On this page, you will find NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 3 Notes Pdf free download. CBSE Class 6 Social Science Notes History Chapter 3 SST From Gathering to Growing Food will seemingly help them to revise the important concepts in less time.
From Gathering to Growing Food Class 6 Notes Social Science History Chapter 3
CBSE Class 6 History Chapter 3 Notes Understanding the Lesson
1. At present, most of our foods such as fruits, vegetables, grains, milk and meat comes from plants and animals. Thus, source of our food is plants and animals.
2. Different plants grow in different conditions and similarly different types of animal can survive in different climates.
3. Domestication begun about 12,000 years ago.
4. All the plants and animals that we use today as food are result of domestication.
5. Earliest domesticated plants were wheat and barley.
6. The earliest domesticated animals were sheep, goat and pigs.
7. Domestication also led to staying long at the same place because people noted that some plants take several days, weeks, months and in some cases years. It means that they had to stay in the same place for a long time for looking after, watering, weeding till the grain ripened.
8. People also started storing food and seeds and they had to think of ways of storing it.
9. In many areas, they begun making large clay pots or wove baskets and dug pits into the ground.
10. Pots were used to store the grains and seeds.
11. They begun digging pits as a shelter which is called Tit House’.
12. Pit houses with steps and huts were found in Burzahom.
13. Animals were used as important sources of milk and food.
14. Archaeologists have found evidence of early farmers and herders. The places where evidence of farmers and herders were found are Burzahom (Kashmir), Mahagara (UP), Koldihwa (UP), Chirand (Bihar), Mehrgarh (presently in Pakistan), Hallur (Andhra Pradesh), Paiyampalli (Andhra Pradesh).
15. Scientists found remains of plants and animals. Scientists have also identified and found remains which indicated that people grew crops and reared animals.
16. Number of crops were grown and animals were reared in different parts of subcontinent.
17. Stone tools have been found from many sites and these were different from the Palaeolithic tools and are called Neolithic.
18. Stone tools of Neolithic were polished to give a fine cutting edge.
19. Mortars and pestles were used for grinding the grains and other plant produce.
20. Many kinds of earthen (mud) pots were also found which were used for storing the things such as grains etc.
21. Many farmers and herders lived in groups called tribes. They followed certain customs and practices.
22. Tribes have rich and unique cultural traditions. They had their own language, music, stories and painting.
23. They also had their own Gods and Goddesses.
24. Members of Tribes followed occupations such as hunting, gathering, farming, herding and fishing etc.
25. ‘Tribes’ women did most of agricultural work such as preparing ground, sowing seeds and grains, looking after the growing plants and harvesting grain. Women also threshed, husked and ground the grain.
26. ‘Tribes’ children often looked after plants, driving away animals and birds etc.
27. Tribes’ men usually led large herds of animals in search of pasture. Usually men were regarded as leaders. They may be old and experienced or brave warriors or priests.
28. The work done by both men and women were: cleaning of animals and milking, making pots, tools, huts and baskets.
29. Old women were respected for their wisdom and experience.
30. Mehrgarh was probably one of the places where women and men learnt to grow barley and wheat and rear sheep and goats for the first time in the subcontinent.
31. Mehrgarh is one of the earliest villages that we know about.
32. Rectangular and square houses were found in Mehrgarh. Each house had four or more compartments.
33. Several burial sites have also been found. Evidences also found that the dead person was buried with goats, which were probably meant to serve as food in the next world.
34. By digging the mount, archaeologists studied about the levels. The upper layer is considered earlier level and below the upper layer is considered older. This way, archaeologists, gathering the objects or remains layer by layer, analyzed the found during excavation.
35. Daojali Hading is a site on the hills near the Brahmaputra valley, close to routes leading into China and Myanmar.
36. In Daojali Hading, stone tools, including mortars and pestles, have been found. These tools were used for the grinding of grains.
37. Other finds include ‘Jadeite’, a stone that may have been brought from China. Fossils of wood and pottery also are found here.
From Gathering to Growing Food Class 6 CBSE Notes Important Terms
Domestication: Domestication is the name given to the process in which people started growing plants and rearing animals.
Farmers: Many people started to grow the grains and reared cattle. They are called farmers. Their whole livelihood was dependent upon grains and animals.
Herders: The people who reared animals and fed them in the groups are called herders.
Neolithic: The period from about 10,000 years ago is known as the Neolithic. This is a Latin word which means ‘new stone’. During this period, the stone tools used by the people were polished as well-sharpened.
Pots: The things used to keep grain and other items were called Pots. These pots were made of mud.
Tribes: Many farmers and herders lived in groups called tribes. They followed certain customs and practices. Tribes’ had rich and unique cultural traditions. They had their own language, music, stories and painting. They also had their own Gods and Goddesses.
Village: Most people lived together and engaged in food production at this place.
Houses: Houses are the shelter of people. Shelter provided safety from rain, storm, sun, heat, wind etc. Early people used caves of mountains and hills as a shelter. Later, huts have been used for shelter.
Burials: A burial is the act or ceremony of putting a dead body into a grave in the ground. When people died, their relatives and friends generally paid respect to the dead person. They believed that another life started after death and hence, they put reared animals along with dead body. Several burials have been found at Mehrgarh.
Notes of History Class 6 Chapter 3 Time Period
About 12,000 year ago: Beginning of domestication.
About 8,000 year ago: Beginning of settlement at Mehrgarh