CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 5 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 5.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 5

SubjectSocial Science
Sample Paper SetPaper 5
CategoryCBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions 

  • The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
  • Marks are indicated against each question.
  • Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
  • Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
  • Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
  • Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.


Question 1.
State what were ‘The Canal Colonies’?
Who ventured to say that ‘the demand for Indian textiles could never reduce, since no other nation produced goods of the same quality’.
Who developed the idea of Garden City in England?

Question 2.
Edo was the earlier name of which place?
Who was the author of the novel ‘Germinal’? When was it published?

Question 3.
What is the symbol of Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)?:

Question 4.
What is sheet erosion?

Question 5.
Define-Net Attendance Ratio

Question 6.
When did UN adopt UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection?

Question 7.
How does money eliminate the need for double coincidence of wants?

Question 8.
What is meant by Bretton Woods Twins? How can G-77 be seen as a reaction to the activities of Bretton Woods Twins?
What are the peculiarities of the industrial growth of India in the 19th century?
Who wrote Dombey and Son? Examine any two problems faced by the travelers in London Underground Railway.

Question 9.
What led to the print revolution?
‘The early novel contributed to colonialism’. How? Explain with example.

Question 10.
Explain how power is shared horizontally in a government?

Question 11.
Explain with examples how democracy can accommodate diversity.

Question 12.
When does a social difference become a social division? 3

Question 13.
What are the problems faced by farmers having their own wells and tube wells in their farms for irrigation? Also state the problem of water aggravated due to the process of urbanization.

Question 14.
What is India’s rank among the cotton producing countries? State two important conditions for the growth of cotton. Also name the two major cotton producing states in India.

Question 15.
Why primary sector is primary and also called as agriculture and related sector? Give examples.

Question 16.
What are the functions of money?

Question 17.
Why is the tertiary sector becoming so important in India?

Question 18.
‘The effect of Globalisation has not been uniform’. Do you agree? Give reasons to support your answer.

Question 19.
“From the very beginning, the French revolutionaries introduced various measures and practices that could create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people”. How? Give any four points to support your views?
Critically assess the problems faced French in the Vietnamese education system. Examine the two opinions arose among the French in this regard.

Question 20.
His object, as he declared later, was to ‘produce a moral effect’, to create in the minds of satyagrahis a feeling of terror and awe. Who declared this? What was the incident? Explain.

Question 21.
“Communalism can take various forms in politics” Elucidate.

Question 22.
Give the minimal definition of democracy. Explain any three of its qualifications.

Question 23.
What is international trade? List the commodities that are found in the list of exports and imports of India.

Question 24.
What is air pollution? What are the causes of air pollution? Explain the effects of air pollution.

Question 25.
How the COPRA Act has enabled us as consumers to have the right to represent in the consumer courts?

Question 26.
Two features A and B are marked on the given political outline map of India:

Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:
A. The place where the Indian National Congress Session was held in 1929.
B. The place where Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place.

Locate and label on the same map given:

  1. The place where ‘no-tax campaign’ took place
  2. Nagpur-INC Session December 1920.

Question 27.
On the given political outline map of India locate and label/identify the type of soil the following with appropriate symbols:

  1. Identify the type of soil found in the shaded area.
  2. Largest producer of Jute among the Indian states.
  3. Mayurbhanj Iron Ore Mines


Answer 1.
The areas irrigated by the new canals to cultivate wheat by the British Indian Government were called the ‘Canal Colonies’. These areas were settled by peasants from other parts of Punjab.
In 1772, Henry Patullo, a Company official.
Architect and planner Ebenezer Howard developed the principle of the Garden City.

Answer 2.
Emile Zola’s Germinal (1885)

Answer 3.

Answer 4.
Water flows as a sheet over large area down a slope. In such cases the top soil is washed away, this is known as sheet erosion..

Answer 5.
Net Attendance Ratio is the total number of children of age group 14 and 15 years attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.

Answer 6.
In 1985 United Nations adopted the UN Guidelines for Consumer Protection.

Answer 7.
Money acts as an intermediate in the exchange process, it is called a medium of exchange.

Answer 8.
(i) The IMF and the World Bank are referred to as the Bretton Woods institutions or sometimes the Bretton Woods twins. The post-war international economic system is also often described as the Bretton Woods system.

(ii) Most developing countries did not benefit from the fast growth the Western economies experienced in the 1950s and 1960s. Therefore they organised themselves as a group – the Group of 77 (or G-77) – to demand a new international economic order (NIEO).

(iii) By the NIEO they meant a system that would give them real control over their natural resources, more development assistance, fairer prices for raw materials, and better access for their manufactured goods in developed countries’ markets.


(i) When Indian businessmen began setting up industries in the late nineteenth century, they avoided competing with Manchester goods in the Indian market.

(ii) Since yam was not an important part of British imports into India, the early cotton mills in India produced coarse cotton yam (thread) rather than fabric. When yam was imported it was only of the superior variety.

(iii) The yam produced in Indian spinning mills was used by handloom weavers in India or exported to China.


(i) Charles Dickens wrote in Dombey and Son (1848) about the massive destruction in the process of construction.

(ii) Many felt that the ‘iron monsters’ added to the mess and unhealthiness of the city.

(iii) To make approximately two miles of railway, 900 houses had to be destroyed. Thus the London tube railway led to a massive displacement of the London poor, especially between the two World Wars.

Answer 9.
(i) In the hundred years between 1450 and 1550, printing presses were set up in most countries of Europe.

(ii) Printers from Germany travelled to other countries, seeking work and helping start new presses. As the number of printing presses grew, book production boomed.

(iii) The second half of the fifteenth century saw 20 million copies of printed books flooding the markets in Europe. The number went up in the sixteenth century to about 200 million copies. This shift from hand printing to mechanical printing led to the print revolution.

(i) The early novel contributed to colonialism by making the readers feel they were part of a superior community of fellow colonialists.

(ii) The hero of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719) is an adventurer and slave trader. Shipwrecked on an island, Crusoe treats coloured people not as human beings equal to him, but as inferior creatures. For most writers of the time saw colonialism as natural.

(iii) Colonised people were seen as primitive and barbaric, less than human; and colonial rule was considered necessary to civilise them, to make them fully human.

Answer 10.
(i) Power is shared among different organs of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. This is called horizontal distribution of power because it allows different organs of government placed at the same level to exercise different powers. Such a separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power.

(ii) Each organ checks the others. This results in a balance of power among various institutions. Last year, we studied that in a democracy, even though ministers and government officials exercise power, they are responsible to the Parliament or State Assemblies.

(iii) Similarly, although judges are appointed by the executive, they can check the functioning of executive or laws made by the legislatures. This arrangement is called a system of checks and balances.

Answer 11.
(i) Democracy is simply not the rule of the majority. In democracy the majority works with minority and the government represents the general view of citizens.

(ii) Rule by majority does not mean that it should be the rule of the majority community, race or linguistic groups.

(iii) Different persons or groups get to be a majority at some point of time in the decision making process or during elections in a democracy. Example: Sri Lanka.

Answer 12.
(i) Social division takes place when some social difference overlaps with other differences.

(ii) Situations of racial discrimination and economic inequality produce social divisions; at the same time when one kind of social difference becomes more important than the other, people start feeling that they belong to different communities.

(iii) If social differences cross cut one another, it is difficult to pit one group of people against the other. It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on a different issue.

(iv) Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences are easier to accommodate.

(Example: Catholics and Protestant rich and poor of Northern Ireland and Netherlands)

Answer 13.

  1. It may lead to falling ground water levels.
  2. It will adversely affect water availability and food security.
  3. Most of the urban centers have their own ground water pumping devices to meet their water needs.
  4. Fragile water resources are being over-exploited and have caused their depletion in most of these cities .

Answer 14.
India’s rank: Second

Requirements for growth:

  1. Cotton grows well in drier parts of black soil regions
  2. Needs high temperature and light rainfall or irrigation
  3. 210 frost free days and bright sunshine for its growth

Major producers: Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh Andhra Pradesh etc.

Answer 15.

  1. When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources, it is an activity of the primary sector. Example: cotton.
  2. It is primary because it forms the base for all other products that we subsequently make.
  3. Since most of the natural products we get are from agriculture, dairy, fishing, forestry, this sector is also called agriculture and related sector.

Answer 16.

  1. Money acts as a medium of exchange in goods and services and in payment of debts.
  2. Money is used as a measure of value.
  3. It is a Standard of Demand Payments.
  4. It acts as store of value.

Answer 17.
(i) It provides basic services. Example: Police, banking, transport etc In a developing country the government has to take responsibility for the provision of these services.

(ii) Second, the development of agriculture and industry leads to the development of services such as transport, trade, storage and the like, as we have already seen. Greater the development of the primary and secondary sectors more would be the demand for such services.

(iii) Third, as income levels rise, certain sections of people start demanding many more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospitals, private schools, professional training etc. This is seen mostly in cities and towns.

(iv) Fourth, over the past decade or so, certain new services such as those based on information and communication technology have become important and essential. The production of these services has been rising rapidly.

Answer 18.
Globalisation mixed impacts:


  1. Advantage to consumers-greater choice.
  2. Employment opportunities
  3. Local companies benefitted
  4. Indian companies have turned into MNCs
  5. Standard of living improved
  6. Quality has risen


  1. Rising competition
  2. Some small producers had to close the industries
  3. Uncertain employment and insecurity among workers
  4. Any other point

Answer 19.
(i) The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasised the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution.

(ii) A new French flag, the tri-colour, was chosen to replace the former royal standard.

(iii) The Estates General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the National Assembly. New hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated, all in the name of the nation.

(iv) A centralised administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory.

(v) Internal customs duties and dues were abolished and a uniform system of weights and measures was adopted.

(vi) Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation.


The Problems:

(i) The French were faced with yet another problem in the sphere of education: the elites in Vietnam were powerfully influenced by Chinese culture. To consolidate their power, the French had to counter this Chinese influence.

(ii) For this the French systematically dismantled the traditional educational system and established French schools for the Vietnamese. But this was not easy. Chinese, the language used by the elites so far, had to be replaced.

The Opinions:

(i) Some policymakers emphasised the need to use the French language as the medium of instruction. By learning the language, they felt, the Vietnamese would be introduced to the culture and civilisation of France. This would help create an ‘Asiatic France solidly tied to European France’. The educated people in Vietnam would respect French sentiments and ideals, see the superiority of French culture, and work for the French.

(ii) Others were opposed to French being the only medium of instruction. They suggested that Vietnamese be taught in lower classes and French in the higher classes. The few who learnt French and acquired French culture were to be rewarded with French citizenship.

Answer 20.
(i) General Reginald Dyer

(ii) Incident: The infamous Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place.

(iii) On 13 April the infamous Jallianwalla Bagh incident took place. On that day a large crowd gathered in the enclosed ground of Jallianwalla Bagh. Some came to protest against the government’s new repressive measures. Others had come to attend the annual Baisakhi fair. Being from outside the city, many villagers were unaware of the martial law that had been imposed. Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds. His object, as he declared later, was to ‘produce a moral effect’, to create in the minds of satyagrahis a feeling of terror and awe.

Answer 21.
(i) The most common expression of communalism is in everyday beliefs. These routinely involve religious prejudices, stereotypes of religious communities and belief in the superiority of one’s religion over other religions. This is so common that we often fail to notice it, even then we believe in it. .

(ii) A communal mind often leads to a quest for political dominance of one’s own religious community. For those belonging to majority community, this takes the form of majoritarian dominance. For those belonging to the minority community, it can take the form of a desire to form a separate political unit.

(iii) Political mobilisation on religious lines is another frequent form of communalism. This involves the use of sacred symbols, religious leaders, emotional appeal and plain fear in order to bring the followers of one religion together in the political arena. In electoral politics this often involves special appeal to the interests or emotions of voters of one religion in preference to others.

(iv) Sometimes communalism takes its most ugly form of communal violence, riots and massacre. India and Pakistan suffered some of the worst communal riots at the time of the Partition. The post-Independence period has also seen large-scale communal violence.

Answer 22.
Minimal Definition: Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people.

Some qualifications:

  1. The rulers elected by the people must take all the major decisions;
  2. Elections must offer a choice and fair opportunity to the people to change the current rulers;
  3. This choice and opportunity should be available to all the people on an equal basis; and
  4. The exercise of this choice must lead to a government limited by basic rules of the constitution and citizens’ rights.

Answer 23.

  1. Trade between two countries is called international trade.
  2. Commodities on export list: Agriculture and allied products, ores and minerals, gems and jewellery, petroleum products, IT services etc.
  3. Commodities on import list: Petroleum and petroleum products, pearls and precious stones, chemicals, coal, coke etc.

Answer 24.
Air pollution: Adding or mixing of harmful substances in the air is known as air pollution.


  1. Presence of high proportion of undesirable gases, such as sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide.
  2. Smoke emitted by chemical and paper factories, brick kilns, refineries and smelting plants etc.

Adverse effects : affects human health-problems in breathing, cancer etc., plants-may kill vegetation, buildings-become pale e.g Taj Mahal etc.

Answer 25.
Under COPRA, three-tier quasi judicial machinery at the district, a state and national level was set up for redressal of consumer disputes. The district level court deals with the cases involving claims upto ? 20 lakhs, the state level courts between ₹ 20 lakhs and ₹ 1 crore and the national level court deals with cases involving claims exceeding ₹ 1 crore. If a case is dismissed in district level court, the consumer can also appeal in state and then in National level courts. Thus, the Act has enabled us as consumers to have the right to represent in the consumer courts.

Answer 26.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 5 1
Answer 27.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 5 2

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