Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 4 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Social Science Term 2 Set 4 with Solutions
Time Allowed: 2 Hours
Maximum Marks: 40
- This Question paper is divided into five sections-Section A, B, C, D and E.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Section-A: Question no. 1 to 5 are very short answer type questions of 2 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 40 words.
- Section-B: Question no. 6 to 8 are short answer type questions, carrying 3 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 80 words.
- Section-C: Question no. 9 and 10 are long answer type questions, carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each question should not exceed 120 words.
- Section-D: Question no. 11 and 12 are Case Based questions.
- Section-E: Question no. 13 is map based, carrying 3 marks with two parts, 13.1 from History (1 mark) and 13.2 from Geography (2 marks).
- There is no overall choice in the question paper. However, an internal choice has been provided in a few questions. Only one of the choices in such questions have to be attempted.
- In addition to this, separate instructions are given with each section and question, wherever necessary.
SECTION-A [2 × 5 = 10]
(Very Short Answer Type Questions)
How does democracy promote political equality among citizens? (2)
Democracy is based on the principle of political equality established by universal adult franchise and fundamental rights.
It encourages equality by allowing all the citizens in the country-equal opportunities of education, income and development. It supports other disadvantaged communities by reserving seats for them.
What is the NMCC? Mention the objective behind setting up the NMCC. (2)
The National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council is an organization which was especially set up to increase the productivity of the industries and the manufacturing sector in all through reforms and better monitoring.
The work of the council is to create better regulations, reformed practices and thereby establish better and unique production processes for the entire industrial sector. It is a continuing forum for policy dialogue to work towards the growth of manufacturing industries in India.
Why are transactions involving money preferred over any other form of transaction? (2)
Transactions made using money are preferred because it is easier to exchange money for any commodity or service to purchase it. It eliminates the need for double coincidence of wants to buy or sell any goods or services.
Transactions involving money are easier and quicker. Money comes in different forms- paper, digital or metal money. It is a lot less hassle to settle transactions using this medium of exchange than any other.
Read the given data from the pie chart.
(A) What creates the main demand for credit in rural areas? (1)
In rural areas, the main demand for credit is crop production and purchase of pesticides and fertilizers during and after the sowing seasons. Hence, most farmers basically borrow to sow or harvest any produce.
Farmers only want credit to sow seeds, obtain equipment and then perform the entire act of farming. Hence, their time duration for obtaining a credit is also calculated by cropping seasons. Crop production involves considerable costs on seeds, fertilisers, pesticides, water, electricity, repair of equipment, etc. There is a minimum stretch of three to four months between the time when the farmers buy these inputs and when they sell the crop.
(B) Why do you think the source borrows more from informal sources in between a cropping season? (1)
Credits for farming are still given by financial institutions and banks but other factors that create demand for credit in rural areas are not completely addressed. Fulfilling daily needs or executing any personal task like marriages, medical procedures or treatments are important reasons to borrow credit in rural areas. These factors are not properly covered by formal institutions because of lack of penetration of banks in remote areas. Hence, people turn towards informal sources.
The Non-Cooperation movement included multiple programs when it was launched. Mention any two. (2)
Boycott of foreign goods and institutions led by the British including schools, army, police, courts, judicial and provincial legislative organizations and promotion of Swadeshi goods including Khadi and other textiles, products made in India are two programs of Non-Cooperation movement.
It is important to remember the names of the programmes used in each movement and know what exactly did the programme entail. Also, it is important to understand how these programmes affected the national movements.
SECTION – B [3 × 3 = 9]
(Short Answer Type Questions)
Democracy in India has strengthened the claims of the disadvantaged and discriminated castes for equal status and equal opportunity. Elaborate.
Do one party systems have any merits? How do you think one party system changes the dynamics of powers in a political system? (3)
Democracy in India has recognised the principle of respect and freedom. It has thereby as a measure, strengthened the claims of disadvantaged castes for equality of opportunity.
- It has given people belonging to these castes better opportunities of job and education through reservation and other safeguarding measures.
- It has given them a voice equal to the citizens belonging to the majority in all decision-making processes.
- Caste-based atrocities have been declared illegal in the country. Citizens are deterred against it to protect all the classes.
One-party systems have some merits. These are:
- It helps in the establishment of stable governments.
- There are no conflicts among the classes.
- The administration becomes efficient as the powers are concentrated in the hands of party leaders.
But this system is not good for citizens because it distorts the dynamics of a political system. It leads to concentration of powers in the hands of a few and hence gives birth to despotic systems where citizens are not respected.
Discuss the economic impact of the first World War on India. (3)
The first World War created a new economic and political situation for India.
- The defence expenditure of the country multiplied. Since, it was financed by war loans and increasing taxes custom duties had to be raised and income tax introduced.
- here was extreme inflation leading to severe hardships for the common people. Villages were called upon to supply soldiers forcefuLLy.
- Crops failed in many parts of India, resulting in acute shortages of food.
How do MNCs quicken the process of globalisation? (3)
MNCs quicken the process of globalisation in the following ways:
- by acquiring local companies and placing orders for production, they bring producers from different countries together in a unit
- by sharing advanced technologies and exchanging information between consumers and producers, the economical distances between the countries decrease
- by collaborating with local companies for larger markets, similar products are in demand in all countries and regions
SECTION – C [2 × 5 = 10]
(Long Answer Type Questions)
The Civil Disobedience movement was different from the Non Cooperation movement in terms of participation of women. Elaborate. What were Gandhi’s views about participation of women in the Civil Disobedience movement?
With a long coastline of 7,516.6 km, India is dotted with 12 major and 200 notified non-major (minor/intermediate) ports. How is a port useful for the country? (5)
The Civil Disobedience movement was different from the Non Cooperation movement in terms of participation of women.
This can be argued in the following ways:
- Women participated in the Civil Disobedience movement in large numbers unlike the Non-Cooperation movement.
- They participated in protest marches, manufactured salt, and picketed foreign cloth and liquor shops. Many went to jail while in the Non-Cooperation movement, women leaders were absent.
Gandhi also had the following views about the participation of women in the Civil Disobedience movement:
(a) Gandhi believed women were ideal caregivers as good mothers, daughters and wives. He supported their right to study but still believed that their best place was within their homes.
(b) Gandhi was also unsure and reluctant to give them any place in the Indian National Congress or any national movement for independence.
(c) Gandhi only wanted their symbolic presence in*the movement.
Ports are useful for the country in many ways. These can be described as:
- Ports handle cargoes and passengers. They help the people in transportation within the country as well as to markets across the world.
- They export and import goods, raw material and other products over long distances.
- They also help to produce energy through tidal waves. Hydroelectricity and other forms of energy can be tapped and produced from this resource.
- These ports serve a very large and rich hinterland of the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin by providing them with employment indirectly. They export products which are manufactured inside the country.
- The coastline also is an attractive tourist destination.
Explain the role of democratic governments in reducing economic disparities.
Apart from globalization creating good quality products and expanding the market, how is it affecting the stability of jobs for the workers? (5)
The democratic governments play an important role in reducing economic disparities by adopting the following measures:
- The government ensures equitable distribution of wealth and vows to reduce the income gap between the rich and the poor.
- The government undertakes social welfare schemes to facilitate all basic necessities and services to the disadvantaged classes.
- The government strives to provide equal opportunities to all through measures like a reservation.
- The government strives to create more employment for disadvantaged people through schemes like MGNREGA.
- It tries to increase their economic activity by offering them multiple rebates, easy and cheap loans and ration at affordable costs.
Globalization has been extremely beneficial to the producers and consumers over the years. It has integrated foreign markets. It has however created a lot of employment security issues for the skilled and unskilled workers.
- Employers have begun employing workers on a contractual basis to reduce their cost of production.
- Cutthroat competition has made the workers desperate to get jobs paying minimum wages.
- Workers agree to work in bad working conditions because otherwise they won’t have any job.
- Due to stiff competition, factories are shut down and workers are left to find jobs at odd pLaces to make ends meet Hence, Globalization has heavily affected the stability in jobs for the workers.
SECTION-D [4 × 2 = 8]
(Case Based Questions)
Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow:
The distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country has been largely influenced by physiographic, economic and administrative factors. The northern plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provided the most favourable condition for their growth. However, a large number of rivers requiring construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles. In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region, railway tracts are laid through low hills, gaps or tunnels. The Himalayan mountainous regions too are unfavourable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population and lack of economic opportunities.
Likewise, it was difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan, swamps of Gujarat, forested tracks of Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Jharkhand. The contiguous stretch ofSahyadri could be crossed only through gaps or passes (Ghats). In recent times, the development of the Konkan railway along the west coast has facilitated the movement of passengers and goods in this most important economic region of India. It has also faced a number of problems such as sinking of track in some stretches and landslides.
(A) Identify one port located on the Western coast close to the Konkan railway region. (1)
The Konkan is a region- a coastal strip of land- bounded by the Arabian Sea and Sahyadri Hills in the east The Konkan railways was constructed to fill the missing gap between Mumbai and Mangalore.
Both Visakhapatnam and Chennai Port are located on the eastern coast Kandla Port is located on the western coast but it is not located close to the Konkan railway strip.
Each port has its own specific features, importance and location. Students must learn the same using a table to understand the same better.
(B) Why is it difficult to build railway tracks in peninsular India? (2)
It is difficult to build railway tracks in peninsular India. That’s because of undulating topography and difficult terrain. Hence railway tracks are laid through tunnels, passes and low hills. Peninsular India had hard rocks which are difficult to break and create anything.
(C) Do you think that the development of Konkan railways has helped in exploitation of resources on the West coast of India? (1)
Konkan railways has made it easier for people to traverse the difficult topography of Western Ghats. Therefore it has helped increase the economic activity in the region which in turn has increased the exploitation of resources in the region.
Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow:
He had argued that people’s movement should embrace politics openly. His argument was simple yet powerful. Movements focused on a single issue are suitable as long as we wish to achieve limited changes in a particular aspect of life. But if we wish to bring about a fundamental social transformation, or basic change even in one aspect of life, we would need a political organisation. People’s movement must establish a new political formation to act as a moral force in politics. This was an urgent task, he said, because all the existing political parties had become irrelevant for social transformation. People will think of us as no different from other politicians.” “Besides”, added Karuna, “we have seen that a lot can be achieved by putting pressure on the existing political parties.
We tried putting up candidates in panchayat elections, but the results were not very encouraging. People respect our work, they even adore us, but when it comes to voting they go for the established political parties.” Shaheen did not agree with them: “Let us be very clear. Kishenji wanted all the people’s movements to forge a new political party. Of course he wanted this party to be a different kind of party. He was not for political alternatives, but for an alternative kind of politics.
(A) Identify an institution that can put pressure upon political parties. (1)
Pressure Groups or Interest Groups put pressure upon political parties to make them raise their issues and influence them to make decisions in their favour.
(B) If you were a political leader, what kind of party would you want to form? (1)
If I were a political leader, I would want to make a party with the following features-:
- The party should be completely democratic in its internal working. No family should have all the powers.
- It should encourage common people and promote them according to their talent.
- The party should stand for freedom of the individuals, rights and liberty of the individual.
- It should work to safeguard the interests of groups like the disadvantaged but also businessmen, merchants, traders etc.
(C) Why does Karuna not want to be a politician? (2)
Karuna understands that the reputation of a politician is not very good. They are considered to be corrupt and selfish. She doesn’t want the people to think the same of her. This is the reason businessmen and traders influence the political parties from outside to take decisions in their favour instead of forming their own parties.
SECTION – E [1 × 3 = 3]
(Map Skill Based Questions)
(A) On the given outline Political Map of India, identify the place marked as A with the help of following information and write its correct name on the line marked near it.
(a) Identify the place where peasant satya-graha was organised. (1)
(B) On the same given map of India, locate the following:
(a) Salem Iron and Steel Plant
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport (1)
(b) Kochi Port (1)
(B) (a) Salem Iron and Steel Plant
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Airport
(b) Kochi Port