Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 3 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

General Instructions :

  • There are three sections in the Question paper namely Section A, Section B and Section C.
  • Section A consists of 9 questions amongst which 7 questions have to be attempted.
    Each question carries 2 marks and should have 30-50 words.
  • Section B consists of 5 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
    Each question carries 3 marks and should have 80-100 words.
  • Section C consists of 4 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
    Each question carries 4 marks and should have 100-150 words.

Maximum Marks : 35
Time : 2 Hours

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Section A

Question 1.
There are many benefits of doing asana. Justify this statement. (1 x 2)
Asanas are yogic postures. There are many benefits of doing asanas which are

  • Asanas play a significant role in making our muscles strong.
  • Asanas improve flexibility of the body thus preventing injuries.

Question 2.
What is cognitive disability? What are its symptoms? (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Cognitive disability is a disability that impacts an individual’s ability to access, process or remember information.
Symptoms of cognitive disability are :

  • Difficulty in planning and sequencing thoughts and actions.
  • Difficulty in interpreting the meaning of numbers and symbols.

Question 3.
What is Continuous training method? What are advantages and disadvantages of this method? (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Continuous training is a method of training in which a player performs exercises, running or other physical activity for longer periods without any rest, break or intervals. Advantages of continuous training is that it increases efficiency of heart and lungs. Disadvantages of continuous training is that it does not improve anaerobic fitness.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Question 4.
Explain reaction ability and its types. (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Reaction ability is the ability to react quickly and effectively to a signal. There are generally two types of reaction ability, which are :

  • Simple Reaction It is the ability to react immediately to a well-known signal.
  • Complex Reaction It is the ability to react immediately or quickly to unexpected signals.

Question 5.
Write one similarity and one difference between Laceration and Incision. What first aid should be given for treating them? (0.5 x 2) + 1)
The similarity between laceration and incision is that both are a cut on the epidermis layer of skin due to a severe impact by a sharp object. The difference is that, in laceration there is irregular break in the skin but in incision, there is sharp, straight or diagonal cut on the skin. The first aid used for treating laceration and incision is to clean the surface of the cut with water properly.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Question 6.
What is speed? (2)
Speed is the ability to do work at a faster rate. In other words, it is the ability to move all parts of the body as quickly as possible. Speed depends upon strength, ability, flexibility and endurance.

Question 7.
Discuss the factors affecting speed. (1 + 1)
The factors affecting speed are :

Bio-chemical Reserves and Metabolic Power For maximum speed performance, the muscles require more amount of energy at a very high rate of consumption. For this purpose, the phosphagen Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) and Creatine Phosphate (CP) stored in the muscles should be enough.

Muscle Composition Muscles consist of two types of fibers i.e. fast-twitch fibers (white fibers) and slow-twitch fibers (red fibers). A person containing more of fast-twitch fibers will have greater speed.

Question 8.
What is diabetes? (2)
Diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas fail to produce insulin or is unable to use the insulin produced in an effective manner. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose, present in the blood, to enter the cells in our body and provide energy.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Question 9.
Explain the causes and symptoms of diabetes. (1 +1)
Causes of diabetes are overweight, obesity and lack of physical activities.

Symptoms of diabetes are :

  • Increase in thirst, hunger and fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness or tingling in feet and hands

Question 10.
Explain the step-by-step procedure of doing Paschimottanasana. (3)
The procedure of doing Paschimottanasana is –

  • Sit on the floor with the outstretched legs.
  • Sit straight, raise both arms above your head and stretch up.
  • Bend forwards and hold the big toes with the middle and index fingers.
  • Then, exhale slowly and try to touch the knees with your forehead.
  • Stay in this position and take five deep breaths.
  • Then come back to the former position.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Section B

Question 11.
How Sensory Processing Disorder affects children? (3)
The Sensory Processing Disorder is a condition in which the brain has trouble in receiving and responding to information that comes in through senses. It affects children in the following ways

  • Children suffering from SPD are either under-reactive or over-reactive.
  • They also lack motor skills, have short span of attention and delayed communication skills.
  • Children with SPD have delayed communication and social skills.
  • This even affects their self-esteem and as a result, they show poor performance in academics, sports and co-curricular activities.
  • Their attention span is low and they are not able to concentrate in studies or other activities.
  • Thus, the lack of sensory coordination interferes with the overall functioning of the children.

Question 12.
Briefly describe the type of aggression seen in sports. (1 x 3)
There are three types of aggression seen in sports, which are

  • Instrumental Aggression The main aim is to achieve a goal by using aggression. For example, a footballer using aggression to tackle his opponent by high-intensity play without harming anyone.
  • Hostile Aggression The main aim is to cause harm or cause injury to the opponent. It is usually unplanned, impulsive reaction.
  • For example, a bowler throwing a bouncer to deliberately injure the batsman.
  • Assertive Behaviour It is also referred as assertive aggression. It is generally seen as a positive form of aggression.
  • In-ground, it simply means to stand up for your values in an unthreatening manner, and involves the use of legitimate physical or verbal force to achieve once’s goals.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Question 13.
What is Endurance? Explain the various methods of its development. (1 + 2)
Endurance is the ability to do sports movements with the desired quality and speed under conditions of fatigue.

The method to develop endurance are :

  1. Continuous Training Method This method was developed by Dr Van Aaken. Continuous training involves continuous running activity or exercise without rest or pause. For example, long-distance running at a strength.
  2. Interval Training Method This method enhances speed and endurance ability. In this method, the exercises are followed by a period of rest, also known as recovery.

Question 14.
Explain the strategy of positive behavior in brief. (3)
The strategy of positive behavior relates to showing a positive attitude and having healthy interactions with children with special needs.

In physical education classes, teachers should show positive behavior and healthy interactions and prevent negative behaviors. The method is called “Prevent, Teach, Reinforce”. This means class material is taught through positive interactions. Teachers, parents should show positivity and encourage these children to come up with new ideas.

Prevention means to stop negative behaviors as this would hamper the normal development of the child. Reinforce means to evaluate individual progress through looking at individual behaviors and referring to expectations.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Section C

Question 15.
How can a trainer improve the cardiorespiratory system by exercise? (1 x 4)
A trainer can improve the cardiorespiratory system with the help of exercise, due to following factors

(i) Decrease in Rate of Respiration When a beginner starts exercise, then his rate of respiration increases. But when the same individual performs exercise on regular basis, then his rate of respiration decreases in comparison to the beginning stage at rest.

(ii) Lung Volume For normal breathing at rest, lung expand and there is a change in air pressure. During exercise, due to rapid movement of diaphragm and intercostal muscles, total area of lung expands to accommodate more exchange of gases.

(iii) Lung Diffusion Capacity During exercise, the lung diffusion capacity increases in both trained and untrained persons. However, trained athletes may increase their diffusion capacity 30% more than that of an untrained person because athlete’s lung surface area and red blood cell count is higher than that of non-athletes.

(iv) Pulmonary Ventilation The amount of air passing through lungs each minute is called Pulmonary Ventilation (PV). The PV is a product of Tidal Volume (TV) and Respiratory Rate (RR), and therefore at rest, it is around 12 breaths per minute.

During exercise time, both TV and RR increase, due to which PV will also increase depending on the intensity of exercise. For ordinary people, the value of PV may be 0.5 litre per minute and for well-trained athletes, it may be around 200 litres per minute.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Question 16.
In what ways, exercise influence the psychology of a person? (1 x 4)
Exercise influence the psychology of a person in the following ways
Enhances Mood Exercise increases the supply of certain neurotransmitters in the brain that keeps one happy as well as boosting endorphins which are ‘feel-good’ chemicals. These chemicals help in enhancing the mood, thereby reducing depression.

Reduces Anxiety and Stress Exercise is correlated to a reduction in anxiety as exercise stimulates anti-anxiety effect. It removes the build up of stress hormones from the body. Exercise also improves sleep which helps in reducing stress.

Improves Self-esteem Exercise has a positive influence on our perception about ourselves, providing a sense of accomplishment as we master skills, improves our body image and self-worth. It is a part of positive coping strategy.

Emotional Control Exercise helps to control various emotions such as depression, anger and anxiety. It also helps to channelise the emotions in a positive way. This helps in the overall development of an individual.

Question 17.
Explain the meaning of personality with the help of definitions. (1 + 3)
Personality is basically a set of characteristics like attitude, habits, traits, etc. possessed by a person which greatly influences his motivation, emotion and behavior in different situations.

It reveals the psychological make up of an individual through his behavior.

CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 3 with Solutions

Some definitions of personality are

  • According to NL Munn, “Personality is the most characteristic integration of an individual’s structure, mode of interest, attitude, behavior, capacities, abilities and aptitudes.”
  • According to Warren, “Personality is the entire organisation of a human being at any stage of development.”
  • According to JP Guildford, “Personality is an individual’s unique pattern of traits which distinguishes one individual from the other.”

Question 18.
‘Practicing yoga asanas regularly can prevent many diseases.’ Justify this statement. (4)
This statement is justifiable because lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, asthma, hypertension and back pain can be prevented or cured by practicing various yogic asanas. The asanas which can prevent each of these health problems are given in the table below :

Health problem / disease Yogic asanas prevent or cure the health problem/disease
Obesity Vajrasana, Hastasana, Trikonasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana, Vajrasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana are done in sitting position while rest of the asanas are done in standing position.
Diabetes Bhujangasana, Paschimottanasana, Pavanamuktasana and Ardha Matsyendrasana, Bhujangasana is done in lying position while rest of the asanas are in sitting posture.
Asthma Sukhasana, Chakrasana, Gomukhasana, Parvatasana, Bhujangasana, Paschimottanasana and Matsyasana, Chakrasana is in standing posture, Bhujangasana and Matsyasana are in lying posture, rest are in sitting posture.
Hypertension Tadasana, Vajrasana, Pavanamuktasana, Ardha Chakrasana, Bhujangasana and Shavasana, Tadasana and Ardha Chakrasana are in standing posture, Vajrasana is in sitting posture, rest are in lying posture.