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Online Education for New Empires and Kingdoms Class 6 Extra Questions History Chapter 11
New Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Extra Questions Question 1.
What is prashasti?
The prashastis is a long composition (in praise of a ruler. They also meptiomthe ancestors of the rulers.
New Empires And Kingdoms Extra Questions Question 2.
Give the name of any two prashastis?
The two prashastis are :
- Allahabad Pillar Inscription, written by Harishena, the court poet of Samadurgupta.
- The best known Chalukya ruler was Pulakeshin. We know about him from a prashati compos id by his court poet Ravikirti.
Class 6 History Chapter 11 Extra Questions Question 3.
What are genealogies?
Genealogies are lists of ancestors.
Class 6 History Chapter 11 Extra Questions And Answers Question 4.
Write the genealogy of Samndragupta.
The genealogy of Samundragupta as given in his prashastis consists of:
- great grandfather,
- father and mother.
This mother, Kumaradevi, belonged to the Lichchhavi gana, while his father Chandragupta was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty to adopt the title of Maharaj-Dhiraj, a title used by Samundragupta also. His great grandfather and grandfather were maharajas.
New Empires And Kingdoms Class 6 Questions And Answers Question 5.
row can we say that Samudragupta was an accomplished player of the ‘Veena’?
In the coins belonging to the reign of Samundragupta, he is shown as playing the ‘Veena’.
Extra Questions Of New Empires And Kingdoms Question 6.
Who was the son and successor of Samujidragupta? How do we come to know about him?
Chandragupta II was the son and successor of Samundragupta. We come to know about him from coins and inscriptions.
Class 6 History Chapter New Empires And Kingdoms Extra Questions Question 7.
Write about Samundragupta’s prashasti. What does it tell us about him?
Samundragupta’s prashasti was composed by his court poet, Harishena. It is inscribed on the Ashokan pillar at Allahabad.
The poet praised the king, who was a great warrior and had won many victories in battle. He was also a learned man and an accomplished poet. He is described as equal to gods.
Chapter 11 History Class 6 Extra Questions Question 8.
What does the prashasti tell about the way in which the battle was fought?
The king and the army used various weapons in the warfare, such as battle-axes, arrows, spikes, spears, barbed darts, swords, iron- clubs, javelins, barbed arrows, long arrows and many other weapons. The king and the soldiers received many wounds on the body.
Class 6 History Chapter 11 Question Answer Question 9.
Write about the military exploits of Chandragupta II and about his court.
Chandragupta II led an expedition to western India, where he overcame ‘the last of the Shakas, His court was full of learned men, including Kalidasa, the poet and Aryabhatt, the astronomer.
The Gupta Empire Class 6 Question Answer Question 10.
Name the four different kind of rulers which are mentioned in Samundragupta’s prashasti composed by Hariskena. What was the policy adopted towards these rulers?
The four different kind of rulers which are mentioned in Samundragupta’s prashasti are :
- The rulers of Aryavarta, who were nine in number. They were uprooted, and their kingdoms were made part of Samundragupta’s empire.
- The rulers of Dakshinpatha, who were twelve in number and surrendered to Samundragupta after being defeated, and he then allowed them to rule again.
- The inner circle of neighbouring states, including Assam, coastal Bengal, Nepal and a number of gana-sanghas. They brought tribute, followed his orders and attended his court.
- The rulers of the outlying areas, perhaps descendants of the Kushanas, and shakas and ruler of Sri Lanka, who submitted to him and offered daughters in marriage.
New Empires And Kingdoms Question Answer Question 11.
Write how the kingdoms were administered during the time of Gupta rulers and other dynasties,
Land revenue continued to remain an important source of income for these kingdoms. The village remained the basic unit of administrations.
There were some new developments. Kings adopted number of ways to win the support of the people who were powerful either economically or socially or because of their political and military strength. Some example
- Some important administrative posts were now hereditary. This means the sons succeeded their fathers to these posts, e g., Harishena, the court poet, was also a maha-danda-nayaka or chief judicial officer like his father.
- Sometimes one person held many posts. For example, Harishena, besides being a maha-danda-nayaka, was also a Kumar-Amartya (i.e. important minister, and a sandhi-vigrahika (i e minister of war and peace).
- Important men had a say in local administration. These included Nagar-sarthavaha (leader of the merchant caravan) and prathima- Kulik (chief craftsman) and the head of the Kayastha (scribes).
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Who was Samudragupta?
(a) A famous Kushana ruler
(b) A famous Gupta ruler
(c) A famous Pandya ruler
(d) A famous Chera ruler.
(b) A famous Gupta ruler.
2. Who was the court poet of Samudragupta?
3. Where was Samudragupta’s prashasti inscribed?
(a) The Ashoka Pillar at Allahabad
(b) The Ashoka Pillar at Samath
(c) At Rashtrapati Bhawan
(d) At Lai Quila
(a) The Ashoka Pillar at Allahabad.
4. Who submitted to Samudragupta and offered daughters in marriage?
(a) The rulers of the outlying areas
(b) Descendants of the Kusnanas and Shakas
(c) Tire Pandya rulers
(d) Both (a) and (b).
(d) Both (a) and (b).
5. Who was the mother of Samudragupta and where did she belong?
(a) Kumara Devi; Lichchhvi gana
(b) Jabali; Magadh
(c) Gautami; Vijji
(d) Yashoda; Lumbini.
(a) Kumara Devi; Lichchhvi gana.
6. Who was the first ruler of the Gupta dynasty to adopt the grand title of Maharajadhiraja?
7. Who of the following were among the learned people of the court of Chandragupta-II?
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(c) Both (a) and (b)
8. Who was the court poet of Harshavardhana?
9. What is the Harshacharita?
(a) The biography of Harshavardhana
(b) The autobiography of Banabhatta
(c) The biography of Charaka
(d) An Upanishad
(a) The biography of Harshavardhana.