These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7

Board CBSE
Class XII
Subject Geography
Sample Paper Set Paper 7
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 7 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Geography is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions:

  • There are 22 questions in all.
  • All questions are compulsory.
  • Question numbers 1-7 are very short answer questions carrying 1 mark each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 40 words.
  • Question numbers 8-13 are short answer questions carrying 3 marks each. Out of which one question is a value based question. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 80-100 words.
  • Question numbers 14-20 are long answer questions carrying 5 marks each. Answer to each of these questions should not exceed 150 words.
  • Question numbers 21 and 22 are related to identification or locating and labeling of geographical features on maps carrying 5 marks each.
  • Outline maps of the World and India provided to you must be attached within your answer book.
  • Use of templates or stencils for drawing outline maps is allowed.


Question 1.
What is the basic goal of development?

Question 2.
Which country has the lowest sex ratio in the world?

Question 3.
Name two activities on which the earliest human beings were dependent for their sustenance.

Question 4.
Name the navigational canal that serves as a gateway of Commerce for both the continents of Asia and Europe.

Question 5.
Name any two states of India where Green Revolution strategy of agricultural development has largely been successful.

Question 6.
Which port is confronted with the problem of silt accumulation in the Hugh River?

Question 7.
Which plant was located on the basis of proximity to raw materials?

Question 8.
Explain any three characteristics of collective farming in the world.

Question 9.
Describe the main features of Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia.

Question 10.
Jute is a fibre crop grown in India. Discuss.

Question 11.
Study the following map carefully and answer the questions that follows.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 11
(i) Name the state in which this steel plant is located.
(ii) Name one source each of coal and iron-ore for this plant.
(iii) Mention the source of water for this plant.

Question 12.
Define the term ‘Cio-energy’. Mention any four points of significance of Bio-energy.

Question 13.
In the rural areas, male selective out-migration leaving their wives behind puts extra physical as well mental pressure on the women. By which human values such social problems can be minimised or resolved?

Question 14.
Discuss the important characteristics of the economic activities of hunting and gathering practised in the world.

Question 15.
What is the importance of dairy farming? Why is it mainly practised near urban and industrial centres of the world? Explain.

Question 16.
Name any two countries through which river Rhine flows. Mention two cities between which this river is navigable. Explain the economic significance of River Rhine.

Question 17.
Explain the five types of urban settlements of the world classified on the basis of size, functions and services available.

Question 18.
What do you understand by non-metallic minerals? Discuss mica as non-metallic minerals. In which areas of India it is produced?

Question 19.
There are various factors and conditions responsible for having different types of rural settlements in India. Explain with examples.

Question 20.
“Inspite of numerous rivers in India, inland water ways are poorly developed.” Discuss its causes

Question 21.
Identify the five geographical features shown on the given political outline map of the world as A, B, C, D and E and write their correct names on the lines marked near them with the help of the following information.
(A) A mega city
(B) An International Airport
(C) A major seaport
(D Largest country of the continent
(E) An area having highest density of population

Question 22.
Locate and label the following five features with appropriate symbols on the given political outline map of India.
(i) An oil refinery situated in Andhra Pradesh.
(ii) An International airport of Gujarat.
(iii) The leading producer state of Jowar


Answer 1.
The basic goal of development is to create conditions where people can live meaningful lives.

Answer 2.
United Arab Emirates.

Answer 3.
Hunting and Gathering.

Answer 4.
Suez Canal.

Answer 5.
Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Answer 6.

Answer 7.
Rourkela Steel Plant

Answer 8.
(i) Collective farming was introduced in erstwhile Soviet Union to improve upon the inefficiency of the previous methods of agriculture and to boost agricultural production for self sufficiency.
(ii) The farmers used-to pool in all their resources like land, livestock and labour. They were allowed to retain very small plots to grow crops in order to meet their daily requirements.
(iii) Yearly targets were set by the government and the produce was sold to the state at fixed prices. Produce in excess of the fixed amount was distributed among the members or sold in the market.

Answer 9.
(i) Adis Ababa is a new city which was established in 1878. The whole city is located on a hill-valley topography. Its road pattern bears the influence of the local topography. The roads radiate from the govt headquarter Piazza, Arat, and Amist Kilo roundabouts.
(ii) Mercato has markets which grew with time and is supposed to be the largest market between Cairo and Johannesburg.
(iii) A multi-faculty university, a medical college, a number of good schools make Addis Ababa, an educational centre. It is a terminal station for Djibouti-Adis Ababa rail route. Bole airport is a relatively new airport.

Answer 10.
(i) Jute is used for making coarse cloth, bags, sacks and decorative items. It is a cash crop in West Bengal and adjoining eastern parts of the country.
(ii) India lost large jute growing areas to East Pakistan during partition. India produces about three fifth of jute production of the world. West Bengal accounts for about three fourth of the production in the country.
(iii) Bihar and Assam are other jute growing areas. Being concentrated in few states it accounts for only about 0.5 percent of total cropped area in the country.

Answer 11.
(i) Chhatisgarh
(ii) Coal comes from-Korba and Iron ore- from Dalli-Rajhara.
(iii) Water comes from ‘Tanduladam’.

Answer 12.
(a) Bio-energy refers to energy derived from biological products which includes agricultural It residues.
(b) (i) Bio-energy is a potential source of energy conversion.
(ii) It can be converted into electrical energy, heat energy or gas for cooking.
(iii) It will also process the waste and garbage and produce energy.
(iv) It will improve economic life of rural areas in developing countries; reduce environmental pollution, enhance self-reliance and reduce pressure on fuel wood.

Answer 13.
(i) Social Awakening.
(ii) Respect and equality.
(iii) Women empowerment.

Answer 14.
(i) The earliest human beings depended on their immediate environment for their sustenance.
They subsisted on animals which they hunted and the edible plants which they gathered ‘ from forests in the vicinity.
(ii) Primitive societies depended on wild animals. People located in very cold and extremely hot climates survived on hunting.
(iii) The early hunters used primitive tools made of stones, twigs or arrow, the number of animals killed was limited.
(iv) Gathering is practised in regions with harsh climatic condition. It involves primitive : societies. They exploit both plants and animals to satisfy their needs for food, shelter and clothing.
(v) Such activity requires a small amount of capital investment and operates at very low level k of technology. The yield per person is very low and little or no surplus is produced.

Answer 15.
(a) Dairy farming is capital intensive. It is the most developed form of keeping milch animals. It provides milk, butter, cheese etc.
(b) (i) It is practised near the markets-urban areas and industrial centres.
(ii) They provide neighbourhood market for fresh milk and others dairy products.
(iii) Urban centres provide its transportation facility to send another parts where they are in need in very less time.
(iv) In urban or near urban, refrigeration, pasteurisation and other preservation process have increased the duration of storage of various diary products.

Answer 16.
(a) The Rhine flows through Germany and the Netherlands.
(b) River Rhine is navigable for 700 km from Rotterdam to Basel.
(c) (i) It flows through a rich coal field and the whole basin has become a prosperous manufacturing area.
(ii) Dusseldorf is the Rhine port for this region. Huge tonnage moves along the stretch south of Ruhr. This water way is the world’s most heavily used.
(iii) It connects the industrial areas of Switzerland, Germany, France, Belgium and Netherlands with the North Atlantic Sea Route.

Answer 17.
(i) Administrative Towns: Such towns are the national capitals; house the administrative offices of central governments, as-Canberra, New Delhi.
(ii) Industrial Towns: Towns which are rich in industries are known as industrial towns- Pittsburg, Jamshedpur, Kanpur.
(iii) Commercial Towns: The towns which are famous for their commercialised activities worldwide are Mumbai, London, Singapore, Shanghai.
(iv) Transport Towns: The towns which are the major centres of transport facilities that to be provided all around. Singapore, Baghdad, Cairo, New York.
(v) Cultural Towns: Places of pilgrimage, such as Jerusalem, Mecca, Jagannath Puri, and Varanasi are considered cultural towns. These centres are of great religious importance.

Answer 18.
(a) Non-metallic minerals are either organic in origin such as fossil fuels also known as mineral fuels, which are derived from the buried animal and plant life as coal and petroleum. Mica, limestone and graphite, they are inorganic metallic minerals in origin.
(b) (i) Mica is mainly used in the electrical and electronic industries. It can be split into a
very thin sheets which are tough and flexible.
(c) (i) High quality mica is obtained in Jharkhand, which is in a belt extending over a distance
about 150 km in length and about 22 km in width in lower Hazaribagh plateau.
(ii) Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh produces the best quality mica. In Rajasthan its belt extends for about 320 kms from Jaipur to Bhilwara and around Udaipur.
(iii) Mica deposits also occur in Mysore and Hasan districts of Karnataka. In Tamil Nadu- Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai and Kanyakumari are the main areas where mica is found.
Other than these areas, others are Alleppy in Kerala, Ratnagiri in Maharashtra, Purulia and Bankura in West Bengal.

Answer 19.
(a) Physical Features:
(i) Nature of Terrain
(ii) Altitude,
(iii) climate
(iv) Availability of water
(b) Cultural and Ethnic factors:
(i) Social structure,
(ii) Caste and religion
(c) Security factors: Defence against thefts and robberies.

Answer 20.
(i) Seasonal fluctuations in the volume of water level of most rivers.
(ii) Higher silting in the rivers is a threatening problem.
(iii) Make the reduction in water level due to diversion of water through canals etc for irrigation.
(iv) Lack of mechanised vessels and undulating topography.
(v) A great competition of roads, railways in the regards of convenience, to be provided the passengers as well as traders.

Answer 21.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 21a

Answer 22.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 1 22a

We hope the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7 help you. If you have any query regarding CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Geography Paper 7, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.