Check the below Online Education NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions and Answers Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Resources Pdf free download. https://ncertmcq.com/extra-questions-for-class-8-social-science/
Online Education for Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation And Wildlife Resources Class 8 Extra Questions Geography Chapter 2
Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions And Answers Question 1.
Give the reason for uneven distribution of population in different parts of the world?
Varied characteristics of land and climate.
Ncert Solutions For Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions Question 2.
Mention the physical factors which determine the land use pattern.
- availability of water.
Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation And Wildlife Resources Class 8 Extra Questions Question 3.
Which are the major threats to our environment?
- Land degradation,
- soil erosion,
Extra Questions For Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Question 4.
What is soil?
The thin layer of grainy substance covering the surface of the earth is called soil.
Geography Class 8 Chapter 2 Extra Questions Question 5.
Give two reasons of water shortage or water scarcity.
- Variation in annual or seasonal precipitation.
- Over-exploitation of water.
- Contamination of water.
Ncert Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions Question 6.
Mention two major contaminants of water bodies.
- Discharge of untreated or partially treated sewage.
- Agricultural chemicals.
- Industrial effluents.
Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions Question 7.
On which two factors does the growth of vegetation depend?
- Temperature and
Class 8 Geography Chapter 2 Extra Questions And Answers Pdf Question 8.
How are the major vegetation types of the world grouped?
Geography Chapter 2 Class 8 Extra Questions Question 9.
Give one main reason for the clearance of forest?
To feed the growing population or to increase agricultural land.
Chapter 2 Geography Class 8 Extra Questions Question 10.
What is the total account of freshwater over the earth?
Land Soil Water Natural Vegetation And Wildlife Resources Class 8 Extra Questions Question 11.
Where does the government get money for public facilities?
The government gets money from taxes collected from people for public facilities.
Land, Soil And Water Resources Class 8 Worksheets With Answers Question 12.
Ocean water is and is not fit for human use.
Extra Questions Of Chapter 2 Geography Class 8 Question 13.
State true or false: Water is a non-renewable natural resource.
Class 8 Chapter 2 Geography Extra Questions Question 14.
What do you understand by land use?
Using of land for different purposes like agriculture, forestry, mining, building houses, roads and setting up of industries is commonly termed as land use.
Ch 2 Geography Class 8 Extra Questions Question 15.
Distinguish between private land and community land.
|Private land||Community land|
|(i) Private land is owned by individuals.||(i) Community land is owned by the community.|
|(ii) Private land is used to build houses, agriculture etc.||(ii) Community land is used for common uses like collection of fodder, fruits, nuts or medicinal herbs.|
Mention the common methods used to conserve land.
- land reclamation,
- regulated use of chemical pesticides and fertilisers,
- checks on overgrazing.
Mention the factors of soil formation.
- Parent rock,
- organic matter,
Mention the factors which lead to soil degradation.
- overuse of chemical fertilisers or pesticides,
- rain wash,
What is terrace cultivation?
On steep slopes, terraces are made so that flat surfaces are available to grow crops. It reduces surface run-off and soil erosion.
Define contour ploughing.
Ploughing is done parallel to the contours of a hill slope to form a natural barrier for water to flow down the slope.
Which method of soil conservation is practiced in the coastal and dry regions?
In coastal and dry regions, rows of trees are planted to check the wind movement to protect soil cover.
What do you understand by water cycle?
Movement of water through the oceans, the air, the land and back again, through the process of evaporation and precipitation, is called water cycle.
What are the major factors leading to shortage in supply of freshwater?
- Increasing population,
- rising demands for food and cash crops,
- increasing urbanisation,
- rising standards of living.
Which regions of the world face scarcity of water?
- West Asia,
- South Africa,
- parts of Western USA,
- North-West Mexico,
- parts of South America,
Define biosphere and ecosystem.
Write the difference between biosphere and ecosystem.
- Biosphere – It is the narrow zone of contact between the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.
- Ecosystem – In the biosphere, living beings are interrelated and interdependent on each other for survival. This life-supporting system is called ecosystem.
Various species of natural vegetation and wildlife have become vulnerable or endangered and some are at the verge of extinction. Why? Give reasons.
Deforestation, soil erosion, constructional activities, forest fires and landslides are some of the human-made and natural factors which together accelerate the process of extinction of natural vegetation and wildlife.
Why are animals poached?
Animals are poached for collection and illegal trade of hides, skins, nails, teeth, horns as well as feathers.
What are landslides?
Landslides are mass movement of rock, debris or earth down a slope. They include a broad range of motions whereby falling, sliding and flowing under the influence of gravity dislodges earth material.
Give two main reasons of forest fire.
- Natural fire due to lightning.
- Fire purposely caused by local inhabitants.
Varied characteristics of land and climate affect the distribution of population. Explain how.
Varied characteristics of land and climate affect the distribution of population in the following ways –
- The rugged topography, steep slopes of mountains, low-lying areas susceptible to waterlogging, desert areas, thick forested areas are sparsely populated or uninhabited.
- Fertile plains and river valleys offer suitable land for agriculture. Therefore, these are densely populated.
Explain how various factors affect soil formation.
- Parent Rock – It determines colour, texture, chemical properties, mineral content and permeability of the soil.
- Relief-Altitude and slope determine the accumulation of soiL
- Climate – Temperature and rainfall influence rate of weathering and humus formation.
- Time – It determines the thickness of soil.
- Flora, Fauna and micro-organisms – These affect the rate of humus formation.
Describe five methods of soil conservation.
- Mulching- The bare ground between plants is covered with a layer of organic matter like straw. It helps to retain soil moisture.
- Contour barriers – Stones, grass, soil are used to build barriers along contours. Trenches are made in front of the barriers to collect water.
- Agroforestry- Crops are grown along with trees on the boundaries of the fields to check soil erosion.
- Rock dam – Rocks are piled up to slow down the flow of water. This prevents gully erosion.
- Intercropping- Different crops are grown in alternate rows and are sown at different times to protect the soil from rain wash.
Describe the distribution of water on the earth’s surface.
- Oceans cover two-thirds of the earth’s surface.
- The freshwater accounts for only about 2.7 per cent of the total. Nearly 70 per cent of this occurs as ice sheets and glaciers in Antarctica, Greenland and mountain regions. Only one per cent of freshwater is available as groundwater, surface water in rivers and lakes and as water vapour in the atmosphere.
Mention the various ways of water conservation.
- The rainwater can be collected from the rooftop with the help of pipes in tanks, sumps, ponds or lakes. It also helps in recharging of groundwater.
- The canals must be properly lined to minimise losses by water seepage.
- Sprinklers effectively irrigate the area by checking water losses through seepage and evaporation.
- In dry regions with high rates of evaporation, drip irrigation is very useful.
Write four advantages of rainwater harvesting.
- It makes ecological and financial sense not to waste pure natural resources available in large quantity on rooftops.
- It encourages water conservation and self-dependence.
- If water does not contain any organic material and is stored in a clean container, it remains pure for long time.
- It prevents groundwater depletion and is a good supplement to piped water.
How are plants useful to us?
Write the various uses of plants.
- Plants provide us timber.
- Give shelter to animals.
- Produce oxygen we breathe.
- Protect soil which is essential for growing crops.
- Act as shelterbelts.
- Help in storage of underground water.
- Give us fruits, nuts, latex, turpentine oil, gum, medicinal plants, paper, etc.
Explain how animals are useful to us.
- Animals provide us with milk, meat, hides and wool.
- Insects like bees provide us with honey, help in pollination of flowers and have an important role to play as decomposers in the ecosystem.
- The birds feed on insects and act as decomposers as well. Vulture, due to its ability to feed on dead livestock, is a scavenger and considered a vital cleanser of the environment.
Describe how the growth of forests depends on rainfall.
- Huge trees and dense forests are found in the areas of heavy rainfall.
- Short stunted trees grow in the regions of moderate rainfall.
- Thorny shrubs and scrubs grow in dry areas of low rainfall.
- Tundra vegetation of cold Polar Regions comprises of mosses in lichens.
Write the major causes of landslides.
Major causes of landslides are as follows –
- Topographic variables – Relief, slope.
- Geological- Lithology, fault/thrust/ lineaments.
- Morphological causes- Drainage density, dissected surface, stream action.
- Triggering factors – Rainfall, earthquake.
- Anthropogenic – Land use, excavation on slope.
Mention some mitigation techniques of landslides.
- Hazard mapping, locate areas prone to landslides. Hence, such areas can be avoided for building settlements.
- Construction of retention wall to stop land from slipping.
- Increase in the vegetation cover.
- The surface drainage control works are implemented to control the movement of landslides along with rainwater and spring flows.
Mention the steps that can be taken to protect plants and animals.
- National parks, wildlife sanctuaries and biosphere reserves are made.
- Awareness programmes like social forestry and van Mahotsav should be encouraged at the regional and community level.
- School children should be encouraged for bird watching and visiting nature camps so that they appreciate the habitat of varied species.
- Laws must be passed declaring the trade and killing of birds and animals is illegal.
Multiple Choree Questions (MCQs)
1. Which one among the following is a densely populated area?
(a) Desert areas
(b) River valleys
(c) Thick forested areas
(d) Steep slopes.
(b) River valleys.
2. Which one of the following is not a physical factor determining the use of land?
3. What are the major threats to the environment?
(a) Land degradation, landslides
(b) Soil erosion, desertification
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b).
(c) Both (a) and (b).
4. Tick the correct order of the constituents of soil profile (from top to bottom) in the following.
(a) Topsoil, subsoil, weathered rock, parent rock
(b) Topsoil, weathered rock, subsoil, parent rock
(c) Subsoil, topsoil, weathered rock, parent rock
(d) Topsoil, subsoil, parent rock, weathered rock.
(a) Topsoil, subsoil, weathered rock, parent rock.
5. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
(а) Mulching helps to retain soil moisture.
(b) Soil erosion and depletion are the major threats to soil as a resource.
(c) Shelterbelts are made in the mountainous areas.
(d) Plants give shelter to the animals and together they maintain the ecosystem.
(c) Shelterbelts are made in the mountainous areas.
→ Land use – Using land for various purposes such as agriculture, forestry, mining, building houses, roads etc. is commonly termed as land use.
→ Common property resources- Land owned by community for common uses like collection of fodder, fruits, nuts or medicinal herbs are also called common property resources.
→ Soil – The Sublayer of grainy substance covering the surface of the earth is called soil.
→ Weathering-The breaking up and decay of exposed rocks, by temperature changes, frost action, plants, animals and man.
→ Biosphere – The narrow zone of contact between the lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere.
→ Ecosystem- In the biosphere living beings are interrelated and inter¬dependent on each other for survival. This life-supporting system is known as ecosystem.
→ Wildlife – Wild animals and vegetation living in a natural, undomesticated state.
→ Landslides – The mass movement of rock, debris or earth down a slope.
→ National park – A natural area designated to protect the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems for present and future, generations.
→ Biosphere reserves -Series of protected areas linked through a global network intended to demonstrate the relationship between conservation and development.