Here we are providing 1 Mark Questions for Political Science Class 12 Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams.

One Mark Questions for Class 12 Political Science Chapter 3 Politics of Planned Development

Question 1.
What is meant by planned development? (Sample Paper)
Planned development means to develop a design or plan for development.

Question 2.
Mention the main objective of Second Five Year Plan. (Imp.) (Sample Paper, C.B.S.E. 2012 Outside Delhi)
The main objective of the Second Five Year Plan was to enhance the growth of Industrial development.

Question 3.
Who was P.C. Mahalanobis ? (Imp.) (C.B.S.E. 2009)
What was significant about P.C. Mahalanobis ? (C.B.S.E 2013)
Second five year plan was drafted by a team of economists and planners under the leadership of P.C. Mahalanobis.

Question 4.
Who was popularly known as the ‘Milkman of India’ ? (C.B.S.E. 2013)
Verghese Kurien.

Question 5.
What was the ‘Bombay Plan’ ? (C.B.S.E. 2013)
The ‘Bombay Plan’ was a joint proposal of big industrialists (1944) for setting up a planned economy in the country.

Question 6.
What is meant by Decentralised Planning ? (Imp.) (C.B.S.E. 2012, 2014) j
Decentralised planning meant planning which is approachable by the common man. It involved people directly in the developmental activities through voluntary citizen’s organisations.

Question 7.
Differentiate between the mains objectives of the First and the second Five Year Plans.
There was a big debate whether more importance should be given in Industries or Agriculture. The First Five-Year Plan stressed on development of agriculture while the Second Five- Year Plan stressed on heavy industries.

Question 8.
What is meant by geo-politics ? (C.B.S.E. 2012)
Geo-politics means politics of land territory. According to G.N. Singh, “A science dealing with the influence exercised by physical geography in determining conditions of political life and relation between state.” According to Houshofer, “Geo-politics demonstrates the dependence of all political development on the permanent reality of the soil.”

Question 9.
How was Kerla plan based on decentralized planning? (C.B.S.E. Sample Q.P. 2017)
Kerla plan was based on decentralized planning because peoples directly involve in development activities through voluntary citizens organizations. The officials also taken initiate to involve people in making plans at the Panchayat, block and district level.

Question 10.
Why does development have different meaning for different section of the people? (C.B.S.E. 2017)
Different sections of the people have different meaning of development. For example the iron or resources lie in some of the most underdeveloped and pre-dominantly tribal districts of the Orissa state. The state government passed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the development and global demand of steel.

The tribal people fear that the setting up of industries would cause displacement from their homes and livelihood. They were also having the fear that mining and industry would pollute the environment. So, they protested and demanded for the cancellation of agreement.

Choose the correct answer :

Question 11.
Who said, “Planning is a way of organising and utilising resources to maximum advantage in terms of defined social ends” ?
(a) K.T. Shati
(b) Planning Commission of India
(c) Dr. Rajinder Prashad
(d) None of these.
(b) Planning Commission of India

Question 12.
In India, planning was conceived as a main instrument of:
(a) Political development
(b) Cultural development
(c) Social development
(d) Socio-economic development.
(d) Socio-economic development.

Question 13.
How many plans have been completed so far in India ?
(a) Twelve
(b) Six
(c) Eight
(d) Four.
(a) Twelve

Question 14.
The Planning Commission in India was set up in :
(a) 1953
(b) 1957
(c) 1960
(d) 1950
(d) 1950

Question 15.
The Chairman of National Development Council is :
(a) President of India
(b) Finance Minister of India
(c) Prime Minister of India
(d) Chief Minister of U.P.
(c) Prime Minister of India