Online Education for Life in the Deserts Class 7 Extra Questions Geography Chapter 10
Life In The Desert Class 7 Extra Questions Question 1.
Write the features of the desert areas of the world.
- Low rainfall,
- scanty vegetation and
- extreme temperatures.
Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Extra Questions Question 2.
How deserts can be classified on the basis of temperature?
- Hot deserts and
- Cold deserts.
Life In Desert Class 7 Extra Questions Question 3.
Name the largest desert of the world. Also, mention its area.
Sahara is the largest desert of the world. It has an area of around 8.54 million square kilometres.
Extra Questions On Life In Desert Class 7 Question 4.
Which type of vegetation is found in the Sahara desert?
Vegetation in the Sahara desert includes cactus, date palms and acacia.
The Desert Class 7 Extra Questions Question 5.
Name the prominent animal species found in the Sahara desert.
Camels, hyenas, jackals, foxes, scorpions and many varieties of snakes and lizards.
Life In Desert Class 7 Questions And Answers Question 6.
What is oasis? Name an oasis found in the Sahara desert.
A fertile, watered spot in a desert is called oasis. Ah, oasis in Sahara is Tafilalet Oasis (in Morocco). It has an area of about 13000 sq. km.
Life In Desert Class 7 Extra Questions And Answers Question 7.
Name the minerals found in the Sahara desert.
Oil, iron, phosphorus, manganese and uranium.
Ch 10 Geography Class 7 Extra Questions Question 8.
Name two nomadic tribes of the Sahara.
Bedouins and Tuaregs.
Life In The Deserts Class 7 Extra Questions Question 9.
The Sahara desert touches eleven countries. Name them.
- Tunisia and
- Western Sahara.
Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Extra Questions And Answers Question 10.
Describe the relief of Sahara desert.
Relief of Sahara consists of-
- Vast stretches of sands.
- Gravel plains.
- Elevated plateaus with bare rocky surface.
Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Question Answer Question 11.
How is an oasis formed?
Depressions are formed when the wind blows away the sands. In the depressions where underground water reaches the surface, an oasis is formed.
Life In Desert Class 7 Worksheet Question 12.
Describe the life of the people living near oasis in Sahara.
- The oasis in the Sahara and the Nile valley in Egypt supports settled life.
- Due to the availability of water, people grow various crops such as rice, wheat, barley and beans. Date palms are also grown.
- Cotton is the major cash crop grown in this region.
Ncert Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Extra Questions Question 13.
How has discovery of oil changed the cultural landscape of the Sahara?
- Gleaming glass cased office buildings tower over mosques and super-highways crisscross the ancient camel paths.
- Trucks are replacing camels in salt trade.
- Tuaregs are involving better occupations such as becoming guides to foreign tourists.
- Nomadic herdsmen are taking to city life finding jobs in oil and gas operations.
Extra Questions For Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Question 14.
Describe the life of nomadic tribes in the Sahara desert.
- The Sahara desert is inhabited by various nomadic tribes such as Bedouins and Tuaregs.
- They rear livestock such as goats, sheep, camels and horses.
- These animals provide them with milk and hides from which they make leather for belts, slippers, water bottles. Hair is used formats, carpets, clothes and blankets.
- They wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds.
Class 7 Geography Chapter 10 Worksheet Question 15.
Describe the climatic conditions of the Sahara desert.
- The climate of the Sahara desert is scorching hot and parch dry.
- It has a short rainy season.
- Days are unbelievably hot. The temperatures during the day may soar as high as 50°C.
- The nights may be freezing cold with temperatures nearing zero degrees.
Give an example of a cold desert.
Name the river flowing through Ladakh.
Why does Ladakh receive little rainfall?
Ladakh receives little rainfall because it lies in the rainshadow area of the Himalayas.
Name one of the coldest inhabited place located in Ladakh.
Name the birds found in Ladakh.
Robins, Redstarts, Tibetan Snowcock, Raven and Hoopoe.
People of Ladakh belong to which religion?
Islam or Buddhism.
Mention some of the famous monasteries of Ladakh.
Hemis, Thikse, Shey and Lamayuru.
Name the crops grown in Ladakh.
Barley, potatoes, peas, beans and turnip.
How people in Ladakh keep themselves busy during winters?
People in Ladakh keep themselves engaged in festivities and ceremonies during winters due to harsh climatic conditions.
What is Goncha?
Goncha is the most common Ladakhi dress. It is a robe made of thick woollen cloth.
What is the capital of Ladakh? It is connected with which highway to which place?
Leh is the capital of Ladakh. The National Highway 1A connects Leh to Kashmir valley through the Zoji La Pass.
Can you name some more passes in the Himalayas?
- Karakoram pass,
- Shipki La pass,
- Ashil pass and
- Bomdila pass.
Manali-Leh highway crosses which four passes?
- Rohtang la,
- Baralacha la,
- Lungalacha la and
- Tanglang la.
What are the major tourist attractions in Ladakh?
- meadows and glaciers,
- ceremonies and festivities of local people.
Describe the location of Ladakh.
Ladakh lies in the Great Himalayas, on the eastern side of Jammu and Kashmir. The Karakoram Range in the north and the Zaskar mountain in the southbound it.
Why Ladakh is a cold desert?
- Located in the Himalayan rainshadow area.
- High altitude.
- Radiation of heat from bare rocks.
Which type of vegetation is found in the Ladakh region?
- Scanty patches of grasses and shrubs.
- Groves of willows and poplars are seen in the valleys.
- During summers, fruit trees such as apples, apricots and walnuts bloom.
Mention the animals found in Ladakh. Also write their uses.
Animals found in Ladakh –
- Wild goat,
- wild sheep,
- yak and
- special kinds of dogs.
- The animals are reared to provide milk, meat and hides.
- The yak’s milk is used to make cheese and butter.
- The hair of the sheep and goat is used to make woollens.
Describe the climate of Ladakh region.
- The climate of Ladakh is extremely cold and dry.
- The day temperatures in summer are just above zero degree and the night temperatures are below 30°C.
- Winters are freezing cold. The temperature remains below 40°C for most of the time.
- This region receives a little rainfall, as low as 10 centimetres annually.
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
1. Which one of the following is the world’s largest desert?
2. Which one of the following is different from the others, with reference to the location of the Sahara desert?
(b) Western Sahara
(d) South Africa
(d) South Africa.
3. What kind of climate does the Sahara desert experience?
(b) Scorching hot and parch dry
(d) Dry and cold.
(b) Scorching hot and parch dry.
4. Which one of the following vegetations is not associated with the Sahara desert?
(b) Dale palm
5. Which one of the following is grown in Egypt?
6. It replaced camels in the salt trade;
7. It is the cold desert of India;
8. Which one of the following is the most important river of the Ladakh region?
9. Why is the Ladakh region experience sparse vegetation?
(a) Due to extreme height
(b) Due to scanty rainfall
(c) Due to high aridity
(d) Due to extreme coldness.
(c) Due to high aridity.
10. Which one of the following is used to make cheese and butter in Ladakh region?
(a) Yak’s milk
(b) Cow’s milk
(c) Camel’s milk
(d) Buffaloes milk.
(a) Yak’s milk.
11. Which one of the following terms is used for the Ladakhi landscape by the Buddhist monasteries?
12. Which one of the following highways connects Leh to Kashmir valley?
(a) National Highway 7
(b) National Highway 8
(c) National Highway 1 A
(d) National Highway 1
(c) National Highway 1 A.
13. The National Highway 1A connects Leh to Kashmir valley through;
(a) Sipki La Pass
(b) Bomdila Pass
(d) Zojila Pass.
(d) Zojila Pass.
14. Thiksey in Ladakh is famous for;
15. Ladakh is also known as;
(a) Khapa-Chan (Snow land)
(b) Cold desert
(d) Tourist place
(a) Khapa-Chan (Snow land).