These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 2

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 2

Board CBSE
Class XII
Subject Geography
Sample Paper Set Paper 2
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 2 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions:

  • There are 22 questions in all.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
  • Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
  • Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
  • Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
  • Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
  • Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.


Question 1.
Which continent has the highest growth rate of population?

Question 2.
Define sex ratio.

Question 3.
Give any two examples of tertiary activities.

Question 4.
Give the meaning of Human Settlement.

Question 5.
What are National Highways?

Question 6.
Name the headquarter of ‘South Central’ Railway zone.

Question 7.
Name any two natural sources of water pollutants.

Question 8.
Explain how technology indicates the level of cultural development of society.

Question 9.
Explain the key areas of human development.

Question 10.
Explain any three characteristics of ‘Foot Loose Industries’.

Question 11.
Mention main features of ‘Pastoral nomadism’.

Question 12.
‘Drought’ is a natural disaster. As a push factor it compels people to migrate from one area to another area in India. Which human values can minimise the impact of drought?

Question 13.
Study the map of India given below carefully and answer the questions that follow:
(i) Define the term ‘metropolitan city.’
(ii) Which state of India has the largest number of metropolitan cities?
(iii) Name any two northern states of India which have no metropolitan city.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 13

Question 14.
State any three characteristics of water transport. Why is traffic faster on the Cape of Good Hope Route? Give two reasons.

Question 15.
Explain any five basis of international trade in brief.

Question 16.
Explain any five problems of rural settlements in developing countries of the world.

Question 17.
Describe the uneven distribution of mineral and energy resources of India with suitable examples.

Question 18.
When was National Water Policy undertaken? Mention its key features.

Question 19.
Explain the problems caused by urban waste disposal in India.

Question 20.
“Despite the setback caused by the partition, Indian ports continued to grow after the independence.” Support the statement with examples.

Question 21.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A large country of North-America in area.
(B) An area of subsistence gathering.
(C) The terminal station of a trans-continental Railway.
(D) A major sea port.
(E) An international airport.

Question 22.
Locate and label the following live features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) The most urbanised state (2011).
(ii) A leading cotton producing state.
(iii) The software technology park located in Punjab.
(iv) The major coal field located in Chhattisgarh.
(v) The international airport located in Karnataka.


Answer 1.

Answer 2.
The ratio between the number of women and men in the population is called the sex ratio.

Answer 3.
(i) Trade
(ii) Transport communication.

Answer 4.
Human settlement means cluster of dwellings of any type of size where human beings live.

Answer 5.
The main roads which are constructed and maintained by the central government are known as the National highways.

Answer 6.

Answer 7.
(i) Erosion
(ii) Land slides.

Answer 8.
Technology indicates the level of cultural development of society. Human beings were able to develop technology after they developed better understanding of natural laws.
– Concepts of friction and heat helped us discover fire.
– Similarly, understanding of the secrets of DNA and genetics enabled us to conquer many diseases.
– We use the laws of aerodynamics to develop faster planes.

Answer 9.
(i) Access to resources
(ii) Health
(iii) Education

Answer 10.
(i) Foot loose industries relocated in a wide variety of places.
(ii) They are not dependent on any specific raw material, weight losing or otherwise.
(iii) They largely dependent on component parts which can be obtained anywhere. They produce in small quantity and employ a small labour force.

Answer 11.
(i) It is a primitive subsistence activity, in which the herders rely on animals for food, clothing, shelter, tools and transport.
(ii) They move from one place to another along with their livestock depending on the amount and quality of pastures and water.
(iii) Each nomadic community occupies a well identified territory as a matter of tradition.

Answer 12.
(i) Awakening for Rain water harvesting.
(ii) Provision for the distribution of safe drinking water facilities and fodder and water for cattle.
(iii) Cooperation in all respect.

Answer 13.
(i) Cities accommodating population size between one to five million are called metropolitan cities.
(ii) Uttar Pradesh
(iii) (a) Jammu & Kashmir (b) Himachal Pradesh

Answer 14.
(A) Characteristics of water transport:
(i) Water transportation does not require route construction.
(ii) The oceans are linked with each other and are negotiable with ships of various sizes.
(iii) It is much cheaper because the friction transportation than others. Its energy cost is lower.

(B) The traffic is faster on the Cape of Good Hope Sea route because:
(i) Limited development.
(ii) Very long sea route amongst the countries of Asia and Europe:

Answer 15.
Basis of International Trade:
(i) Difference in national resources.
(ii) Population factors—size, distribution and diversity.
(iii) Stage of economic development,
(iv) Extent of foreign investment.
(v) Transport development.

Answer 16.
(i) Supply of water is not adequate.
(ii) Water borne disease such as cholera and jaundice tend to be a common problem.
(iii) Crop cultivation sequences in the absence of irrigation also suffer.
(iv) Absence of toilet and garbage disposal facilities cause health related problems.
(v) Difficult to provide adequate health and educational infrastructure for their large rural population.

Answer 17.
Distribution of Minerals and Energy resources:
(i) Most of the metallic minerals in India occur in the peninsular plateau region in the old crystalline rocks.
(ii) Over 97 per cent of coal reserves occur in the Valley of Damodar, Son, Mahanadi and Godavari.
(iii) Petroleum reserves are located in the sedimentary basins of Assam, Gujarat and Mumbai High.
(iv) Most of the major mineral resources occur to the east of a line linking Mangalore and Kanpur.
(v) Minerals are generally concentrated in three broad belts in India:
(1) The North-Eastern Plateau Region.
(2) The South-Western Plateau Region.
(3) The North-Western Region.

Answer 18.
The National Water Policy was undertaken in 2002. Priorities broadly in the following order:
Drinking water, irrigation, hydro power, navigation, industrial and other uses.

Key features:
(i) Irrigation and multi-purpose projects should invariably include drinking water component wherever there is no alternative source of drinking water.
(ii) Providing drinking water to all human beings and animals should be the first priority.
(iii) Measures should be taken to limit and regulate the exploitation of groundwater.
(iv) Both surface and groundwater should be regularly monitored for quality. A phased programme should be undertaken for improving water quality.
(v) The efficiency of utilisation in all the diverse uses of water should be improved.
(vi) Awareness of water as a scarce resource should be fostered.
(vii) Conservation consciousness should be promoted through education, regulation, incentives and disincentives. (Any Four)

Answer 19.
(i) The huge turnout of ashes and debris from industries, thermal power houses and building
construction have posed problems of serious consequences.
(ii) Solid wastes cause health hazard through creation of obnoxious smell, and harbouring of flies and rodents which act as carriers of diseases like typhoid, diphtheria, diarrhoea, malaria and cholera.
(iii) Wastes cause frequent nuisances and when these are carelessly handled spread by wind and spread through rain water.
(iv) The dumping of industrial waste into rivers leads to water pollution.
(v) River pollution from city based industries and untreated sewage leads to serious health problems downstream.

Answer 20.
Development of Indian Sea Ports:
(i) Today Indian ports are handling large volumes of domestic as well as overseas trade.
(ii) Most of the ports are equipped with modem infrastructure.
(iii) Previously the development and modernisation was the responsibility of the government agencies.
(iv) Considering the increase in function and need to bring these ports at par with the international ports; private entrepreneurs have been invited for the modernisation of ports in India.
(v) The capacity of Indian ports increased from 20 million tonnes of cargo handling in 1951 to more than 586 million tonnes in 2008-09.

Answer 21.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 21a

Answer 22.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 22a

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