CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 6 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 6.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Paper 6
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 6|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 10 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 6 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
- The question paper has 27 questions in all. All questions are compulsory.
- Marks are indicated against each question.
- Questions from serial number 1 to 7 are very short answer questions. Each question carries 1 mark.
- Questions from serial number 8 to 18 are 3 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 80 words each.
- Questions from serial number 19 to 25 are 5 marks questions. Answer of these questions should not exceed 100 words each.
- Question number 26 and 27 are map questions of 2 marks from History and 3 marks from Geography. After completion, attach the maps inside the answer book.
In which years Great Depression occurred in the world?
Who improved the steam engine?
Give one feature of the about the Annual London Season?
Who brought the first printing press to India?
Who is the author of the novel ‘Pariksha Guru’?
What was the importance of Peter Norman in the history of Mexico Olympics of 1968 and Civil Rights Movement of USA?
What are tankas?
Give any two examples of Service Sector.
What are Non-renewable resources? Give example.
What is ‘Liberalisation’?
Explain the impact of Great Depression of 1929 on the Indian economy giving three any points.
Explain any three problems faced by the cotton weavers in India during mid 19th century.
Explain any three reasons for the expansion of Bombay’s (Mumbai’s) population in mid 18th century and later in 19th Century.
Explain how Martin Luther spoke in praise of print?
Explain the contribution of Prem Chand in the field of novel writing.
‘Ethnic composition of Belgium is very complex’. Justify. Mention the innovative method adopted by Belgium to overcome these complex issues.
What is meant by crosscutting differences? Give one suitable example.
Explain the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka.
How do regions differ in terms of availability of resources? Give three examples from different states to show this variation.
What is primitive subsistence farming? State three characteristics of this type of farming.
How will you justify that you are an alert consumer while buying a commodity from the market. Give two examples/situations to support you.
Explain the structure of three-tier quasi judicial machinery was set up by the Government of India under COPRA.
Critically evaluate the negative impact of globalization on Indian economy with examples.
Why is it necessary for banks and cooperatives to increase their lending in rural areas? Explain.
“The Plantation workers too had their own understanding of Mahatma Gandhi and the notion of swaraj”. Support the statement with arguments.
Who was Johann Gottfried? Explain how Culture played an important role in the making of nation.
“In 1926 a major protest erupted in the Saigon Native Girls School”. Why?
The quality of democracy depends upon the degree of public participation. Suggest any four values essential for a citizen for effective participation.
Describe the main features of the Centre-State relations in the Federation of India.
Explain the formation of minerals in the igneous and metamorphic rocks with suitable examples.
How has NTPC achieved a distinction in preserving the natural environment and natural resources in the country?
How is the concept of Self Help Groups important for poor people? Give your view point.
Two features A and B are marked on the given political outline map of India:
Identify these features with the help of the following information and write their correct names on the lines marked in the map:
A. The place where ‘no-tax campaign took place
B. The place where the 1929 session of Indian National Congress took place.
Locate and label on the same map given:
- The place where Gandhiji called off Non-Cooperation movement in 1922.
- place where the 1927 session of Indian National Congress took place.
On the given same political outline map of India locate and label /identify the following with appropriate symbols:
- Identify the type of soil in the shaded area.
- Largest producer of Sugarcane among states in India.
- Sardar Sarovar Dam
It was meant for wealthy Britishers only.
The silver medallist, white Australian athlete, Peter Norman, wore a human rights badge on his shirt during the ceremony to show his support to the two Black Americans, who had won the gold and bronze.
Tankas or tanks are the underground storage for rain water.
Non-renewable resources are those which will get exhausted after years of use. We have a fixed stock on earth which cannot be replenished. Example: Crude oil.
Removing barriers or restrictions set by the government in the economy is what is known as liberalisation.
(i) In the nineteenth century, colonial India had become an exporter of agricultural goods and importer of manufactures. The depression immediately affected Indian trade. India’s exports and imports nearly halved between 1928 and 1934.
(ii) As international prices crashed, prices in India also plunged between 1928 and 1934 Peasants and farmers suffered more than urban dwellers. Though agricultural prices fell sharply, the colonial government refused to reduce revenue demands. Peasants producing for the world market were the worst hit.
(iii) For example, jute producers of Bengal suffered as the raw jute that was processed in factories for export in the form of gunny bags crashed, as gunny exports collapsed, the price of raw jute crashed more than expected.
(iv) Across India, peasants’ indebtedness increased. They used up their savings, mortgaged lands, and sold whatever jewellery and precious metals they had to meet their expenses. In these depression years, India became an exporter of precious metals, notably gold. The famous economist John Maynard Keynes thought that Indian gold exports promoted global economic recovery.
(v) The depression proved less grim for urban India. Because of falling prices, those with fixed incomes, town-dwelling landowners who received rents and middle-class salaried employees, now found themselves better off.
(i) Cotton weavers in India faced two problems at the same time: their export market collapsed and the local market shrank, being glutted with Manchester imports. Produced by machines at lower costs, the imported cotton goods were so cheap that weavers could not easily compete with them.
(ii) By the 1850s, reports from most weaving regions of India narrated stories of decline and desolation. By the 1860s, weavers faced a new problem. They could not get sufficient supply of raw cotton of good quality.
(iii) When the American Civil War broke out and cotton supplies from the US were cut off, Britain turned to India. As raw cotton exports from India increased, the price of raw cotton shot up.
(iv) Weavers in India were starved of supplies and forced to buy raw cotton at exorbitant prices. In this, situation weaving could not pay. Then, by the end of the nineteenth century, weavers and other craftspeople faced yet another problem. Factories in India began production, flooding the market with machine-made goods.
(i) At first, Bombay was the major outlet for cotton textiles from Gujarat.
(ii) Later, in the nineteenth century, the city functioned as a port through which large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium would pass.
(iii) Gradually, it also became an important administrative centre in western India, and then, by the end of the nineteenth century, a major industrial centre.
Deeply grateful to print, Luther said, ‘Printing is the ultimate gift of God and the greatest one.’ (Compulsory point)
(i) In 1517, the religious reformer Martin Luther wrote Ninety Five Theses criticising many of the practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church. A printed copy of this was posted on a church door in Wittenberg.
(ii) It challenged the Church to debate his ideas. Luther’s writings were immediately reproduced in vast numbers and read widely.
(iii) This lead to a division within the Church and to the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Luther’s translation of the New Testament sold 5,000 copies within a few weeks and a second edition appeared within three months.
(iv) Several scholars, in fact, think that print brought about a new intellectual atmosphere and helped spread the new ideas that led to the Reformation.
(i) It was with the writing of Premchand that the Hindi novel achieved excellence. He began writing in Urdu and then shifted to Hindi, remaining an immensely influential writer in both languages. He drew on the traditional art of kissa-goi (storytelling).
(ii) Many critics think that his novel Sewasadan (The Abode of Service), published in 1916, lifted the Hindi novel from the realm of fantasy, moralising and simple entertainment to a serious reflection on the lives of ordinary people and social issues.
(iii) Sewasadan deals mainly with the poor condition of women in society. Issues like child marriage and dowry are woven into the story of the novel. It also tells us about the ways in which the Indian upper classes used whatever little opportunities they got from colonial authorities to govern themselves.
The ethnic composition of this small country is very complex:
- Of the country’s total population, 59 per cent lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language. Another 40 per cent people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Remaining one per cent of the Belgians speak German.
- In the capital city Brussels, 80 per cent people speak French while 20 per cent are Dutch speaking.
Innovative Method: Any one of the Accommodation Methods OR simply write Accommodation OR Community Government.
(i) If social differences cross cut one another, it is difficult to pit one group of people against the other. It means that groups that share a common interest on one issue are likely to be in different sides on a different issue.
(ii) Example: Consider the cases of Northern Ireland and the Netherlands. Both are predominantly Christian but divided between Catholics and Protestants. In Northern Ireland, class and religion overlap with each other. If you are Catholic, you are also more likely to be poor, and you may have suffered a history of discrimination. In the Netherlands, class and religion tend to cut across each other. Catholics and Protestants are about equally likely to be poor or rich.
(iii) The result is that Catholics and Protestants have had conflicts in Northern Ireland, while they do not do so in the Netherlands. Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences are easier to accommodate.
(i) Sri Lanka has a diverse population. The major social groups are the Sinhala-speakers (74 per cent) and the Tamil-speakers (18 per cent). Among Tamils there are two subgroups. Tamil natives of the country are called ‘Sri Lankan Tamils’ (13 per cent).
(ii) The rest, whose forefathers came from India as plantation workers during colonial period, are called ‘Indian Tamils’. As you can see from the map, Sri Lankan Tamils are concentrated in the north and east of the country.
(iii) Most of the Sinhala-speaking people are Buddhists, while most of the Tamils are Hindus or Muslims. There are about 7 per cent Christians, who are both Tamil and Sinhala.
|Regions/States||Rich in||Poor/Deficient in|
|Amnachal Pradesh||Abundance of water resources||Lacks infrastructural development|
|Rajasthan||Well endowed with solar and wind energy||Lacks water resources|
|Cold desert of Ladakh||Rich cultural heritage||Deficient in water, infrastructure and some vital minerals.|
Therefore, there is a need for balanced resource at the national, state, regional and local levels.
Primitive subsistence farming is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks with family/community labour.
- Farming depends upon monsoon
- Natural fertility of soil is used
- Slash and bum type of agriculture is followed by clearing a patch of land and after some time switching over to another land.
It is because consumers have the right to be informed about the particulars of goods and services that they purchase. Consumers can then complain and ask for compensation or replacement if the product proves to be defective in any manner.
- If we buy a product and find it defective well within the expiry period, we can ask for a replacement. If the expiry period was not printed, the manufacturer would blame the shopkeeper and will not accept the responsibility. If people sell medicines that have expired severe action can be taken against them.
- Similarly, one can protest and complain if someone sells a good at more than the printed price on the packet. This is indicated by ‘MRP’ maximum retail price. In fact consumers can bargain with the seller to sell at less than the MRP.
- Under COPRA, a three-tier quasijudicial machinery at the district, state and national levels was set up for redressal of consumer disputes.
- The district level court deals with the cases involving claims upto ₹ 20 lakhs, the state level courts between ₹ 20 lakhs and ₹ 1 crore and the national level court deals with cases involving claims exceeding ₹ 1 crore.
- If a case is dismissed in district level court, the consumer can also appeal in state and then in National level courts.
Thus, the Act has enabled us as consumers to have the right to represent in the consumer courts.
- Rising competition
- Uncertain employment
- The condition of work and hardships of workers have become common to many industrial and service units in India. Even many organized sector have started to follow unorganized features.
- Several small scale industries have shut down due to competition which led to many workers jobless.
(i) Higher cost of borrowing means a larger part of the earnings of the borrowers is used to repay the loan. Hence, borrowers have less income left for themselves. In certain cases, the high interest rate for borrowing can mean that the amount to be repaid is greater than the income of the borrower. This could lead to increasing debt and debt trap. Also, people who might wish to start an enterprise by borrowing may not do so because of the high cost of borrowing.
(ii) For these reasons, banks and cooperative societies need to lend more. This would lead to higher incomes and many people could then borrow cheaply for a variety of needs. They could grow crops, do business, set up small-scale industries etc. They could set up new industries or trade in goods. So cheap and affordable credit is crucial for the country’s development.
(i) For plantation workers in Assam, freedom meant the right to move freely in and out of the confined space in which they were enclosed, and it meant retaining a link with the village from which they had come.
(ii) Under the Inland Emigration Act of 1859, plantation workers were not permitted to leave the tea gardens without permission, and in fact they were rarely given such permission.
(iii) When they heard of the Non-Cooperation Movement, thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantations and headed home. They believed that Gandhi Raj was coming and everyone would be given land in their own villages.
(iv) They, however, never reached their destination. Stranded on the way by a railway and steamer strike, they were caught by the police and brutally beaten up.
(v) They interpreted the term swaraj in their own ways, imagining it to be a time when all suffering and all troubles would be over. Yet, when the tribals chanted Gandhiji’s name and raised slogans demanding ‘Swatantra Bharat’, they were also emotionally relating to an all-India agitation.
(vi) When they acted in the name of Mahatma Gandhi, or linked their movement to that of the Congress, they were identifying with a movement which went beyond the limits of their immediate locality.
German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803) claimed that true German culture was to be discovered among the common people – das volk. He popularized true spirit of nation through folksongs, folk poetry and folk dance.
(i) Culture played an important role in creating the idea of the nation. Art and poetry, stories and music helped to express and shape nationalist feelings. Emotions, intuition and mystical feelings were not focused. Their effort was to shared collective heritage, a common cultural past, as the basis of a nation. They criticized the glorification of reason and science.
- German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder
- Karol Kurpinski
(i) In 1926 a major protest erupted in the Saigon Native Girls School. A Vietnamese girl sitting in one of the front seats was asked to move to the back of the class and allow a local French student to occupy the front bench.
(ii) She refused. The principal, also a colon (French people in the colonies), expelled her. When angry students protested, they too were expelled, leading to a further spread of open protests.
(iii) Seeing the situation getting out of control, the government forced the school to take the students back.
(iv) The principal reluctantly agreed but warned the students, ‘I will crush all Vietnamese under my feet. Ah! You wish my deportation. Know well that I will leave only after I am assured Vietnamese no longer inhabit Cochinchina.’
- mobilization for sharing opinions
- feeling for nation building
- Work for bringing social change
- Honesty in all spheres
- Accommodation of all differences
(i) For a long time, the same party ruled both at the Centre and in most of the States. In those days, the Central Government would often misuse the Constitution to dismiss the State governments that were controlled by rival parties. This undermined the spirit of federalism.
(ii) All this changed significantly after 1990. This period saw the rise of regional political parties in many States of the country. This was also the beginning of the era of Coalition Governments at the Centre.
(iii) Since no single party got a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, the major national parties had to enter into an alliance with many parties including several regional parties to form a government at the Centre.
(iv) It led to a new culture of power sharing and respect for the autonomy of State Governments.
(v) This trend was supported by a major judgment of the Supreme Court that made it difficult for the Central Government to dismiss state governments in an arbitrary manner.
|Igneous and metamorphic rocks||Sedimentary rocks|
|Occur in cracks, crevices, faults and joints||Occur in beds or layers|
|Also formed when minerals in liquid/molten and gaseous forms are forced upward through cavities towards the earth’s surface; they cool and solidify as they rise.||1. Formed as a result of accumulation and concentration in horizontal strata and great heat and pressure.2. Formed as result of evaporation in arid regions.|
|Tin, copper, lead and zinc||1. E.g. Coal, some forms of iron ore2. E.g. Gypsum, potash and sodium salt|
This has been done by NTPC through the following:
- Optimum utilisation of equipment adopting latest techniques and upgrading existing equipment.
- Minimising waste generation by maximising ash utilization.
- Providing green belts for nurturing ecological balance and addressing the question of special purpose vehicle for afforestation.
- Reducing environmental pollution through ash pond management, ash water recycling system and liquid waste management.
- Ecological monitoring reviews and online database management for all its power stations.
(i) SHG’s are a new source of providing loans to the rural poor particularly women. It may consist of 15-20 members belonging to a neighborhood who meet and save regularly. Their savings may vary from Rs 25 to Rs 100 or more depending on the ability to save. They provide loans to its members according to necessity.
(ii) The rate of interest charged by SHG’s is lesser than that charged by money lender. The SHG helps the borrowers overcome the problem of lack of collateral.
(iii) Small loans are provided to members for instance meeting working capital needs such as buying seeds, raw materials, fertilizers or cloth.
(iv) The group decides on the loans to be granted-the purpose, amount, interests to be charged, repayment schedule etc.
(v) The reason why banks are lending to these groups even without collateral is that in any case of non-repayment of loan, the members of the group seriously follow it up. They are the building blocks of organization of the rural poor. They also discuss certain social issues such as health, nutrition and domestic violence.
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