NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 What is Government? are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 What is Government ?.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3 What is Government?
NCERT TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS (Page 34)
What do you understand by the word ‘government’? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
The government affects our daily lives in the following ways:
- It protects our boundaries and maintains peaceful relations with other countries.
- Everyone should get enough to eat and there is no food shortage.
- Looks after the health of the people.
- If there is a natural disaster like Tsunami or an earthquake, it is the government that mainly organizes aid and assistance for the affected people.
- If there is a dispute or a crime, the courts will provide justice.
Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
The government needs laws to maintain peace and order in society. Law establishes justice. It is mending to achieve constitutional ideas i.e. equality and right against discrimination. Law makes it compulsory for people to obey it.
Name two essential features of a democratic government.
The two essential features of a democratic government are :
- The people, in a democracy, give the powers to the government. They do this through elections, in which they vote for a particular person and elect them. Once elected they form the government.
- In the democratic form of government, it has to explain its actions and decisions to the people.
What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
The movement for voting rights for women was called the suffrage movement. It accomplished the right to vote for women all over the world.
Gandhiji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don’t share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
(1) India won independence, due to the participation of. all people. The nationalist movement had become a mass movement. So poor and illiterate should be given the right to vote.
(2) The poor and illiterate people had been neglected for so long under British rule. Now, after independence, they should be given equal opportunities to develop and improve their condition.
(3) Democracy is based on the idea of equality. In India, the majority of the people were poor and illiterate at the time of independence. If they are denied the right to vote, that means it will be a minority rule, because only a small portion of the population will get the right to vote.
(4) Since ancient times, the villages in India were managed by the villagers themselves. The system in the villages was never changed. It was their experience that helped them to rule. So the poor and illiterate people can decide for whom to vote.
(5) At the Karachi session of the Congress Party in 1931, it had announced that Fundamental Rights will be enjoyed by all. It includes the right to equality. No discrimination will be made on any basis.
- Look at the newspaper headlines above and list the different kinds of activities that the government is reported to be doing in these newspaper headlines.
- Isn’t this a wide range of activities?
- What do you think the government is? Discuss in class.
- List of the different kinds of activities that the government is reported to be doing in the newspaper headlines:
- The government protects the rights of unorganized workers.
- It fixes the prices of essential commodities when they are in short supply.
- It tackles floods.
- It revamps the coal and power sector.
- It declares villages scarcity hit and provides relief.
- It appoints judges to high courts and Supreme Court.
- Yes, the government has a wide range of activities.
- The Government:
The government is the organisation that makes decisions and
- builds roads and schools.
- reduces the prices of essential commodities, increases the supply of electricity.
- implements several programmes to help the poor.
- runs postal and railway services.
- protects the boundaries of the country.
- maintains peaceful relations with other countries.
- provides people enough food and medical facilities.
- organises aid and assistance for the affected people during disasters like Tsunami and earthquakes, and
- organises courts for the redressal of people’s grievances.
Question Box: (NCERT Page 28)
Can you list three things that the government does which have not been mentioned?
- To provide drinking water.
- To give employment to the people.
- To arrange for housing facilities to the poor.
Can you think of how the government manages to do all this?
Yes, the government manages to do all this by doing the following:
The government works at different levels- At central, state, district, tehsil and village levels.
Local-level: covers village, town or city
District Level: covers the entire district
State-level: covers the entire state
National or central Level: covers the entire country
(i) National Level: Indian Union: Capital: New Delhi.
(ii) State Level: 28 States and 7 Union Territories
(iii) District Level: 602 districts in India (2005)
Exercise: (NCERT Page 30)
Look at the statements in the column on the left. Can you identify which level they belong to? Place tick marks against the level you consider most appropriate.
Discuss: (NCERT Page 31)
Think of an example of another law. Why do you think it is important that people abide by this law?
- We take an example of the freedom to adopt a religion.
- If any person is not allowed to enter a temple, he may go to court against the law, because to adopt any religion is the fundamental right of the citizens.
- No one can deny him to do so.
Who gives the government this power to make decisions and enforce laws? (NCERT Page 31)
The power to make decisions and make laws lies in the form or type of government.
- In democracy, it is the people. The people do this through elections.
- In monarchy, the king or the queen has the power to make decisions and enforce laws. The monarch may have a small group to discuss matters but the final decision lies with the monarch.
- Do you think it is important for people to be involved in decisions that affect them? Give two reasons for your answer.
- Which type of government would you prefer to have in the place you live in? Why?
- Which of the statements below is correct? Correct those sentences that you think need correction.
- In a monarchy, the country’s citizens are allowed to elect whomever they want.
- In a democracy, a king has absolute powers to rule the country.
- In a monarchy, people can raise questions about the decisions the monarch takes. (NCERT Page 32)
- Yes, it is important for people to be involved in decisions that affect them. Reasons for them are:
- The people are affected by price rise if the prices of essential commodities are raised.
- People are affected if their dwelling units are demolished. Hence they should be informed about the demolitions in advance.
- We would prefer democracy as a form of government because people take decisions and make laws in democracy through their elected representatives.
- Correct statements:
None of the statements are correct.
- In a monarchy, the citizens are not allowed to elect whomsoever they went. It is based on hereditary.
- In a democracy, people have the power.
- In a monarchy, people cannot raise questions about decisions taken by the monarch.
Can you believe that there was a time when governments did not allow women and the poor to participate in elections?
We believe that there was a time when women and the poor were not allowed to participate in elections:
- In the earliest times, only land-owning or property-owning men could participate in the elections.
- Only educated persons (men only) could participate in voting.
- It means that the women, the poor, the uneducated, and the property fewer people were not allowed to vote.
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