Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 4 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 4 with Solutions
General Instructions :
- There are three sections in the Question paper namely Section A, Section B and Section C.
- Section A consists of 9 questions amongst which 7 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 2 marks and should have 30-50 words.
- Section B consists of 5 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 3 marks and should have 80-100 words.
- Section C consists of 4 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 4 marks and should have 100-150 words.
Maximum Marks : 35
Time : 2 Hours
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD? How it affect children? (1 + 1)
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder characterised by a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity that occurs in academic or social settings.
It affects children in many ways. It affects a child’s academic performance and social behavior.
If a person has low IQ, then which type of disability is it? Mention two symptoms of that disability? (1 + 0.5 x 2)
If a person has low IQ (Intelligence Quotient) score under 70, then the person is suffering from Intellectual disability.
Two symptoms of intellectual disability are
- Very little interpersonal skills.
- Not understanding or following rules and instructions.
What causes Asthma? How do you know that a person is affected with this disease? (1 + 1)
The main causes of asthma are allergies from airborne substances like pollen grains, dust mites, molds, spores, etc.
A person is affected with Asthma or not can be known by seeing the following symptoms
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing/sneezing too much
Explain the contradictions of Sukhasana. (1 + 1)
Contraindications of Sukhasana are
- In case of severe knee and back injury, it is required to sit over the folded blanket or take the assistance of bolster or pillow.
- Person suffering from slipped disc problem should avoid it.
Write some benefits of Pawanmuktasana. (1 + 1)
The benefits of Pawanmuktasana are
- It cures acidity, indigestion and constipation.
- It is helpful for those suffering from gastrointestinal problems, arthritis, heart problems and waist and back pain.
Explain the disabilities of OCD. (2)
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition that revolves around a obsession or compulsion, distressing actions and repetitive thoughts. People with OCD carry out routine tasks repeatedly.
Instances of these are excessive hand washing, counting of things repeatedly, checking if a door is locked many times etc.
Write the causes and symptoms of OCD. (1 + 1)
A cause of OCD is that if any member of a family is suffering from OCD, then, other members of the family have high chance of developing it. Sometimes it may also be inherited from one generation to another. Some symptoms of OCD are
- Fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt or contaminating others.
- Aggressive thoughts towards others or self.
What do you understand by disability etiquettes? (2)
Disability etiquette is a set of guidelines that explain how to approach or how to deal with the people facing physical or mental disabilities. The term serves to communicate people with disabilities more respectfully in all types of situations.
What are the etiquette guidelines for talking to a person with hearing loss? (1 + 1)
The etiquette guidelines for talking to persons with hearing loss are
- Get the person’s attention with a wave of the hand, or a tap on the shoulder.
- Speak clearly and slowly, but without exaggerating your lip movements or shouting.
List and explain the physiological factors that determine the level of flexibility in a person. (1 + 1 + 1)
The physiological factors that determine the levels of flexibility are
- Joint Structure The joint structure of a person determines the range of motions and hence level the flexibility of an individual. For example, ball and socket joint of shoulder or knee joint.
- Age and Gender The age of a person, as well as the gender, determines the level of flexibility. It can be enhanced with the help of training. Flexibility decreases with advancement of age. Females are more flexible than males.
- Stretchability of Muscles If the muscles are regularly stretched, then they remain flexible. The stretchability of muscles depends on the amount of exercise and physical activities.
In what ways, strain is different from a sprain? (1 + 1 + 1)
Strain is different from a sprain in the following ways
|It is a soft tissue injury caused by overstressing of muscles or tendons.||It is a soft tissue injury that is caused by overstretching of ligaments
or twisting of joints.
|It is also known as a muscle pull.||It is also known as a tom ligament.|
|A strain injury is common around the thigh and calf muscles.||Sprain injury is common around the knee, ankle, wrist or elbow joints.|
Briefly describe the concept of Yoga and Asana. (1.5 x 2)
Yoga is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘yuj’. It means the unity of body, mind and spirit. Patanjali has described ‘Yoga’ as a way to stable the mind for the union of soul (atma) and God (parmatma). It is like uniting the individual self with the universal self. The concept of Yoga was completely developed in India.
Asana refers to the position in which a person sits/stands to do yoga. Asanas are beneficial for the muscles, joints, cardiovascular system, nervous system and lymphatic system. It prevents body from various lifestyle diseases. Asanas also provide relaxation to the mind. There are meditative, relaxative and corrective asanas.
Who introduced Fartlek training method? List its advantages and disadvantages. (1 + 1 + 1)
Fartlek’s training method was introduced by O Astrand and Gosta Halter. Fartlek is a Swedish term that means speed play.
Advantages of this method are :
- It improves cardiovascular endurance.
- Good for aerobic and anaerobic fitness.
- It makes the body versatile.
- It is flexible in nature.
- It can be adopted easily by the athletes.
Disadvantages of this method are :
- Difficult to judge the exact efforts of the athletes.
- It may cause accidents.
Explain the two types of motivation used to perform better and show excellence in sports. (1.5 x 2)
The two types of motivation used to perform better and show excellence in sports are
(i) Internal Motivation or Intrinsic Motivation This motivation is within an individual and guides one to perform better to satisfy one’s own personal feelings. In other words, it means the individual’s motivational stimuli are coming from within. The individual has the desire to perform a specific task, because its results are in accordance with his belief system or fulfill a desire.
(ii) External Motivation or Extrinsic Motivation This motivation depends upon external factors such as a reward given by a parent, school awards, punishments, etc. Here, an individual is motivated not from within but somebody inspires that person. Extrinsic motivation can be positive or negative and produces lot of behavioral changes.
Explain the contraindications of (2 + 2)
(i) Urdhva Hastasana
(i) Contraindications of Urdhva Hastasana are :
- Avoid in case of shoulder or neck injuries.
- Avoid if experiencing dizziness while staring upwards and in case of any other medical concerns.
(ii) Contraindications of Paschimottanasana are :
- Pregnant women should avoid this asana.
- It should be avoided by person suffering from respiratory and spinal problem.
- Ulcer patients should also avoid this asana.
(i) Benefits of Matsyasana are
- It stretches the neck muscles and shoulders and prevents stiffness.
- This pose provides relief from respiratory disorders by encouraging deep breathing, as this pose increases lung capacity to a great extent.
- There is an increased supply of blood to the cervical and thoracic regions of the spine that helps tone the parathyroid, pituitary and pineal glands.
(ii) Benefits of Bhujangasana are
- It improves the blood circulation in body.
- It decreases menstrual irregularities in females.
- It strengthens muscles of chest, shoulders, arms and abdomen.
- It is effective in urine disorders.
Describe the various factors that affect the physiological fitness of a person. (1 x 4)
Physiological factors determining components of physical fitness are
Muscular Strength This is the maximum force or tension a muscle or a muscle group can exert against a resistance.
Physiologically, the muscle will increase in strength only if it has to increase its workload beyond what is ordinarily required of it. The factors affecting strength are length of muscle, its composition, age and gender.
Speed This is the rapidity with which one can repeat successive movements of the same pattern. Individuals with greater speed have superior reaction time. The factors affecting speed are muscle fibre, neuromuscular response, anaerobic capacity, etc.
Endurance This is the ability of a muscle or muscle group to perform repeated contractions against a resistance/load or to sustain contraction for an extended period of time with less discomfort and more rapid recovery. Factors determining speed are cardiac output, oxygen uptake, blood volume, aerobic capacity, etc.
Flexibility This is the ability of the muscles, tendons and ligaments to move easily through a complete range of movement and to stretch accordingly. The factors determining flexibility are elasticity, stretchability, joint structure, age, gender and heredity.
List the causes of sports injuries. (1 x 4)
Some common causes of sports injury are
- Anatomical Factors These are related to the anatomy of the body. Differences in leg length and body misalignment can lead to unequal forces being transferred to the tissues.
- Overtraining Training too often, training at high intensity or having inadequate recovery time between training can cause overtraining.
- Improper Warm-up It often causes muscle cramps and strains as the body is not geared up to do exercises. Therefore, a regular warm-up is necessary.
- Nutritional Inadequacy Lack of nutrients in food can also be the reason or cause of sports injuries among the players. The deficiency of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus can lead to bone fracture.