Students can access the CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical with Solutions and marking scheme Term 2 Set 5 will help students in understanding the difficulty level of the exam.
CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Physical Education Term 2 Set 5 with Solutions
General Instructions :
- There are three sections in the Question paper namely Section A, Section B and Section C.
- Section A consists of 9 questions amongst which 7 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 2 marks and should have 30-50 words.
- Section B consists of 5 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 3 marks and should have 80-100 words.
- Section C consists of 4 questions amongst which 3 questions have to be attempted.
Each question carries 4 marks and should have 100-150 words.
Maximum Marks : 35
Time : 2 Hours
Explain motivation. Write about any two techniques of extrinsic motivation, (1 + 0.5 x 2)
Motivation means a process through which an individual is inspired or stimulated to act in a particular fashion or manner towards achieving a particular goal.
Techniques of motivation for higher achievement in sports
- Active Participation
In what ways doing Hastasana is beneficial for our body? (1 – 1)
Benefits of Hastasana are
- It enhances the functioning of digestive system and increases the capacity of the lungs.
- This asana helps in improving the blood circulation of the body.
In what ways the life style disease of diabetes can be prevented? (1 – 1)
The ways to prevent diabetes are as follows
- Reduce the consumption of white bread, rice, processed food, sugary drinks, jam, jelly, etc.
- Eat whole grains like brown rice, oatmeal, millets, vegetables and fruits.
Write the benefits of Ardha Matsyendrasan. (1 x 1)
Benefits of Ardha Matsyendrasana are
- It is one of the best poses to improve the flexibility of the spine. It energises the spine.
- It stretches the shoulders, hips and neck region.
What are the contraindications of Parvatasana? (1 – 1)
The contraindications of this Parvatasana are
- People with severe ankle problem should avoid it.
- Avoid hunching of the back during sitting position.
Ardha Matsyendrasana cures which lifestyle disease? What is its contraindication?
Ardha Matsyendrasana is useful in reducing obesity which gives rise to many lifestyle diseases.
A contraindication of this asana is that it should be avoided during pregnancy and menstruation due to the strong twist in the abdomen.
What are different types of speed? (2)
There are three types of speed
- Reaction Speed It is the ability to respond to a given stimulus as quickly as possible, like good speed in sprints, speed in fielding, chasing the ball.
- Movement Speed It is the ability to do a single movement in the minimum time like jumping, throwing, kicking, boxing, gymnastics where movements with speed are necessary.
- Acceleration Speed It is the ability to achieve maximum speed in shortest possible time.
Gomukhasana is useful in curing which lifestyle disease? Explain its procedure (1 – 1)
Gomukhasana is done in sitting position. To do this asana, sit straight and stretch both legs together in front. Fold right leg at the knee and place it on the ground by the side of the left buttock. Bringing the left leg from above the right leg, place it on the ground by the side of the right buttock. Fold your left arm and place it behind your back. Then, take your right hand over your right shoulder, and stretch it. Then, repeat the procedure with other leg.
What are advantages and disadvantages of interval training method? (1 – 1)
Advantages of interval training method is that more workout can be performed in short duration. It is beneficial for respiratory and circulatory systems.
Disadvantages of interval training is that there are chances of injury and it can lead to heart diseases.
Explain the personality type of mesomorphs as given by Sheldon. (3)
Sheldon distinguished the personality on the basis of physical attributes, body shape, temperament, etc. He identifies mesomorphs as people who are well proportioned. They are physically capable of doing a lot of activities and tend to be athletically aggressive. They are adventurous, energetic and competitive. Mesomorphs have enough strength, speed and agility due to which they can excel in sports which require great strength, short bursts of energy and lots of power. Mesomorph people take off or put on weights easily.
They have proportionate arms and legs and even weight distribution. They are suited for basketball, athletics martial arts, volleyball, swimming, etc.
Describe the causes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). (1 x 3)
Causes of ADHD are
- Genes and Heredity Genetic inheritance and abnormalities in genes that is acquired by birth, may cause this disorder.
- Brain Injury and Epilepsy Children who have had traumatic brain injuries or who have epilepsy can often have ADHD symptoms.
- Environmental Causes Exposure to environmental risks like lead during pregnancy or at a young age, premature delivery, may also cause or exposure to alcohol and tobacco.
Explain the three methods of continuous training for development of endurance, (1 x 3)
Three methods of continuous training for development of endurance are
(i) Slow Continuous Method In this method, the intensity of exercise is low and heart rate remains stable. This means a 10 kilometer run with a heart beat of 140-160 beats per minute. This method is effective for long cross-country runs.
(ii) Fast Continuous Method In this method, the intensity is high, heart rate is high and duration is less. The heart beat reaches to 160-180 beats per minute due to increase in intensity. It is for well-trained athletes who can run continuously without any pause. It is very effective for improving the V02 capacity.
(iii) Variable Pace Method This is a combination of slow and fast continuous method, therefore the intensity varies. The heart beat varies under 140-180 beats and time is 15-60 minutes.
Explain the dislocation and fractures among the bones and joint injuries. (1.5 + 1.5)
The dislocation and fractures among the bones and joints happen when excessive force is applied directly or indirectly. These are musculoskeletal injuries and can be grouped under hard tissue injury.
A dislocation refers to displacement or separation of bones from the joint. It is caused by a sudden impact, a trauma or a fall.
A dislocated joint may be accompanied by numbness or tingling at the joint or beyond it. It is intensely painful, especially if you try to move joints or put weight on it.
Some of the common joint injuries are shoulder dislocation, knee cap dislocation, finger dislocation, etc.
A fracture is a break in the continuity of a bone or a separation of a bone in two or more parts. It is caused when greater force is exerted against a bone than it can actually sustain. The different types of fractures are stress fracture, green stick, communated, transverse, oblique and impacted.
Explain the causes of Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD). (3)
Causes of SPD are
- Genetic Factors Genetic or hereditary factors such as having a family history of autism or SPD.
- Neurological Issue Understimulation during critical periods of neurological development may develop SPD in that child.
- Allergic Issue Allergy to certain type of foods may cause different reactions leading to disorders.
- Environmental Toxins Children’s constant exposure to a variety of environmental toxins may also cause SPD.
- Abnormal Development Developmental delays and other neurological disorders like slow sensory reaction may cause SPD.
In what ways sports and physical activities play an important role in personality development? (1 x 4)
Sports and physical activities play an important role in developing the personality in the following ways
- Development of Physique A good physique can be developed by regular training which becomes simple by participating in sports. A well-built physique exhibits good personality that is attractive and impressive.
- Relieve Stress Stress can be relieved by playing any type of sport. Sports help persons to combat anxiety, depression and stress. When the stress is relieved from the person, it improves the personality of the person.
- Social Skills Sports help in developing social skills as players play together, bond with each other, share their problems and worries as well as cooperate with each other.
- Discipline Sports help in making a person disciplined as it is essential to practice and then complete all the tasks on time without fear of failure. This helps in making of a good personality.
Explain the types of aggression seen in sports. (2 + 2)
The types of aggression seen in sports are of two types. They are instrumental aggression and hostile aggression. They are :
(i) Instrumental Aggression In instrumental aggression, the main aim is to achieve a goal by using aggression. It is a positive form of aggression. Here, the aim of the player is to excel in the sport that he is playing through high intensity output and competitive spirit.
For example, a football player using aggression to tackle his opponent and win the ball. He is not harming any player but only using his aggressiveness to gain the ball.
Experienced players show instrumental aggression on the field as they have greater self-control to manage their aggression.
(ii) Hostile Aggression In hostile aggression, the main aim is to cause harm or injury to your opponent. It is usually an unplanned, impulsive reaction towards a player who may or have become a threat in achieving the goal. However, it may also be planned to cause injury to intended player on the field. This kind of aggression often arises from insult, hurt, bad feelings, jealousy and threat.
For example, a bowler throwing a bouncer to deliberately injure the batsman or to shake up his concentration.
In some extreme cases, hitting an opponent or deliberately obstructing his path leads to his fall on the ground.
This kind of aggression is usually seen in new players who want to achieve success quickly.
What do you understand by physical disability? What are its symptoms? (2 + 2)
Physical disability is the long-term loss or impairment of a body part that limits the body’s physical function. A person with physical disability cannot perform many actions independently.
It may be a motor deficiency or a sensory impairment. Motor deficiency is related to spinal cord, causing paralysis to some or all parts of the body. It may also lead to brain damage, which may occur before or after birth or after a stroke.
Sensory impairment is related to a person’s limited use of a particular sense organ for example, visual, hearing or speech impairment. The nature of this disability is physical as it is related to physical functioning of the body parts including sense organs.
This refers to the limitation on a person’s physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina.
This includes upper or lower limb loss, poor manual dexterity, visual impairment, hearing loss or disability in coordination with different organs of the body.
Apart from these, blindness, respiratory disorders, epilepsy and sleep disorders are also considered as physical disability.
Symptoms of Physical Disabilities are :
- Body’s lack of full range of mobility.
- Problems related to senses such as sight, hearing or speech impairment.
- Lack of motor skills and missing developmental milestones.
- Lack of control of the limbs or the body parts.
Enumerate the advantages of physical activities for children with special needs in brief. (1 x 4)
There are a number of advantages of physical activities for children with special needs. These are
- Improve Fitness It strengthens the heart muscles, thereby improving cardiovascular efficiency, lung efficiency and exercise endurance.
- This helps in controlling repetitive behaviours among disabled children.
- Develops Social Behaviour Besides improving fitness, physical activity develops social relationships with other children, teammates and teachers.
- This brings positive changes in the social behaviour of these children.
- Makes Children Active It helps to improve energy level of the body.
- Regular physical activity often makes children more energetic and allows them to become active.
- Maintains Healthy Body It regulates blood pressure, cholesterol level and diabetes. When the internal organ systems work smoothly, then the children remain healthy. This is essential for the children with special needs.