mobilised nationalist feelings among the educated elite across Europe was the Greek war of independence. Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire since the fifteenth century. The growth of revolutionary nationalism in Europe sparked off a struggle for independence amongst the Greeks which began in 1821.

(ii) Nationalists in Greece got support from other Greeks living in exile and also from many West Europeans who had sympathies for ancient Greek culture.

(iii) Poets and artists lauded Greece as the cradle of European civilisation and mobilised public opinion to support its struggle against a Muslim empire. The English poet Lord Byron organised funds and later went to fight in the war, where he died of fever in 1824.

(iv) Finally, the Treaty of Constantinople of 1832 recognised Greece as an independent nation.


  1. In 1907-08 some 300 Vietnamese students went to Japan to acquire modem education.
  2. For many of them the primaiy objective was to drive out the French from Vietnam, overthrow the puppet emperor and re-establish the Nguyen dynasty that had been deposed by the French.
  3. These nationalists looked for foreign arms and help. They appealed to the Japanese as fellow Asians.
  4. Japan had modernised itself and had resisted colonisation by the West. Besides, its victory over Russia in 1907 proved its military capabilities. Vietnamese students established a branch of the Restoration Society in Tokyo but after 1908, the Japanese Ministry of Interior clamped down on them. Many, including Phan Boi Chau, were deported and forced to seek exile in China and Thailand.

Answer 21.

  1. There are two or more levels (or tiers) of government.
  2. Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own jurisdiction in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration.
  3. The jurisdictions of the respective levels or tiers of government are specified in the constitution. So the existence and authority of each tier of government is constitutionally guaranteed.
  4. The fundamental provisions of the constitution cannot be unilaterally changed by one level of government. Such changes require the consent of both the levels of government.

Answer 22.

  1. The democratically elected government adopted a series of majoritarian measures to establish Sinhala supremacy.
  2. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognize Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.
  3. The governments followed preferential policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and government jobs.
  4. A new constitution stipulated that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.All these government measures, coming one after the other, gradually increased the feeling of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils. They felt that none of the major political parties led by the Buddhist Sinhala leaders were sensitive to their language and culture.
  5. They felt that the constitution and government policies denied them equal political rights, discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities and ignored their interests.

Answer 23.

  1. Foreign exchange: 5.78 million tourists visited India in 2010- foreign tourist brought ₹ 64,889 crore of foreign exchange.
  2. Employment generation: More than 15 million people are directly engaged in the tourism industry. This enhances the income of the people.
  3. National integration and international understanding: Tourism promotes national integration. People understand the culture and heritage of our country.
  4. Promotes local handicrafts: Tourist show keen interest in buying local made articles of handicrafts. Thus, local handicrafts manufactures get a boost and support from tourism of the country.
  5. Type of tourism: Eco tourism, adventure tourism, medical tourism etc.

Answer 24.

  1. It contributes significantly to industrial production (14%).
  2. Contributes to employment generation (35 million persons- directly- the second largest after agriculture)
  3. Source of foreign exchange earnings. (About 24.6%)
  4. It contributes 4% towards GDP.
  5. It is the only industry in the country, which is self-reliant and complete in the value chain i.e. from raw material to the highest value added products.

Answer 25.

  1. It is because consumers have the right to be informed about the particulars of goods and services that they purchase.
  2. Consumers can then complain and ask for compensation or replacement if the product proves to be defective in any manner.
  3. For example, if we buy a product and find it defective well within the expiry period, we can ask for a replacement. If the expiry period was not printed, the manufacturer would blame the shopkeeper and will not accept the responsibility.
  4. If people sell medicines that have expired, severe action can be taken against them. Similarly, one can protest and complain if someone sells a good at more than the printed price on the packet. This is indicated by ‘MRP’—maximum retail price. In fact consumers can bargain with the seller to sell at less than the MRP.
  5. In recent times, the right to information has been expanded to cover various services provided by the Government. In October 2005, the Government of India enacted a law, popularly known as RTI (Right to Information) Act, which ensures its citizens all the information about the functions of government departments.

Answer 26.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4 1

Answer 27.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 4 2
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