On this page, you will find NCERT Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 8 SST India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 8
CBSE Class 6 Geography Chapter 8 Notes Understanding The Lesson
1. Due to changes in temperature, rainfall and sunshine etc., day to day weather is also changed.
2. The weather may be hot or cold; sunny or cloudy; windy or calm.
3. The major seasons recognized in India are: Winter (December to February); Summer (March to May); Rainy (June to September); Autumn (October to November).
4. Winter season is also called “Cold Weather Season”. The Sun rays do not fall directly in the region. As a result the temperatures are quite low in northern India.
5. Summer season is also called “hot weather season”. In this season Sun rays more or less directly fall in this region. Temperature becomes very high. Hot and dry winds called loo, blow during the day.
6. Rainy season is also called “South West Monsoon Season”. In this season the winds blow from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal towards the land. These airs carry moisture with them. When these winds strike the mountain barriers, rainfall occurs. .
7. Autumn is also called “Season of Retreating Monsoons”. In this season winds move back from the mainland to the Bay of Bengal. The southern part of India particularly Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh receive rainfall in this season.
8. The climate of India has broadly been described as monsoon type. The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude(height), distance from sea and relief. Therefore, we experience regional differences in the climate of India.
9. Jaisalmer and Bikaner in the desert of Rajasthan are very hot, while Drass and Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir are freezing cold.
10. Coastal places like Mumbai and Kolkata experience moderate climate.
11. Mawsynram in Meghalaya receives the world’s highest rainfall.
12. The grasses, shrubs and trees which grow on their own without interfere of help from called natural vegetation.
13. Different types of natural vegetation are dependent on different climatic conditions, amount of rainfall is very important.
14. Vegetation of India can be divided into five types-
- Tropical evergreen or rain forest,
- Tropical deciduous forest,
- Thorny bushes,
- Mountain vegetation and
- Mangrove forest.
15. Tropical Rain forests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. They are so dense that Sunlight doesn’t reach the ground. Many species of trees are found in these forests. The trees shed their leaves at different time of the year. These always appear green. Mahogany, ebony and rosewood are trees found in these areas. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of north-eastern states and a narrow strip of the Western slope of the Western Ghats are home of these forests.
16. Tropical deciduous forests are found in a large part of our country. These forests are also called monsoon forests. They are less dense. They shed their leaves at a particular time of the year. Important trees of these forests are sal, teak, peepal, neem and shisham. They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, and in parts of Maharashtra.
17. Thorny bushes vegetation is found in dry areas of the country. The leaves are in the form of spines to reduce the loss of water. Cactus, khair, babool, keekar are important and are found in the States of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Eastern slopes of Western Ghat and Gujarat.
18. A wide range of mountain vegetation is found in the mountains according to the variation in height. At a height between 1500 to 2500 mtrs. Most of the trees are conical in shape. These trees are called coniferous trees. Chir, Pine and Deodar are important trees of these forests.
19. Mangrove Forests can survive in saline water. They are found mainly in Sunderbans in West Bengal and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sundari is a well-known species of trees in mangrove forests after which Sunderbans have been named.
20. Forests are very useful for us. They control soil erosion and help in breathing. They provide life-supporting objects and are natural habitat of wildlife.
21. Many variety of animals and a large variety of reptiles, amphibians, mammals, birds, insects and worms dwell in the forest.
22. Tiger is our National animal.
23. Gir forest in Gujarat is a home for Asiatic lions.
24. Elephants and one-horned rhinoceroses roam in the forests of Assam.
25. Elephants are also found in Kerala and Karnataka.
26. Camels are found in the Great India desert and wild asses in the Rann of Kuchchh.
27. Wild goats, snow leopards, bears are found in the Himalayan region.
28. Many other animals are found in our country such as monkey, wolf, jackal, nilgai, cheetal etc.
29. Peacock is our National bird.
30. There are several birds found in our country.
31. In order to protect animals, the government has also started Project Tiger and Project Elephant.
India Climate Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Weather: Atmospheric conditions.
Climate: Average weather conditions over a long period.
Natural Vegetation: Those herbs, shurbs and trees which grow naturally.
National Park: Reserved area for preserving its natural vegetation, wildlife and natural environment.
Sanctuaries: Reserved areas where animals and birds are protected.
Biosphere Reserves: Multipurpose protected areas, where every plant and animal species is protected in its natural habitat.
Project Tiger: To protect the endangered species of tiger.