These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 1.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 1
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 1 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 -16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant’ test items.
PART – A
Write any two strategies that were opted to increase agricultural production from the 6th century BCE onwards.
Mention any two practices related with the Chisti Silsila of the Sufis.
Write any two difficulties faced by the Census Commissioners in collecting the data.
PART – B
Section – I
Discuss the socio-economic differences in Harappan society that archaeological finds seem to suggest.
Elaborate the matters that should be kept in mind by the historian while handling the inscriptional sources.
The Mahabharata is a good source to study contemporary social attitudes. Discuss.
Describe the main features of temple architecture in early India.
Who were Nayakas and Amara Nayakas? Discuss their roles in the administration of Vijaynagar Empire.
How the Mughal emperor’s court procedures reflected his status and power?
Section – II
Value based questions
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
Women were allowed to retain the gifts they received on the occasion of their marriage as Stridhan. This could be inherited by their child without the husband having any claim on it. Given customs are being followed till date since ancient time. What values are being maintained and honoured in the society?
PART – C
Answer all the questions given below:
“Rumours circulate only when they resonate with the deep fears and suspicion of the people”. How was this statement true in the context of the revolt of 1857?
What were the proposals of the Cabinet Mission in 1946? Why did the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League ultimately reject it?
Explain why the Zamindars were central to agrarian relations in the Mughal period.
Discuss the role of the royal centre played in the social and political life of Vijaynagar.
Explain the changes that occurred in the social life of the new cities under colonial rule.
How did the arrival of Gandhiji strengthen the base of the Indian national movement? Discuss.
PART – D
Sourse Based Questions
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
Prabhavati Gupta and the village of Danguna
This is what Prabhavati Gupa states in her inscription: Prabhavati Gupta … commands the gramakutumbinas (householders/peasants living in the village), Brahmanas and others living in the village of Danguna…
“Be it known to you that on the twelfth (lunar day) of the bright (fortnight) of kartika, we have, . in order to increase out religious merit donated this village with the pouring out of water, to the Acharya (teacher) Chanalasvamin … you should obey all (his) commands …
We confer on (him) the following exemptions typical of an agrahara… (this village is) not to be entered by soldiers and policemen; (it is) exempt from (the obligation to provide) grass, (animal) hides as seats, and charcoal (to touring royal officers); exempt from (the royal prerogative of) purchasing fermenting liquors and digging (salt); exempt from (the right to) mines and khadira trees; exempt from (the obligation to supply) flowers and milk; (it is donated) together with (the right to) hidden treasures and deposits (and) together with major and minor taxes …”
This charter has been written in thirteenth (regal) year. (It has been) engraved by Chakradasa.
(i) Why does Prabhavati want to donate the land? Who is the reciever of the land?
(ii) What were the exemptions conferred on a typical agrahara land?
(iii) Mention the significance of this source. Give any three points.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follows.
‘The Pilgrimage of the Mughal Princess Jahanara 1643’
The following is an excerpt from Jahanara’s biography of Shaikh Muinuddin Chishti, titled Munis al Arwah (The Confident of Spirits):
After praising the one God… this lowly faqira (humble soul) Jahanara… went from the capital Agra in the company of her great father (Emperor Shah Jahan) towards the pure region of incomparable Ajmer … I was committed to this idea, that every day in every station I would perform two cycles of optional prayer…
For several days… I did not sleep on a leopard skin at night, I did not extend my feet in the direction of the blessed sanctuary of the revered saving master, and I did not turn my back towards him. I passed the days beneath the trees.
On Thursday, the fourth of the blessed month of Ramzan, I attained the happiness of pilgrimage to the illuminated and the perfumed tomb… With an hour of daylight remaining, I went to the holy sanctuary and rubbed my pale face with the dust of that threshold. From the doorway to the blessed tomb I went barefoot, kissing the around. Having entered the dome, I went around the light-filled tomb of my master seven times … Finally, with my own hand I put the finest quality of itar on the perfumed tomb of the revered one, and having taken off the rose scarf that I had on my head, I placed it on the top of the blessed tomb…
(i) Why did the Dargah attract a lot of devotees?
(ii) How does Jahanara show her devotion to the Shaikh?
(iii) What other activities were part of the Zyarat?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
A small basket of grapes
This is what Khushdeva Singh writes about his experience during one of his visits to Karachi in 1949: My friends took me to a room at the airport where we all sat down and talked… (and) had lunch together. I had to travel from Karachi to London… at 2.30 a.m…. At 5.00 p.m. had given me so generously of their time, I thought it would be too much for them to wait the whole night and suggested, they must spare themselves the trouble. But nobody left until it was dinner time … Then they said they were leaving and that I must have a little rest before enplanning…. I got up at about 1.45 a.m. and, when I opened the door, I saw that all of them were still there … They all accompanied me to the plane, and, before parting, presented me with a small basket of grapes. I had no words to express my gratitude for the overwhelming affection with which I was treated and the happiness this stopover had given me.
(i) How did Khushdeva Singh’s friends show their affection during his visit to Karachi?
(ii) How was Khushdeva Singh seen as a symbol of humanity and harmony?
(iii) How does oral history help historians to reconstruct events of recent past-two points?
PART – E
17.1 .On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols.
(a) Lothal (b) Bijapur
17.2. On the same outline map of India, there centres related to Asokan inscription have marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) Shift to plough agriculture that spread in fertile alluvial river valleys-the Ganga and the Kaveri from 6th century BCE.
(ii) The iron-tipped ploughshare was used to turn the alluvial soil which had high rainfall, improved irrigation facilities.
(i) Setting up of the Khangahs. Appointment of Spiritual successor to spread their practices.
(ii) Inclusion of local traditions, such as bowing before the Sheikh, offering water to the visitors.
(i) Evasive answers of the people.
(ii) Unwillingness of the upper caste to give any information regarding women of their household.
(i) The variation in the burial pits in terms of space may suggest social differences.
(ii) Some graves contain ornament and pottery.
(i) Some artefacts were utilitarian and daily use objects made of ordinary materials like stone or clay.
(ii) There were some luxury items made of rare, non-local materials and made with complicated technology.
(i) Language used in the inscriptions (a) deciphering the script (b) Whether the language used is close to present day language or not.
(ii) The titles used by a particular ruler like Ashoka matched in term of content, style language and paleography.
(iii) Whether the statements made in inscriptions to judge whether they are true, plausible.
(iv) Whenever interpreting the inscriptions the historians should ensure the intended meaning of the author of the inscription is not changed. They add words within brackets. They must not view at face value only.
(i) The Mahabharata gives a vivid description of the social attitudes of the period as it is a story of conflict over land and power between cousins.
(ii) Under patrilineal succession, the sons fought to claim resources of the father after his death was emphasized.
(iii) The incident of Yudhistra staking Draupadi in a game of dice gives an insight into the status of women in a patriarchal society.
(iv) The story of Eklavya tells about the prejudice based on caste.
(v) The Hadimba’s marriage to Bheem tells us about the marriage practices that were different from the brahmanical traditions.
(i) The early forms of temples had a small square room called the ‘Garbagrah’ that houses the image of a god or a goddess. It had a single doorway through which the worshipper could enter.
(ii) The structure of the temple changed gradually, a tall structure known as the Shikhara was built over the central shrine. They were decorated with beautiful sculptures.
(iii) The temple became more elaborate. They had assembly halls, huge walls, gateways and facilities of water supply.
(iv) Some temples were hollowed out of rocks as artificial caves where the worshippers performed their prayers.
Ans. They were the military chiefs and military commanders.
Their roles in the Vijaynagar Empire:
(i) To govern the territories given by the vayas.
(ii) To collect taxes and other dues from peasants.
(iii) To maintain horses and elephants and providing fighting force to the king.
(iv) Maintaining of temples and providing the irrigation facilities. They paid personal homage to the king and paid annual tribute to the king.
(i) The ‘Takht’ was meant to reflect the high status of the king. Canopy was a symbol of kingship.
(ii) The status of the courtiers got reflected in the proximity to the king in the court. Once the king took his position in the court, one was permitted.
(iii) Defined etiquette to be followed in the court with respect to the form of address, courtesies.
(iv) Forms of salutation to the ruler indicated the person’s status in the court. Protocols set for foreign ambassadors.
(i) Respect to women power
(iv) Honour to traditions
(i) Rumours circulate only when they resonate with the deep fears and suspicion of the people. Deep fears aroused by the British policies.
(ii) Lord William Bentinck’s policy of reforming Indian society by introducing western education.
(iii) Abolition of customs like sati and permit widow remarriage.
(iv) Refusal to recognize adoption.
(v) British system of administration was introduced-their own laws and revenue collection, etc.
(vi) Role of the Christian missionaries increased.
(vii) The greased cartridges were introduced.
(viii) The Khalasi reportedly retorted that the sepoy will soon lose his caste using greased cartridge.
There would be a federal system that would keep India together while allowing the provinces a degree of autonomy.
(i) Initially all the major parties accepted this plan. But later different political groups had mutually opposed interpretations of the plan.
(ii) The Congress did not want the grouping to be compulsory.
(iii) They wanted that the provinces be given the right to join a group.
(iv) The Muslim League wanted the grouping to be compulsory and having the right to secede from the union.
(v) Neither the Congress nor the League agreed to the proposals.
(vi) Congress was not agreed with the Cabinet Mission’s clarification that though the grouping would be compulsory at first. The province would have the right to secede after the constitution had been finalised and election held.
(vii) Hence, both parties rejected the Cabinet Mission’s proposals making partition inevitable.
(i) The Zamindar were landed proprietors and also enjoyed certain special and economic privileges.
(ii) They performed certain Khidmat (Services) to the state. They held extensive personal land and got it cultivated through hired labour (Milkiyat).
(iii) Zamidars had the power to collect revenue on behalf of the state and maintained the control over military resources.
(iv) They had fortresses and armed contingent and constituted the very narrow apex in the pyramid.
(v) They had reciprocal relations with the peasants.
(vi) They got support of the peasantry in their struggle against the state.
(vii) There were lineage based zamindars, colonial agricultural lands.
(viii) Zamindars belonged to the upper caste generally. They were an exploitative class.
Role played by the ‘Royal Centre’:
(i) There were over 60 temples in the ‘Royal Centre’.
(ii) The kings patronized temple building to establish and legitimize their authority by associating with divinity.
(iii) Thirty (30) palace complexes in the ‘Royal Centre’.
(iv) Mahanavami and the royal ceremonies performed here.
(v) Lotus Mahal or the council chamber.
(vi) Hazara Rama temple-the temple for the royalty.
(vii) The scenes of the Mahabharta were depicted on the walls of the roofs of the temples, (viii) The royal place of worship was used by the king and family.
(i) Development of new means of transport resulted in a new kind of experience.
(ii) Creation of public space, public parks, theatres
(iii) They provided new forms of entertainment.
(iv) Rise of middle classes.
(v) People started questioning against the social customs, traditions and norms.
(vi) Change in the status of women.
(vii) New opportunities were opened for them.
(viii) Increasing number of labour and poor workers shifted to the cities for betterment.
(i) Gandhiji as common people’s leader, the movement of professionals and intellectuals, peasants, workers and artisans took part.
(ii) He recognised himself with the common man. He dressed like them, lived like them.
(iii) He opposed untouchability and the degrading treatment of dalits. He took up the cause of the peasants.
(iv) Gandhiji brought changes in the Congress organization-New branches and Prajamandal.
(v) He encouraged the use of local language for communication for common people.
(vi) On his call prosperous industrialists involved in the struggle.
(vii) Highly talented Indians offered themselves to Gandhiji for the service of nation.
(viii) He emphasized Hindu-Muslim unity. He was seen as Mahatma and he had a huge followers from all sections of people all over the nation.
(i) To increase her religious merit. Acharya is the receiver of the land.
(ii) The land was exempted from providing grass, animal hide as seats, charcoal, exempt from purchasing fermenting liquors and digging etc.
(iii) (a) Prabhavati had access to resources such as land which she then granted.
(b) They would have to obey the new lord of the village and give him all the dues.
(c) Exemptions given in the agrahara grant can be inferred.
(i) The dargah was very popular because of the austerity and piety of the Shaikh. People of all backgrounds would come to seek the Sufi’s spiritual grace. They were deeply enamoured of the greatness of his spiritual successors as well as patronage of the royal visitors.
(ii) Jahanara was devoted follower of Muinuddin Chisti. There were many ways through which she showed her devotion.
(a) Every day she would perform two cycles of optional prayers. She did not sleep under the comfort of her soft leopard skinned bed, she chose to sleep under the tree.
(b) During the month of Ramzan she went on a pilgrimage to his tomb.
(iii) (a) The use of music and dance including mystical chants performed by specially trained musicians on carnivals to evoke divine ecstasy.
(b) This exemplified interaction with indigenous and devotional traditions.
(i) (a) They received him at the Karachi airport, took him to a room, had lunch and dinner with him.
(b) They waited for him whole night.
(c) They presented him a small basket of grapes.
(ii) (a) As a doctor he worked day and night.
(b) He provided the rare healing touch, food, shelter, love and security to numerous migrants-Muslims Sikh, Hindu alike.
(iii) (a) It helps the historians to grasp the personal experience and memories in detail.
(b) Able to give a vivid account of actual experience of people of that time.
(2) (A) Meerut (B) Sanchi (C) Topra
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