Check the below Online Education NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 8 Civics Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Understanding Secularism Pdf free download. https://ncertmcq.com/extra-questions-for-class-8-social-science/
Online Education for Understanding Secularism Class 8 Extra Questions Civics Chapter 2
(1) The term is prefered to …………………. .
(2) …………………. one of the great leaders of India shares his experience of caste based discrimination.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
(3) Dr. Bhim Kao Ambedkar belonged to …………………. community, which were treated as …………………. in Maharashtra
(4) Dr, Bhim Rao Ambedkar is considered as the father of …………………. .
(5) He converted to …………………. in search for a religion.
Mention two factors which lead to differences in the way of living of the people.
The two factors which lead to differences in the way of living of the people are :
- geography of a place makes the people eat different kind of food and wear different type of clothes.
- the history of the place influences the religion and language of the people.
Why are differences among the people not always good ?
Differences among the people are not always good, if we have low opinion about them and think negatively about them.
What is meant by prejudice ?
Prejudice means to judge others negatively or see them as inferior. When we think that only one particular way is the best and right way to do things we end up not respecting others, who may prefer to do things differently.
Qive an example of prejudice,
If we think English is the best language and other lan-guages are not important, we are judging other languages differently. As a result we may not respect people who speak languages other than English.
Discuss the behaviour of the person influenced by prejudice.
A person may be prejudiced about people’s religion, their beliefs, the colour of their skin, the region they come from. Often our prejudices are so strong that we refuse to form friendships with them. We may even act in a way that hurt them.
Give reasons why discrimination takes place in the society ?
Discrimination takes place in the society due to several reasons.
- People may belong to different religions, people may speak different languages, live in specific regions, may be discriminated and considered as inferior.
- The people may belong to different economic back-grounds. People who are poor do not have the resources or the money to meet their basic needs of food, clothing and shelter. They are discriminated because they are poor.
- Some people experience both kind of discrimination. They are poor and belong to groups whose culture is not valued. These people are discriminated.
Name the goals set up in the Consitution of India, by the people who wrote it. Write about them.
The goals which were set up in the Constitution, by the framers are :
1. Equality :
- Everyone has equal rights and opportunities.
- Untouchability has been abolished by law.
- People are free to choose their profession.
- It is the responsibility of the government to ensure that poor and marginal communities are not deprived on their rights.
2. Freedom : People must have the freedom to follow their religion, speak their language, celebrate their festivals and express themselves freely. They said no one religion, language or festival should become compulsory for all to follow.
3. Secular : India is a secular country where people of different religions and faiths have the freedom to practise and follow their religion without fear of discrimination. Government must treat all religions equally.
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What factors influence what we are, how we live, the language we speak, what we eat, wear, etc.?
(а) The geography and history of the place
(b) Economic conditions of the place
(c) Moral values of the people
(d) Religious beliefs of the people.
(b) To judge other people negatively.
2. Which one of the following refers to prejudice?
(а) To think other people poor
(b) To judge other people negatively
(c) To insult other people
(d) To pray religious leaders.
(b) To judge other people negatively.
3. Which one of the following refers to untouchables?
(a) Those groups of people who placed themselves at the top of the caste ladder
(b) Those groups of people who saw themselves as superior
(c) The groups of people who were placed at the bottom of the caste ladder and seen as unworthy
(d) Those who are above poverty line
(c) The groups of people who were placed at the bottom of the caste ladder and seen as unworthy.
4. Which one of the following refers to the Constitution of a country?
(a) A religious book
(b) The national epic
(c) A document that lays out the rules by which the nation would be governed
(d) A set of moral laws
(c) A document that lays out the rules by which the nation would be governed.