On this page, you will find NCERT Class 7 History Chapter 2 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 7 Social Science Notes History Chapter 2 SST On The Trial of the Earliest People will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
On the Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 Notes Social Science History Chapter 2
CBSE Class 6 History Chapter 2 Notes Understanding the Lesson
1. The early people lived in the subcontinent about two million years ago.
2. They hunted wild animals, caught fishes and birds and used fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks and eggs for their food.
3. They were very sensible and alert and had lots of presence of mind which was reflected in their activities. (Many birds and wild animals ran faster than them but they hunted them, plants and its products were useful and harmful both, but selecting the right products which were edible shows their sensibility and presence of mind.)
4. There were atleast four reasons that early people moved from one place to other place:
5. Lack of plants and animals For following the movements of cattle.
6. Lack of seasonal fruit In search of water.
7. Archaeologists found that early people used tools. Tool was made up of stone, wood and bone. Out of which stone tools have survived best.
8. Tools made of stones were used to: cut meat and bone,
9. scrape trees’ bark and animal skin,
10. Chop fruits and roots.
11. Sometimes handles of tools like spears and arrows were made up of bones or wood.
12. Wood was also used for fire and to make huts.
13. Found some places where stone of good quality was easily available.
14. Factory sites are places where stones were found and where people made tools .
15. Early man lived in caves and rock shelters.
16. Found habitation sites, where the people lived like in Bhimbetka (presently in Madhya Pradesh).
17. In the Kurnool caves, ash was found, this indicates that people were familiar with the use of fire.
18. Around 12,000 years ago, major changes came up in the climate of the world. Due to the shifting, the warm conditions developed grasslands and this condition led to an increase in the cattle which survived on grass.
19. Around 12,000 years ago, several grain bearing grasses like wheat, barley and rice grew naturally. This also led them to think about growing plants on their own.
20. In Madhya Pradesh and Southern Uttar Pradesh, archaeologists found many caves with paintings on walls. These paintings showed animals.
21. Ostriches were found in India during the Palaeolithic period. Eggs were found at Patne (Maharashtra).
22. In Hunsgi, a number of early Palaeolithic sites have been found. The tools found here are made up of limestone.
On The Trial of the Earliest People Class 6 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Hunter-gatherers: The name hunter-gatherers arrived from the way in which the early people collected their food.They hunted in groups.
Site: This word is used for those places which are associated with the activities of hunter-gatherers like habitat sites, factory sites and habitat-cum-factory sites.
Habitation Factory: The place where earlier people lived.
Palaeolithic: The earliest period is called Palaeolithic. This period falls between two million years ago to 12,000 years ago.
Mesolithic: This is middle stone age. This age falls about 12,000 years ago to 10,000 years ago.
Microliths: Stone tools found during Mesolithic period (middle stone age) are called microliths. In this age, the tools used by people were tiny in size
Notes of History Class 6 Chapter 1 Time Period
2 million years ago to around 12,000 years ago: Called Palaeolithic. During this tenure, major changes occurred in the climate of the world.
12,000 years ago till about 10,000 years ago: Called Mesolithic.
10,000 years ago: Called Neolithic.