NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Inside our Earth are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Inside our Earth.

Board CBSE
Textbook NCERT
Class Class 7
Subject Social Science Geography
Chapter Chapter 2
Chapter Name Inside our Earth
Number of Questions Solved 7
Category NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Inside our Earth


Question 1.
Answer the following questions.

  1. What are the three layers of the earth?
  2. What is a rock?
  3. Name three types of rocks.
  4. How are extrusive and intrusive rocks formed?
  5. What do you mean by a rock cycle?
  6. What are the uses of rocks?
  7. What are metamorphic rocks?


1. Crust, mantle, and core are the three layers of the earth.

2. A rock is a natural mass of mineral matter that makes up the earth’s crust.
Rocks can be of a different colour, size, and texture.

3. The three types of rocks are:

  • Igneous rocks
  • Sedimentary rocks
  • Metamorphic rocks.

4. When the molten lava comes on the earth’s surface, it rapidly cools down and becomes solid. Rocks formed in this way on the crust are extrusive igneous rocks. Sometimes the molten magma cools down deep inside the earth’s crust. Solid rocks so formed are actually intrusive igneous rocks.

5. The change of one type of rock into another under certain conditions in a cyclic manner is called a rock cycle.

6. Hard rocks are used for making roads, houses, and buildings. Stones are used in many games, such as seven stones (pitthoo), hopscotch (stapu/kit), Five stones (gitti).

7. The type of rocks formed when igneous and sedimentary rocks undergo heat and pressure are called metamorphic rocks.

Question 2.
Tick the correct answer.
(i) The rock which is made up of molten magma is
(a) Igneous
(b) Sedimentary
(c) Metamorphic
(a) Igneous

(ii) The innermost layer of the earth is
(a) Crust
(b) Core
(c) Mantle
(b) Core

(iii) Gold, petroleum, and coal are examples of
(a) Rocks
(b) Minerals
(c) Fossils
(b) Minerals

(iv) Rocks which contain fossils are
(a) Sedimentary rocks
(b) Metamorphic rocks
(c) Igneous rocks
(a) Sedimentary rocks

(v) The thinnest layer of the earth is
(a) Crust
(b) Mantle
(c) Core
(a) Crust.

Question 3.
Match the following.
(i) Core                                          (a) Earth’s surface
(ii) Mineral                                    (b) Used for roads and buildings
(iii) Rocks                                      (c) Made of silicon and alumina
(iv) Clay                                         (d) Has the definite chemical composition
(v) Sial                                           (e) Innermost layer
                                                      (f) Changes into slate
                                                      (g) Process of transformation of the rock
(i) Core                                          (e) Innermost layer.
(ii) Mineral                                     (d) Has definite chemical composition.
(iii) Rocks                                       (b) Used for roads and buildings.
(iv) Clay                                          (a) Earth’s surface
(v) Sial                                             (c) Made of silicon and alumina.

Question 4.
Give reasons.

  1. We cannot go to the center of the earth.
  2. Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediments.
  3. Limestone is changed into marble.

1. The radius of the earth is more than 6000 km. To reach the centre of the earth, we have to dig a hole to this depth, which is impossible.

2. Rocks breakdown into small fragments tinders various conditions. These fragments, called sediments, are transported by wind and water. Layers of sediments are formed when loose sediments are compressed and hardened. These layers of sediments thus form sedimentary rocks.

3. Igneous and sedimentary rocks change their form under great pressure and temperature conditions to form metamorphic rocks. The same thing happens with limestone, which under the effect of heat and pressure changes into marble, which is an example of metamorphic rock.

Question 5.
For fun.
(i) What are the minerals most commonly used in the following objects?
(ii) Identify some more objects made up of different minerals.
NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Inside our Earth 1

  1. Karhai – Iron
    Bell –  Brass
    Ornaments – Gold
    Pan/Tava – Iron
    Hammer – Iron
    Lamp – Brass
  2. Identification
    Other more things, utensils (steel, brass, copper, aluminium) Furniture (iron), windows (iron, glass, aluminium).


Question 1.
Collect pictures of some monuments and find out which are rocks used to build them. Two pictures have been collected for you. (NCERT Page 9)

  1. The Taj Mahal is made of white marble.
  2. The Red Fort is made of red sandstone.

Question 2.
What are the minerals found in your state? (NCERT Page 10)

  1. No minerals are found in our state, Delhi, (National Capital Territory of Delhi).
  2. Only Badarpur and stone are extracted from Bhati mines.

Jharkhand: Following minerals are mainly found in my state:

  1. Coal
  2. Iron Ore
  3. Aluminium (Bauxite)
  4. Uranium
  5.  Mica

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