CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 4 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education. Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 4
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 4
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 4|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 4 of Solved CBSE Sample Paper for Class 12 Physical Education is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- All questions are compulsory.
- Answers to questions carrying 1 mark should approximately 10-20 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 3 marks should approximately 30-50 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 5 marks should approximately 75-100 words.
What do you mean by anxiety? 1
Define Disability and Disorder? 1
What do you mean by motor development? 1
What are postural deformities? 1
What do you mean by ageing? 1
Define energy. 1
Define Yoga? 1
Define Adduction and Abduction movement in sports? 1
Briefly state about menopause. 1
Define nutrition. 1
What do you understand by seeding? 1
Elaborate Yoga asana as a preventive measure of health? 3
Discuss the test items of Barrow General Motor Ability test. 3
Discuss any three physiological factors determining speed. 3
Discuss any three pitfalls of dieting. 3
Elaborate any three physiological benefits of exercise on children. 3
Sudha was a good boxer from her school days. She used to come to school from a remote village. Most of the aged persons of the village used to object her for taking part in boxing. They even said to her father not to allow her for sports but he wanted his daughter to be an international level boxer. He did not listen to them. He tried to give every facility to his daughter. Now after ten years of hard training she has been selected for world cup boxing Championship. She is sure to win laurels for her country. 3
On the basis of above passage answer the following questions:
(i) Do you agree with the views of most of the villagers? Answer in brief.
(ii) What values are shown by Sudha’s father regarding her sports participation?
(iii) What lesson do you learn from the above passage?
Discuss any three advantages of correct posture. 3
Distinguish between Intramural and Extramural programmes. 3
Explain the administration of AAPHER youth fitness test. 5
Elaborate the prevention of sports injuries. 5
Discuss the muscles involved in Throwing? 5
Define strength and discuss the methods of improving strength in detail. 5
Elucidate the psychological effects of regular exercise on individual. 5
Discuss any five effects of exercise on respiratory system. 5
Draw a fixture of 11 teams on knockout basis. 5
Anxiety is feeling of worry, nervousness or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.
Disability is an injury that restricts the functions or movements of a person. It is a term associated with impairment causing restrictions to the functions and movement of a person.
Disorder is an illness that causes disruption to the functions of a person. It is any ailment that disturbs the health of a person.
Motor development refers to the development of a child’s bone, muscles and ability to move around and manipulate his environment. Motor development means the development of movement and various motor abilities from birth till death.
Postural deformities are the improper alignment of body parts. One who has postural deformities cannot perform his work efficiently. Some deformities are Kyphosis, Scoliosis, etc.
Ageing is an inevitable and extremely complex, multi-factorial process. It is characterized by progressive degeneration of organ systems and tissues.
Energy is the capacity to do work. However, there are various forms of energy but in the field of games and sports our main concern is about mechanical energy.
Yoga is a science of balancing between mind, body and spirit. It is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Yuj’in spiritual terms mean the union of the individual consciousness with the universal consciousness.
Adduction refers to a movement towards the midline or centre, it is a movement of a body part towards the median plane.
Abduction is a movement away from the midline or centre, it refers to any movement of the body part away from the median plane.
Menopause is the time when a woman stops having menses. It occurs when menstruation ceases for a period of one year. Usually, it occurs in women in mid-life between 45 and 55 years of age.
Menopause is the time when a woman stops having menses. It occurs when menstruation ceases for a period of one year. Usually, it occurs in women in mid-life between 45 and 55 years of age.
Seeding, the players participate directly in quarter- final or semi-final. They need not to wait for longer duration.
Yoga asana for prevention:
(i) Yoga as a rejuvenation activity:
- Provide Physical Relaxation
- Prevents Stress
- Facilitate emotional control
(ii) Yoga as a Supplementary activity:
- Improves muscle tone
- Facilitate Physical functioning
(iii) Yoga as a Compensatory activity:
- Prevent Muscular Disbalance
- Facilitate Rehabilitation
Harold M Barrow developed a test of motor ability for college men and high school boys.
- Standing Broad Jump – to measure power, agility, speed and strength. It is done by taking a long jump with the feets together. Three trials are given. Final score is distance in inches from the best jump
- Zigzag Run – to measure agility and speed. Subject is advised to stand behind the starting line. Running is done in zigzag manner and three rounds are completed.
- Six Pound Medicine Ball Put – to measure strength of arms and shoulders including their coordination, speed and balance. Subject is advised to put the ball. Three trials are given.
Factors determining speed.
(i) Mobility of the nervous system – Contraction and relaxation of muscles is controlled by nervous system. Frequency of contraction and relaxation is determined by excitability of nerve impulse.
(ii) Muscle composition – The percentage of white muscle and red muscle fibre is genetically determined and cannot be changed through training.
(iii) Explosive strength – It Depends on, muscle composition muscle size, muscle coordination and metabolic process.
The Pitfalls of Dieting:
(i) Drinking Your Calories – when we try to lose weight, often the focus is on what you eat and not what you drink. Beverages can play a huge role depending on what you drink. Let’s take a standard Double coffee for example: If you get a medium double from Tim Horton, you will be consuming 210 calories each time. For coffee addicts, this can add up quick. Also consider other calorie ridden beverages such as pop, iced tea, juice, smoothies and flavoured ice drinks.
(ii) Not getting enough protein – I find this is more of an issue with my female clients, but protein is just as important as fibre for filling you up. Protein also helps you to feel more alert. Therefore, if you are eating a morning breakfast with very little protein, you may end up feeling sluggish and be more prone to snacking. You don’t need a lot of protein either: Try adding peanut butter to your toast in the morning or a few walnuts to your cereal or even a boiled egg at your snack. You’ll feel more satisfied and be able to go longer without eating.
(iii) Eating Too Few Calories –1 know it seems a tad backwards but your body has systems from fighting against starvation and some diets are so restrictive they do just that. When we under eat our body goes into ‘starvation mode’, causing our metabolism to drop and for our bodies, to hold on to more calories out of fear that food isn’t widely available. Also eating the same number of calories daily can have the same affect. That’s why it’s a good idea to have a reward meal once per week to prevent this. A reward meal should not turn into a reward week though.
- Exercise Controls Weight – Regular exercise helps in controlling weight. In fact weight gain occurs when child takes more calories than the requirement of his body. The unused or excess calories are accumulated as fats in his body. In this way, he starts gaining weight which ultimately leads him towards overweight and obesity. Nowadays a lot of children not only in India but throughout the world are getting obese which is the root cause of various physiological problems. Regular exercise helps such children in burning excess calories. The more intense the activity or exercise, the more calories they bum. Regular exercise takes the fat away and lowers the excess weight.
- Exercise Strengthens Bones – Exercise builds strong bones. As a matter of fact, exercise increases bone density which helps in preventing osteoporosis. If regular exercise is not performed, the bones usually lose their density, becomes weak, fragile and porous.
- Exercise Strengthens the Lungs – Exercise is beneficial for children because it enhances the lungs capacity and their efficiency in inhalation and exhalation. It increases the size of lungs. Tidal air capacity and vital air capacity are increased. Even unused alveolus becomes active. So, it can be said that lungs are strengthened and becomes capable to perform various activities for a longer duration.
- No, the villagers depict the orthodox beliefs of domesticating the women and not giving them opportunities for studying or winning name and fame for their country.
- Sudha’s father is open minded and motivated her daughter to participate in sports. Open mindedness motivation.
- Do fight for the right things. Work hard and believe in yourself.
(i) Physical Appearance – It is a natural phenomenon that every individual wants to have a good physical appearance. It also becomes more important in the presence of opposite sex. For creating a good impression on the other people, good appearance is prerequisite.
(ii) Grace and efficiency of Movements – Physical posture plays a vital role in the field of sports and games .Sports and games involved various types of movements. Walking, running, jumping and throwing depend upon the abilities of movements .An athlete requires a variety of efficient movement’s .The apex marks can be achieved in the field of sports if movements of the sportsman are efficient and graceful.
(iii) Physical fitness – Physical fitness is essential to live a fruitful life .Physical fitness can be achieved, if you have good posture. The balance, coordination, flexibility etc. are the components of fitness
|• within the four walls of the institution.||• Outside the four walls of the institution.|
|• helps in personality development, recreation etc.||• Provides inference, improves standard of sports.|
|• refreshes the mood, develops leadership qualities.||• provides simple opportunities for schools, children etc.|
AAPHER Youth Fitness Test was formed in 1965 in United States. It was a test in which these items were included:
- Pull Ups For Boys – to measure arm and shoulder strength.
Procedure – the bar adjusted according to the height of the subject is used for this test. The student is advised to raise his body so that the chin reaches the level of the bar. One score is awarded for each pull ups. One trial is given.
- Flexed Arm Stand For Girls – to measure arm and shoulder strength.
Procedure – the adjusted bar is held with hand grasp. The student lifts her body with help of assistance of testing personnel so that her chin reaches bar level. The elapsed time is taken as score. The score is nearest second.
- Standing Long Jump – to measure power.
Procedure – the student is advised to stand on restraining line with feet close and he/she dips at the knee and swinging arms before jumping. The student lands on both feet together. The distance from take offline to the heel is measured in inches. The best of three trials is recorded as final score.
- 50 Yard Dash – to measure speed.
Procedure – the student is advised to run 50 yards and the time is recorded nearest to 10th of a second.
- 600 Yard Run Walk – to measure endurance.
Procedure – the student is advised to run or walk 600 yards and the time is recorded in minutes and seconds.
- Proper conditioning – It is well known fact that many injuries are caused by weak muscles which are not ready to meet the demand of your sports or games. So, getting proper muscular strength, proper conditioning of your body is essential.
Weight training and circuit training methods are significant methods of proper conditioning. These methods of conditioning also improve the Neuro- muscular coordination which is also helpful in preventing sports injuries.
- Proper Warming – Before sports training or participation in sports competition, proper warm-up is essential. It definitely reduces the chances of getting injury because muscles remain in tone up position after getting proper warm-up.
- Nutritional Inadequacy – Balanced diet is also essential for the prevention of sports injuries because the lack of essential minerals and vitamins such as calcium, phosphorous and vitamin ‘D’ etc.
- Use of protective equipments and facilities – It is an easy and best way to prevent from sports injuries. These protective equipments protect the sportspersons from getting injured. The stress should be laid down on the quality of protective equipments.
- Unbiased officiating – If the officiating specially in team games is unbiased, the chances of getting injury will be rare. If the officials of the match are biased, there may be more chances of indiscipline among players which may further lead to injuries.
Throwing comprises of two phases, the preparatory phase and the throwing phase.
Most actions are rotational in the transverse plane and longitudinal axis and the two joints primarily involved are the elbow and shoulder.
The elbow is a hinge joint formed by the humerus and ulna.
The shoulder is a ball and socket joint formed between the humerus and the scapula.
|Joints involved||Articulating bones||Action||Agonist Muscle|
|Shoulder||Humerus & scapula||Horizontal hyperextension||Posterior deltoids and latissimus dorsi|
|Elbow||Humerus & ulna||Extension||Ticeps brachii|
|Joints involved||Articulating bones||Action||Muscle|
|Shoulder||Humerus & scapula||Horizontal flexion||Anterior deltoids and Pectoralis major|
|Elbow||Humerus & ulna||Flexion||Biceps brachii|
Strength is the ability of the muscles to overcome resistance. It is an essential element or component of physical fitness.
Method of Improving Strength Development-Isometric, Isotonic, Isokinetic.
(i) Isometric Exercise – Theses exercises are not visible. In fact, there are no direct movements, hence they cannot be observed, in these exercises, work is performed but it is not seen directly. In these exercises, a group of muscles carry out tension against the other group of muscles. When these exercises are done, muscles do not change their length. They remain fixed or constant. Although, muscles do not remain constant or still completely. Muscles feel slight tremor if exercise is done for some time. The more we exert strength or force, the more tremors will be in the muscles. In a general term we can say that work is done during these exercises but scientifically, we cannot say that work is done. For example, if we push a concrete wall, we will be unable to move it from its place. So, we should not consider it as work. Our muscles exert force, whole pushing a wall, but we see that work is not done because work is said to be done when the point of application of a force moves. Work done = Force x distance moved in the direction of force.
When we do these exercises, expenditure of energy is a usual phenomenon. Sometimes temperature may increase while performing these exercises. When we do these exercises, expenditure of energy is a usual phenomenon. Sometimes, temperature may increase while performing these exercises. If we perform these exercises regularly, muscles will be changed in relation to size and shape. These exercises are used for the development of strength. The strength improved through isometric exercises is usually not of much value in sports. These exercises need less time and can be performed anywhere because no equipment is required to do these exercises. There are some positive points to do these exercises; hence these exercises can be used for strength development. These exercises are valuable for rehabilitation. These exercises should not be performed by children and untrained people.
(ii) Isotonic Exercise – These exercises are such in which movement can be seen directly. Work is done in these exercises. These exercises tone up the muscles. Muscles become flexible. Length of the muscles can be increased by isotonic exercises. These exercises are of much value in sports field. They are best for strength development. Calisthenics
exercises, running and jumping on the spot, weight training exercises, exercises with medicine ball are the best examples of isotonic exercises. These can be done with or without apparatus.
(iii) Iso-kinetic Exercise – These are performed on specially designed machines. These exercises were developed by Perrine in 1968. These exercises involve a specific type of muscle contraction, which is usually not applicable in sports and games. In isotonic exercises, contraction of muscle applies maximal forces only at a particular angle of ► its range of movement, whereas, in iso-kinetic exercises contraction of muscle applies maximal forces throughout the complete range of movement. According to the individual’s capacity the speed of contraction can be adjusted. The individual, who performs iso-kinetic exercises on machine, should keep in his mind that he has to apply his force throughout the range of movement. By fixing the number of repetition and by reducing or increasing the speed, the Isokinetic exercises can be used effectively for the development of strength. With the help of these exercises explosive strength and strength endurance can also be improved.
Psychological effects of exercise:
- Improves mood – exercise is a great source of energy. It helps in changing mood. It
stimulates various brain toxins which make us feel happy.
- Develops self-confidence – regular exercise increases strength which leads to better fitness
and develops self confidence.
- Reduces depression – exercise act as antidepressant and recreational activities.
- Reduces anxiety and stress – regular exercise reduces muscle tension, frustration and
anxiety. Exercise also reduces build up of stress hormones. .
- Increases relaxation – people who do not work out regularly often face insomnia. Meditation is also a great source of relaxation.
- Improves self-esteem – regular exercise improves body image, self-worth and self esteem.
(i) Strong will – power. Regular exercises increase will- power of the individual. As pranayama, the specific exercise for lungs increases the will power of the doer.
(ii) Increase in tidal air capacity – Tidal air is the amount of air that flows in and out of the lungs in quiet respiratory movement. But tidal air capacity is the amount of air that can be breathed in and breathed out, over and above the tidal air by the deepest possible inspiration/expiration respectively. It is estimated at about 500-800 cc. after doing regular exercise, it has been noted that this tidal air capacity can be increased.
(iii) Decrease in Rate of Respiration – It is certain that when a beginner starts exercise, the rate of respiration increases. But when the same individual performs exercise daily, his rate of respiration decreases in comparison to the beginning stage at rest.
(iv) Strengthens Diaphragm and Muscles – Regular exercise strengthens the diaphragm and muscles of the chest.
(v) Avoids Second Wind – For a beginner, the stage of second wind is, indeed, a crucial stage. But for a regular exercise, it is hardly felt sometimes when experienced athlete does not feel it in his course of activity.
(vi) Unused Alveoles become active – Regular exercise activates the unused alveolus because much amount of 02 is required in vigorous and prolonged exercise of daily routine. The passive alveolus becomes active.
Total number of teams =11
Upper half = n + 1/2 = 11 + 1/2 = 6
Lower half = n – 1/2 = 11 – 1/2 = 5
Power of two’s = 24 n. of teams = 16-11= 5
No. of Byes = 5
No. of Byes in Lower Half = nb + 1/2 = 5 + 1/2 = 3
No. of Byes in Upper Half = nb – 1/2 = 5 – 1/2 = 2
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