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Need For Reproductive Health Problems and Strategies
India is amongst the first few countries in the world to initiate the ‘Family planning programme’ since 1951 and is periodically assessed every decade. These programmes are popularly named as ‘Reproductive and Child Health Care (RCH). Major tasks carried out under these programmes are:
- Creating awareness and providing medical assistance to build a healthy society.
- Introducing sex education in schools to provide information about adolescence and adolescence related changes.
- Educating couples and those in the marriageable age groups about the available birth control methods and family planning norms.
- Creating awareness about care for pregnant women, post-natal care of mother and child and the importance of breast feeding.
- Encouraging and supporting governmental and non-governmental agencies to identify new methods and/or to improve upon the existing methods of birth control.
Family planning counselling, pre-natal care, safe delivery, post-natal care, appropriate treatment of infertility, prevention of abortion, treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, responsible parenthood, services against HIV/AIDS, breast cancer should be made available.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Ill health of both mother and her baby. Early marriages before attaining the puberty. An increased mortality rate of both mother and Infants. Reproductive health in a society helps to prevent the spread of various sexually transmitted diseases and impart the ability to produce offspring carrying better survival rates. Sex education helps in maintaining the population size and to avoid unwanted pregnancies.
The important conditions to maintain good reproductive health during adolescence are: 1)It is necessary to eat balanced diet during adolescence. 2)It is necessary to maintain personal hygiene during adolescence. 3)It is necessary to take adequate physical exercise during adolescence.