Here we are providing 1 Mark Questions for Economics Class 12 Chapter 4 Poverty are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams.
One Mark Questions for Class 12 Economics Chapter 4 Poverty
What do you mean by poverty?
Poverty is the inability to secure the minimum consumption requirements for life, health and efficiency.
What proportion of the world’s poor live in India?
One-fifth of the world’s poor live in India.
How many children under the age of five die annually in India according to UNICEF?
About 2.3 million children under the age of five die India per annum according to UNICEF.
Name the two key features of poorest households.
The two key features of poorest households are hunger and starvation.
What are the factors responsible alarming malnutrition among the poor?
Ill health, disability and serious illness are the factors responsible for alarmingly high malnutrition among the poor.
Define poverty line.
Poverty line estimates the minimum level of income that is considered appropriate to secure basic necessities of life.
What was the percentage of population below poverty line in 2011-12 in India?
22 percent of India’s population lived below poverty line in 2011 -12.
Name the two types of poverty.
The two types are absolute poverty and relative poverty.
Define absolute poverty.
Absolute poverty determines the minimum physical quantities of requirement for a subsistence level, with the help of poverty line.
What is relative poverty?
Relative poverty refers to lack of resources in relation to different classes,: regions and countries.
State the minimum calorie requirement (per day) of a person in rural area and a person in urban area
The minimum calorie intake (per day) for a rural person is estimated at 2,400 calories while that for a person in urban area is 2,100 for a person.
How is the extent of poverty worked out in India?
The extent of poverty in India is worked out with the help of “Head Count Ratio”.
Define Head Count Ratio.
Head Count Ratio is the proportion of persons living below the poverty line.
Name some factors, other than income and expenditure, which are associated with poverty.
Some factors, other than income and expenditure, which are associated with poverty, include accessibility to basic education, health care, drinking water and sanitation
Name the state in India which had the highest poverty in 2011-2012.
In 2011 -2012, Chhattisgarh had the highest poverty in India.
List any two causes of poverty in India.
Causes of poverty in India are:
(i) Lack of quality education
(ii) No or limited access to health care
(iii) Unequal distribution of income and wealth
Why are casual labourers among the most vulnerable group in society?
Casual labourers are among the most vulnerable in society as they suffer lack of job security, assets, skills, opportunities and have no surplus to sustain them.
Give two examples of self-employment programmes initiated by the government to alleviate poverty.
Two self-employment programmes initiated by the government include are Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) and Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY).
Name the three major programmes that aim at improving the food and nutritional status of the poor.
Three major programmes that aim at improving the food and nutritional status of the poor are:
(i) Public Distribution System
(ii) Integrated Child Development Scheme
(iii) Mid-day Meal