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Online Education for Eighteenth-Century Political Formations Class 7 Extra Questions History Chapter 10
Class 7 History Chapter 10 Extra Questions And Answers Question 1.
Which Afghan ruler invaded North India five times?
The Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded North India five times between 1748 and 1761.
Eighteenth Century Political Formation Class 7 Extra Questions Question 2.
Which new states were old Mughal provinces?
The new states of Awadh, Bengal and Hyderabad were old Mughal provinces.
Class 7 History Ch 10 Extra Questions Question 3.
Where did Maharaja Ranjit Singh establish his rule?
Maharaja Ranjit Singh established his rule between river Indus to the Jamuna. His capital was Lahore.
Chapter 10 History Class 7 Extra Questions Question 4.
Name two well-known Jat kings.
The two well-known Jat kings were Suraj Mai of the kingdom of Bharatpur and his son Jawahir Singh.
Ncert Class 7 History Chapter 10 Extra Questions Question 5.
Who was the leader of Jats?
Churaman was the leader of Jats. He dominated the region between the cities of Delhi and Agra.
Class 7 History Chapter 10 Extra Questions Question 6.
Name the governors of Awadh, Bengal and Hyderabad.
Saadat Khan, Murshid Quli Khan and Asaf Jah were the governors of Awadh, Bengal and Hyderabad respectively.
Eighteenth Century Political Formations Extra Questions Question 7.
Who were revenue farmers?
In the state of Awadh, revenue farmers were local bankers and Mahajans who were highest bidders for the right to collect tax. These revenue farmers agreed to pay the state a fixed sum of money.
Class 7 History Chapter 10 Questions And Answers Question 8.
Where did Banda Bahadur establish Sikh rule?
Banda Bahadur established Sikh rule between the Sutlej and the Jamuna rivers.
Ch 10 History Class 7 Extra Questions Question 9.
After Shivaji’s death who led Marathas?
After Shivaji’s death, effective power in the Maratha state was wielded by a family of Chitpavan Brahmanas, who served Shivaji’s successors as Peshwa (or principal minister).
Extra Questions For Class 7 History Chapter 10 Question 10.
Name some Maratha chiefs.
Sindhia of Gwalior, Gaekwad of Baroda, Bhonsle of Nagpur and Holkar of Indore were a few powerful Maratha chiefs.
Class 7 History 18th Century Political Formations Extra Questions Question 11.
Which taxes were collected by Maratha king?
The Maratha king collected the taxes of Chauth and Sardeshmukhi in the entire region that he captured from Mughal emperors.
Extra Questions Of Chapter 10 History Class 7 Question 12.
How did administrative system break down under weak successors of Aurangzeb?
- The weak successors of Aurangzeb could not keep vigil- on their powerful man sabdars.
- Nobles appointed as governors often controlled the offices of revenue and military administration.
- This gave them extraordinary political, economic and military powers over vast regions of the Mughal empire. In this way, the Mughal administrative- system declined under the weak successors of Aurangzeb.
Eighteenth Century Political Formation Extra Questions Question 13.
Why did peasants and zamindars of North India rebel against Mughal emperor?
- The revolts of peasants and zamindars were caused by the pressures of mounting taxes.
- Due to challenges to the. emperor’s authority, nobles became outrageous and increased taxes on land or produce.
- This was a big trouble to the peasants who were unable to pay increased taxes. Thus, they rebelled.
History Chapter 10 Class 7 Extra Questions Question 14.
How did the Nawab of Awadh decrease Mughal influence in the Awadh?
- The Nawab of Awadh reduced the number of officeholders (jagirdars) appointed by the Mughals.
- He also reduced the size of jagirs and appointed his own loyal servants to vacant positions.
- The accounts of jagirdars were checked to prevent cheating and the revenues of all districts were reassessed by officials appointed by the Nawab’s court.
- He seized a number of Rajput Zamindari and the agriculturally lands of the Afghans of Rohilkhand.
Thus, the Nawab of Awadh decreased Mughal influence in the Awadh.
Class 7th History Chapter 10 Extra Questions Question 15.
What were the commercial achievements of Marathas?
- The cities of Ujjain and Indore under Marathas were large, prosperous and functioned as important commercial and cultural centres.
- New trade routes emerged within the areas controlled by Marathas.
- The silk produced in the Chanderi region now found a new outlet in Poona, the Maratha capital.
- Burhanpur, which had earlier participated in the trade between Agra and Surat now expanded its hinterland to include Poona and Nagpur in the south and Lucknow and Allahabad in the east.
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
1. Which Afghan ruler invaded North India five times?
(c) Ahmad Shah Abdali
(d) Muhammad Ghori.
(c) Ahmad Shah Abdali.
2. Name the two groups in which Mughal nobility was divided.
(a) Iranis and Taranis
(b) Rajputs and Muslims
(c) Rajputs and Marathas
(d) Large landowners and man sabdars.
(a) Iranis and Taranis.
3. Which of the following were old Mughal provinces?
(d) All of these.
(d) All of these.
4. Where did Maharaja Ranjit Singh establish his kingdom?
(a) Between river Indus and the Krishna
(b) Between river Indus and the Jamuna
(c) Between river Jamuna and Kosi
(d) Between river Ganga and Godavari.
(b) Between river Indus and the Jamuna.
5. Which one of the following was the capital of Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s kingdom?
6. Which of the following are the well- known Jat kings?
(a) Suraj Mai
(b) Jawahir Singh
(c) Todar Mai
(d) Both (a) and (b).
(d) Both (a) and (b).
7. Who was the leader of Jats?
(c) Banda Bahadur
(d) Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
8. When did the Khalsa declare their sovereign rule?
9. Which one of the following refers to the system, Rakhi?
(a) Offering protection to women
(b) Offering protection to Hindu lower castes
(c) Offering protection to cultivators on the payment of a tax of 20% of the produce
(d) A group of religious preachers.
(c) Offering protection to cultivators on the payment of a tax of 20% of the produce.
10. In which leadership did Khalsa rise in revolt against the Mughal authority in the early eighteenth century?
(a) Maharaja Ranjit Singh
(b) Banda Bahadur
(c) Guru Nanak
(d) Guru Angad
(b) Banda Bahadur.
Important Years Or Periods:
1699 – Institution of Khalsa was established.
1707 – Aurangzeb died.
1708 – Guru Gobind Singh died.
1713 – Mughal Emperor Jahandar Shah renewed the offices of Raja Jai Singh and Raja Ajit Singh.
1715-16 – Banda Bahadur was captured and executed.
1722 – Burhan-ul-Mulk Sa’adat Khan was appointed Subadar of Awadh.
1737 – Marathas raided Delhi.
1739 – Nadir Shah invaded and captured Delhi.
1761 – Illrd Battle of Panipat.
1765 – Khalsa declared their sovereign rule by striking their own coin.
1799 – Maharaja Ranjit Singh reunited misls and established his capital at Lahore.
→ Chauth: 25 per cent of the land revenue claimed by zamindars. In the Deccan, this was collected by the Marathas.
→ Sardeshmukhi: 9-10 per cent of the land revenue paid to the head revenue collector in the Deccan.