These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 3

Board CBSE
Class XII
Subject Geography
Sample Paper Set Paper 3
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 3 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions:

  • There are 22 questions in all.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
  • Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
  • Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
  • Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labelling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
  • Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
  • Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.


Question 1.
Give one difference between immigration and emigration.

Question 2.
Write the meaning of sustainable human development.

Question 3.
What do you mean by quinary activities?

Question 4.
What is an outport?

Question 5.
Give one example each of religious and mining towns of India.

Question 6.
Mention the two environmental problems that emerged due to intensive irrigation in Indira Gandhi Canal command area.

Question 7.
Which seaport is known as ‘queen of Arabian Sea’?

Question 8.
“The human activities create cultural landscape”. Support the statement with any three

Question 9.
The proportion of literate population of a country is an indicator of its socio-economic development. Explain.

Question 10.
Explain any three features of clustered rural settlements of India.

Question 11.
Study the diagram given below carefully and answer the questions that follow:
(i) Identify and name the iron and steel plant shown in the above diagram. In which state is this plant located?
(ii) Which river provides water to the plant?
(iii) From where does it get iron ore? In which year did it start production?
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 11

Question 12.
Bio-energy is a potential source of energy conversion. Mention which human values are important to enhance it?

Question 13.
How did the Bhils in Petalwad block of Jhahua district revitalise large parts of common property resources throw their own efforts? Explain any three points.

Question 14.
Mention the meaning of manufacturing industry. Explain any three characteristics of modern large scale manufacturing industry in the world.

Question 15.
Name the country in which Suez Canal is located. Which are the two terminal points of this canal? Explain the economic significance of Suez canal.

Question 16.
Discuss the important features of Mixed Farming.

Question 17.
“Development means a qualitative change which is always value positive”. Justify the statement.

Question 18.
Explain the main causes of the rapid growth of population in India from 1951 to 1981.

Question 19.
“Indian farmers gamble with the monsoon”. Discuss.

Question 20.
Define the term ‘Watershed Management’. Explain any four features of watershed management progress initiated in the country.

Question 21.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) An area of commercial livestock rearing.
(B) A major seaport
(C) An airport
(D) A mega city
(E) A large country of the size of a continent in terms of area.

Question 22.
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) The state which is the leading producer of jute.
(ii) An oil refinery in Haryana.
(iii) A headquarter city of the North-Western Railways.
(iv) A land-locked seaport.
(v) The state with lowest level of HDI.


Answer 1.
Migrants who move into a new place are called Immigrants whereas migrants who move out of a place are called Emigrants.

Answer 2 .
To have sustainable human development, each generation must have the same opportunities.
All environmental, financial and human resources must be used keeping in mind the future.

Answer 3.
Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas.

Answer 4.
These are deep water ports built away from the actual ports; serve the parent ports by receiving those ships which are unable to approach them due to their large size.

Answer 5.
(i) Mathura
(ii) Digboi

Answer 6.
(i) Water logging
(ii) Soil salinity.

Answer 7.
Kochi Port

Answer 8.
(i) The imprint of human activities are created everywhere—health resorts on highlands, huge urban sprawls.
(ii) Fields, orchard and pastures in plains and rolling hills.
(iii) Ports on the coasts, oceanic routes on the oceanic surface and satellite in the space.

Answer 9.
(i) Proportion of literate population of a country in an indicator of its socio-economic development.
(ii) It reveals the standard of living, social status of females, availability of educational facilities and policies of government.
(iii) Level of economic development is both a cause and consequence of literacy.

Answer 10.
(i) It is a compact or closely built up area of houses.
(ii) In this type of village the general living area is distinct and separated from the surrounding farms, bams and pastures.
(iii) Its intervening streets present some geometric shape-as rectangular, radial, liner etc

Answer 11.
(i) (a) Durgapur steelplant (b) West Bengal
(ii) Damodar valley corporation.
(iii) It gets iron ore from Noamundi. It started its production in 1962.

Answer 12.
(i) Awakening
(ii) Eco-friendly
(iii) Cooperation

Answer 13.
(i) Land Reforms — improve the agroland, pastureland etc.
(ii) Revitalise the irrigation resources.
(iii) Planted fodder grass on pastureland, adapted social fencing, no open grazing.

Answer 14.
(A) (i) Manufacturing involves a full array of production from handicrafts to moulding iron and steel and stamping out plastic toys to assembling delicate computer components or space vehicles.
(ii) The common features are the application of power, mass production of identical products and specialised labour in factor setting for the production of standardised commodities. It adds value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable product.

(B) Characteristics of modem large scale manufacturing:
(i) Specialisation of skills/methods of production.
(ii) Mechanisation.
(iii) Technological innovation.
(iv) Organisational structure and stratification.

Answer 15.
(A) Egypt
(B) Port Said in the north and Port Suez in the South.
(C) (i) It reduces direct sea route distance between Liverpool and Colombo.
(ii) The tolls are so heavy that some find it cheaper to go by the longer Cape Route whenever the consequent delay is not important.
(iii) It gives Europe a new gateway to the Indian Ocean.

Answer 16.
(i) This form of agriculture is found in the highly developed parts of the world-North-westem
Europe, Eastern North America, parts of Eurasia.
(ii) Mixed farms are moderate in size and usually the crops associated with it are wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize, fodder and root crops.
(iii) Fodder crops are an important component of mixed farming.
(iv) Crop rotation and inter cropping play an important role in maintaining soil fertility.
(v) Equal emphasis is laid on crop cultivation and animal husbandry. Animals like cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry provide the main income along with crops.

Answer 17.
• This means that development cannot take place unless there is an increment or addition to the existing conditions.
• Development occurs when positive growth takes place. Positive growth does not always lead to development. Development occurs when there is a positive change in quality.
• The quality of life people enjoy in a country, the opportunities they have and freedoms they enjoy; are important aspects of development is not new ideas.
• According to Mahbub-ul-Haq, development enlarges people’s choices and improves their lives. Choices are not fixed but keep on changing. Development is to create conditions where people can live meaningful lives.
• A meaningful life is not just a long one. It must be a life with some purpose. It means people must be healthy, be able to develop their talents, participate in society and be free to achieve their goals.

Answer 18.
(i) The decades of 1951-1981 are referred to as the period of population explosion.
(ii) It was caused by a rapid fall in the mortality rate but a high fertility rate of population in the country.
(iii) The average annual growth rate was as high as 2.2 per cent.
(iv) The developmental activities were introduced through a centralised planning process and economy started showing up answering the improvement of living condition of people at large.
(v) Increased international migration contributed to the high growth rate.

Answer 19.
It is rightly said that Indian farmers gamble with monsoon. It can be proved with following:
(i) Irrigation covers only about 33% of the cultivated area in India. The crop production in rest of the cultivated land directly depends on rainfall.
(ii) Poor performance of South-west monsoon also adversely affects the supply of canal water for irrigation.
(iii) The rainfall in Rajasthan and other drought-prone areas is too meagre and highly unreliable.
(iv) Areas receiving high annual rainfall experience considerable fluctuations. It makes them vulnerable to both droughts and floods.
(v) Drought is a common phenomenon in the low rainfall areas that may experience occasional floods. Both droughts and floods continue to be twin menace in Indian agriculture.

Answer 20.
Watershed Management: It basically refers to efficient management and conservation of surface and groundwater resources.
Features of watershed management:
(i) It involves prevention of runoff and storage and recharge of groundwater through various methods – percolation tanks, recharge wells.
(ii) It includes conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources—natural (like land, water, plants and animals) and human within a watershed.
(iii) It aims at bringing about balance between natural resources on the one hand and society on the other. .
(iv) It not only conserves the entire ecosystem of an area but also empowers the people by making them socially and economically self reliant as it has community participation as its vital component.

Answer 21.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 21

Answer 22.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 22

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