## HOTS Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colourful World

These Solutions are part of HOTS Questions for Class 10 Science. Here we have given HOTS Questions for Class 10 Science Chapter 11 Human Eye and Colourful World

Question 1.
A person is able to see objects clearly only when these are lying at distance between 50 cm and 300 cm from his eye.

1. What kind of defect of vision he is suffering from ?
2. What kind of lenses will he required to increase his range of vision from 25 cm to infinity ? Explain briefly.

1. For a normal eye, the near point is at 25 cm and the far point is at infinity from the eye. The given
person cannot see object clearly either closer to the eye or far away from the eye. So, he is suffering horn both myopia and hypermetropia.
2. A bi-focal lens consisting of a concave lens and convex lens of suitable focal lengths will be required to correct the defects and to increase his range or vision from 25 cm to infinity. In a bi-focal lens, upper portion is concave which corrects distant vision and lower portion is convex which corrects near vision.

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Question 2.
A student finds the writing on the black board as blurred and unclear when sitting on the last desk in a classroom. He however, sees it clearly when sitting on the front desk at an approximate distance of 2 m from the black board.
(a) Draw ray diagrams to illustrate the formation of image of the black board writing by his eye-lens when he is seated at the

1. last desk,
2. front desk. (CBSE 2011, 2015)

(b) Name the kind of lens that would help him to see clearly even when he is seated at the last desk. Draw a ray diagram to illustrate how this lens helps him to see clearly. (CBSE 2011, 2012, 2015)
(a)

1. Formation of image of the black board writing by the eye-lens of the student sitting at the last desk is shown in figure.
2. Formation of image of the black board writing by the eye-lens of the student sitting at the front-desk is shown in figure.

(b) Student is suffering from Myopia, so his eye defect can be corrected by using a concave lens as shown in figure.

Question 3.
A student finds the writing on the black board as blurred and unclear while sitting on the front desk in a classroom of a big size. He however, sees it clearly while sitting on the last desk of the classroom.
(a) Draw ray diagrams to illustrate the formation of image of the black board writing by his eye-lens when he is seated at

1. the front desk,
2. last desk.

(b) Name the defect, the eye of the student is suffering from?
(c) Name the type of lens that would enable him to see the black board writing clearly, when seated on the front desk.
(d) Draw a ray diagram to illustrate how this lens helps him to see clearly.
(a)

1. Formation of image of black board writing by the eye-lens of the student sitting on the front desk is shown in figure.
2. Formation of the image of the black board writing by the eye-lens of the student sitting on the last desk is shown in figure.

(b) Student’s eye suffers from hypermetropia or long sightedness as he is able to see far off object clearly but unable to see near object clearly.
(c) Convex lens of suitable focal length.
(d)

Question 4.
A person cannot see object farther than 10m from the eye clearly. Name the defect of vision, he is suffering from. How can it be corrected ? Draw ray diagrams for

1. defective eye,
2. its correction.

He is suffering from myopia or short-sightedness. The defect can be corrected using spectacles having concave lens.

Question 5.
A 14-years old student is not able to see clearly the questions written on a black board placed at a distance of 5 m from him.
(a) Name the defect of vision, he is suffering from.
(b) With the help of labelled ray diagram show how this defect can be corrected.
(c) Name the type of lens used to correct this defect.
(d) State two causes of this defect. (CBSE 2007, 2011, 2013, 2017)
(a) Student is suffering from Myopia or short-sightedness
(b) For ray diagram,

(c) Concave lens of suitable focal length is used to correct this defect.
(d) It is due to

1. elongation of the eye ball,
2. excessive curvature of the cornea.

Question 6.
A beam of white light falling on a glass prism gets split up into seven colours marked 1 to 7 as shown in the diagram. A student makes the following statements about the spectrum observed on the screen.
(a) The colours at position marked 3 and 5 are similar to the colour of the sky and the core of a hard boiled egg respectively. Is the statement made by the student correct or incorrect ? Justify.
(b) Which two positions correspond closely to the colour of

1. a solution of potassium permanganate ?
2. Danger or stop signal lights ? (CBSE 2011, 2012, 2016)

(a) (i) The colours at positions 3 and 5 are yellow and blue respectively. On the other hand, student has identified them as blue (i.e colour of sky) and yellow (colour of the core of a hard boiled egg) respectively. Hence, the statement is incorrect.
(b)

1. Position 7 is the position of violet colour, which corresponds to the colour of a solution of potassium permanganate.
2. Position 1 is the position of red colour, which corresponds to the colour of ‘danger’ or stop signal lights.

Question 7.
A glass prims is able to produce a spectrum when white light passes through it but a glass slab does not produce any spectrum. Explain. Why is it so ? [CBSE (All India) 2009]