Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 6 Extra Questions and Answers Work-Life and Leisure with Answers Pdf free download. https://ncertmcq.com/extra-questions-for-class-10-social-science/
Work-Life and Leisure Class 10 Extra Questions History Chapter 6
Class 10 History Chapter 6 Questions And Answers Question 1.
From where do the migrants usually come in the cities. Mention one example.
Usually, the migrants come from nearby rural areas. In 1851, more than three fourth of the adults in Manchester (Britain) were people from the nearby rural region.
Writing And City Life Extra Question And Answer Question 2.
Name the five types of industries which grew in London in the 19th century.
- Clothing and footwear,
- wood and furniture,
- metal and engineering,
- printing and stationary precision products such as surgical instruments.
Class 10 History Chapter 6 Questions And Answers In Bengali Question 3.
Who is a philanthropist?
Someone who works for social upliftment and charity donating time and money is known as philanthropist.
Class 10 History Chapter 6 Mcq With Answers Question 4.
What is a metropolis?
Metropolis is a large densely city of a country.
History Class 10 Chapter 6 Question Answer Question 5.
Note the second largest city of the world.
Mumbai, also an important city of the Indian subcondiment.
Ncert Solutions For Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 6 Question 6.
How can you define urbanisation?
Urbanisation is the development of a city or town terms” of trade and expanding of population.
Work, Life And Leisure Class 10 Solutions Question 7.
When was the underground railway opened in London and between which two places?
The underground railway was opened on January 10, 1863, and between Paddington and Farrington street in London.
Class 10 History Chapter 6 Question 8.
What is asphyxiation?
Asphyxiation is suffocation due to lack of oxygen supply.
Give two reasons which enabled large number of people to live outside London and travel to work.
- Better planned suburbs and
- a good railway network.
What do you mean by individualism?
Individualism is a theory which promotes liberty rights, or independent action of the individual rather than of the”community.
What and when were the entertainment resorts in the 19th century London?
Pleasure gardens became entertainment resorts in the 19th century London providing facilities such as sports and entertainments and refreshments for the well-to-do.
What was the Bloody Sunday of November 1887?
A riot brutely suppressed by the Police in 1887 is known as Bloody Sunday in London.
Why is a large city an opportunity?
A large city is an opportunity because it provides employment, as it did with the industrialization coming in.
Name the three Presidencies and their cities in the colonial India.
The three Presidencies were: Bengal, Bombay and Madras, and three Presidencies were Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras.
When and where was the first cotton textile mill established in India?
The first cotton textile till was established in Bombay in 1854.
When and why was the women mill workforce drop in Bombay?
Between 1919 and 1926, the women mill workforce was 27% of the total workers. It dropped to 10% by 1930, due to machines or men taking on the jobs.
What is ‘mill village’?
Place of living by the workers near their place of work.
What do you mean by chawls in reference to Bombay?
Chawls, in reference to Bombay, were multi-storeyed structures built in the native parts of the city of Bombay.
What were the three major groups of people in Singapore in the early days of its formation?
Give an account of expansion of the city of London.
By 1750, one out of every nine people of England and Wales lived in London. It was a colossal city with a population of about 675,000. Over the nineteenth century, London continued to expand. Its population multiplied fourfold in the 70 years between 1810 and 1880, increasing from 1 million to about 4 million.
Why did the poor die of the lack of housing accommodation in late 19lh century London?
The lack of proper housing becomes a cause for early death and of poverty. Charles Booth, a Liverpool shipowner writes that as many as a million Londoners (about one-fifth of the population of London at the time were very poor and were expected to live only up to an average age of 29 (compared to the average lile expectancy of 55 among the gentry and the middle class).
These people were more than likely to die in a ‘workhouse, hospital or lunatic asylum. London, he concluded ‘needed the rebuilding of at least 400,000 rooms to house its poorest citizens.
Why were people afraid of travelling underground when the underground railway began functioning?
The people, at first, were afraid of travelling the unground railways. This is what one newspaper reader reported: “The compartment in which I sat was filled with passengers who were smoking pipes. The atmosphere was a mixture of sulphur, coal dust and foul fumes from the gas lamps above so that by the time we reached Moorgate, I was near dead of asphyxiation and heat should think these underground railways must soon be discontinued for they eat health.
How do you explain that the curly industrial life was largely male-dominated?
With industrialisation and urbanisation, men and women did not have equal access to this new urban space. As women lost their industrial jobs and conservative people tailed against their presence in public spaces, women were forced to withdraw into their homes.
The public space became increasingly a male preserve and the domestic sphere was seen as the proper place for women. Most political movements of the nineteenth century, such as Chartism (a movement demanding the role for all adult males). and the 10-hour movement (limiting hours of work in factories), mobilised large numbers of men.
Give examples of leisure and entertainment activities as cities grew.
As cities grew, there also grew leisure, art, and entertainment. In London, libraries and museums came up: seaside holidaying was resorted; music halls beginning functioning. When the entry to the British Museum Library became free in 1810, visitors swamped the museum their number jumped to 127,643 in 1824-25, shooting up to 25,901 by 1846. Music-halls were popular among the lower classes, and, by the early twentieth century, cinema became the greal mass entertainment for mixed audiences.
British industrial workers were increasingly encouraged to spend their holidays by the sea, so as to derive the benefits of the sun and bracing winds Over 1 million British people went to the seaside at Blackpool in 1883, by 1939 their numbers had gone up to 7 million,
Give a brief history of the city of Bombay.
In the 17th century, Bombay was a group of seven islands under Portuguese control. In 1661, control of the islands passed into British hands after the marriage of Britain’s King Charles. It to the Portuguese princess. The East India Company quickly shifted its base from Surat, its principal western port to Bombay.
At first, Bombay was the major outlet for cotton textiles from Gujarat. Later, in the nineteenth century, the city functioned as a port through which large quantities of raw materials such as cotton and opium would pass. Gradually, it also became an important administrative centre in western India, and then, by the end of the nineteenth century, a major industrial centre.
When was the Bombay improvement Trust established? What was the object of the Rent Act of 1918?
The city of Bombay Improvement Trust was established in 1898. It focused on clearing poorer houses out of the city centre, By 1918, Trust schemes had deprived 64,000 people of their homes, but only 14,000 were rehoused. In 1918, a Rent Act was passed to keep rents reasonable, but it had the opposite effect of producing a severe housing crisis since landlords withdrew houses from the market.
What was the contribution of the Bombay Port Trust in reclaim nation project?
A successful reclamation project was undertaken by the Bombay Port Trust, which built a dry dock between 1914 and 1918 and used the excavated earth to create the 22-acre Ballard Estate. Subsequently, the famous Marine Drive or Bombay was developed.
Give a brief account of the life of the working women in numerous jobs.
Factories employed large numbers of women in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. With Technological developments, women gradually lost their industrial jobs and were forced to work within households.
The 1861 census recorded a quarter of a million domestic servants in London, of whom the vast majority were women, many of them recent migrants A large number of women used their homes to increase family income by taking in lodgers or through such activities as tailoring, washing or matchbox making.
However, there was a change once again in the twentieth century. As women got employment in wartime industries and offices, they withdrew from cosmetic service.
Mention a variety of steps which were taken to clean up London during 19th-20th centuries.
A variety of steps were taken to clean up London.
- Attempts were made to decongest localities, green the open spaces, reduce pollution and landscape the city.
- Large blocks of apartments were built, akin to those in Berlin and new York-cities which had similar housing problems.
- Rent control was introduced in Britain during the First World War to case the impact of a severe housing shortage.
- (iv) Many wealthy residents of London were able to afford a holiday home in the countryside.
- Architect and planner Ebenezer Howard developed the principle of the Garden City, a pleasant space full of plants and trees, where people would both live and work. Following Howard’s ideas, Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker designed the garden city.
- There were common grade 1 spaces, beautiful views and great attention to detail.
- Between the two world wars (1919-39) the responsibility for housing the working classes was accepted by the British state and a million houses, most of them single-family cottages, were built by local authorities.
What are Chawls of Bombay? Give an account of life and living in a Chawl.
Chawls are multi-storeyed structures which had been built in 1860s in the town occupied by the indigenous natives, mostly owned by landlords and merchants. Each chawl was divided into smaller one-room tenements which had no private toilets.
Many families could reside at a time in a lenement The Census of 1901 reported that the mass of the island’s population or 80 percent of the total resides in tenements of one room, the average number of occupants lies between 4 and 5. High rents forced workers to share homes, eiiter with relatives or caste fellows who were streaming into the city.
People had to keep the windows of their rooms closed even in humid weather due to the close proximity of filthy gutters, privies, buffalo stables etc.’Yet, though water was scarce, and people often quarrelled every morning for a turn at the tap observers found that houses were kept quite clean.
The homes being shall, streets and neighbourhoods were used for a variety of activities such as cooking, washing and sleeping Liquor shops and akharas came up in any emply spot. Streets were also used for different types of leisure activities.
Chawls were also the place for exchange of news about jobs, strikes, riots or demonstrations.
Caste and family groups in the mill neighbourhoods were headed by someone who was similar to a village headman. Sometimes, the jobber in the mills could be the local neighbourhood leader He settled disputes, organised food supplies, or arranged informal credit.
Give a brief description of how Singapore developed as a planned nation.
Singapore is a successful, rich, and well-planned city, a model for city planning worldwide. Yet the city’s rise to this status is quite recent. Until 1965, Singapore, though an important port, shared all the problems of other Asian cities, Planning was known in Singapore since 1822, but benefited only the small community of white people who ruled Singapore.
For the majority of its inhabitants, there was overcrowding, lack of sanitation, poor housing and poverty. All this changed after the city became an independent nation in 1965 under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew, President of the People’s Action Party.
A massive housing and development programme was undertaken and it completely altered the face of the island nation. Through a programme of total planning which left nothing to chance, every inch of the island’s territory was controlled in its use. The government itself wen popular support by providing nearly 85 percent of the population with ownership housing of good quality.
The tall housing blocks, which were well ventilated and serviced, were examples of good physical planning. But the buildings also redesigned social life: crime was reduced through external corridors, the aged were housed alongside their families, ‘void decks’ or empty floors were provided in all buildings for community activities.
Objective Type Questions
1. Choose the most appropriate alternative:
(a) large but not a densely city
(b) a densely but a small city
(c) large as well as densely city
(d) none of the above
(c) large as well as densely city
The capital of Britain is:
Baron Haussmann was a French
Dadasahab Phalke made the following movie :
(a) Raja Harishchandra
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Raja jai Singh
(d) Raja and Rani
(a) Raja Harishchandra
2. Choose true (✓) or False (✗):
Bombay is India’s film capital
Ismat Chughtai and Saadat Hasan Manto were associated with tea trade in India
Haussmann was an architect.
Individualism is a theory of community.