These Sample papers are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 5.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 History Paper 5
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Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 History is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 80
(i) Answer all the questions. Some questions have internal choice. Marks are indicated against each question.
(ii) Answer to question nos 1 to 3 carrying 2 marks should not exceed 30 words each.
(iii) Answer to question nos. 4 to 9 carrying 4 marks should not exceed 100 words. Students should attempt only 5 questions in this section.
(iv) Question 10 (for 4 marks) is a value based question and compulsory question.
(v) Answer to question nos 11 to 13 carrying 8 marks should not exceed 350 words.
(vi) Questions 14 -16 are source based questions and have no internal choice.
(vii) Question 17 is a map question includes ‘identification’ and significant test items.
Answer all the questions given below:
Mention two important characteristics of the Harappan script.
Whose books did Al-Biruni translate into Arabic and Sanskrit?
State two features of Ricardian ideas.
Answer any five of the following questions:
What means were used by Asoka to maintain control over the diverse empire?
Who were regarded as beyond the four vamas?
Why is Ibn Batuta known as globe trotter? Discuss.
Discuss the responsible factors for the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire.
What steps did the British take to quell the uprising?
What was the role of introduction of railway in 1853 in the process of urbanisation?
Value Based Question
Read the following passage and answer the question that follow.
“Mahabharata describes a feud over land and power between two groups of cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas who belonged to a single ruling family, that of the Kurus, a lineage dominating one of the janapadas. Ultimately, the conflict ended in a battle in which the Pandavas emerged victorious. Many conflicts and wars took place in the history of the world with different purposes. The Mahabharta, a furious battle took place between two groups of cousins over land and power. Mention the values by which the battle could be stopped or ignored.
Answer all the questions given below.
Evaluate the trade relations of the Harappans with West Asia.
Why did Amaravati stupa not survive?
Mention the similarities between sufism and bhakti movements.
How was the ideal of Sulh-i-kul implemented?
Why did the colonial rulers develop hill stations? Explain.
Elaborate the causes that led to the non-cooperation movement.
Source Based Questions
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
In Praise of Samudragupta
This is an excerpt from the Prayaga Prashasti: He was without an antagonist on earth; he, by the overflowing of the multitude of (his) many good qualities adorned by hundreds of good actions, has wiped off the fame of other kings with the soles of (his) feet; (he is) Purusha (the Supreme Being), being the cause of the prosperity of the good and the destruction of the bad (he is) incomprehensible; (he is) one whose tender heart can be captured only by devotion and humility; (he is) possessed of compassion; (he is) the giver of many hundred-thousands of cows; (his) mind has received ceremonial initiation for the uplift of the miserable, the poor, the forlorn and the suffering; (he is) resplendent and embodied kindness to mankind; (he is) equal to (the gods) Kubera (the god of wealth), Varuna (the god of the ocean), Indra (the god * of rains) and Yama (the god of death)…
- What is a Prashasti? Who wrote the above Prashasti?
- Why did rulers identify themselves with a variety of deities?
- Mention the sources for studying about the Guptas.
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Declining a royal gift
This excerpt from a sufi text describes the proceedings at Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya’s hospice in 1313:1 (the author, Amir Hasan Sijzi) had the good fortune of kissing his (Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya’s) feet… At this time a local ruler had sent him the deed of ownership to two gardens and much land, along with the provisions and tools for their maintenance. The ruler had also made it clear that he was relinquishing all his rights to both the gardens and land. The master … had not accepted that gift. Instead, he had lamented: “What have I to do with gardens and fields and lands? … None of… our spiritual masters had engaged in such activity.” Then he told an appropriate story: “… Sultan Ghiyasuddin, who at that time was still known as Ulugh Khan, came to visit Shaikh Fariduddin (and) offered some money and ownership deeds for four villages to the Shaikh, the money being for the benefit of the dervishes (sufis), and the land for his use. Smiling, Shaikh al Islam (Fariduddin) said: ‘Give me the money. I will dispense it to the dervishes. But as for those land deeds, keep them. There are many who long for them. Give them away to such persons.’”
- What does it reflect about sufi traditions?
- Mention two contributions of Sufism.
- Where is Sheikh Nizamuddin’s dargah located and which order did he belong to? What is Silsila?
Read the following excerpt carefully and answer the questions that follow.
A ryot petition
This is an example of a petition from a ryot of the village of Mirajgaon. Taluka Kaijat, to the Collector, Ahmednagar, Deccan Riots Commission:
The sowkars (sahukars)… have of late begun to oppress us. As we cannot earn enough to defray our household expenses, we are actually forced to beg of them to provide us with money, clothes and grain, which we obtain from them not without great difficulty, nor without their compelling us to enter into hard conditions in the bond. Moreover the necessary clothes and grain are not sold to us at cash rates. The prices asked from us are generally twenty-five or fifty per cent more than demanded from customers making ready money payments… The produce of our fields is also taken by the sowkars, who at the time of removing it assure us that it will be credited to our account, but they do not actually make any mention of it in the accounts. They also refuse to pass us any receipts for the produce so removed by them.
- Why were the ryots not given loans by ‘Sahukars’?
- Mention the difficulties the ryots had to face for getting loans from the Sahukars.
- Why were the ryots unable to pay the inflated demand?
17.1 On the given outline map of India, locate and label the following with appropriate symbols
(a) Mathura (b) Ujjain
17.2 On the same outline map of India three centres related to the main centres of Indian
National Movement have been marked as A, B and C. Identify them and write their correct names on the lines drawn near them.
(i) It was not alphabetical but pictographic (had between 375 and 400 signs) script was written from left to right.
(ii) Despite constant efforts has not been deciphered to date.
(i) Al-Biruni translated Patanjali’s work on Sanskrit Grammar into Arabic.
(ii) He also translated Euclids (a greek Mathematicians book) into Sanskrit.
(i) Landowner had only claim to average rent and state needed to tax the surplus.
(ii) If surplus of landowner was not taxed, landowners were unlikely to invest in improvement of the land, but were likely to turn into rentiers.
(i) Communication along both land and riverine routes vital for the empire, were well maintained as journey from centre to the provinces could take weeks and were difficult.
(ii) A large standing army was maintained to ensure provisions and protection of those who were on the move.
(iii) Megasthenes mentioned, a committee of 30, with 6 sub-committees of 5 members each, for co-ordinating military activity.
(iv) Asoka set a very high ideal and this was the ideal of paternal kingship. He also tried to hold his empire by propagating dhamma, through special officers known as Dhamma Mahamattas. He abandoned the policy of physical occupation-bherigosha in favour of policy of cultural conquest i.e. dhammaghosha.
(i) The Brahmanas regarded the social category of untouchables as beyond and outside the system. This notion was based on certain activities performed by people as ‘polluting’ – handling of corpses and dead animals.
(ii) People who performed such tasks, were known as Chandalas. Untouchables are placed at the very bottom of the hierarchy. Their touch and shadow was regarded as polluting.
(iii) The duties of the Chandalas were laid down by the Manusmriti. They were to live outside the village, use discarded utensils and clothes and use only iron ornaments.
(iv) Chandalas were not allowed for walking in villages and cities at night. To know the lives of “Chandalas’ and their attitude to the life of degradation prescribed by Shastras, historians rely on non-Brahmanical texts.
(i) Ibn Batuta is known as globe trotter because he travelled for 30 years after his setting off from his town Tangier, Morocco. Experience gained through travels are more important and reliable source of knowledge than books.
(ii) His travel itinerary included pilgrimage trips to Mecca, extensive travels in Syria, Iraq, Persia, Yemen, Oman and a few trading ports on the coast of East Africa before he set off for India in 1332-33.
(iii) Ibn Batuta travelled to India through Central Asia reached Sind in 1333, and passing through Multan and Ulch set off for Delhi. Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq appointed him as Qazi of Delhi which he held for many years.
(iv) He proceeded to China in 1342. Before it, he travelled to Malabar coast, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Bengal, Assam, Sumatra. He travelled extensively in China. He came back in 1354. He was compared with Marco Polo.
(i) After the death of Krishnadeva Raya in 1526, strains began to show within imperial structure. Claimants to power included members of the ruling lineage as well as military commanders. Military nayaks troubled his successors.
(ii) By 1542 control at the centre shifted to the ruling lineage Aravidu that remained in power till the end of the 17th century.
(iii) Sadashiv Ray ascended the throne in 1543 but the real power lay in the hands of a triumvirate in which the leading person was Rama Raja. He tried to play off the various Muslim powers against one another in order to maintain balance of power favourable to Vijayanagara.
(iv) Ahmadnagar, Bijapur, Golconda armies combined to inflict and crushing defeat on the armies of Vijayanagra led by Ram Raja at Talikota.
(v) The battle of Talikota marked the end of the great age of Vijayanagara. All victorious armies sacked the city and the city was eventually abandoned.
(i) The British had a tough time putting down the uprising. The suppression of the uprising was accomplished by a two prolonged approach of military strategy and the submission ofTalukdars.
(ii) Enactment of a series of Acts in May and June 1857 that empowered them to put North India under martial law and gave officers and even ordinary British, power to try and punish Indians suspected of rebellion.
(iii) Military attack was mounted on Delhi as it had a symbolic value. One force moved from north of Calcutta and other from Punjab. Despite great losses on both sides Delhi was recovered in late September 1857.
(iv) Apart from use of military power on a gigantic scale, the British broke the United resistance of big landholders and peasants by promising to give back big landholders their estates.
(v) Another strategy was rewarding the loyal landholders and taking action against rebel landholders by dispossessing them. Thereby breaking up the unity of the landholders and also the peasants.
(i) The railway was introduced in 1853 in India. It brought changes in the fortunes of towns.
Centres of economic activities were shifted away from traditional towns as these towns were situated along old routes and rivers.
(ii) Railway stations became the centres of collection of raw material and distribution point for imported goods.
(iii) Mirzapur was the main collection centre of cotton and cotton goods from Deccan, on the bank of the Ganga. This declined when a railway link was started to Bombay.
(iv) Railway workshops and colonies of its employees were established with the expansion of the railway network. Many railway towns such as Waltair, Bareiley etc. were developed.
- Fraternity and Modesty
- Self Control and Coordination
- Harappans had trade relations with West Asia, Oman, Mesopotamia and Afghanistan.
Many objects of Harappan culture like beads, seals, a monkey on a pin have been recovered in Mesopotamia.
- Sumerian articles like model ram and small pottery ring have been found in India.
- Meluhha and Magan are identified with the Harappan region. Meluhha was referred to land of seafarers.
- Mesopotamian texts mention two intermediary trading centres, Dilmun (Today Bahrein) Meluhha and Magan (Oman) where goods were exchanged.
- Depictions of ships and boats on seals, scholars state, are indicative of trade relations.
- Archaeological sources indicate that Harappans brought copper from Oman, chemical analysis show Omani copper and Harappan artefacts have traces of nickel.
- A large Harappan Jar has been found at Omani sites, the contents of which were exchanged for Omani copper.
- Mesopotamian texts refer to copper coming from Magan and copper found at Mesopotamian sites also has traces of nickel.
- Amravati was discovered as early as 1796, before scholars understood the value of finds and realised how critical it was to preserve finds ‘in situ’.
- The local raja who stumbled on the finds used the stone to build a temple. Due to his ignorance he mistook the mound of the stupa to be a sight of buried treasure.
- Walter Elliot, the Commissioner of Guntur collected several sculptured panels and took them away to Madras. These were called Elliot marbles.
- By 1850s some of the slabs of Amravati adorned gardens of British officials, London office, Asiatic Society of Bengal at Calcutta and India office in Madras.
- New officers plundered the sculptures on the plea that other officials had done the same.
- Amravati was discovered before Sanchi. It did not survive because it fell prey to the ravages of men, who did not understand the real
value of the find.
- They were mere pieces of art, beautiful and worth possessing, unaware of its history, and sanctity.
- Today, it stands bereft of its former glory, just as an insignificant mound.
- The important belief in the need to unite with God was common to both as was stress on love as the basis of relationship with God. Each movement gained from the other.
- They were sternly opposed to prejudice on the basis of caste, religion and divisions.
- They believed also that the acceptance of a guru or pir at least in the initial stages was necessary.
- They represented a collective introspection and soul searching by a society causing a metamorphosis in some of its biases and assumptions.
- In their stress an egalitarianism and brotherhood and valorisation of devotional love.
- They became vehicles for mutual tolerance, understanding and goodwill.
- It was apart from spread of regional language, literature, music and Indo-Islamic architecture.
- The ideal of Sulhi-i-kul was implemented through state policies. Under the Mughals positions and awards were given purely on the basis of service and loyalty to the king.
- The nobility was a composite one comprising Iranis, Turanis, Afghans, Rajputs and Deccans.
- Akbar abolished taxes based on religious discrimination. The tax on pilgrimage was abolished in 1563 and tax on Jizya in 1564.
- Instructions were sent to officers of the empire to follow the precepts of Sulhi-i-kul in administration.
- Mughal emperors gave grants to support the building and maintenance of worship places.
- As temples were destroyed during war, it was known from the reigns of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb that Grants were issued for their repair work.
- During the reign of Aurangzeb, Jizya was re-imposed on non-Muslim subjects.
- The philosophy of Sulh-i-kul attempted to bridge the gap between the divine and temporal authority. The emperor became a representation of the whole universe and a symbol of pure spiritual wisdom.
- The initial reason for founding and settling hill stations was military. They wanted to serve as a new type of cantonments in the hill.
- Hill stations became strategic places for billeting troops, guarding frontier and beginning campaigns against enemy rulers. Simla was founded during Gurkha War (1815) and Mount Abu – as a result of Anglo-Maratha War (1818).
- The hill stations served as sanatoriums places, where soldiers could recoup from illness and revitalise their energies.
- The climate of hill stations approximated the cold climates of Europe. They became more attractive and alternate destinations for the Britishers during summer months.
- The Viceroy John Lawrence officially moved his council to Simla. It became the summer capital of the British and official residence of the commander-in-chief of the Indian army.
- The suitable climate enabled the British and other Europeans to recreate settlements that were reminiscent of house-buildings in European style, detached villas, cottages amidst gardens, churches, etc.
- Entertainment activities like social calls, teas, picnics, fetes came to be shaped by British cultural traditions. All these symbolised cultural hegemony, racial distinctiveness and superbness.
- Hill stations became important adjuncts for the colonial economy as setting up the tea and coffee plantations. The cheap labours from adjoining areas added to the economic feasibility. Railways made these areas more accessible.
- The Rowlatt Act was passed against the wish of all Indian members of the Legislative Assembly in 1919. It empowered the government to detain a person without trial violating all civil rights.
- TO make protest against the unlawful arrest of national leaders a public meeting held in Amritsar culminated in what is known as Jallianwala Bagh massacre in April 1919.
- Inside the Bagh, British Brigadier General Dyer ordered his troops to open fire on a nationalist meeting without warning. More than 600 innocent people men, women and children were killed and many more injured.
- The monstrous act provoked unprecedented indignation throughout the country and shocked the conscience of some British also.
- The government wanted to terrorise the Indians by this but it failed to curb the aspirations of the people.
- The khilafat movement was launched by the Ali brothers to protest against the dismemberment of the Turkish empire and to restore the Turkish Sultan as the spiritual head of the Muslims.
- Gandhiji clubbed the non-cooperation movement with the khilafat movement to restore unity among the two religious communities, the Hindus and the Muslims.
- The Act of 1919 failed to satisfy the nationalist urge for the Swaraj. With and by the non-cooperation movement the nationalists wanted to achieve a new scheme of fruitful and substantial reforms.
(i) (a) Prashastis are inscriptions composed in praise of kings by eminent poets.
(b) It was written by Samudragupta’s court poet Harisena. „
(ii) (a) Rulers claimed divine status because the rulers did not exercise direct control over larger parts of their kingdom.
(b) By adopting high sounding titles and super-human qualities equivalent to gods dwelling on earth they sought to gain legitimacy and exercise authority over their feudatories.
The prashasti equates the ruler to
(a) Kuber-the god of wealth
(b) Indra-the god of rains
(c) Varuna-the God of the Ocean
(d) Yama-the god of death
(iii) (a) Other sources were coins and inscriptions. Some of the most spectacular gold coins were minted by Gupta rulers.
(b) Inscriptions found on stone and copper plates give valuable information about various aspects of Gupta polity and administration.
(i) (a) Chisti tradition was austerity including distance from worldly power. No absolute isolation from political power as they accepted endowments for hospices – donations in cash and kind.
(b) Donations were accepted for piety, ritual necessities, food and clothes, etc.
(ii) (a) They acted as channels of communication between the ruler and the ruled.
(b) Helped in indigenising Islam. Served as a constant moderating influence on the power of Sultan, with their simple and egalitarian life.
(iii) (a) In Delhi
(b) Chisti order
(c) A chain signifying a continuous link between master and disciple, stretching as an unbroken spiritual genealogy to the Prophet Muhammad.
(i) (a) Exports of Indian cotton declined and cotton prices declined. Sahukars wanted the ryots first to clear outstanding debts. .
(b) The ‘Sahukars’ did not have the confidence in the peasants ability to repay.
(ii) (a) Money lenders manipulated laws and forged accounts. They violated the limitation
law passed by the British.
(b) Often Sahukars refused to give receipts when loans were repaid, entered fictious figures in the accounts.
(c) By refusing to pay loans to the ryot the ‘sahukars’ was being insensitive and violating the customary norms of the village.
(iii) (a) While credit dried up revenue demand increased.
(b) Sahukars refused loans and peasants were unable to pay the inflated demand.
(2) (a) Calcutta (b) Lucknow (c) Delhi
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