Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 2 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 2 with Solutions
General Instructions :
- There are three sections in the Question paper namely Section A, Section B and Section C.
- Section A consists of 9 questions amongst which 7 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 2 marks and should have 30-50 words.
- Section B consists of 5 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 3 marks and should have 80-100 words.
- Section C consists of 4 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 4 marks and should have 100-150 words.
Maximum Marks : 35
Time : 2 Hours
What do you understand by Autism Spectrum Disorder? Explain two causes of this disorder. (1 + o.5 x 2)
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact. It is a neuro developmental condition that affects the brain’s growth and development. It is a lifelong condition and the symptoms appear in early childhood.
Two causes of ASD are Genetic Factors and Abnormal Brain Development.
Explain Oppositional Defiant Disorder. What are the causes of this disorder? (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Oppositional Defiant Disorder is a type of disorder that is marked by defiant and disobedient behaviour to authority figures like parents, teachers, guardians, etc.
There are two causes of Oppositional Defiant Disorder
- Environmental problems
- Genetic inheritance
What are isotonic exercises? What are its two types? (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Isotonic exercises are strength training exercises in which the length of the muscles changes during action along with tension in the muscles. There is constant movement of the muscles due to which they develop strength and endurance.
The types of isotonic exercises are :
- Concentric isotonic exercises
- Eccentric isotonic exercises
What are the effects of exercise on muscular system of the body? (1 + 1)
The effects of exercise on the muscular system of the body are
- Increase in Muscle Mass Regular exercise and physical activities increase the muscle mass of a person, thus making him stronger, fitter and healthier.
- Muscle Coordination Frequent exercise and special use of specific muscles for the same or similar skilled tasks, like dribbling a ball in a game of football, leads to improved coordination.
According to Carl C Jung, how people are described as extroverts and introverts? (1 + 1)
Carl C. Jung described people as extroverts and introverts based on the nature and attitude.
An extrovert is more open as the direction of energy is derived and expressed in the external world, environment and surroundings. Therefore, they are talkative, sociable, action-oriented, friendly, and outgoing.
On the other hand, an introvert is mainly confined to internal world i.e. his own self and therefore is not so open, less talkative etc.
They have their own internal world of thoughts, ideas, interests and attitudes. They take time to adjust in social situations.
What do you understand by term coordinative ability? (2)
Coordinative ability is the ability of the body to perform different movements with efficiency and accuracy. It mainly depends on the central nervous system.
Discuss some types of coordinative ability. (1 + 1)
The types of coordinative ability are
- Differentiation Ability It is the ability to achieve a high level of fine tuning or harmony of individual movements phases and body part movements.
- Orientation Ability It is the ability to determine and change the position and movements of the body in different types of situations.
What is flexibility? (2)
Flexibility is the ability of a joint to perform action through a range of movements. It is needed to perform everyday activities with relative ease. Flexibility tends to deteriorate with age.
What are methods of flexibility development? (1 + 1)
The methods of flexibility development are
- Dynamic Stretching It refers to stretching that involves putting muscular effort along with movement at the same time.
- Static Active Stretching In this method, the muscles are stretched without moving the limbs, and the limbs are held to the end position for 30 seconds.
Explain three different types of fractures caused commonly to sports person. (1 x 3)
Three types of fractures caused commonly to sports persons are stress fracture, comminuted fracture and impacted fracture. These are discussed
(i) Stress Fracture A stress fracture is an overuse injury. It occurs when muscles become fatigued and are unable to absorb added shock. Eventually, the fatigued muscle transfers the overload of stress to the bone causing a tiny crack, called a stress fracture.
(ii) Comminuted Fracture It is a break or splinter of the bone into more than two fragments. Since, considerable force and energy is required to fragment bone, fractures of this kind occurs after high-impact trauma such as vehicular accidents. This type of fracture is usually challenging to treat because the breakage is so complex.
(iii) Impacted Fracture An impacted fracture is one whose ends are driven into each other. This commonly occurs with arm fractures in children and is sometimes known as a buckle fracture.
Explain in brief the three types of personality as given by Sheldon. (1 x 3)
The types of personality, given by Sheldon are on the basis of body types and temperament. These are discussed as follows
- Endomorphs, They have a pear-shaped and rounded physique. They have short arms and legs. The upper parts of the arms and legs seems to be thicker than the lower parts. They have underdeveloped muscles.
- Ectomorphs, They are usually referred to as slim persons because their muscles and limbs are elongated. Usually, they have lot of difficulties in gaining weight. They have a flat chests and have less muscles mass.
- Mesomorph, They are somewhere between endomorph and ectomorph. They have broad shoulders, narrow waist (wedge-shaped), muscular body, strong limbs and average body fat.
Explain the lifestyle disease of hypertension and describe the procedure of any one asana that reduces it. (l + 2)
Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. In hypertension, the blood pressure of body goes beyond 140/90 mm/Hg. The normal body pressure of an adult person is considered as 120/80 mm/Hg.
The situation of hypertension arises when heart pumps more blood than normal situation and arteries become narrower.
One asana to reduce hypertension is Tadasana. Its procedure is –
- This is done in a standing position.
- Stand straight and join the feet together.
- Toes must touch each other and heels may be slightly apart.
- With deep inhalation, raise both the arms up and then interlock the fingers.
- Stretch your shoulders and chest upwards.
- Hold for 4 to 8 breaths.
- Exhale and drop the shoulders down.
- Repeat the entire procedure again.
What are the three causes behind intellectual disability? (1 x 3)
The three causes behind intellectual disability are
- Genetic Conditions These include things like Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome.
- Problems during Childbirth If a baby is deprived of oxygen during childbirth or bom extremely premature.
- Illness or Injury Infection like meningitis, whooping cough or measles can lead to intellectual disability.
- Extreme malnutrition, infections in the brain, exposure to toxic substances such as lead, and severe neglect or abuse can also cause it.
Explain briefly strain and sprain
Strain and sprain are two common soft tissue injuries. Strain is caused due to twist, pull, tear of the muscles or tendous with symptoms of pain, swelling and loss of muscle strength. Strain often take place in the lower back region of the thigh area. On the other hand, sprain is a partial or complete tear of a ligament with symptoms of pain, swelling bruising, loss of functions. Both are due to weak muscular systems or insufficient warming up. Sprain usually take place in the knee and ankle region.
What is extrinsic motivation? Explain three ways of extrinsic motivation. (1 + 3)
Extrinsic motivation is when motivation depends upon environmental factors or external factors. Rewards given by parents, teachers, awards, medals, cash prize or punishment are forms of extrinsic motivation. The ways of extrinsic motivation are
(i) Knowledge of the Goal It is one of the most important techniques of motivation. A person should be made aware about the attainment of the goal. The player should be acquainted well with the aim and objectives of the goal.
(ii) Rewards Announcing rewards that will be given, once the tasks are accomplished successfully, has a great effect on a person’s performance.
For example, parents giving chocolates to their children for good performance. Rewards are of various types and help in achieving the goal, like cash, prize, job, professional security, honour, social status, etc. The rewards should be presented in front of all recipients.
(iii) Punishment Punishment is of various types like physical punishment, blame, economical punishment, social withdrawal, etc.
It is a type of negative motivation in which a person is shown fear, so that he works for better results. However, it should be avoided as it can have negative effects too.
Briefly explain the personality traits according to the classification given in Big Five Theory. (4)
Personality trait refers to the quality or characteristics that describe a personality.
In order to classify different personalities, they are divided into five parts which is known as the big five personality model. Each part of the model describes a personality trait which is as follows
(i) Openness It refers to how a person is inclined to face cultural norms. Its characteristics are imagination, insight, creativity, adventurous and abstract thinking. They are open to change.
(ii) Conscientiousness It refers to a dutiful and disciplined life. The characteristics include high level of thoughtfulness, good impulse control, goal-directed behaviours and risk-taking ability.
(iii) Extroversion It refers to the type of emotional expression and attitude. Its characteristics include sociability, talkative and assertiveness. It shows how social a person is, or how loving, caring and warm.
(iv) Agreeableness It refers to the attributes like cooperation, kindness, trust, affection and other social behaviours. It also shows being a dependable, trustworthy and caring personality.
(v) Neuroticism It refers to nervousness, worrying nature and anxiety. The characteristics are sadness, moodiness, emotional instability and irritability.
Disabled people should be treated with respect. In this context, explain the disability etiquettes in general. (4)
It is essential to treat disabled people with respect. They also have dignity and are not less than anyone. The disability etiquettes in general are
- It is always important to respect the dignity of disabled people. So, talk to them with respect so that their self-esteem and confidence is built up.
- Respect the individuality of the person. So, avoid generalising the disabled people and call them by their names.
- Talk to the person and address him/her directly instead of talking through a friend or an interpreter who may also be present.
- If you offer assistance, wait until the person responds. Then, listen carefully to his/her instructions.
- Do not speak about disabled people as if they are invisible or cannot understand what is being said.
- Do not show extra attention or added care as it may give a feeling of sympathy. Treat them with the same attention and care as with normal people.
‘Physical activities are essential for children with special needs.’ Justify this statement. (1 x 4)
Physical activities have lots of benefits for children with special needs. It results in improved functional status and quality of life. Physical activities help the children with special needs in the following ways
- Improves Fitness It strengthens the heart muscles, thereby improving cardiovascular efficiency, lung efficiency and exercise endurance. This helps in controlling repetitive behaviours among disabled children.
- Develops Social Behaviour Besides improving fitness, physical activity develops social relationships with other children, teammates and teachers. This brings positive changes in the social behaviour of these children.
- Makes Children Active It helps to improve the energy level of the body. Regular physical activity often makes children more energetic and allows them to become active.
- Maintains Ideal Weight It helps to control weight. The children with disabilities are not physically active or may have a deficit of calories, which takes fat away and lowers weight but regular exercises help in regulating and maintaining ideal weight.