These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 4.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 4

Board CBSE
Class XII
Subject History
Sample Paper Set Paper 4
Category CBSE Sample Papers

Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.

Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80

General Instructions

(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 -16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’and significant’ test items.


Answer all the questions given below:

Question 1:
Explain two features of Harara Ram Temple in the royal centre.

Question 2:
Write two rules of the Gotra system.

Question 3:
Mention the immediate causes of the Revolt of 1857.


Answer any five of the following questions:

Question 4:
Describe briefly the opinion of the archaeologist about the Harappan society.

Question 5:
Discuss administrative system of Maurya.

Question 6:
Describe the features of the stupa of Sanchi.

Question 7:
Write a brief account of local traditions associated with the Sacred Centre.

Question 8:
Explain the distinctive features of Mughal chronicles.

Question 9:
Why did the Deccan ryots revolt against the moneylenders (Sahukars)?

Section II

Value Based Questions

Question 10:
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.

Pilgrimage, called ziyarat to tombs of sufi saints is prevalent all over the muslim world. This practice in an occasion for seeking the sufi spiritual grace (barakat). For more than seven centuries people of various creeds, classes and social backgrounds have expressed their ) devotion at the dargahs of the five great Chishti saints. Pilgrimage is an important part of human beings of all religions.
What type of values to be flourished in human kinds by such Pilgrimages?


Answer all the questions given below:

Question 11:
Discuss the major beliefs and practices that characterized Sufism.
“The Bhakti and Sufi saints used local languages to express their ideas and become very popular”. Discuss it with examples.

Question 12:
Discuss the programmes and objectives of the non-cooperation movement. What is the importance of the movement?
Describe Gandhi’s march to Dandi.

Question 13:
Explain the economic and social life of the people as represented in the Mahabharata.
‘The Mahabharata is a good source to study social value of ancient times’. How?


Source Based Questions

Question 14:
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Rules for monks and nuns

There are some of the rules laid down in the Vinaya Pitaka: When a new felt (blanket/rug) has been made by a bhikkhu, it is to be kept for (at least) six years. If after less than six years he should have another new felt (blanket/rug) made, regardless of whether or not he has disposed of the first, then – unless he has been authorised by the bhikkhus – it is to be forfeited and confessed. In case a bhikkhu arriving at a family residence is presented with cakes or cooked grain meal, he may accept two or three bowlfuls if he so desires. If he should accept more than that, it is to be confessed. Having accepted the two or three bowlfuls and having taken them from there, he is to share them among the bhikkhus. This is the proper course here. Should any bhikkhu, having set out bedding in a lodging belonging to the sangha – or having had it set out – and then on departing neither put it away nor have it put away, or should he go without taking leave, it is to be confessed.

  1. Why did men and women join sangha? Give two reasons.
  2.  What was the Bodh sangha?
  3.  Why were these rules framed?

Question 15:
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.

The Bazaar

Paes gives a vivid description of the bazaar: Going forward, you have a broad and beautiful street… In this street live many merchants, and there you will find all sorts of rubies, and diamonds, and emeralds, and pearls, and seed-pearls, and cloths, and every other sort of thing there is on earth and that you may wish to buy. Then you have there every evening a fair where they sell many common horses and nags, and also many citrons, and limes, and oranges, and grapes, and every other kind of garden stuff, and wood; you have all in this street. More generally, he described the city as being “the best provided city in the world” with the markets “stocked with provisions such as rice, wheat, grains, India com and a certain amount of barley and beans, moong, pulses and horse-gram” all of which were cheaply and abundantly available. According to Femao Nuniz, the Vijayanagara markets were “overflowing with abundance of fruits, grapes and oranges,

  1.  What had Paes written about bazaar?
  2. Give two characteristic features of the city of Vijaynagara that mention all foreign accounts.
  3.  According to Femao Nuniz, what were the three features of the Bazaar?

Question 16:
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.

This is what Khushdeva Singh writes about his experience during one of his visits to Karachi in 1949: My friends took me to a room at the airport where we all sat down and talked… (and) had lunch together. I had to travel from Karachi to London… at 2.30 a.m…. At 5.00 p.m. had given me so generously of their time, I thought it would be too much for them to wait the ..whole night and suggested they must spare themselves the trouble. But nobody left until it was dinner time… Then they said they were leaving and that I must have a little rest before emplaning…. I got up at about 1.45 a.m. and, when I opened the door, I saw that all of them were still there … They all accompanied me to the plane, and, before parting, presented me with a small basket of grapes. I had no words to express my gratitude for the overwhelming affection with which I was treated and the happiness this stopover had given me.

  1. What do you know about Khushdeva Singh?
  2.  How did oral history help the historians to reconstruct the events of the recent past?
  3.  How did his friends treat him?

Question 17:
(17.1) On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbol.
(a) Mohenjodaro
(b) Dholavira
(17.2) On the same outline map of India three centres related to the Buddhist sites have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the line drawn near them.


Answer 1:
(i) This was probably meant to be used only by the king and his family.
(ii) The images in the central shrine are missing. However sculpted panel on the wall survive. These include scenes from the Ramayana sculpted on the inner walls of shrine.

Answer 2:
(i) Each gotra Brahmanical practice was named a vedic Seer. All those who belonged to the same gotra were regarded as his descendants.
(ii) Women were expected to give up their father’s gotra on marriage and members of the same gotra could not marry.

Answer 3:
(i) Rumours and prophesies played a part on moving people to action.
(ii) The issue of greased cartridges provided the immediate cause to the culmination of popular discontent with British policies and imperialist exploitation.

Answer 4:
(i) Found Evidence of Agricultural technology and tried to identify the tools used for harvesting.
(ii) They discovered the most unique feature of Harappan and Mohenjodaro sites’ civilization.
(iii) Found whether there was social or economic difference amongst people living within a particular culture.
(iv) They tried to find out about the craft production and make strategies for procuring materials.

Answer 5:
(i) On the basis of fragments of Megasthenes book “Indica”, the Arthashastra of Kautilya, and Asokan inscriptions we can draw the picture of Mauryan system of administration.
(ii) The Mauryas as contrasted with earlier smaller kingdoms, ruled over a empire and organized a very elaborate system of administration.
(iii) At the centre of the structure was king, who had the power to enact laws. The chief function of the king was to maintain social order.
(iv) According to Megasthenes there was a council of ministers or mantri parishad to advise the king but the power of the council seem to be limited and not binding.
(v) The highest functionaries were minister (mantrins), high priest (purohita), commander in chief (senapati) and crown prince (yuvraj).
(vi) Two keys offices in the central administration were of treasurer, responsible for the storage of the royal treasure and of the state income and the chief collector responsible for the collection of revenue from various parts of kingdom.

Answer 6:
(i) The sanchi stupa was built in the 3rd century BCE by Asoka, the great Mauryan king.
(ii) It is a semi circular dome-like structure. The gateways at four cardinal points are its most distinctive feature.
(iii) Each gateways has two square pillars connected by three horizontal and slightly curved parallel stone pillars.
(iv) Beautiful carved capitals are placed above the pillar and below the horizontal base.
(vi) The gateways contain lovely, beautifully carved panels depicting events from the life of Buddha and details from jataka stories.

Answer 7:
(i) The Sacred Centre as per archaeologists and scholars was at the rocky northern end of city on the banks of the Tungabhadra.
(ii) These hills sheltered the Monkey Kingdom of Bali and Sugriva mentioned in the Ramayana.
(iii) Other traditions suggest that Pampadevi, the local mother goddess, did penance in these hills in order to marry Virupaksha, the guardian diety of the kingdom, also recognised as form of Shiva.
(iv) This area is associated with several sacred traditions, as among these hills are found Jaina temples of pre-Vijaynagara period as well.
(v) Temple building in this region had a long history going back to dynasties such as the Pallava, Chalukyas, Hoyasalas and Cholas.

Answer 8:
Historical literature commissioned by Mughal kings, written by court historians have been termed chronicles by historians. The distinctive features of Mughal chronicles are:

  1. Akbar-Nama is considered a landmark in the historiographical tradition as it evolved a new style of writing that was ornate and which attached importance to diction and rythm as texts were often read aloud.
  2. The Akbar Nama is divided into 3 books of which 2 are chronicles. The third book is Ain-i-Akbari. The Ist volume contains the history of mankind from Adam, to one celestial cycle of Akbar’s life, beginning with the birth of Akbar.
  3.  It presents Akbar’s reign as the pinnacle of human history, the milestone of human progress.
    The 2nd volume closes at 46 regional (1601) year of Akbar.
  4. The chronicle apart from serving as continuous chronological record of events are a repository of factual information about institution of Mughal state and provide unique insight into the political, geographical administrative, social, ideological, cultural events of the time, e.g. Akbar Nama.
  5. Abul Fazal’s writing are a result of careful and exhaustive historical investigations and based on primary documents.

Answer 9:
(i) In rural India, it was traditional rule that the interest will always remain less than the principal amount. However, in some cases interest payable was more than the principal itself. In one case the interest was ? 2000 against principal amount of Rs 100.
(ii) No receipt was paid in case of payment of loan partly or fully. This opened the scope of manipulation by the money lenders.
(iii) Ryots complained about forging of documents and other fraudulent activity by the money lenders.
(iv) Ryots believed that money lenders were insensitive to them and made an arrogant and exploitative lot.

Answer 10:
Expected values:

  1.  Self reliance
  2. Peace
  3.  feeling of co-existence
  4. communal harmony

Answer 11:

  1. After the advent of Islam in the early middle ages, it saw a new movement in later part.
    The movement has had great impact and reach in the Indian subcontinent. It is called Sufi movement. The sufi saints were mystics. Their preachings included:
  2.  Sufi saints did not subscribe to the theological and rigid interpretations of religious scriptures of Islam. They believed that the interpretation have to be based on individual experiences.
  3. This way the theological interpretations became flexible. Further the control of the orthodox religious leaders got weakened. This was a people centric move.
  4. They rejected the high sounding rituals. They also emphasized on simplicity in religious traditions and rites.
  5. Sufi saints prescribed devotion to almighty as path to salvation. They even approved of singing and dancing as part of devotion.
  6.  It is notable that classical Islam has forbidden singing dancing and any music.
  7. The most important theme of sufi philosophy was that serving people is the true religion. With the objective of serving the poor people they also held langar.
  8. Today also one can go to Ajmer and can partake in the langar organised on the tomb of Nizammudin Auliya, the great Sufi saint.


  1. The Alvars and the Nayanars who head the Bhakti movement in Tamil region preached their message in Tamil.
  2. They also composed their literature in Tamil. The Nalayra Divyaprabandham of the Alvars and the Tevaram of the Nayanars were composed in Tamil.
  3.  Virashaiva movement which was led by Basavanna made use of the kannada language to spread his messages.
  4.  The use of Gujarati and Assamese language was also encouraged in Medieval period.
  5. Guru Nanak and his successor preached their message through Punjabi. In Punjab the holy book of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib was also composed in Punjabi.
  6.  The saints of Maharashtra preached their message through Marathi. The chief saints preached through Marathi were saint Jnaneswar, Saint Tukaram and Guru Ramdas.
  7.  The sufi who came to India from different comers of the world and settled here used the local languages to preach their teachings.
  8.  In Delhi, the Chishti Sufi conversed in Hindavi.

Answer 12:

(a) Programme and objectives of the movement:

  1.  It boycotted the foreign goods.
  2.  It emphasized on the goods and things manufactured in India.
  3.  Titles and honours conferred by the British government were returned.
  4. Resignation by Indian members nominated in the local institution, resigned from their post.
  5. Schools and colleges run by the British government were boycotted.
  6.  Lawyers boycotted the civil courts.
  7. The soldiers, clerks, and workers refused to render any service abroad.

(b) Importance of the non-cooperation movements

  1. Due to the non-cooperation movement Congress came in direct clash with the British government.
  2. It was for the first time in the history of India a mass movement was started across the country against the British empire.
  3. The movement gave an opportunity to Indian industries to grow and establish firmly,
  4. It speeded up Indian struggle to achieve freedom from, British empire the.


  1. Gandhiji felt that Puma Swaraj would not come on its own. It had to fight for achieving it. He was very much worried about government salt law.
  2. In 1930, he decided to break this law. According to the law, the State had a monopoly on the manufacture and sale of salt.
  3.  Mahatma Gandhi and other prominent leaders of the freedom struggle thought that it was sinful to tax salt because it is an essential item of our food. Both the rich and the poor needed it equally.
  4.  Gandhiji felt that his salt march would become popular and would represent the general desire of freedom to a specific grievance shared by all.
  5. On 6 April, 1930 Gandhiji along with his followers marched for over 240 miles from Sabarmati to the coastal town of Dandi.
  6. They broke the government law by gathering natural salt found on the sea shore, and boiling sea water to produce salt.
  7. A large number of people including women participated in this historic march. The government tried to crush the movement through brutal action against peaceful Satyagrahis.
  8. Thousands were arrested and sent to jail. But the movement played a significant role in achieving freedom of India.

Answer 13:
Economic life:

  1. Land was very fertile, hence agriculture was the main occupation of the people. It is believed that even the king used to plough the land.
  2. Beside agriculture, animal rearing was the main occupation of the people.
  3.  Trade also flourished during the age. It was controlled by trading guilds, who were given many facilities by the state.
  4. People also practiced other occupations like carpenter, jewellers, potter, ironsmith, craftsmen, etc.

Social life:

  1. At this time society was divided into four vamas. These vamas were the Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. Among them Brahmans occupied the highest rank in society.
  2. Women occupied the respectable position. They have the right to choose their husbands. The royal princesses chose their husbands through swayamber.
  3.  Mahabharata was the age of bravery. Dying in the battle field was considered as a symbol of prestige. Protection of the weaker section was also considered important.


  1. It provides us valuable description of social values prevailing in the society at that time.
  2. Rules regarding patriliny successions were followed.
  3.  It throws light on the caste system and interrelation of various caste groups prevalent in the society.
  4. It is quite evident that society was patriarchal in nature.
  5. Kanyadan was considered as an important religious duty of the fathers.
  6. Different types of marriages were practiced in the society.
  7.  It also throws light on the different vama and different professions practiced by the people. (viii) The elder male member of the society was more dominating.
  8.  It also throws lights on the two contrasting social norms in the relationship between Pandavas and their mother and relation of Kauravas with their mother.

Answer 14:
(i) (a) They wanted to live a simple and disciplined life in sangha.
(b) They wanted to remain away from wordly pleasure.

(ii) (a) Bodh sangha was an organisation of monks, who served as teachers of Dhamma.
(b) They lived a simple life and possessed only those essential goods which were required in daily routine life.

(iii) (a) To make them conform to a simple life possessing only essential prerequisites for survival.
(b) avoid self indulgence
(c) Inculcate moderation in all aspects from food to clothing
(d) Inculcate discipline, respect for rules and develop a sense of sharing, fellow feeling and equality.

Answer 15:
(i) He had written
(a) Everything available on the earth can be bought here.
(b) There are a large number of merchants who made transaction of things.

(ii) (a) The universe efforts that the rulers made to store water and conduct it to the city.
(b) The well irrigated field and watered gardens, despite Vijayanagara being one of the most arid zones of the peninsula.

(iii) According to him
(a) Things available in bazaars were very cheap.
(b) The Bazaars were flooded with fruits.
(c) Every kind of meat was available in abundance.

Answer 16:
(i) (a) He was a doctor and specialist in the treatment of typhoid.
(b) When India was partitioned, he was posted at Dharampur in Himachal Pradesh.

(ii) (a) It provided variety of examples of written descriptions.
(b) It provides valuable materials to the historians for the reconstruction of the past.

(iii) (a) During his visit to Karachi his friends stayed with him at the place where he (Khushdeva Singh) was put up.
(b) They all remained with him until he stayed there.
(c) Before departing to India, he was offered a basket of grapes as a symbol of their love.

Answer 17:
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 1 img 4
(2) (A) Amaravati (B) Sanchi (C) Nasik

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