Online Education for Accountancy Class 12 Important Questions and Answers Chapter Wise

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Accountancy Important Questions Class 12 2020 Part 1 Not-for-Profit Organisation and Partnership Accounts

Important Questions of Accountancy Class 12 Part 2 Company Accounts and Analysis of Financial Statements

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Macroeconomics Class 12 Important Questions

  1. Introduction to Macroeconomics Important Questions
  2. National Income Accounting Important Questions
  3. Money and Banking Important Questions
  4. Determination of Income and Employment Important Questions
  5. Government Budget and the Economy Important Questions
  6. Open Economy Macroeconomics Important Questions

Indian Economic Development Class 12 Important Questions

  1. Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence Important Questions
  2. Indian Economy 1950-1990 Important Questions
  3. Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation: An Appraisal Important Questions
  4. Poverty Important Questions
  5. Human Capital Formation In India Important Questions
  6. Rural Development Important Questions
  7. Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues Important Questions
  8. Infrastructure Important Questions
  9. Environment and Sustainable Development Important Questions
  10. Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours Important Questions

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Online Education NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 4 The Rattrap

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The Rattrap NCERT Text Book Questions and Answers

The Rattrap Think as you read 

Question 1.
From where did the peddler get the idea of the world being a rattrap?
Answer:
The poor rattrap peddler struggled for his existence. He could not make both ends meet so he had to resort to both begging and petty thievery. Despite this, his condition was deplorable. Thinking of his miserable plight and his job, as he plodded on, he was struck by the idea that the whole world was nothing but a big rattrap. It baited people in the form of riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing, just as the rattrap offered cheese and pork. Similarly, the moment one was tempted by the material joys, the world closed in on him and trapped him.

Question 2.
Why was he amused by this idea?
Answer:
The world had never been kind to him, so it gave him great joy to think ill of it. It became a treasured pastime for him to think of people he knew who had let themselves be caught in the dangerous trap, and of others who were still moving around the bait, ready to be trapped.

Question 3.
Did the peddler expect the kind of hospitality that he received from the crofter?
Answer:
When the peddler reached the little grey cottage by the roadside, he knocked on the door to ask for shelter for the night. He was surprised because, instead of the sour faces which ordinarily met him, this time he was welcomed by the owner, an old man.

Question 4.
Why was the crofter so talkative and friendly with the peddler?
Answer:
The crofter was an old man without wife or child. He was happy to get someone to talk to, in his loneliness. So, he welcomed the peddler. The old man was just as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco.

Question 5.
Why did he show the thirty kronor to the peddler?
Answer:
The old man was confiding and trusting. He told the peddler that he was no longer able to work as a day labour, and was supported by what he earned by selling his cow’s milk. The old man showed him the thirty kronor that he had received as payment from the creamery, to convince the peddler.

Question 6.
Did the peddler respect the confidence reposed in him by the crofter?
Answer:
No, the peddler did not respect the confidence reposed in him by the crofter because later, he went up to the window, smashed a pane and got hold of the pouch with the thirty kronor. He took the money and thrust it into his own pocket and went away.

Question 7.
What made the peddler think that he had indeed fallen into a rattrap?
Answer:
At first, the peddler was pleased with the money in his pocket; but he later got lost in the forest. All at once, he recalled his thoughts about the world being a rattrap. He felt that his end was near and that he had been fooled by a bait of thirty kronor.

Question 8.
Why did the ironmaster speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home?
Answer:
The owner of Ramsjo iron mill came into the forge on one of his night rounds of inspection and saw the peddler. The ironmaster walked close up to him, looked him over very carefully and mistook him for his friend, Nils Olof, and invited him home.

Question 9.
Why did the peddler decline the invitation?
Answer:
The peddler did not reveal his identity because he thought that the ironmaster might give him a couple of kronor. But, to go along up to the manor house and be received as his friend scared the peddler. He had stolen the thirty kronor from the old man and he felt that going up to the manor house would make him vulnerable. He merely wanted to sleep in the forge and then quietly sneak away.

Question 10.
What made the peddler accept Edla Willmansson’s invitation?
Answer:
When Edla Willmansson invited him, she looked at him compassionately. She also assured him that he would be allowed to leave just as freely as he came. She requested him to stay with them over Christmas Eve. She said this in such a friendly manner that the rattrap peddler felt reassured. Hence, he accepted Edla Willmansson’s invitation.

Question 11.
What doubts did Edla have about the peddler?
Answer:
When Edla Willmansson looked compassionately at the peddler, she noticed that the man was afraid. She at once knew that he had either stolen something or else had escaped from jail.

Question 12.
When did the ironmaster realise his mistake?
Answer:
When the ironmaster saw the stranger the day after, clean and well dressed, he realized his mistake. The valet had bathed him, cut his hair and shaved him. He was wearing clothes that belonged to the ironmaster. The ironmaster frowned as he realized that in the dimly-lit furnace, he had made a mistake. As the stranger stood there in daylight, it was impossible to mistake him for an old acquaintance.

Question 13.
What did the peddler say in his defence when it was clear that he was not the person the ironmaster had thought he was?
Answer:
When the ironmaster realized his mistake, the stranger made no attempt to hide or pretend. He said that it was not his fault as he had never pretended to be anything but a poor trader. He had pleaded and begged to be allowed to stay in the forge. He offered to put on his rags and go away.

Question 14.
Why did Edla still entertain the peddler even after she knew the truth about him?
Answer:
Edla entertained the peddler even after she knew the truth about him. She said that the whole year long the peddler roamed about without anyone welcoming him. He was forever afraid of being arrested and cross-examined. So, she felt compassion for the homeless tramp and wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them. She also said that it was their mistake and they ought not to chase away a human being whom they had invited home and had promised Christmas cheer.

Question 15.
Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler?
Answer:
Edla gave a little cry of joy on seeing the gift, a small rattrap with three wrinkled ten kronor notes. Her deed of kindness had helped the poor peddler atone for his sin. He did not want her to be embarrassed in the Christmas season because of a thief. He said that the rattrap was a Christmas present from a rat who would have been caught in the world’s rattrap, had he not received kindness and honour from her. Ella felt satisfied at having helped someone rise above his faults.

Question 16.
Why did the peddler sign himself as Captain von Stahle?
Answer:
The peddler signed himself as Captain von Stahle because Edla had treated him as if he were a captain. He took away from the incident, the transient honour of having being treated like a captain. It inspired him to do good, and let go of his thieving ways.

The Rattrap Understanding the text

Question 1.
How did the peddler interpret the acts of kindness and hospitality shown by the crofter, the ironmaster, and his daughter?
Answer:
The peddler was granted shelter in a little cottage by the roadside. The crofter gave him food and trusted him by investing confidence in him. However, the peddler betrayed his trust and stole his money. Later, as he was lost in the forest, he felt trapped, and judged the kindness and money that came his way as nothing but a bait to trap him. He was also suspicious of the kindness showed to him by the ironmaster and his daughter. The peddler was convinced that any kindness shown to him was just a bait to trap him.

Question 2.
What are the instances in the story that show that the character of the ironmaster is different from that of his daughter in many ways?
Answer:
Despite a close relationship, the character of the ironmaster is shown to be different from that of his daughter. The ironmaster spoke to the peddler for some time but continued to mistake him for his friend Captain von Stahle, whereas, his observant daughter, who had never met his friend, within minutes, observed that either the peddler had stolen something or else he had escaped from jail.

When the ironmaster discovered that the peddler was not his friend, he wanted to hand him over to the sheriff but his daughter was more compassionate. She said that the peddler roamed without being welcomed anywhere. So, she wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them. She also said that it was their mistake and they ought not to chase away a human being whom they had asked to come to their home and whom they had promised Christmas cheSr.

At church, they learnt that the rattrap peddler had robbed the crofter. The ironmaster wondered what all he had stolen from their cupboard and blamed the daughter for letting him in. However, she was repaid by the peddler for her trust that helped in reforming his character.

Question 3.
The story has many instances of unexpected reactions from the characters to others’ behaviour. Pick out instances of these surprises.
Answer:
The story does have many instances of unexpected reactions of the characters in response to others’ behaviour. The first was the crofter’s reaction to the peddler. Instead of the sour faces which ordinarily met him, the old man, without wife or child, was happy to get someone to talk to in his loneliness. He was very welcoming. But, the peddler, despite the hospitality, stole his money.

The second was the ironmaster, who mistook the peddler to be his friend Nils Olof, and tried to take him to his house. But, he was quick to turn his back when he realized his mistake.The third was the arrival of the ironmaster’s daughter, who realized that there was something amiss about the peddler but took him in. Even when the father and daughter found out the truth, the daughter stood by him. She wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them.The peddler, in turn, surprised everyone when he returned his stolen booty. He honoured the trust reposed in him by Edla.

Question 4.
What made the peddler finally change his ways?
Answer:
Due to the trust and compassion shown by the ironmaster’s daughter Edla Willmansson, the peddler became a changed man. This was evident from the package he left for her before leaving. The package contained a small rattrap with three wrinkled ten kronor notes that the peddler left for her. In the rattrap, also lay a letter that revealed how he did not want her to be embarrassed in the Christmas season by a thief. He wanted her to return the money to the old man on the roadside. The rattrap was a Christmas present from him, who had been reformed and touched by the treatment he received from her.

Question 5.
How does the metaphor of the rattrap serve to highlight the human predicament?
Answer:
The peddler considered that the whole world was nothing but a big rattrap. Its only purpose was to set baits for people. It offered riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing, exactly as the rattrap offered cheese and pork, and as soon as one let oneself be lured by the bait, it closed in. The peddler also told the ironmaster that the whole world was nothing but a big rattrap. All the good things that were offered were nothing but cheese rind and bits of pork, set out to drag people into trouble.

None escaped; one person falls into the trap one day and the other the next day. The only thing that could turn a person from rat-like ways was human kindness, something that he had received from Edla. Thus, in the end, the peddler left the rattrap as a Christmas present and called himself a rat who had been spared.

The metaphor of the rattrap highlights the theory of crime and punishment. Crimes, such as theft or giving in to temptation, are compared with a bait and the subsequent imprisonment in a trap. However, the human predicament forms the basis of the story where the story of the rattrap serves to bring out a lesson in moral values.

Question 6.
The peddler comes out as a person with a subtle sense of humour. How does this serve in lightening the seriousness of the theme of the story and also endearing him to us?
Answer:
The peddler has a good sense of humour and this diffuses the seriousness of the theme of the story, he also endears himself to the reader. Although he was a vagabond in pursuit of food and shelter, he found time to meditate on his philosophies and draw pleasure from the anticipated miseries of other people. He imagined people he knew to have landed in the trap and of others who were still circling around the bait.

The humour is brought out when at every occasion he lapsed into his theory of the rattrap. When his identity was discovered by the ironmaster, he said that a day would arrive when the ironmaster too might chase a big piece of pork, and get caught in the trap. He also signs off in the letter as “Captain von Stahle”, revealing how he held on to his sense of humour till the end.

The Rattrap Talking about the text

Discuss the following in groups of four. Each group can deal with one topic and present the views of the group to the whole class.

Question 1.
The reader’s sympathy is with the peddler right from the beginning of the story. Is the sympathy justified?
Answer:
The reader’s sympathy is with the peddler right from the beginning of the story for various reasons. It is justified.He is a victim of circumstances. He made rattraps with the material he got by begging in stores or at big farms. But even so, the business was not profitable. He had to resort to both begging and petty thievery for a living. His clothes were in rags, his cheeks were sunken, and hunger gleamed in his eyes. When he knocked on a door to ask for shelter at night, he was often refused and he “met sour faces”. Even when he stole the money from the crofter, he at once realized that his philosophy about the world as a rattrap had turned true for him. He had been caught with the bait of money. He regretted it and knew his own turn had come.
OR
It is not justified.
There were many who had lost their jobs. He stole money from the crofter who was hospitable to him. Secondly, he had the opportunity to tell the ironmaster of his true identity which he did not. He knew all along that if he did something wrong, he would be trapped, yet, he could not resist the bait.

Question 2.
The story also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others. Discuss.
Answer:
The above statement is true for many characters in the chapters:
(a) The crofter, because of loneliness, lets the peddler in.

(b) The ironmaster at once bonded with the peddler without confirming his identity—“But of course it is you, Nils Olof!” he said. “How you do look!” and again “.. .We were just saying that it was too bad we didn’t have any company for Christmas.”

(c) Edla Willmansson sensed that all was not well, yet insisted that the peddler spend Christmas with them. When the ironmaster wanted to turn the peddler out, the daughter said, “I think he ought to stay with us today. I don’t want him to go.”

(d) The peddler, while leaving the ironmaster’s house left a message, “Written with friendship and high regard”.
The peddler was reformed by the kindness shown by Edla Willmansson. He wanted to be nice to her in return and did not want to embarrass her by his theft. He returned the stolen money, asking her to forward it to the old man. Human warmth and bonding enabled this change in him.

Question 3.
Have you known/heard of an episode where a good deed or an act of kindness has changed a person’s view of the world?
Answer:
The Bishop’s Candlesticks is one such episode that takes up on a similar theme.

The Rattrap Working with words

Question 1.
The man selling rattraps is referred to by many terms such as “peddler”, “stranger”, etc. Pick out all such references to him. What does each of these labels indicate about the context or the attitude of the people around him?
Answer:
He is referred to as a vagabond, intruder, tramp, ragamuffin and poor hungry wretch. These labels indicate the context or the attitude of the people around him. The people

  • Had no respect for him.
  • Felt he was a burden.
  • Did not care to know him or his problems.
  • Could pity him, but were not really compassionate.

Question 2.
You came across the words plod, trudge, stagger in the story. These words indicate movement accompanied by weariness. Write down five other words with a similar meaning.
Answer:
drag oneself, footslog, lumber, plod along, slog, stumble, traipse

The Rattrap Extra Questions and Answers

The Rattrap Short Answer Questions

Question 1.
What did the rattrap peddler do for a living?
Answer:
The rattrap peddler was an iron worker who lost his job to machines in an age of industrialization. Hence, he resorted to selling small rattraps of wire, and he obtained the required materials by begging. His business was not a profitable one, so he had no option but to beg and steal. His clothes were in rags, and his cheeks were sunken; he looked starved. He roamed alone like a vagabond.

Question 2.
How did the peddler get the idea of the world being a rattrap?
Answer:
The peddler struggled for his existence as selling rattraps was not a profitable business. He often resorted to begging and stealing. This led him to believe that the world was a big rattrap that sets baits for people. The moment one was tempted to reach out for the bait, the trap closed in on him.

Question 3.
Why was he amused by the idea of the rattrap?
Answer:
The peddler was amused by the idea of the rattrap because the world had been unkind to him. No one helped him; on the contrary, everyone shunned him. Hence, the peddler got joy in thinking ill of others. His treasured pastime consisted of thinking of people caught in the trap.

Question 4.
How was the crofter different from the kind of people the peddler usually met?
Answer:
The crofter was different from the kind of people the peddler usually met. The crofter invited him into his house, and unlike the usual people, he did not shun him. When the peddler went begging, the crofter offered him porridge, supper, and tobacco. He played cards with the peddler. Not only was he hospitable, but reposed a lot of trust in the peddler. He showed peddler where he kept his money.

Question 5.
Why did crofter show the thirty kronor to the peddler?
Answer:
The crofter showed the thirty kronor to the peddler because he was generous with his confidences. Moreover, he had told the peddler that he could not labour, but a cow supported him. When the peddler looked at him in disbelief, just to prove his point, he showed him the thirty kronor.

Question 6.
How did the peddler discover Ramsjo Ironworks?
Answer:
After stealing the crofter’s money, the peddler realized that he was lost. He had been walking around in the same area. Soon it became dark, and his fears and apprehensions increased. He felt he was caught in a rattrap. He sank down on the ground in gloom and dejection. When he put his head on the ground, he heard a hard, thumping sound. He was certain that the sound was produced by hammer strokes. So he mustered strength and moved in the direction of the sound.

Question 7.
What sight did the peddler see at the Ramsjo Ironworks?
Answer:
At the Ramsjo Ironworks, the peddler noticed that the master smith and his helper were sitting near the furnace. They were heating pig iron to put on the anvil. They wore nothing but a long shirt and a pair of wooden shoes. He also saw them get up every few minutes to stir the glowing mass with a long iron bar.

Question 8.
What was the blacksmith’s reaction to the peddler’s arrival at the forge?
Answer:
When the peddler entered the forge, the blacksmith failed to notice him right away as it was noisy and they were busy working. When the peddler stood close to the furnace, the blacksmith showed no reaction. It was a usual sight for the blacksmith to see vagabonds take shelter for the night at the forge. So he just glanced casually at the peddler and nodded a haughty consent, permitting him to spend the night.

Question 9.
How was the blacksmith’s reaction to the peddler different from that of the ironmaster? Why was it different?
Answer:
The blacksmith’s reaction was one of sheer indifference. He glanced casually and nodded a haughty consent. But the ironmaster noticed the tall stranger at once. He walked up to him, looked him over and called out, “Nils Olof!” The reactions were different because it was a usual sight for the blacksmith who often saw vagabonds come to spend the night there. But the ironmaster had mistaken him for his friend and hence invited him home.

Question 10.
Why did the rattrap peddler not reveal his identity to the ironmaster? Why did the peddler decline the invitation?
Answer:
The rattrap peddler realized the ironmaster’s mistake. He expected the ironmaster to give him a couple of kronor. He, however, felt discomforted to visit the ironmaster’s home with the mistaken identity. He also felt guilty having stolen thirty kronor. He felt going to the ironmaster’s house would be like throwing himself into the lion’s den. He just wanted to sleep in the forge that night and then sneak away.

Question 11.
What were the peddler’s feelings on his way to the ironmaster’s manor?
Answer:
On his way to the ironmaster’s manor, the peddler felt confidence in Edla. He followed her to the carriage. However, while travelling in the carriage, he had evil premonitions and regretted taking the crofter’s money. He could see himself in the trap. He felt he would never get out of it.

Question 12.
When the peddler was bathed and dressed, the ironmaster was not pleased. Why?
Answer:
The peddler had reached the ironmaster’s house looking like a vagabond. There, the valet helped the peddler dress. He had bathed him, cut his hair, and shaved him. The peddler was dressed in the ironmaster’s clothes. But when the peddler was bathed and dressed, the ironmaster was shocked. He then realized that this man was not his friend. In the dim light, he had mistaken him for his friend.

Question 13.
After the peddler’s identity was discovered, how did he spend the rest of his stay at the ironmaster’s house?
Answer:
After the peddler’s identity was discovered, he wondered why Edla had supported him. He sat and ate quietly. Through the morning he slept, and at noon they woke him for his share of the Christmas fare, after which he slept again. Feeling safe, he slept soundly like he had never slept before. He awoke in the evening, and after he had had his dinner, he thanked each one in the house and wished them for the night.

Question 14.
What did the ironmaster and Edla learn about the peddler at the church? How did they react?
Answer:
At the church, Edla received news of how the rattrap peddler had robbed the old crofter. The ironmaster was angry with Edla for letting the peddler stay. He was certain that the peddler might have had stolen things from the house while they were at the church. Edla was dejected, as well as embarrassed. She realized her mistake and was speechless.

Question 15.
What did the ironmaster and Edla discover when they went home?
Answer:
When ironmaster and Edla reached home, they expected the peddler to have escaped after robbing them. However, when they reached home, they discovered that the peddler had gone away, but much to their surprise, he had left a gift for Edla. The gift was a small rattrap with three wrinkled ten-kronor notes. Edla’s compassion had helped the poor peddler atone for his sin. The peddler also left a note saying he would have been caught in the world’s rattrap had he not been inspired and moved by Edla’s generosity.

The Rattrap Long Answer Questions

Question 1.
“The old man (crofter) was just as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco.” Justify.
Answer:
The crofter was as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco. It was out of a sense of hospitality that he looked after the vagabond as a guest. He had offered him porridge, supper and a big slice from his tobacco roll. After that they had played cards until bedtime. He discussed his life with the peddler and told him about his days of prosperity. He took him into confidence and told him that he earned a living by selling the milk his cow produced. The crofter had received a payment of thirty kronor. He also showed him the three ten-kronor bills and where he kept his money. The crofter was liberal with his hospitality and trust.

Question 2.
How did nature play against the peddler after he stole the crofter’s money?
Answer:
Nature seemed to penalize the peddler for stealing the crofter’s money. The peddler was initially pleased to get the money. He decided to steer away from the public highway for the fear of getting caught. So he went into the woods. The first hours of travel were easy, but later, the forest seemed like a labyrinth. The paths twisted back and forth strangely. The peddler walked on without coming to the end of the wood, He then realized that he had been walking around in the same area. At once, he recalled the rattrap theory he was baited with the thirty kronor.

Question 3.
Was the ironmaster a generous man? Why or why not?
Answer:
The ironmaster was a generous man. He mistook the rattrap peddler for an old acquaintance, Captain von Stahle, and coaxed him into going home with him. When the peddler refused, he sent his daughter to get him. He was also anxious that the peddler was looked after and comfortably dressed at his home. He also promised to try to get him a job. However, he felt cheated by the peddler once he found out his real identity.
OR
The ironmaster was not generous. He was a lonely man whose wife was dead and whose sons were abroad. He lived with his daughter. He had invited the peddler, mistaking him as an old friend, to alleviate his loneliness. Later, when he discovered his true identity, he wanted to get rid of him. In fact after discovering the truth about the peddler at the church, he was so angry and worried that he wanted to hand him over to the sheriff.

Question 4.
What kind of a girl was Edla? Give reasons for your answer.
Answer:
Edla was not pretty, but looked modest and shy. She was very hospitable and went to the forge to welcome her father’s guest. Her father was confident of her powers of persuasion and was sure that she would convince the guest to stay with them. Edla was also concerned and sensitive. She handed her big fur coat to the peddler to make him feel more comfortable and to cover his rags. She was polite and gentle.

She was, however, a keen observer. Unlike her father, she noticed that the peddler was afraid. She knew at once that either he had stolen something or had escaped from jail. She had the maturity to hide her emotions. She also assured the peddler that he would be allowed to leave just as freely as he had come. But, out of concern, she made him stay till Christmas.

Question 5.
What were the attitudes of the ironmaster and Edla toward the peddler before and after they discovered his identity?
Answer:
Before discovering the peddler’s identity, the ironmaster addressed the peddler as Nils Loft. He did not take the peddler’s reaction into account. He sensed that the peddler must have been uncomfortable because of the economic disparity between the two of them. The ironmaster also made sure that he was supplied with good meal and clothes. But once he discovered the case of mistaken identity, he immediately wanted to hand the peddler over to the sheriff. After he heard of the peddler in the church, he was furious and wondered what he had stolen from their cupboard. He blamed his daughter for letting him in.

Edla saw the peddler for the first time when she came to fetch him home. She noticed at once that the man was afraid. She guessed that he was either a thief or a runaway culprit. Despite this, she requested him to stay.

She was spontaneous and friendly, and coaxed the peddler into spending the Christmas with them. He also accepted the fur coat, and wore it over his rags. Edla expressed her surprise about his miserable plight and noticed that there was nothing to show that he was an educated man. When in the church, she realized that he was a thief; she never once expressed her fear. Her trust and compassion helped in reforming the peddler.

Question 6.
Was the case of mistaken identity the peddler’s fault?
Answer:
It was his fault.
The peddler let the ironmaster believe that he was an old acquaintance. He did so in order to get a couple of kronor from the ironmaster. He told the ironmaster that he was not doing well in life. His second chance to clear himself came when Edla came to invite him home. He kept quiet deliberately in the hope of material gain. He realized the risk of going to the manor house. Even when his identity was revealed, he behaved in a self-righteous fashion.
OR
It was not his fault.
The poor peddler stuggled to survive.
He had lost all ways of earning his livelihood and lived a life of hardship. He did not deliberately cheat them but merely kept quiet. He did try to avoid going to the iron master’s place many times, but starved as he was, and in rags, he was tempted to spend a comfortable day.

Question 7.
The story is both entertaining and philosophical. Discuss.
Answer:
The story has entertaining merit. The peddler has a pronounced sense of humour despite odds. He tends to philosophize even in the most difficult times. The reader is also kept in a ‘cliff hanging situation’ throughout the story. Every moment, the reader waits to know what would happen next. The story has entertaining moments like when the peddler’s identity is revealed after the valet had bathed him.
The philosophical message of the story is brought out in the theory of the rattrap— life is one big rattrap which closes in on an individual when he gives in to a temptation or steals or commits a crime. The story also elaborates the philosophy of second chances, stating that everyone should get another chance.

The Rattrap Value Based Question

Question 1.
The warmth of compassion extends its rays around the world, engraving mankind with its characteristic. Selma Lagerlof supports the theory of compassion in “Rattrap” which depicts the powerful and positive impact of such care. Discuss.
Answer:
The story revolves around the theory that life is one big rattrap. This implies that if one takes something wrongfully, the person will end up getting trapped in life as a consequence. The peddler felt that the whole world was a big rattrap that sets baits for people. The peddler earned his living by petty thievery. However, he turns over a new leaf when he receives compassion and trust from the ironmaster’s daughter. The protagonist believed till then in the dismal side of human nature.

His first “true” Christmas at the ironmaster’s . house egged him to change his ways and honour people’s trust in him. The story validates the concept that compassion revolves around humankind and the consideration of others. The peddler makes amends by returning the money he had previously stolen from the old man who had sheltered him. The tale also throws light on the value of second chances, stating that everyone should get another chance in life.

Online Education 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 Pdf Chapter 1 to 15

Online Education 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 Pdf: Here we are providing CBSE 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 in Hindi and English Chapter Wise Pdf. Students can get Class 12 History Important Questions, Class 12 History One Mark Questions and Answers designed by subject expert teachers.

Online Education for Class 12 History One Mark Questions and Answers Chapter Wise Pdf

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FAQ’s on 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12

Question 1.
What are the most important topics of History for Class 12 CBSE Board Exams?

Answer:
I can really understand the pressure and anxiety one goes through while preparing for boards. As far as History is concerned one can’t distinguish which all topics to study or which all to leave. Go through the Previous Year Questions so that you will have an idea on topics/questions that have the most probability to appear in CBSE Board Exams.

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Where do I get Class 12 History 1 Mark Questions?

Answer:
You can get History Class 12 1 Mark Questions organized efficiently on our page.

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Is there any site that provides the 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 for free of cost?

Answer:
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Online Education NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations

In Online Education NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations.

Board CBSE
Textbook NCERT
Class Class 12
Subject History
Chapter Chapter 11
Chapter Name Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
Number of Questions Solved 9
Category NCERT Solutions

Online Education NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations

Question 1.
Why did the mutinous sepoys in many places turn to erstwhile rulers to provide leadership to the revolt ?
Solution :
The mutinous sepoys in many places turn to erstwhile rulers to provide leadership to the revolt due to the following factors :

  1. To acquire a kind of legitimacy : On reaching Delhi the Sepoys of Meerut demanded that the Mughal emperor give them his blessing and to become their leader. Bahadur Shah had no other option but to become their nominal leader. The revolt thus acquired a kind of legitimacy because it could now be carried on in the name of the Mughal emperor. Similarly, Nana Sahib the successor to Peshwa Baji Rao II became the leader of the rebellion in Kanpur.
  2. In Jhansi, Rani Lakshmi Bai was forced by the popular pressure to assume the leadership of the uprising.
  3. There was also need for organisation that could carry on the rebellious activities in a proper manner. That guidance could be provided by the erstwhile rulers like Nana Sahib, Jhansi ki Rani and others.

Question 2.
Discuss the evidence that indicates planning and coordination on the part of the rebels.
Solution :
The rebellion was not abrupt and sporadic but to a great extent done with planning and care. This is brought out by the following points:

  1. The rebels decided to strike when the large part of the British army was in Burma.
  2. The time chosen for the rebellion was summer that is very hostile weather condition for the British. Summer was also the season when the entire countryside would be easy to navigate.
  3. To spread the message of rebellion, the rebels used symbols bread and lotus from village to village.
  4. Efforts were made to maintain Hindu-Moslem unity. Whenever an area would fail under rebel control, cow slaughter was banned.

Question 3.
Discuss the extent to which religious beliefs shaped the events of 1857.
Solution :
The religious beliefs shaped the events of 1857 in a significant way as mentioned below:

  • The immediate cause of the revolt by the sepoys at Meerut was the bullets that were coated with the fat of cows and pigs and bitting those bullets would corrupt the caste and religion of both the Hindus and Muslims.
  • There was also rumour that the British had mixed the bone dust of cows and pigs into the flour that was sold in the market.
  • There was also fear and suspicion that the British wanted to convert Indians to Christianity

Question 4.
What were the measures taken to ensure unity among the rebels?
Solution :
A very important element of the revolt of 1857 was the unity shown by Hindus and Moslems in the struggle against the foreign rule. First the immediate cause of the rebellion was the use of cartridge greased with fat of cow and pig, angering Hindus and Moslems alike. After the rebels marched to Delhi, they declared the Mughal emperor Bahadurshah their all India leader. Thus, the Mughal emperor was the leader of Hindus and Muslems alike. Both Hindus and Muslims respected each others’ religious sentiments. Whenever a new area fell into the control of rebels, cow slaughter was made illegal to respect Hindu sentiments. Thus, Hindu-Muslim unity was the hallmark of the mutiny.

Question 5.
What steps did the British take to quell the uprising ?
Solution :
The British took the following steps to quell the uprising :

  • The British passed a series of laws to quell the insurgency. By these Acts passed in May and June 1857, the whole of North India was put under martial law.
  • The military officers and even ordinary Britons were given the power to try and punish Indians suspected of rebellion.
  • The ordinary processes of law and trial were suspended and it was decided that rebellion would have only one punishment – death.
  • The reinforcements were brought in from Britain.
  • The British used military power on a gigantic scale.
  • The British tried to break up the unity between big landholders and peasants in Uttar Pradesh by promising to give back to the big landholders their estates. Rebel landholders were dispossessed and the loyal rewarded.

Question 6.
Why was the revolt particularly widespread in Awadh? What prompted peasants, taluqdars and zamindar to join the rebellion?
Solution :
The Mutiny of 1857 which was rebellions of the sepoys of the Company, turned into mass uprising in certain areas of the country. The most prominent was the area that was erstwhile part of the kingdom of Oudh. One report of the government says that 75 percent of men in Oudh were involved in the rebellion. Following are the main reasons why it took a mass uprising in that area:
1. Unceremonious removal of the Nawab: The nawab of Oudh Wazid Ali Shah was removed by Dalhosies on the pretext of poor governance. The removal was looked upon by the people as high handed and insult to them. The local people sympathized with the nawab. Thus, the public sentiment was against the British government that got a vent out during the revolt.

2. The ruling elite of Oudh: The ruling elite of Oudh during the rule of Nawab was dislodged from the position of power and prestige. The ruling elite that was employed in the Court of nawab and other senior position was rendered unemployed. They began to feel hardships and it had a cascading impact, the people dependent on them also slipped in depravity. For all such people British rule was the culprit.

3. The agrarian unrest: There was strong anti-British sentiment in Oudh from the level of Talukdars to peasants. Talukdars were rich landlords collecting taxes and enforcing law and order. They enjoyed a lot of autonomy as long as they paid revenue to nawab. The talukdars faced the heavy hands of the British masters. Their autonomy ceased to exist. Their foot soldiers were disarmed and disbanded. The peasants were oppressed more as hardships engulfed the Talukdars. Peasants were over assessed and forced to pay higher taxes than in past.

4. Muslim Anger: The Muslems in North India looked upon British as snatcher of their empire. The Moslems thought themselves as natural rulers of India who were displaced from this position by the British. The Oudha which has the substantial Moslem population burst out against the Company’s rule when it got an opportunity viz. the mutiny of 1857. In fact the then government of East India Company described the mass uprising of Oudh as Moslem conspiracy.

Question 7.
What did the rebels want ? To what extent did the vision of different social groups differ ?
Solution :
(a) The Azamgarh Proclamation of 25 August, 1857 is the main source of information about what the rebels wanted. The objects mentioned in this Proclamation are as given below :

  • Zamindars : lb reduce the Jumas, to protect their dignity and honour and to have absolute rule in their territories.
  • Merchants : End of fraudulent practices, Right to trade of every article without exception both by land and water to all the native merchants of India.
  • Public servants : Better salaries and appointment to high posts.
  • Artisans : Employment in the service of the Kings, rajahs and the rich.
  • Pundits, Fakirs and other learned persons : To protect their religions.

(b) Besides the objects mentioned in the Azamgarh Proclamation, the other objects of the rebels were as follows :

  • To restore the life of people as it existed before the British rule.
  • To save their livelihood, their faith, their honour and dignity.
  • To have an egalitarian society by overturning traditional hierarchies.
  • To restore the pre-British world of the eighteenth century i.e., Mughal world.

(c) From above it is clear that the vision of different groups differed from each other according to their problems. But on the whole they were against the British rule and wanted to get rid of it.

Question 8.
What do visual representations tell us about the revolt of 1857 ? How do historians analyse these representations ?
Solution :
(a) The visual representations give us the following information :

  1. Information about saviours: Paintings such as “Relief of Lucknow” depicts British heroes – Colin Campbell, Outram and Havelock who saved the British and repressed the rebels in Lucknow.
  2. Painting showing helpless and innocent women in fear of dishonour, violence and death. “In Memoriam’ is a painting that shows the condition of British women dming mutiny and what the mutineers were doing with them.
  3. Women’s struggle to save their honour and their life. The sketch showing Miss Wheeler as defending herself against sepoys in Kanpur shows that the women too tried to save themselves. It has, however, a deeper religious connotation. It was a battle to save the honour of Christianity.
  4. Vengeance and retribution : The visual representations such as Justice — an allegorical female figure in an aggressive posture depicts that there was great demand for a repressive policy and violent reprisal.
  5. The performance of terror: The “British Lion’s Vengeance on the Bengal Tiger” and “Execution of Mutineers in Peshawar” proves that the British followed a repressive policy to create terror among the Indians.
  6. No time for clemency: ‘The Clemency of Canning’ is a cartoon that shows that there was no time for leniency against the Indians.
  7. Nationalist imageries : The nationalist considered it a First War of Independence. Rani Lakshmi Bai and others were depicted as heroic figures. Usually, Rani was portrayed in battle armour that symbolised her determination to resist injustice and alient rule.

Thus, the paintings and other visual representation tell us about the feeling of the people in India and Britain.

(b) The historians consider these pictorial images produced by the British as well as by the Indians an important source of information about the feelings and reaction of the people at that time. These images reflect the public opinion which influenced the policies of the British government. On the other hand, the national imageries depict the national feelings of the Indians.

Question 9.
Examine any two sources presented in the chapter, choosing one visual and one text, and discuss how these represent the point of view of the victor and the vanquished.
Solution :
(a)
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations
The above picture shows Secundrah Bagh, Lucknow. This place was once the pleasure garden which was built by Nawab Wajid Ali Shah. After the rebellion, the British forces led by Cambell killed 2000 rebel sepoys who held the place in 1857. The skeleton strewn on the ground are meant to be a cold warning of the futility of rebellion. This shows that in Awadh where according to an estimate three-fourths of adult male population was in rebellion, too could not succeed and were under control in March 1858.

(b) Villagers as rebels
An officer reporting from rural Awadh (spelt as Oude in the following account) noted : The Oude people are gradually pressing down on the line of communication from the North … the Oude people are villagers … these villagers are nearly intangible to Europeans melting away before them and collecting again. The Civil Authorities report these villagers to amount to a very large number of men, with a number of guns.’

The above source depicts the way in which villagers in Awadh fought with the British forces. They could not be defeated easily because they used to melt away before the British but soon after they collected again. Thus, it was very difficult for the British to control them. The fighting in Awadh continued till March 1858. This shows that in Awadh the rebellion was spread. On the other hand, it shows that inspite of difficulties, the British were determined to suppress the rebellion. The forces were used on a gigantic scale and ultimately Awadh was brought under control.

We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations help you. If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 11 Rebels and the Raj The Revolt of 1857 and its Representations, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest.

My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo

My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo

Here we are providing Online Education for My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo, Extra Questions for Class 12 English was designed by subject expert teachers. https://ncertmcq.com/extra-questions-for-class-12-english/

Online Education for My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo

My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type

My Mother At Sixty Six Question Answers Question 1.
What is the kind of pain and ache that the poet her mother might not live long with her. Therefore, feels ?
Answer:
The poet feels that her mother has grown so old that she couldnt grow older. She means to say that her mother might not live long with her. Therefore, the poet feels pain and ache,

My Mother At Sixty-Six Question Answers Question 2.
Why are the young trees described as sprinting’?
Answer:
The young trees are described as sprinting since the car is moving fast in the forward direction. The trees appear to move in the backward direction. In fact it is the car that moves not the trees.

My Mother At Sixty Six Question Answer Question 3.
Why has the poet brought in the image of the children ‘spilling out of their homes’?
Answer:
The image of children spilling out of their homes has been brought to show the contrast between the old age and the childhood. In childhood, one is full of energy. In one’s old age the person becomes pale and lifeless.

My Mother At Sixty-Six Extra Question Answers Question 4.
Why has the mother been compared to the Tate winter’s moon’?
Answer:
Winter is considered as the season of death and life lessness. All the activities come to a standstill. The old age is often compared with the winter season. A person in old age looks as pale as a late winter’s moon. Therefore the poet has compared her mother to the late winter’s moon.

My Mother At Sixty Six Extra Questions Question 5.
What do the parting words of the poet and her smile signify ?
Answer:
The parting words of the poet were, ‘See you soon, Amma.’ And then she smiled and smiled only. These words show that the poet do feel for her mother but she could not express her feelings properly in words. Her smile signifies that she wants to hide her feelings for her mother under the garb of artificial smile.

My Mother At Sixty Six Questions And Answers Question 6.
Having looked at her mother the poet looked at her mother, why does Kamala Das look at the children ?
Answer:
The poet is full of pain and ache when she looks at her ageing mother. She has grown so old that she might not grow older. This means her days on this earth are numbered. The poet looks at the children outside to divert her attention from the sad thoughts she has about her old mother.

My Mother At Sixty Six Long Question Answers Question 7.
What was Kamala Das’s childhood fear ?
Answer:
In her childhood, the poet’s heart was filled with fear whenever her mother was not with her. The poet now feels similar kind of fear since she senses that her mother has grown very old and perhaps she might not live long.

My Mother At Sixty Six Questions Question 8.
In the last line of the poem, ‘My Mother at Sixty-Six’, why does the poet use the word ‘smile’repeatedly ?
Answer:
The repetition of the smile indicates that the poet does feel for her mother, but she is unable to ex-press her feelings openly. She tries to hide her true feelings under the garb of repeated smile.

My Mother At Sixty Six Important Questions Question 9.
How does Kamala Das try to put away the thoughts of her ageing mother ?
Answer:
When the poet sees her ageing mother, she becomes full of pain and agony. She thinks that her mother might not live long. To put away the thoughts of her ageing mother, the poet starts looking out of the car. She starts looking at the children rushing out of their homes and the trees that appear to sprinting.

My Mother At Sixty Six Question And Answer Question 10.
What were the poet’s feelings at the airport ? How did she hide them ?
Answer:
The poet would become afraid when she did not find her mother with her. Her childhood’s fear now again, came to surface when she reached the airport. But she only said, ‘See you soon, Amma.’ And the poet could do nothing but smile and smile. The poet wants to convey the idea that the young ones do feel for their elders but they couldn’t express their feelings.

My Mother At Sixty Six Short Question Answer Question 11.
What were Kamala Das’s fears as a child ? Why do they surface when she is going to the airport ?
Answer:
In her childhood, the poet would become afraid when she could not find her mother with her. During her drive to the airport, the poet looked at her mother. The mother looked quite old and her face was white as a corpse. She felt that her mother was going to leave her for ever. In this way, the poet’s childhood fear surfaced when she was going to the airport.

My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type

Extra Questions Of My Mother At Sixty Six Question 1.
Ageing is a natural process; have you ever thought what our elderly parents expect from us ?
Answer:
Ageing is a natural process. When the person be-comes old he becomes weak, he needs support .both emotional and physical. Thus, it becomes our duty to provide our old parents the love-, emotional support and respect they deserve. Our parents usually give us their best period of life to bring us up. Therefore it becomes our moral duty to reciprocate the same when they become old.

But unfortunately, due to rank materialism and nuclear family system the old people are treated as an unnecessary commodity. They are harassed and sometimes even beaten up. Many a time the old people are sent to old age homes, where they lack emotional support which the family can provide. It is very shameful for the younger generation. Our parents do not deserve such shabby treatment in their old age.

Question Answer Of My Mother At Sixty Six Question 2.
Write in brief the summary of the poem.
Answer:
One Friday morning the poet was driving in her car to the Cochin Airport from her parent’s home. Her old mother was sitting beside her. She had a glance at her mother. Her heart was full of pain to realize that her mother had grown very old. The poet’s mother was dozing, her mouth was opened and her face was as white as of a dead body. The poet realised

My Mother At Sixty-six Extra Questions and Answers Stanza For Comprehension

Stanza 1

Driving from my parent’s
home to Cochin last Friday
morning, I saw my mother,
beside me,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a corpse and realized with pain
that she was as old as she
looked…

Questions
(a) Name the poem and the poet.
(b) Where was the poet driving to- ?
(c) Who was sitting beside her ?
(d) What did the poet realise with pain ?
Answers
(a) The name of the poem is ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’ and its poet is Kamala Das.
(b) She was driving to Cochin.
(c) Her mother was sitting beside her.
(d) She realised with pain that her mother had grown very old.

Stanza 2

… saw my mother,
beside me,
doze, open mouthed, her face
ashen like that
of a corpse and realized with pain

Questions
(a) Who is T ?
(b) What did ‘I’ realized with pain ?
(c) Why was the realization painful ?
(d) Identify and name the figure of speech used in these lines.
Answers
(a) The word T in these lines refers to the poet or the narrator.
(b) She realized with pain that her mother had grown very old and she might not live long.
(c) The realization was painful because the poet felt that she had to bear the separation from her mother soon.
(d) The figure of speech used here is simile … ashen like that of a corpse.

Stanza 3

Put that thought away, and
looked out at young trees
sprinting, the merry children
spilling
out of their homes, but
after the airport’s
security check, standing
a few yards away,I 
looked again at her,
wan, pale
as a late winter’s moon.

Questions
(a) Name the poem and the poet.
(b) Which thought did the poet put away ?
(c) What do the ‘sprinting trees’ signify ?
(d) What are ‘the merry children spilling out of their homes’ symbolic of ?
Answers
(a) The name of the poem is ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’ and its poet is Kamala Das.
(b) The thought that her mother had grown very old and might not live long.
(c) The ‘sprinting trees’ signify the childhood and youth.
(d) They are symbolic of carefree childhood.

Stanza 4

and felt that old
familiar ache, my
childhood’s fear,
but all I said was,
see you soon,
Amma,
all I did was smile and smile and smile…

Questions
(a) Name the poem and the poet.
(b) What was the poet’s childhood fear that now troubled her ?
(c) What do the poet’s parting words suggest ?
(d) Why did the poet smile and smile ?
Answers
(a) frie name of the poem is ‘My Mother at Sixty-six’ and its poet is Kamala Das.
(b) When the poet was a child she became frightened when her mother was not with her. Now the same fear troubled her.
(c) These words show that the poet do love her mother but she couldn’t find appropriate words to express her love.
(d) The poet could not find any words to express her feelings. Therefore, she did nothing but smile.

Stanza 5

… old
familiar ache,
my childhood’s fear,
but all I said was,
see you soon,
Amma,
All I did was smile and smile and smile…

Questions
(a) What does the phrase, ‘familiar ache’ mean ?
(b) What was the poet’s childhood fear ?
(c) What do the first two lines tell us about the poet’s feeling for her mother ?
(d) What does the repeated use of the word ‘smile’ mean ?
Answers
(a) This was the pain and agony that the poet often felt that one or the other day she had to suffer due to the separation from her mother.
(b) In her childhood, the poet’s heart was filled with fear whenever her mother was not with her.
(c) The first two lines tell us that the poet was deeply attached with her mother. Whenever she was not with her, her heart was filled with fear.
(d) It signifies that the poet tried to hide her true feelings under the garb of false smile.

Online Education Important Questions for Class 12 Chemistry with Answers Chapter Wise

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The Rattrap Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo

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Online Education for The Last Lesson Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Flamingo

The Last Lesson Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type

The Rattrap Extract Based Questions Class 12 Question 1.
What did the peddler sell? How did he make those things?
Answer:
The peddler sold small rattraps made of wire. He made them himself. He got the material by begging in the stores or at the big farms.

The Rattrap Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 2.
The peddler was given to thievery and hegging. Why?
Answer:
The peddler made small rattraps and sold them. But his business was not profitable. So he had to resort to both begging and petty thievery to keep his body and soul together.

The Rattrap Extract Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 3.
Why did the peddler drive pleasure from his idea of the world as a rattrap?
Answer:
The peddler used to sell rattraps. The world had never been kind to him, so it gave him joy to think ill of it in this way. It became a cherished pastime for him. He thought some people had already been caught in this rattrap while the others are circling around it.

The Rattrap Important Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 4.
Why did Edla plead her father not to send the vagabond away?
Answer:
Edla had felt so happy when she thought how she would be going to entertain the stranger on the Christmas Eve. She could not get away from the idea all at once, and that was why she pleaded her father for the vagabond. She wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them in their house.

The Rattrap Extra Questions Class 12 Question 5.
Why did the crofter welcome the peddler in his cottage?
Answer:
The crofter lived alone in his cottage. He was without wife and child. He welcomed the peddler to over-come his loneliness.

The Rattrap Question Answer Class 12 Question 6.
How can you say that the crofter was a good host?
Answer:
The crofter was indeed a good host. He welcomed the peddler in his cottage. He shared with him his meal and tobacco. He also played a game of cards with him. All this show that the crofter was a good host.

The Rattrap Question Answers Class 12 Question 7.
What do we learn about the crofter’s nature from the story, “The Rattrap’?
Answer:
The crofter lived alone in his cottage. He welcomed the peddler in his cottage and offered him meal and tobacco. He also played a game of cards with him. Though the crofter was a good host yet he entertained the peddler only to overcome his own loneliness.

The Rattrap Short Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 8.
Why did the crofter show his thirty kronor to the peddler?
Answer:
The crofter was very proud of his cow. He told the peddler that it gave enough milk to support him. To prove himself true he showed his thirty kronor to the peddler which he had received as a payment for the milk.

Rattrap Question Answers Class 12 Question 9.
How did the ironmaster react on seeing the stranger lying close to the furnace?
Answer:
The ironmaster saw the peddler at the forge. The ironmaster walked close to him. He thought the peddler was his one of the regimental acquaintances. He called him by the name of Nils Olof. The ironmaster felt sorry to see his miserable condition and he invited the peddler to his home.

Rattrap Extract Based Questions Class 12 Question 10.
Why didn’t the peddler tell the ironmaster that he was not Captain Nils Off?
Answer:
The peddler thought that if the ironmaster thought that he was an old acquaintance, he might perhaps help him with a few kronor. Therefore the peddler didn’t tell the ironmaster that he was not his old acquaintance.

The Rattrap Extra Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 11.
What did the ironmaster tell the peddler about his family?
Answer:
The ironmaster told the peddler that his wife, Eliza- beth had already died. Both his sons were abroad. There was no one in the house expect his eldest daughter Edla and himself. He thought it would be so nice if the peddler came with him and gave them the company at the Christmas Eve.

Rattrap Extra Questions Class 12 Question 12.
Why did the peddler keep to the woods after leaving the crofter’s cottage? How did he feel?
Answer:
The peddler had stolen the crofter’s money. He realised that he should not continue walking on the public highway. Therefore he turned towards the woods. Initially it caused him no difficulty. Later it became worse for him. He recalled his thought about the world being a rattrap. He thought now his turn had come and he himself had been caught in this rattrap.

Rattrap Short Question Answers Class 12 Question 13.
What made the peddler accept Edla’s invitation? How did he feel?
Answer:
Edla Willmansson noticed that the man was quite afraid. She reassured him that she would be allowed to leave just as freely as freely he came. She said that she only wanted to stay with them on the Christmas Eve. She said that in such a friendly manner ‘ that the rattrap seller could not refuse her. She thought that the young girl would behave with him ‘ kindly.

Rattrap Important Questions Class 12 Question 14.
What doubts did Edla had about the peddler? How did she reassure him?
Answer:
Edla doubted that the man was quite afraid. She thought that the peddler had stolen something or might have escaped from jail. She reassured him that she would be allowed to leave just as freely as freely he came.

The Rattrap Extra Question Answers Class 12 Question 15.
When did the ironmaster realize that the peddler was none of his regimental acquaintances?
Answer:
The valet had bathed the peddler and cut his hair, and shaved him. He was dressed in a good-looking suit of the ironmaster. Though he was so well groomed, the ironmaster didn’t seem pleased. He realised his mistake that the peddler was not his old regimental acquaintance.

Rattrap Extract Based Questions Class 12 Question 16.
What did the ironmaster order the peddler?
Answer:
When the ironmaster saw the peddler in the broad daylight, he came to know that the peddler was none of his regimental acquaintances. Therefore he ordered the peddler to get out of his house at once.

Rattrap Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 17.
How did the peddler defend himself?
Answer:
The peddler made no attempt to defend himself. He knew all his splendour had come to an end. He told the ironmaster that it was not his fault at all. He had not deceived anyone. He projected himself to be a poor trader. But the ironmaster threatened him to take the matter to the sheriff.

The Rattrap Important Questions Class 12 Question 18.
Why did Edla want to entertain the peddler though she knew the truth about him?
Answer:
Edla told her father that the peddler walked and walked whole the year long, and he was not welcomed anywhere. He was afraid of being arrested and cross examined. Therefore Edla wanted the peddler to enjoy a day of peace with them in their house.

Rattrap Class 12 Questions And Answers Question 19.
Why did Edla feel depressed about his decision’to entertain the peddler?
Answer:
At church Edla came to know that a man selling rattraps had robbed the crofter of his thirty kronor. She had entertained that man in his home nicely. Naturally she felt quite depressed when she came to know that the peddler was a petty thief.

The Rattrap Extract Questions Class 12 Question 20.
Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler?
Answer:
At church Edla came to know that a man selling rattraps had stolen the crofter’s thirty kronor. She was quite dejected and disappointed at her decision to entertain that man in her house. But when she reached home, she came to know that the man had not taken away anything from their house rather he had left a small gift for her. On receiving the gift and reading the letter she felt happy that she was able to free the man from the rattrap of the world.

Question 21.
What was written in the letter that the peddler left for Edla?
Answer:
The peddler wrote, “Since you have been so nice to me all day long, as if I was a captain, I want to be nice to you, in return, as if I was a real captain.The rattrap is a Christmas present from a rat who would have been caught in the world’s rattrap if he had not been raised to captain, because in that way he got the power to clear himself.“Captain von Stahle.”

Question 22.
From where did the peddler get the idea of the world being a rattrap?
Answer:
One day rattrap seller was going his way along the road. Suddenly an idea struck him. He compared the whole world with a rattrap. It offered riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing exactly as the rattrap offered cheese and pork, and as soon as anyone let himself be tempted to touch the bait, it closed in on him, and then everything came to an end. He thought some people had already caught in it and some other are circling around the bait.

Question 23.
Why was he amused by this idea?
Answer:
The rattrap seller considered whole the world like a rattrap. He thought some people had already been caught in it while the others are circling around it. The world had never been kind to him. He was amused to think about it in this way.

Question 24.
Did the peddler expect the kind of hospitality that he received from the crofter?
Answer:
No, the peddler had not expected the kind of hospitality he received from the crofter. He was not welcomed anywhere. He usually met sour faces. But the crofter was living alone. He was happy to have someone for company.

Question 25.
Why was the crofter so talkative and friendly with the peddler?
Answer:
The crofter was without wife and any child. He was happy to get someone to talk to in his loneliness. Therefore, he was so friendly and talkative.

Question 26.
Why did he show the thirty kronor to the peddler?
Answer:
The crofter told the peddler that his cow gave a lot of milk and he sold it to the creamery. He recently had got thirty kronor as a payment for his milk. However, he thought that the peddler didn’t believe his story about the thirty kronor. Therefore, he showed them to the peddler.

Question 27.
Did the peddler respect the confidence reposed in him by the crofter?
Answer:
The crofter showed his thirty kronor to the peddler believing him to be his friend. But the peddler did not respect the confidence reposed in him. He was a petty thief and stole with the crofter’s money.

Question 28.
What made the peddler think that he had in¬deed fallen into the rattrap?
Answer:
The peddler had stolen the crofter’s thirty kronor. He thought that now he had also been caught in the vicious circle of evil. He considered himself caught in, a rattrap and now he was finding no way to get out of it.

Question 29.
Why did the ironmaster speak kindly to the peddler and invite him home?
Answer:
The ironmaster saw the peddler at the forge. The ironmaster walked close to him, looked at him carefully. He thought the peddler was his one of the regimental acquaintances. He called him by the name of Nils Olof. The iron master felt sorry to see his miserable condition, therefore, he invited the peddler to his home.

Question 30.
Why did the peddler decline the invitation?
Answer:
The peddler had with him the stolen thirty kronor. He thought that he would land himself in big trouble by going to the manor house. Therefore, he declined the invitation.

Question 31.
What made the peddler accept Edla Willmansson’s invitation?
Answer:
Edla Willmansson told the peddler that her father had asked her to bring him to their home. She noticed that the man was quite afraid. She thought that the peddler had stolen something or might have escaped from jail. She reassured him that she would be allowed to leave just as freely as freely he came. She said that she only wanted to stay with them on the Christmas Eve. She said that in such a friendly manner that the peddler could not refuse her.

Question 32.
What doubts did Edla have about the peddler?
Answer:
The peddler was in rags and he was looking very frightened. Edla doubted that the man was not much educated. She also thought perhaps he had stolen something or had escaped from jail.

Question 33.
When did the ironmaster realize his mistake?
Answer:
The ironmaster saw the peddler in the broad day¬light. Now he was truly clean and well dressed. The valet had bathed him, cut his hair, and shaved him. He was dressed in a good-looking suit of the ironmaster. He wore a white shirt and a starched collar and whole shoes. Though he. was so well groomed, the ironmaster didn’t seem pleased. He realised his mistake that the peddler was not his old regimental acquaintance.

Question 34.
What did the peddler say in his defence when it was clear that he was not the person the ironmaster had thought he was?
Answer:
The peddler told the ironmaster that it was not his fault at all. He had not deceived anyone. He projected himself to be a poor trader. He only wanted that he should be allowed to stay at the forge.

Question 35.
Why did Edla entertain the peddler even after she knew the truth about him?
Answer:
The ironmaster asked the peddler to leave his house immediately. But Edla did not want the peddler to go. That morning she had felt so happy when she thought how she would be going to entertain the stranger on the Christmas Eve. She could not get, away from the idea all at once, and that was why ,she had interceded for the vagabond.

She told her father that the peddler walked and walked whole the year long, and he was not welcomed anywhere. He was afraid of being arrested and cross examined. The ironmaster’s daughter wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them in their house. Quite reluctantly the ironmaster agreed to that. It showed that the girl was full of compassion.

Question 36.
Why was Edla happy to see the gift left by the peddler?
Arts.
Edla and her father came to know at the church that the peddler had stolen crofter’s thirty kronor.
She was quite disturbed. The ironmaster thought that he must have stolen something from their house when they reached home. But when they reached home, they came to know that the peddler had not taken anything with him. On the contrary, he had left a small gift for Edla. In the package left by him, there was a small rattrap, three ten- krona notes and a letter. When she read the letter she was very happy that she was able to reform the peddler.

Question 37.
Why did the peddler sign himself as Captain von Stahle?
Answer:
The peddler was invited to the manor house as a captain. Though every truth was revealed about him, yet he was treated as if he were a real captain. Therefore, the peddler signed himself as Captain Von Stahle.

The Rattrap Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type

Question 1.
The peddler believed that the whole world is a rattrap. How did he himself caught in the same?
Answer:
The peddler spent his night at the crofter’s cottage. The crofter showed him the thirty kronor he had received as a payment for the milk of his cow. In the morning when the peddler went away to milk his cow, the peddler stole the money and thrust it into his pocket and went away.The peddler was quite pleased at his smartness. However he realised that he should not continue walking on the public highway. Therefore he turned towards the woods. Initially it caused him no difficulty. Later it became worse for him.

The forest was quite confusing. The paths twisted so frequently that he could not understand where he was going. He walked and walked without coming to the end of the woods and finally he realised that he had been walking in the same part of the forest. He recalled his thought about the world being a rattrap. He thought now his turn had come and he himself had been caught in this rattrap.

Question 2.
The peddler thinks that the whole world is a rattrap. This view of life is true only of himself and of no one else in the story. Comment.
Ans.
The world had never been kind to the peddler. He used to sell rattraps. He made them himself and for that he would beg material from stores and farm houses. Even then his business was not profitable. He had to resort to both begging and thievery to keep his body and soul together. That man was a tramp and the world had never been kind towards him. Once a sudden idea came into his mind and he found that idea quite entertaining. He thought that the entire world was nothing but a big rattrap.

It offered all the comforts to the person, exactly as the rattrap offered cheese and pork, and as soon as anyone let himself be tempted to touch the bait, it closed in on him, and then everything came to an end. In this story when he stole the crofter’s thirty kronor he realised that he himself had been caught in the rattrap of the world. However this view of life is true of himself only. The other characters of the story were living a comfortable and good life. The crofter though lonely, had a cow to support him.

The ironmaster were a rich person and he lived in a big manor house. His daughter Edla was a very kind-hearted girl. It who she who helped the peddler to come out of the rattrap of the world. This story clearly shows when a person has to face hard times he became pessimistic.

Question 3.
How did the peddler feel after robbing the crofter? What course of life did he adopt and how did he react to the new situation?
Answer:
The peddler did not respect the confidence that the crofter had shown in him. As soon as the crofter went to milk his cow, the peddler smashed the win¬dow pane and took away the crofter’s thirty kronor. He was quite happy at his smartness. The peddler did not feel any prick in his consciousness due to his act of thievery. But he realised that he must not walk on the public highway. Therefore he turned to the woods. Initially he did not have any problem. Later in the day it became very bad.

It was a big and confusing forest. He tried to walk in a definite direction, but the paths twisted back and forth so strangely. He walked and walked without coming to the ency of the forest. Finally he realised that he had been walking around in the same part of the forest. All at once he recalled his thoughts about the world and the rattrap. He thought now his turn had come. He thought, he had let himself be fooled by a bait and had been caught.

Question 4.
Why did the crofter repose confidence in the peddler? How did the peddler betray that and with what consequences?
Answer:
The crofter was a lonely man. He lived in a roadside cottage. He shared with the peddler his meal and tobacco. He also played a game of cards with the peddler. He told the peddler that his cow supported him, and he received thirty kronor as a payment from the creamery. He showed the peddler three ten-krona bills.

The peddler stole the crofter’s money as he left the cottage to milk his cow. After stealing the money he realised that he must not walk on the public highway. Therefore he turned to the woods. Initially he did not have any problem. Later in the day it became very bad. It was a big and confusing forest. He tried to walk in a definite direction, but the paths twisted back and forth so strangely.

He walked and walked without coming to the end of the forest. Finally he realised that he had been walking around in the same part of the forest. All at once he recalled his thoughts about the world and the rattrap. He thought now his turn had come. He thought, he had let himself be fooled by a bait and had been caught.

Question 5.
Why did ironmaster’s daughter more persuasive than his father while dealing with the peddler. Comment.
Answer:
The ironmaster took the peddler to be one of his regimental acquaintances. He wanted him to spend Christmas Eve with them. But the peddler declined his invitation. The ironmaster sent his daughter to bring the stranger to his house. He hoped that she would persuade the tramp to come to his place. She was followed by a valet, carrying on his arm a big fur coat.

The peddler was lying to the floor with a piece of pig iron under his head and his hat pulled down over his eyes. As soon as the young girl caught sight of him, she went up and lifted his hat. The stranger was still awake and he jumped up and seemed to be quite frightened.

The young girl said that her name was Edla Willmansson and her father had asked her to bring the stranger to their home. She reassured him that he would be allowed to leave just as freely as freely he came. She said that she only wanted him to stay with them on the Christmas Eve. She said that in such a friendly manner that the rattrap seller could not refuse her. He accepted the fur coat, which the valet handed over to him and threw it over his rags, and followed the young lady out to the carriage.

Question 6.
There is a saying ‘Kindness pays, rudeness never. In the story, The Rattrap’ Edla’s attitude towards men and matters from her father’s attitude. How are the values of concern and compassion brought out in this story?
Answer:
Edla’s attitude towards life is very different from that of her father. When the ironmaster came to know that the peddler was none of his regimental acquaintances he was full of rage. He even threatened the matter to be taken the sheriff. He ordered the peddler to leave his house at once.

However Edla, the ironmaster’s daughter is a very kind-hearted girl. Though she comes to know the peddler’s truth she still treats him so well as if he were really a captain. She does not have any selfish motive in serving the peddler. We can say she proves to be an angel in the peddler’s life that he decides to give up thievery and lead a meaningful and honest life.

Question 7.
Describe how the story, The Rattrap’ shows that basic human goodness can be brought out by understanding and love.
Answer:
The protagonist of the story is a peddler. He is a tramp and given to petty thievery and begging. One day he stole a crofter’s thirty kronor. He reached the Ramsjo Ironworks. This iron mill was owned by a very prominent ironmaster. He saw the peddler there and took him to be one of his old regimental acquaintances.

He was full of pity at his miserable condition. The ‘peddler was invited to the ironmas-ter’s house. But when the ironmaster came to realise his mistake he ordered the peddler to leave his house. However the ironmaster’s daughter, Edla, did not want the peddler to go. That morning she had felt so happy when she thought how she would be going to entertain the stranger on the Christmas Eve. She told her father that the tramp walked and walked whole the year long, and he was not welcomed anywhere.

He was afraid of arrested and cross examined. The ironmaster’s daughter told her father that she wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them in their house. Quite reluctantly the ironmaster agreed to that. At the ironmaster’s house the peddler was treated as if he were a real captain. In the end of the story the peddler changed his ways and decided to live a righteous life. This happened only because of the compassionate and sympathetic treatment of Edla. She brought the basic human goodness in the peddler out by her kind treatment.

Question 8.
How does the peddler interpret the acts of kindness and hospitality shown by the crofter, the ironmaster and his daughter?
Answer:
The crofter, the ironmaster and the ironmaster’s daughter all show kindness and hospitality towards the peddler. The crofter lives by the roadside in a cottage. He lives lonely and is without wife and child. He is happy to have someone for company when the peddler reaches his cottage. He entertains the peddler only to overcome his loneliness.

The ironmaster takes the peddler to be one of his regimental acquaintances. He is moved to see his miserable condition. He wants to help him. There-fore, he invites him to his house. But when he realises that the peddler is none of his regimental acquaintances, he immediately orders him to leave his house.

Ironmaster’s daughter comes to know that the peddler is a poor man and not her father’s acquaintance. Even then she entertains the peddler and treats him very kindly. It is only because of her that the peddler finally changes his ways.

Question 9.
What are the instances in the story that show that the character of the ironmaster is different from that of his daughter in many ways?
Answer:
Ironmaster and his daughter are poles apart as far as their character and temperament. The ironmaster is very practical person. He makes regular visits to the forge to see whether the work is done properly or not. He mistakes the peddler to be one of his regimental acquaintances. He is moved to see his miserable condition. He wants to help him. There-fore he invites him to his home. But when he finds that the man is none of his regimental acquaintances but just a tramp, he orders him to get out cf his house.

However Edla, the ironmaster’s daughter is a very kind-hearted girl. Though she comes to know the peddler’s truth she still treats him so well as if he were really a Captain. She does not have any selfish motive in serving the peddler. We can say she proves to be an angel in the peddler’s life. It is only because of her that he decides to give up thievery and lead a meaningful and honest life.

Question 10.
The story has many instances of unexpected reactions from the characters to other’s behaviour. Pick out instances of these surprises.
Answer:
We can say that there are two instances of unexpected reactions from the character’s behaviour. The first one is the crofter’s behaviour towards the peddler. The peddler had expected that he would not be welcomed by the crofter. On the contrary the crofter provides him shelter for night, food and also tobacco. He also plays a game of cards with him.

The second instance is the behaviour of the ironmaster’s daughter towards the peddler. She comes to know that the peddler is not a former captain but just a mere tramp, even then she goes against the wishes of her father and entertains the peddler so well as if he were a real captain.

Question 11.
What made the peddler finally change his ways?
Answer:
The peddler was a petty thief. But the kind treatment of the ironmaster’s daughter had great effect on his heart. He decided to change his ways. While he left the ironmaster’s house he left a small package as a gift for Edla. When she opened the package, she found in it a small rattrap, and three ten krona notes. In the rattrap there was a letter also. It said: “Since you have been so nice to me all day long, as if I was a captain, I want to be nice to you, in return, as if I was a real captain.

The rattrap is a Christmas present from a rat who would have been caught in the world’s rattrap if he had not been raised to captain, because in that way he got power to clear himself. “Captain Von Stahle”.

Question 12.
How does the metaphor of the rattrap serve to highlight the human predicament?
Answer:
It is the peddler who compares the world to a big  rattrap. He thinks the whole world with its lands ‘and seas, its cities and villages is nothing but a big rattrap. It sets baits for people. It offers riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing, in the same manner as a rattrap offers pork or cheese. As soon as anyone is tempted to touch the bait, it closed in on him and then everything comes to an end.

The peddler says that many people are already have let themselves caught in this dangerous snare while the others are circling the bait.The world has never been kind to the peddler to-wards him. He is chased away wherever he goes. It gives him great joy of thinking the world in this term. In this way, the metaphor of the rattrap serve very well to light the peddler’s predicament.

Question 13.
The peddler comes out as a person with a subtle sense of humour. How does this serve in lightening the seriousness of the theme of the story and also endear him to us?
Answer:
The peddler is a poor man. He sells rattraps that he makes himself by the begged material. Even then he is given to thievery and begging to keep his body and soul together. He takes a very funny view of the world. He compares the world to a rattrap. It sets baits for people. It offers riches and joys, shelter and food, heat and clothing, in the same manner as a rattrap offers pork or cheese. As soon as anyone is tempted to touch the bait, it closed in on him and then everything comes to an end.

The peddler says that many people are already who have let themselves caught in this dangerous snare while the others are circling the bait. The peddler is a happy-go-lucky fellow. He steals the crofter’s thirty kronor but he feels no prick in his heart. He knows that the crofter’s hospitality was nothing but a way to overcome his loneliness. But when he comes in contact with Edla, he transforms completely.

He knows that the girl is full of compassion and this fact makes him change his ways also. In this way his humorous idea about the world and his true character that is revealed in the end of the story endear him to the readers.

Question 14.
The reader’s sympathy is with the peddler right from the beginning of the story. Why is this so? Is the sympathy justified? .
Answer:
The peddler is the protagonist of the story. He is given to thievery only because his business is not profitable. He has to do that to keep his body and soul together. He considers the whole world as a big rattrap. He thinks all the riches as mere baits to catch the human beings in the snare. When he steals the crofter’s money he thinks himself to be caught in the rattrap. He reaches the forge. The ironmaster takes him to be one of his regimental acquaintances. He invites him to his house on the Christmas Eve.

When the ironmaster recognises him he realises his mistake and orders him to leave his house at once. At this juncture his daughter steps in. Though the peddler is totally a stranger for them she still decides to entertain him. Only because of her the peddler is able to come out of the rattrap he is trapped in. He writes a letter to her saying, “Since you have been so nice to me all day long, as if I was a captain, I want to be nice to you, in return, as if I was a real captain.

The rattrap is a Christmas present from a rat who would have been caught in the world’s rattrap if he had not been raised to captain, because in that way he got the power to clear himself. Captain von Stahle.” All these incidents endear him to the reader’s mind and he is also able to have the reader’s sympathy.

Question 15.
The story also focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others?
Answer:
In this story the three main characters suffer from loneliness and they want to have bond with others. The first one is the protagonist of the story, the rattrap seller. He is just a poor tramp without any company. He is not welcomed anywhere. The second one is the old crofter. He lives totally alone in his cottage. He is without wife or any child. When the peddler reaches there, he finds a way to overcome his own loneliness. He provides the peddler shelter, food and tobacco. He also plays a game of cards with him.

The third one is the ironmaster. His wife is dead and his sons are abroad. When he sees the peddler he takes him to be one of his regimental acquaintances. He wants him to spend the Christmas Eve with him and his daughter, since they have no one else to accompany them.Thus we can easily deduce that this story focuses on human loneliness and the need to bond with others.

Question 16.
The story is both entertaining and philosophical. Comment.
Answer:
This story is about a peddler who goes around the country selling his rattraps. His business is not profitable, therefore, he resorts to thievery and begging. The story has a lots of interesting elements in it. For example, the spending of night in the crofter’s cottage.

The second element is the case of mistaken identity. The ironmaster thinks that the peddler was one of his regimental acquaintances. He invites him in his house and when he comes to know about his truth he orders him to leave his house.

The ironmaster also threatens the peddler to take the matter to the sheriff. The dialogues between the ironmaster and the peddler are very interesting, This story has a couple of philosophical elements also.. The peddler, like a learned philosopher, considers the whole world to a rattrap. He thinks that many people have already caught in the snare while the many others are circling around that rattrap.

The second philosophical element is that the unconditional love and compassion can change anyone. It is only because of the ironmaster’s daughter’s hospitality and sympathy that the peddler changes his ways of life and saves himself from falling into the rattrap of the world.

The Rattrap Extra Questions and Answers Extract Based

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follow :

(Para-1)

The old man was just as generous with his confidences as with his porridge and tobacco. The guest was informed at once that in his days of prosperity his host had been a crofter at Ramajo Ironworks and had worked on the land. Now that he was no longer able to do day labour, it was his cow which supported him. Yes, that bossy was extraordinary. She could give milk for the creamery every day, and last month, he had received all of thirty comor in payment.

Questions :
(a) What did the old man offer to the paddler and why ?
(b) What was old man’s profession ?
(c) Who supported the old man and how ?
(d) What payment did he receive last month ?
Answers :
(a) The old man offered porridge and tobacco to the paddler because he (the old man) was a generous man and lived alone.
(b) After hearing the thumbing, he thought that those were the hammer strokes from an iron mill and there must be people near by.
(c) After having that thought in his mind, he summoned all his strength, got up and staggered in the direction of the sound.
(d) ‘The Rattrap’ is the chapter and ‘Selma Lagerlof is the writer.

(Para-2)

She looked at him compassionately, with her heavy eyes, and then she noticed that the man was afraid. “Ei-ther he has stolen something or else he has escaped from jail,” she thought, and added quickly, “You may be sure, Captain, that you will be allowed to leave as just as freely as you came. Only please, stay with us over Christmas Eve.”
Questions :
(a) Who looked whom and why ?
(b) What did she think after seeing the paddler ?
(c) Why did she come there ?
(d) Why did she add quickly: ‘You may be Christmas Eve.’
Answers :
(a) The girl, the daughter of the ironmaster, Edla Willmansson looked the paddler assuming him as a Captain.
(b) After seeing the paddler, she thought, “Either he has . stolen something or else he has escaped from, jail.”
(c) She came there to carry the paddler with her to their home for celebrating Christmas Eve because her father wanted to do so.
(d) She added quickly : ‘You may be ‘Christmas Eve’, because she wanted the paddler to confirm that he would not be bounded to stay at their house for long.

(Para-3)

After that, Christmas Eve at Ramsjo passed just as it always had. The stranger did not cause any trouble be-cause he did nothing but sleep. The whole forenoon he lay on the sofa in one of the guest rooms and slept at one stretch. At noon they woke him up so that he could have his share of the good Christmas fare, but after that he slept again. It seemed as though for many years he had not been able to sleep as quietly and safely as here at Ramsjo.
Questions :
(a) Why did the stranger not cause any trouble ?
(b) Where was he sleeping continuously ?
(c) What happened at noon ?
(d) Why was he sleeping too much at Ramsjo ?
Answers :
(a) The stranger did not cause any trouble because he, whole day, did nothing but sleep (only).
(b) In one of the guest rooms, on the sofa, he was sleep-ing continuously and at one stretch.
(c) At noon they woke him up so that he could have his share of the good Christmas fare, but after that he slept again.
(d) It seemed as though for many years he had not been able to sleep as quietly and safely as here at Ramsjo.

(Para-4)

The wagon had hardly stopped at the front steps when the ironmaster asked the valet whether the stranger was still there. He added that he had heard at church that the man was a thief. The valet answered that the fellow had gone and that he had not taken anything with him at all. On the contrary, he had left behind a little package which Miss Willmansson was to be kind enough to accept as a Christmas present.
Questions :
(a) What did the ironmaster ask the valet ?
Ob) What was the news at church ?
(c) What was the answer of the valet ?
(d) What did the paddler left behind and why ?
Answers:
(a) The ironmaster asked the valet whether the stranger was still there.
(b) At church, there was the news of theft at Crofter’s house and the thief was that paddler who stayed in ironmaster’s house.
(c) The valet answered that the fellow had gone and that he had not taken anything with him at all.
(d) The paddler left behind a little package becausd’in this way he wanted to thank Miss Willmansson and gift her the Christmas present.

Should Wizard hit Mommy Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Vistas

Online Education for Should Wizard hit Mommy Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Vistas

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Online Education for Should Wizard hit Mommy Extra Questions and Answers Important Questions Class 12 English Vistas

Should Wizard hit Mommy Extra Questions and Answers Short Answer Type

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 1.
When would Jack tell her daughter, Jo, a story? When had this custom begun?
Answer:
Jo’s father Jack used to tell her a story in the evenings and for Saturday naps. This custom began when Jo was two but now she was four years old. Thus, he had been telling her the stories for the last two years.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Extra Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 2.
What base tale had the each story?
Or
What was the basic plot of each story told by Jack?
Answer:
Each story would have a same base tale and it would come out from Jack’s own head. In each tale there would be a small creature, usually named Roger (Roger Fish, Roger Squirrel, Roger Chipmunk, etc.). It would have some problem and a wizard would solve that problem.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Important Questions Class 12 Question 3.
What is mother skunk’s role in the story?
Answer:
he wizard gave the skunk the fragrance of roses. When he entered his home his mother became very angry at this smell. He took Roger with her to wizard and hit him on his head with her umbrella. The wizard gave back the skunk his original smell.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Question Answers Class 12 Question 4.
What problem did Roger Skunk face when he went to play with his friends? How did he solve it?
Answer:
Roger Skunk smelled very bad. No one liked to play with him due to the foul smell emitted from his body. A wizard with the help of his magic wand and spell gave him the fragrance of roses. In this way his problem was solved.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Extra Questions Class 12 Question 5.
Why did Roger Skunk go to the owl? What advice did he get?
Answer:
Roger Skunk smelled very bad. No creature would like to play with him. He went to the owl to get his advice in this regard.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Questions Class 12 Question 6.
How did the wizard solve .the skunk’s problem?
Answer:
The wizard asked the skunk what he wanted to smell like. At this the skunk told her that he wanted to smell like roses. The wizard took his magic wand and chanted a spell. Soon, the whole inside of the wizard’s house was filled with the fragrance of roses.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Question Answer Class 12 Question 7.
What ‘new phase’ had come in Jo?
Answer:
Jo was no longer a passive listener. She had become quite inquisitive. She would ask questions if something was not clear to her. Sometimes, her questions would put Jack in an awkward situation. He felt that his head had become empty.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Important Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 8.
How did Jo want the Roger Skunk to end?
Answer:
In the Roger Skunk story, the skunk’s mother hit the wizard on his head and wizard agreed to her. But Jo didn’t like this end of the story. She wanted that the wizard should have hit the mommy back. According to her the wizard had done nothing wrong.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Solutions Class 12 Question 9.
Which do you think is a better ending of Roger V Skunk’s story, Jo’s or father’s? Why?
Answer:
I think Jo’s father’s ending of the story is better. On the face of it, the reader may think that the mommy had done something bad by hitting the gentle wizard. But we must remember that foul smell is the characteristic feature of the skunks and it protects them from predators. Roger’s mother only wanted to ensure the safety of her child.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Short Questions And Answers Class 12 Question 10.
Why did Jo think Roger Skunk was better off with the new smell?
Answer:
Roger Skunk’s friends would avoid him because of the foul smell of his body. The wizard gave him the fragrance of roses. Now all his friends would play with him. Therefore, Jo thought that Roger Skunk was.better off with the new smell.

Important Questions Of Should Wizard Hit Mommy Class 12 Question 11.
Why does Jo insist that her father should tell her the story with a different ending?
Answer:
Jo is just a child of four. Her perspective of life is different from her father. She does not know about the harsh realities of life. According to her, Roger Skunk was quite happy to play with her friends. But she doesn’t know that the foul smell is the characteristic feature of a skunk.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Short Questions Class 12 Question 12.
Who is Jo? How does she respond to her father’s story-telling?
Answer:
Jo is a little girl of about four. When she was two years old her father started the tradition of telling her story in the evenings apd Saturday naps. The little girl would sleep while listening to the story. But now she is about four. She has become quite inquisitive. She never sleeps while listening to the story. On the other hand, she would ask her father many questions.

Jack would find it difficult to answer her questions. He started feeling that her head has become empty. Now he realizes that the reality phase has come to the life of child. She now does not take the things on their face. She always wants to know the true reason for everything.

Extra Questions Of Should Wizard Hit Mommy Class 12 Question 13.
What do you think was Jo’s problem?
Answer:
In fact, there was no problem with Jo. Now she was in the growing phase of her life. Like other children of her age she did not take the things at their face value. She had become very inquisitive. She wanted to know the reason behind each thing.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Summary And Question Answers Class 12 Question 14.
How does Jo want the story to end and why?
Answer:
In this story the mommy hits the wizard on his head with no fault of his. Now Jo wants that the wizard should hit the mommy back on her head. Since Roger Skunk himself had requested for the fragrance of roses therefore the wizard had done nothing wrong. And the mommy could not be justified in her act of hitting the wizard.

Should Wizard Hit Mommy Long Questions Class 12 Question 15.
Why does Jack insist that it was the wizard that was hit and not the mother?
Answer:
Jack does not want that Jo should form any negative opinion about a mommy. He wants her to form the idea that a mommy should be loved and respected by the child. His perspective towards life is entirely different as compared to his daughter. He insists that the little skunk’s mommy loves him very much. Therefore she wants that no harm should come to him. Thus in his own way he justifies his hitting of the wizard.

Question 16.
What makes Jack feel caught in an ugly middle position?
Answer:
Jo is a little girl of about four. She could not digest the end suggested by her father to a story about a skunk. In this story, the mommy hit the wizard with her umbrella without any of his fault. Now Jo doesn’t like this end at once. She wants that wizard should hit mommy back. This puts Jo’s father Jack in an ugly middle position.

Question 17.
Why is an adult’s perspective on life different from that of a child’s?
Answer:
An adult has his own likes and dislikes. He views life from his own vision. He has his own prejudices. But on the other hand child is free from any such preconceived notions. His responses are very clear. A child does not tolerate any injustice. Unlike an adult, he does not make any compromises. There¬fore an adult’s perspective on life is different from that of a child’s.

Should Wizard hit Mommy Extra Questions and Answers Long Answer Type

Question 1.
How does Jo want the story to end and why?
Answer:
Jo is just a child of four. She does not know about the harsh realities of life. In the story told by her father, Roger Skunk was given the fragrance of roses because he wanted that. For Roger it was a moment of happiness since now he could enjoy with his friends. For a child life is nothing more than a play. Therefore Jo thinks that Skunk’s mother had done something very wrong by hitting the gentle wizard. She wanted that the story should be ended in a different way.

She thought that the wizard had given Roger the fragrance of roses because he wanted to smell like roses. According to her, the wizard was not at all at fault. But Roger’s mother had unnecessarily hit him on his head. Jo thought that the mommy had not done the right thing. She wanted that the wizard should retaliate and hit the mommy back.

Question 2.
What impression do you form of Jack as a father?
Answer:
Jack is a very loving father. He loves his daughter, Jo, very much. He tells her a story in the evenings and for afternoon naps. He just wants to amuse his daughter in this way. Each of the stories comes out of his own head. Now Jo has grown up. Now she is four years old. She has become very inquisitive. Sometimes Jack finds it very difficult to answer her questions.

One day, he tells her a story of Roger Skunk. Roger Skunk smelled very bad. All his friends would run away from him. Then with the help of a wizard, he got the fragrance of roses. His mother became very angry when she found that: She immediately went to the wizard and hit him on his head. At this the wizard returned the skunk his original smell. But Jo did not agree with this ending. She wants that the wizard should have hit the iribmmy back. But Jack as a father does not want that the child should form any unfavourable opinion about her mother.

Question 3.
Roger Skunk’s mother finds the smell of roses detestable on Roger, implying that he should accept himself as he is. Adults as well as young people are often misjudging issues, people and circumstances based on appearance. Is an ob¬session for disappearance us to appreciate our true selves? Explain.
Answer:
It is said that appearances are often deceptive. It is person’s internal beauty that matters. In this story, Roger Skunk is annoyed at his natural smell. It is the law of nature that everyereature is given some protective device to save itself from its enemy. The . foul smell of the skunks keeps the predators away. But Roger Skunk does not like his particular skunk smell. His only concern is his playmates that run away from him due to his foul smell. Therefore, he goes to the wizard and gets the fragrance of the roses.

When he enters his home his mommy becomes very angry. She goes to the wizard and hits him on his head and Roger gets back his original and natural smell.Not only the kids but also the adults are obsessed with external beauty. Demand for fair-complexioned bride or handsome groom is there in the matrimonial columns of every newspaper. But we must remember that beauty is skin deep. We can’t judge any person’s worth on the basis of his/her appearance.

Question 4.
How did Jack end the Roger Skunk story? How and why did Jo want to change it?
Answer:
In the story, a skunk named Roger Skunk was very annoyed at the smell of his body. His body emitted a very foul smell. No other creature would like to play with him. He went to the Wise Owl. The owl told him to go the wizard. The wizard gave the skunk the smell of roses. He became very happy.

He played with his friends. But when he went to his home, his mommy became very angry. She asked him as to who give him that smell. The skunk replied that it was the wizard. The mommy took the skunk to the wizard. She hit the wizard with her umbrella. The wizard gave the skunk back again his foul smell. But Jo did not like the end suggested by his father. She wanted that the wizard should hit the mommy

Question 4.
What is the moral issue that the story raises?
Answer:
This story raises a very pertinent question. The question is Are the elders ever right? We can say after reading this story we can easily say that many a time elders is wrong. They must learn from the younger ones. In the story told by Jack to his daughter the wizard gave smell of roses to the skunk because the latter wanted that.

But the skunk’s mommy hit him for no fault of his. Jack wanted to justify his action, but his daughter Jo felt that the mommy had done something very wrong and the wizard must have hit her back on her head. The blind obedience by children could not be justified at all. This is the moral issue that this story raises.

Question 5.
What possible plot line could the story continue with?
Answer:
Each of the stories told by Jack had almost the plot line there would be some creature, he would have certain problem, he would go to the Wise Owl, the owl would send it to a wizard and the wizard would solve the creature’s problem. In this story also that a skunk named Roger Skunk was very annoyed at . the smell of his body. His body emitted a Very foul smell. No other creature would like to play with him. He went to the Wise owl. The owl told him to go the wizard. The wizard gave the skunk the smell of roses.

He became very happy. He played with his friends. But when he went to his home his mommy became very angry. She asked him as to who give him that smell. The skunk replied that it was the wizard. The mommy took the skunk to the wizard. She hit the wizard with her umbrella. The wizard gave back again the skunk his foul smell.

Question 6.
What is your stance regarding the two endings to the Roger Skunk story?
Answer:
There are two possible stances regarding the ending of this story. The first stance is a child’s stance. She feels that the mommy had not done right in hitting the wizard. The wizard should have hit the mommy back on her head. But Jack has his own perspective. He does not want that the child should form any negative opinion about her mommy.

Besides this the foul smell is a characteristic feature of a skunk that keeps the predators away. Therefore the writer has titled this story ‘Should Wizard Hit Mommy?’ In this way, it is up to us which stance we take. But according to me, both Jack and Jo are right in their stances.

Class 12 English Important Extra Questions with Answers | English Important Questions Class 12

Class 12 English Important Extra Questions with Answers | English Important Questions Class 12

Online Education for Class 12 English Important Extra Questions: Here we are providing NCERT Important Extra Questions for Class 12 English Flamingo and Vistas with Answers Pdf Download. Students can get Class 12 English NCERT Solutions, Important Questions of English Class 12 were designed by subject expert teachers.

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Online Education for English Core Class 12 Important Questions with Answers Pdf Download

Students can check out the Higher Secondary/ 12th Class CBSE NCERT English Important Extra Questions Class 12 subject for all lessons from the quick links provided over here.

Important Questions for Class 12 English Flamingo

Important Questions for Class 12 English Flamingo Prose

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Important Questions for Class 12 English Flamingo Poetry

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Important Questions for Class 12 English Vistas

  1. The Third Level Extra Questions
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Answer:
Just by referring to this page, you all can easily access and collect the unit-wise extra questions for class 12 English for better preparation.

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Answer:
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Answer:
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Our provided Ncert Solutions for Class 12 English is the best question bank & study material for preparing all the topics included in the 12th English subject. Also, it holds unit-wise extra questions for class 12 English board exams.

Online Education 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles: The Mughal Courts

Here we are providing Online Education 1 Mark Questions for History Class 12 Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles: The Mughal Courts are the best resource for students which helps in class 12 board exams.

Online Education One Mark Questions for History Class 12 Chapter 9 Kings and Chronicles: The Mughal Courts

Question 1.
Who was the first ruler of the Mughal Empire?
Answer:
Babur was the first Mughal King.

Question 2.
How did Babur relate to Ghenghiz Khan?
Answer:
Babur was related to Ghenghiz Khan from his mother’s side.

Question 3.
Name few of the successors of Babur.
Answer:
Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shahjehan, Aurangzeb etc.

Question 4.
Who gave a defeat to Humayun?
Answer:
Sher Shah Suri defeat Humayun.

Question 5.
Who is considered as the greatest Mughal Empire?
Answer:
Akbar is considered as the greatest Mughal Empire.

Question 6.
Who was the last powerful Mughal Emperor?
Answer:
Aurangzeb was the last powerful Mughal Emperor.

Question 7.
Name few of the Chronicles prepared during the Mughal Empire?
Answer:
Baburnama, Akbarnama, Shahjahannama, Alamgirnama etc.

Question 8.
In which language most of the Chronicles were written in the Mughal period?
Answer:
In Persian language.

Question 9.
What was the .centre of manuscript production during the Mughal empire?
Answer:
Kitabkhana was the centre of manuscript production during the Mughal Empire.

Question 10.
What was the Nastaliq?
Answer:
It was a style of calligraphy, a fluid style with long horizontal strokes.

Question 11.
What was Sheria?
Answer:
Sheria was an Islamic law.

Question 12.
In how many books, the Akbarnama is divided?
Answer:
Akbarnama is divided into three books and the third book is Akbarnama.

Question 13.
Who was Humayun ? How was he forced to run away from India ?
Answer:
Humayun was the son and successor of Babur. He expanded the frontiers of his empire. However, he was defeated by the Afghan leader Sher Shah Suri and was forced to run away from India.

Question 14.
What happened to Humayun when he ran away from India ?
Answer:
Humayun had to take refuge in the court of the Safavid ruler of Iran when he was drove into exile. In 1555 C.E., he defeated the Surs but died an year later.

Question 15.
How did the Mughal dynasty came to an end in India ?
Answer:
With the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 C.E., the power of the empire diminished. Many regional powers emerged in place of large Mughal empire. Yet symbolically, the prestige of Mughal rulers remained there. In 1857 C.E., the last scion of this dynasty, Bahadur Shah Zafar was overthrown by the British. In this way, the Mughal dynasty came to an end in India.

Question 16.
Who were the authors of the Mughal chronicles ? On which four points did they concentrate ?
Answer:
The authors of the Mughal chronicles were the court historians. All the chronicles emphasised the following points :
(i) Events associated with the ruler
(ii) Family of the ruler
(iii) The royal court
(iv) Wars and administrative provisions

Question 17.
Who founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal and when ? Tell any one work done by it.
Answer:
The Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded by Sir William Jones in 1784 C.E. This society published the edited versions of Akbarnama and Badshahnama in the nineteenth century.

Question 18.
Explain any two works done by Akbar to enhance the idea of Sulh-i-Kul.
Answer:
(i) Akbar gave positions and awards to Turanis, Afghans, Rajputs and Deccanis purely on the basis of their service and loyalty to the king.
(ii) He abolished the tax on pilgrimage in 1563 C.E. and Jizya in 1564 C.E. as both were based on religious discrimination.

Question 19.
What was Jizya ? Who abolished it ? By whom was it again imposed ?
Answer:
Jizya was a tax imposed on non-Muslim subjects. It was abolished by Akbar in 1564 C.E. and was again imposed by Aurangzeb.

Question 20.
Which was the favourite symbol to represent the idea of Justice of Mughal monarchy ? What does it mean ?
Answer:
The favourite symbol to represent the idea of justice of Mughal monarchy was the motif of the lion and the lamb (or cow) peacefully nestling next to each other. It was meant to signify that both the weak and the strong could exist in harmony.

Question 21.
How Mughal rulers kept control over court society ?
Answer:
Social control in court was exercised by forms of address, courtesies and speech which were acceptable in court. Even a small mistake of etiquette was noticed and punished right on the spot.

Question 22.
Which were the highest forms of salutation to the ruler by the Mughal courtiers ?
Answer:
(i) Sijda or complete prostration.
(ii) Chahar Taslim.
(iii) Zaminbos, i.e., kissing the ground.

Question 23.
Which Mughal emperor began the practice of Jharokha Darshan ? What was his objective behind this ?
Answer:
Jharokha Darshan was introduced by Akbar. According to this, emperor appeared on a small balcony, facing the east, giving a view to crowds of people standing below. Its objective was to broadening the acceptance of the imperial authority as part of popular faith.

Question 24.
What were Zat and Sawar ranks ? What was the main difference between them ?
Answer:
Zat and Sawar were the ranks or mansabs of Mughal officials based on numerical destinations. As Zat was an indicator of position in the imperial hierarchy and salary of the official but Sawar indicated towards the number of horsemen which he was required to maintain in his service.

Question 25.
Why Mughal emperor wanted to keep control over Kabul and Kandhar ?
Answer:
All conquerers who wanted to conquer the Indian sub-continent had to cross Hindukush to have an access to north India. That is why there was a constant policy of Mughals and that was to ward off this potential danger by controlling strategic outposts, i.e., Kabul and Kandhar.

Question 26.
“Jesuits were greatly respected during Akbar’s time”. Give three reasons in favour of this statement.
Answer:
(i) At public assemblies, the Jesuits were given places in close proximity to Akbar’s throne.
(ii) Jesuits accompanied Akbar on his campaigns and tutored his children.
(iii) Jesuits were often companions of the leisure hours of the Emperor.

Question 27.
What was the ‘philosophy of light’ created by Akbar and Abul Fazl ? Why was this used ?
Answer:
According to philosophy of light created by Akbar and Abul Fazl, a divinely inspired individual has top most sovereignty over his people and full control over his enemies. This philosophy was used to shape the image of the king and ideology of the state.