CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 5 are part of CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education . Here we have given CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 5
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 5.
|Sample Paper Set||Paper 5|
|Category||CBSE Sample Papers|
Students who are going to appear for CBSE Class 12 Examinations are advised to practice the CBSE sample papers given here which is designed as per the latest Syllabus and marking scheme as prescribed by the CBSE is given here. Paper 5 of Solved CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Paper 5 is given below with free PDF download solutions.
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
- All questions are compulsory.
- Answers to questions carrying 1 mark should approximately 10-20 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 3 marks should approximately 30-50 words.
- Answers to questions carrying 5 marks should approximately 75-100 words.
Define Axis and Plane? 1
What is Bye and Tournament? 1
Define anxiety and stress. 1
What is the meaning of correct posture. 1
Explain the factors affecting projectiles trajectory. 1
What is the aim of sports medicine? 1
Write any four reasons of low participation of women in sports and games. 1
Define Aerodynamics? 1
Draw a chart of motor development during childhood. 1
What is friction and work? 1
What is flexibility? 1
Explain corrective measures of postural deformity? 3
Write the precaution and remedies of these deformities. 3
Spinal curvature • Flat foot • Round
Describe type of disabilities and Disorder among children? 3
Define strength. Write all its types with examples. 3
Define strength. Write all its types with examples. 3
What is food supplement? Describe the precaution for taking food supplement. 3
List Different types of fractures? 3
Rajiv was a good athlete. He use to take part in most of the running as well as throwing events. However his performance was not appropriate in throwing events. One day he went to discuss this problem to Distt. Athletic coach because he wanted to improve his performance. The coach watched his throwing technique. He told him that there are various faults but major fault was improper muscle involvement and angle of projection. He suggested him to release the throwing implement such as shot and hammer etc. at the appropriate angles and focused on specific muscles involved in throwing. In this way he helped him in enhancing his performance. Based on the above passage answer the following questions: 1+I+1=3
(i) Problems identified by coach.
(ii) What were the focus muscle of Rajiv considered by the coach regarding his technique?
(iii) Describe the values shown by the District Athletic Coach
• Draw a fixture of 21 teams on knock out basis. 1+1+1+2 = 5
• Draw a fixture of 6 teams on cyclic method.
• Draw a fixture of 7 teams on staircase method
• How many types of tournament are there? Name them. Write their 2 advantages and disadvantages
Write short note on: 5
Menarch, Menstrual Dysfunction, Menopause.
Discuss any four psychological traits of women athlete.
It shows normal pattern of ovulation that will soon be established some activities delay it like gymnastics.
Describe Yoga as a preventive measure for obesity? 5
Explain personality dimensions and types in detail. 5
Describe any four psychological benefits of exercise. Explain types of motivation and 5 techniques of motivation. 5
Explain the Harvard Step Test. 5
How you can manage all types of sports injuries. Write in details. 5
Plane – It is the surface on which the movement occurs or takes place.
Axis – It is the line around which the movement takes place.
Bye – Bye is used in making fixtures of a tournament. The team which is placed in ‘bye’ does not play in the first round but plays with the winner of the first round. It is also called dummy team.
Tournament – It is that series of sports in which a team finally wins and rest of the teams lose the matches
Anxiety – It is a psychological phenomenon in which our body’s primitive and automatic response that prepares it to fight from perceived harm or attack.
Stress – it is normally a physical response to events that make you feel threatened or upset your balance in some way.
The arrangement of the body and its limbs is known as posture.
Correct posture is a position in which the skeleton is held in erect position that is mechanically most favourable for transmission of body weight.
The factors affecting projectiles trajectory are:
(i) Angle of projection – when the angle of projection is 45 degrees, the maximum horizontal distance is achieved.
(ii) Initial velocity – greater the initial velocity applied, greater the distance achieved.
(iii) Gravity – it accelerates objects downwards but is unable to affect horizontal motion of projectile.
(iv) Air resistance – the speed is slowed down by air resistance.
The aim of sports medicine is to provide information .and knowledge about sports injuries, their causes, prevention and their rehabilitation
(i) No parental encouragement
(ii)) Less motivation and inspiration
(iii) Less availability of women coach
(iv) No independent games facilities for women
Aerodynamics is the science of Study of motion of air, particularly its interaction with a solid object such as an airplane wing.
|infanthood||Birth to 2 years||Start grasping activities, sitting, crawling, pulling, standing and walking.|
|Early childhood||2 to 6 years||Kicking, throwing, balancing, controlled running and jumping.|
|Middle childhood||7 to 10 years||Perfection of running, jumping, throwing and catching, eye-hand coordination development.|
|Later childhood||11 to 12 years||It is the best phase of learning motor abilities, coordinative abilities continue to develop.|
Friction – it is the electromagnetic attraction between charged particles in two touching surfaces.
The forces acting along the two surface in contact which opposes the motion of one body over the other is called force of friction.
Work – it is the product of displacement of the body and force which causes that displacement in the direction of the displacement.
W = F x d, SI unit of work is Joule.
It is the range of motion in a joint or group of joints or ability to move joints effectively. Maximum range of movement of joints.
Correct measures of postural deformity:
- Most often, people with a mild curve will only need to be observed through screening by a medical practitioner.
- Exercise for muscle strength, flexibility and movement alignment are very effective.
- If the curve grows worse, a back brace may be worn until bone growth stops. Special exercises may be included. The brace dose not limit most activities
- In extreme cases, spinal surgery is performed to correct the curvature.
If not treated what might happen?
- Medical problems can occur later in life such as
- Physical deformity • Heart and lung disorders • Pain and arthritic symptoms
Process of screening:
- A simple 30-second observation of the back: first standing, then bending forward
- Screeners look for an unevenness of shoulders, hips, or one side of the back
- Shirts are removed for better viewing. Boys and girls are screened separately. Girls wear a two-piece bathing suit or a halter-top and shorts.
- Screening is usually done in the privacy of the school nurse’s office yearly.
- The school does not provide treatment, but can direct those who should have further attention to appropriate medical help.
Spinal Curvature – Precautions:
- We should follow the appropriate posture of sitting, standing, walking and running.
- We should not carry heavy weights.
- Balanced diet should be taken.
- For scoliosis, bending exercises should be performed in appropriate side.
- Don’t carry heavy weights in one hand.
- For lordosis we should perform halasana and sit-ups
- For kyphosis, we should perform dhanurasana and chakrasana etc.
Flat foot – Precautions:
- Don’t not force the babies to walk at an early stage,
- Obesity should be avoided.
- Don’t walk bare feet.
- High heeled shoes should be avoid.
- Do rope skipping
- Jumping on toes
- Special shoes should be worn
- Perform tadasana or walk on toes
Round shoulders – Precautions:
- Bent position should be avoided in any work.
- Don’t wear tight fitting clothes Remedies:
- Hold the horizontal bar by both hands
- Do dhanurasana and chakrasana
Types of Disabilities:
- A physical disability is a limitation on a person’s physical functioning and mobility. Other
physical include impairments which limit other facets of daily living
- Cognitive disabilities
- In order for students to be diagnosed with a cognitive disability, they must have impairments in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Additionally, the symptoms must be present before a child becomes 18 years old.
- Intellectual functioning refers to a person’s ability to plan, comprehend, and reason. A child’s intellectual functioning can be assessed by an intelligence test. The most common intelligence test that you’ve probably heard of is the IQ test. Generally, a child with scores of 70-75 or lower is classified as having a cognitive disability.
- Adaptive behavior refers to an individual’s ability to apply social and practical skills in everyday life. Examples of adaptive behavior can include personal care, social problem,solving skills, dressing and eating skills, using money, and following rules.
Types of Disorders:
- Disorder is the disturbance which affects the normal functions that is performed by an individual.
- ADHD – Attention deficit hyper disorder
- ASD – Autism spectrum disorder
- SPD – Sensory processing disorder
- Down syndrome(Syndrome)
- Cerebral palsy
- Learning disorder
It is the capacity of the whole body or of any parts to exert force.
Strength, Dynamic strength – maximum strength, explosive strength, strength endurance Static strength
|Dynamic strength||It is isotonic. It is related to all movements.||Examples: In all games and sports|
|Max. strength||To act against max. resistance||Shotput, hammer throw, weighlifting etc.|
|Explosive strength||Ability to overcome resistance with high speed||Sprint starts, all jumping and throwing events at the time of release.|
|Strength endurance||To act against resistance under the conditions of fatigue.||Swimming, road cycling, long distance races, cross country etc.|
|Static strength||It is the ability of muscles to act against resistance||Weightlifting, position on starting block before sprint.|
- Increase in the size of heart
- Increase in cardiac output
- Increase in blood flow
- Quicker recovery rate
- Decrease in blood pressure
- Increase in stroke volume
- Avoid second wind
- Increase in the size of lungs and chest
- Increase in the number of WBC
- Increase in the number of RBC
- Delay in fatigue
- Fast recovery period
It can add missing nutrient to a diet. It is the source of nutrients taken as a dietary top up. These are vitamins, minerals, herbs and other products.
- All food supplements can cause adverse effects if they are consumed in excessive amounts. So take in right amount.
- Any food supplements should be consumed under strict guidance of dietician
- If any nutrients are lacking, you must consult the doctor.
- Before taking food supplement, make sure they are pure and of good quality.
- You should have proper time-table of consuming,the supplement otherwise it could be harmful
Types of Fracture:
(i) Close Fracture –
- Transverse Fracture: Broken at right angle to long axis of bone
- Oblique: Oblique direction to long axis, confined to one plane .A fracture in which the line of break runs obliquely to the axis of the bone.
- Spiral Fracture: Occur when one end of an extremity is fixed (e.g., a foot is planted on the floor) but the rest of the extremity remains in motion.
- Comminute Fracture: A fracture in which the bone has broken or fragmented into several pieces. It happens mostly due to crush.
- Impact Fracture: An impacted fracture is one whose ends are driven into each other.
- Green Sticks: fracture in a young, soft bone in which the bone bends and partially
(ii) Open Fracture:
- Compound Fracture: An open fracture, also called a compound fracture, is an injury that occurs when there is a break in the skin around a broken bone. In order for an injury to be classified as a compound fracture, the outside air (and dirt and bacteria) must be able to get to the fracture site without a barrier of skin or soft-tissue.
- Angle of projection – Improper muscle involvement
- Preparatory Phase: Posterior deltoids and latissimus, Triceps Brachii.
Throwing Phase: Anterior Deltoid
- Analytical Skills and Scientific concept
- Fixture of 21 teams on knock out basis:
No. of teams = 21
No. of byes = 32-21 = 11
No. of teams in upper half
(N + l)/2 = (21 + l)/2 =11
No. of teams in lower half
(N – l)/2 = (21 – l)/2 = 10
No. of byes in upper half
(NB – l)/2 = (11-1)/2 = 5
No. of byes in lower half
(NB + l)/2 = (11 + l)/2 = 6
No. of matches = N-1=21-1=20
No. of rounds = 5
- Draw a fixture of 6 teams on cyclic method:
No. of teams = 6
No. of matches = N (N – 1 )/2 = 6 (6- l)/2 = 15
No. of rounds = N – 1 = 6-1=5
In even number we fix (1)
1st round 2nd R 3rd R 4th R 5th R
6 -> 1
5 -> 2
4 -» 3
- Draw fixture of 7 teams on staircase method:
No. of teams = 7
No. of matches = N(N – l)/2 = 7(7 – l)/2 = 21
No. of rounds = 6
Round 1 1-2 2 R 1-3 2-3 3 R 1-4 2-4 3-4 4 R 1-5 2-5 3-5 4-5 5 R 1-6 2-6 3-6 4-6 5-6 6 R 1-7 2-7 3-7 4-7 5-7 6-7
- Four types of tournaments:
(i) League or round robin tournament
(ii) Knock out tournament
(iii) Combination tournament
(iv) Challenge tournament
- Advantages – League:
- Equal opportunities to each team
- Greater chances of the better team to win.
- Knock out:
(i) Less time
(ii) Less money
• According to number of teams you can apply this method
• If less teams, you can use league. If more teams, you can apply knock out cum league
• It is good for individual or 2 team players • One player can challenge another player
- Disadvantages – League:
• More time consuming
• Not economical
- Knock out:
• Weak teams may reach the finals.
• Chances of good teams eliminating in the first round
• Before starting tournament you cannot announce which type of combination tournament you apply
• It is not used in all games
• It is difficult to apply in all sports.
- Menarch – It is the first menstrual cycle or first menstrual bleeding in female. The average age of the first cycle from 11 to 14 years.
Menstrual dysfunction – A menstrual disorder is an irregular condition of a women’s menstrual cycle. It mostly occurs every 22 to 35 days. Its flow lasts 3 to 7 days.
- Eumenorrhea – normal bleeding menstrual function.
- Oligomenorrhea – abnormally infrequent menstrual periods. Woman goes more than 35 days without menstruating.
- A menorrhoea absentee of menstruation
- Menopause – It is the time when menstrual periods stop. It generally comes between 45 to 55 years. The main effect is that women cannot become pregnant
Four psychological traits of women athlete:
- She uses more of emotion focussed coping strategies and balances gender role.
- The female athlete shows a higher amount of role conflict than male.
- Women become psychologically tough by participating in games and sports.
- Confidence level improve by taking part in sports.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat gets accumulated to the extent that it has a negative effect on the body. Through yoga it can be prevented by performing various asanas:
- Vajrasana – Soles are kept on hips and thighs on legs. Toe and knees should not touch the floor. Spine straight, eyes close. Right palm on right knee, left palm on left knee. Inhale and exhale slowly. In beginning, do it for 5 min, gradually increase till 15 min.
- Hastasansa – Standing with feets together and arms by side like mountain pose. Weight evenly. Keep the legs straight. Slowly raise arms upward, straight. Palms -straight head facing one another. Look upwards.
- Trikonasana – Stand with feet one leg length apart, knees straight. Turn right foot outside , left foot less than 45 degree to inside, both heels must be in line with the hips. Spread out arms to sides parallel to the floor keeping palm facing down, extend the trunk as far as comfortable towards the right. Drop right arm so that right hand reaches the front of the right foot. Extend left arm vertically, twist spine and trunk softly clockwise by using extended arms as lever . Turn the head at left thumb resulting in slightly intensifying the spinal twist. Held for 5-10 breaths then change side.
- Ardha Matsyendra – Kneel down with legs together. Resting on heels. Sit at the right of your feet. Lift left leg over the right and place the foot against the outside of right knee. Bring right heel close to hips, spine must remain erect. Stretch arms to sides at shoulder level, then twist them to left side. Bring right arm down to outside of left knee and hold left foot in right hand by placing left hand on floor behind. Exhaling, twist to the left s far as possible. Look over left shoulder.
Dimensions of personality:
- Physical dimension – It is related to good physique and good health. It is the collection or an integrated image of various dimensions. Correct posture also improves physical personality. Those having good physical personality are liked by everyone in the society.
- Mental dimension – It is related to mind, intellectual strength and individual’s ability, if a person does not have good mental ability then he cannot contribute to the society and family. Such dimension involves good thinking, gdod reasoning and judgemental ability.
- Social dimension – A person cannot live alone. He gets from the society, good behavioural patterns, customs, traditions, manners and moral values etc. He learns team work, becomes a good follower and a good leader. It teaches person to walk on the right path of life
- Emotional dimension – If a person has proper control over various emotions such as fear, anger, ditress, happiness, sorrow, joy etc., in any situation then he can become a good citizen. Through sports one should be emotionally stable. It also helps to improve personality.
Types of personality: Four types A, B, C and D –
- Type A personality – the individuals are self-critical, very competitive, hardworking, sense of urgency, works on time, impatient very early, aggressive and work by whole heart
- Type B – individuals are not competitive in nature, easy going, do not become angry, not over achievers and over ambitious, and are quite satisfied in their lives.
- Type C – individuals have pleasing personality, never express their emotions, passive hopeless, they feel alone and deny their own needs.
- Type D – such personality individuals suffer from high degree of distress, don’t share their emotions, have a fear of rejection, they lead a poor quality of life.
Psychological benefits of exercise:
- Help athletes cope with performance fear
- Help athletes mentally prepare for competition
- Help athletes return after injury
- Help athletes improve practice efficiency
Sports psychologist can help athletes overcome fears, such as, fears of failure. It also helps the athletes mentally prepare for competition and practice. It also helps to improve the quality or efficiency of their practice, its helps to enhance self-esteem and body image.
Types of motivation:
- Intrinsic motivation – It is internal motivation. It occurs when person are compelled to do something out of pleasure. It comes by oneself.
- Extrinsic motivation – It is external motivation. It occurs when external factors compel the person to do something. E.g., rewards, praise, cash prize, etc.
Techniques of motivation:
- Praise, appreciation, criticism • Role of media and positive attitude
- Records of success and achievements • Healthy sports environment
- Presence of opposite sex and motivational music
A combination of techniques can have positive effect. It is very difficult for the teacher or coach to apply technique on an individual. A good technique selection is also very important for motivation.
Harvard step Fest was developed by Brouha and his associates in 1943. Purpose of this test is to measure cardiovascular fitness.
Procedure – The athlete is instructed to step up and down on the platform at a rate of 30 steps per minute for 5 minutes or until exhaustion occurs. The exhaustion is defined as when the athlete cannot maintain the stepping rate for 15 seconds and this can be administered by metronome. After the completion of stepping, the athlete is advised to step down. After this heart rate is measured between 1 to 1.5 minutes after finishing. The heart rate is the number of times the heart beats per minute. The heart rate can be measured by the method given ahead.
(i) Manual Method – the heart rate can be measured from any spot on the body at which any artery is closed to the surface so that a pulse can be felt. The most common place for measuring the heart rate is wrist and neck.
(ii) Monitor Method – a heart rate monitor or electro cardiogram can be used to measure more accurate heart rate. A heart rate monitor consists of a transmitter and receiver. The heart muscles transmit an electoral signal when they contract. The transmitter then sends an electromagnetic signal containing heart rate data to the wrist receiver which displays the heart rate.
(a) Short Form – In this, only heart rate is counted from 1-1.5 minutes after finishing.
(b) Long Form – In this, the heart rate is counted three times. Firstly from 1 to 1.5 minutes then between 2 to 2.5 minutes, and between 3 to 3.5 minutes.
- Fitness Index For Short Form = (100 x test duration in seconds) divided by (5.5 x pulse count between 1 and 1.5 minutes).
- Fitness Index For Long Form = (100 x test duration in seconds) divided by (2 x sum of heart beats in the recovery periods).
Example of scoring fitness index:
The test was conducted for an individual and following readings were recorded:-
Total duration of stepping 300 seconds
1-1.5 minutes = 95
2- 2.5 minutes = 85
3- 3.5 minutes = 75
- Short form fitness score
FI Score = (100×300)/(5.5×95) = 57.4
- Long form fitness score
FI Score = (100×300)/2(95 + 85 + 75) = 58.8
Then by using following table the cardiovascular fitness is determined:
Gender Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor Male Greater than 90 80-90 65-79 55-64 Less than 55 Female Greater than 86 76-86 61-75 50-60 Less than 50
Sports injuries occur under various circumstances. The frequency and severity depends on particular game.
(i) Management of Abraision, Contusion and Laceration/Incision:
These injuries can be prevented by using protective equipment. The treatment should begin with washing the wound immediately with soap and water. A cotton gauze rinsed with antiseptic lotion can be used to remove any piece of loose debris from the wound. After drying it apply antibiotic ointment. Bandage the area if the wound is still bleeding.
(ii) Management of Strain and Sprain:
It can be prevented by warming up and conditioning. Taping, knee caps, crape bandage can be helpful in preventing strain and sprain. The injured part should be elevated in the most comfortable position. The affected part should not be disturbed. An ice pack should be applied to affect joint or muscle to minimize the swelling. The ice must be applied for 20 minutes 6-10 times in first 24 hours. Next day heat and massage is given to absorb the clot.
(iii) Management of Dislocation:
- Reduction – During this process, the doctor may try some gentle movements around the affected joint to help the bones back into position. In case of severe pain local anesthetic procedures are adopted.
- Immobilization – After getting the bones at normal position, the bones should be immobilized with a splint or sling for several weeks. The time for which splint or sling is to be used depends upon extent of damage to nerves, blood vessels and supporting tissues.
- Surgery – If reduction is not able to settle the joint then surgical technique can be used to move dislocated bones back into their correct positions. Even in case of ruptured nearby blood vessels, nerves or ligaments surgery is required.
- Rehabilitation – Rehabilitation process is started after the splint or sling is removed. For the dislocated joint the rehabilitation exercises should be designed in such a way the gradual load is given. The aim of rehabilitation is to restore normal range of motion and strength around the joint.
(iv) Management Of Fractures:
- First Aid for Closed Fracture – The injured part can be immobilized with the help of splint or sling as per the site.
- First Aid for Open Fracture – In open fracture, the open wound must be covered by sterile gauze or dressing. The compression and elevation is given to control the bleeding. The splint is given to immobilize the injured part.
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